List of Military Operations
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List of Military Operations
This is a list of missions, operations, and projects. Missions in support of other missions are not listed independently.
World War I
List of military engagements of World War I
(1917) Albion — German capture of Oesel, Dagö and Moon Islands (now Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Muhu).
(1917) Hush — Planned Allied amphibious landing on the Belgian coast.
('Kaiser's battle') (1918) Kaiserschlacht — German Spring offensive using armies released from the Eastern Front composed of 4 offensives:
( Strafexpedition ) (1916) Punitive Expedition — operation by the Austro-Hungarian Army against Italy (Italian northern front): the largest mountain battle ever fought. (1918) Z-O — British raid on Zeebrugge.
World War II
List of World War II military operations
Cold War Era
Berlin Airlift of 1948:
Vittles — US part of the Berlin Airlift Planefare — British part of the Berlin Airlift.
(?) — Stockpiles of weapons in Italy, Switzerland, Austria and other countries for resistance to Soviet occupiers. Gladio
(1954) Gold — covert American tunnel under the Berlin Wall
(1964) Neptune — Soviet-led counterintelligence operation.
Reforger — Annual American exercise to "return forces to Germany".
(1946) Retail — British clearance of naval mines laid in Albanian waters.
(1949) Silver — covert British communications tap in Austria
(1968) Danube — Warsaw Pact invasion to halt Czechoslovakia's "Prague Spring" reforms (1969-2007) Banner Deployment of British troops to Northern Ireland to prevent sectarian killings and support the police during the 1969-1997 armed campaign of the Provisional IRA. Operation Banner resulted in over 700 British Armed Forces deaths and 303 police deaths at the hands of native Irish Republicans. 307 people were killed by the British troops, about 51% of whom were civilians and 42% of whom were members of republican paramilitaries.
(1964) Brother Sam — A US government contingency plan to support the military coup that overthrew the Brazilian constitutional president João Goulart, if the coup had faced armed resistance
The track down operation (1967) — that captured and executed Che Guevara (1970s) — Condor — A campaign run by then South American Military Dictatorships' intelligence services with United States' support, which goal was extrajudicial and secretly, find, capture and eliminate political dissidents who, had succeeded to escape political repression in their homelands but could be found in any of these other countries.
Central America and the Caribbean
(1950s) Fortune — 1951 CIA plan for a coup in Guatemala. Executed as . Success
(1954) Success — 1954 CIA coup in Guatemala.
(1960s) Northwoods — plan to incite war between the United States and Cuba.
(1960s) — transfer of Cubans to the US Peter Pan
(1961) Operation Pluto — plan to invade Cuba and overthrow its government using a CIA-trained force of Cuban exiles.
Mongoose (1962) — plan for information gathering, sabotage, civil insurrection and overthrow of the Cuban government.
(1962) Phibriglex — US plan and mock invasion by its armed forces of a Caribbean island. The exercise took place on Vieques and the purpose of the mock invasion was to overthrow a fictitious leader called "Ortsac", whose name was, in fact, Castro spelled backwards. It occurred in August, shortly before the Cuban Missile Crisis. It is also known by the names Operation Ortsac, Operation Swift Strike II and Exercise Phibriglex-62.
(1962) Anadyr — Cuban-Soviet plan to base nuclear weapons in Cuba; the cause of the Cuban Missile Crisis
(1962) Kama — Soviet plan to forward-base seven Soviet ballistic missile submarines in Mariel, Cuba (part of Anadyr)
(1965) Power Pack — US deployment with OEA military support in the Dominican Republic
Waverider (1972) —
(1983) Urgent Fury — US invasion of Grenada
(1980s) Contras covert operation — Covert operations undertaken by Ronald Reagan's administration to provide financial, military, logistic and supply support for the Contras
(1988) Golden Pheasant — US deployment in Honduras (1989) Just Cause — US invasion of Panama
(1972-1980) Hurricane / — Operations by Rhodesian security forces against ZIPRA and ZANU guerillas in Mashonaland.
(1974) Overload — Rhodesian security forces operation to establish protected villages.
(1975-76) Savannah — South African intervention in Angola in support of the National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA).
(1977) Carlota — Cuban Deployment to counter South African attacks to Angola.
(1977) Dingo — Rhodesian attack on camps in Mozambique.
Tangent (1977-1980) / — Operations by Rhodesian security forces against insurgents in Matabeleland.
Favour (1978-1980) / — Training of former insurgents to serve as security force auxiliaries in Zimbabwe-Rhodesia.
(1978) Reindeer — South African airborne attack on South West Africa People's Organization ( SWAPO) base at Cassinga, Angola.
(1979) Rekstok — South African attack on SWAPO bases in Angola.
(1979) Saffraan — South African attack on SWAPO bases in Zambia.
(1980) Klipklop — South African disruption of SWAPO logistics in Angola.
(1980) Sceptic — South African attack on SWAPO bases in Angola.
(1981) Protea — South African attack on SWAPO bases near Ongiva and Xangongo, Angola.
(1981) Carnation — South African skirmishes with SWAPO forces along the Angolan border.
(1982) Meebos — South African destruction of SWAPO's "East Front" HQ at Mupa, Angola.
(1983) Askari — South African attack on SWAPO and People's Armed Forces for the Liberation of Angola (FAPLA) forces in Angola.
(1983) Phoenix — South African response to mass SWAPO infiltration of South-West Africa
Alpha Centauri (1986) — South African operation in support of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola ( UNITA) in Angola.
Moduler (1987) — South African operation to reverse the FAPLA advance on Mavinga and Jamba.
Hooper (1988) — South African operation followup to Modular in pursuit of retreating FAPLA forces. Packer (1988) — South African operation to push FAPLA and Cuban forces north of the Cuito river following Hooper.
(1969-1972) Bison — French intervention to counter FROLINAT insurgency.
(1978-1980) Tacaud — Operation to avoid FROLINAT rebels taking Chad's capital.
(1983-1984) Manta — Intervention in the Chadian-Libyan conflict. (1986-2014) Épervier — French military presence in Chad originally designed to counter Libyan expansion in Northern Chad, then continued to support Chad during the Sudanese backed Chadian Civil War and later focused on counterterrorism against jihadi threats in the Sahel region.
Central African Republic
(1979-1981) Barracuda — Occupation of Bangui, Central African Republic as a peace-keeping intervention after the overthrow of Emperor Bokassa. (1979) Caban — Capture of Bangui airport as a prelude to Operation Barracuda in order to overthrow Emperor Bokassa.
Falklands War (1982)
(1953) Adolphe — French operation against Viet Minh in Indochina.
(1954) Atlante — French operation to pacify the local populace between Da Nang and Nha Trang and re-establish the sovereignty of the B?o i government.
(1952-1953) Bretagne — French operation against Viet Minh in Indochina.
(1953) Brochet — French operation against Viet Minh in Indochina.
(1953) Camargue — French operation against Viet Minh in Indochina.
(1953) Castor — French airborne operation to establish a fortified airhead in ?i?n Biên Province.
(1947) Ceinture — French operation against Viet Minh in Indochina.
(1954) Condor — French relief attempt of Dien Bien Phu.
(1953) Hirondelle — French operation against Viet Minh in Indochina.
(1947) Léa — French airborne attempt to capture the leaders of the Viet Minh.
(1952) Lorraine — French operation against Viet Minh in Indochina.
(1945-1946) Masterdom — French and British Armies operation against Viet Minh in Indochina after the Liberation from Japan.
(1953) Mouette — French operation against Viet Minh in Indochina.
(1947) Papillon — French operation against Viet Minh in Indochina.
(1953) Pollux — French evacuation of troops stationed in Lai Châu Province. (1954) Vulture — Aborted American air support of French troops against the Viet Minh around Dien Bien Phu.
Operation Booster Shot, nationwide 22 January 1959–19 April 1961:
Project Hotfoot (Laos), nationwide December 1958:
North Vietnamese invasion of Laos, in Military Region 3 (MR 3) 25 December 1959:
1960 Laotian coups, in Military Region 5 (M5) 10 August 1960: 1960 Laotian coups, in MR 5
13–16 December 1960:
Battle of Vientiane, in MR 5 17 January 1961–30 September 1974:
Operation Momentum, in Military Region 2 (MR 2) 31 January–6 June 1961:
Battle of Ban Pa Dong, in Military Region 1 (MR 1) 13 March–August 1961:
Operation Millpond, nationwide, (cancelled) 13 December 1961–10 September 1962:
Operation Pincushion, in Military Region 4 (MR 4) January–5 May 1962:
Battle of Luang Namtha, in MR 1 25 May 1963:
Chinese Road in MR 1 Summer 1963–1972:
Operation Hardnose, in MR 3 and MR 4 November 1963–January 1964:
Battle of Lak Sao, in MR 3 Late 1963–mid-1967:
Wapi Project, in MR 4 18 April 1964:
1964 Laotian coups, in MR 5 19–29 July 1964:
Operation Triangle, in MR1, MR2, and MR 5 19 July 1964–March 1973:
Unity (military operation), in MR 2 and MR 4 4 August 1964: 1964 Laotian coups, in MR 5
14 December 1964—22 February 1973:
Operation Barrel Roll, in MR 2 31 January 1965:
1965 Laotian coups, in MR 5 3 April 1965–11 November 1968:
Operation Steel Tiger in MR 3 and MR 4 Late 1965:
Operation Star (Laos), in MR 3 5 December 1965–end of 1968:
Operation Tiger Hound in MR 3 and MR 4 17 February 1966:
Battles of Nakhang, in MR 2 23 May 1966: Second Battle of Nakhang, in MR 2
August 1966–January 1968:
Battle of Nam Bac, in MR 1 21 October 1966:
1966 Laotian coup, in MR 5 6 January 1967: Third Battle of Nakhang, in MR 2
9 January 1967:
Ban Naden raid, in MR 3 29 July–1 August 1967:
1967 Opium War, on Burmese border of MR 1 23 January 1968:
Battle of Ban Houei Sane, in MR 3 10–11 March 1968:
Battle of Lima Site 85, in MR 2 26 November 1968–7 January 1969:
Operation Pigfat, in MR 2 28 February 1969: Fourth Battle of Nakhang, in MR 2
17 March–7 April 1969:
Operation Raindance, in MR2 12 March 1969:
Battles of Bouamlong, in MR 2 18–27 June 1969:
Campaign Toan Thang, in MR 2 21–26 June 1969:
Operation Left Jab in MR 4 1–15 July 1969:
Operation Off Balance, in MR 2 28 July–17 October 1969:
Operation Junction City Jr., in MR 3 6 August–30 September 1969:
Kou Kiet, in MR 2 13 September 1969–25 April 1970:
Campaign 139, in MR 2 20 September 1969–9 March 1970:
Operation Diamond Arrow, in MR 4 15 November 1968–29 March 1969:
Operation Commando Hunt, in MR 3 and MR 4 2–26 July 1970:
Operation Maeng Da, in MR 3 31 August–mid-December 1970:
Operation Honorable Dragon, in MR 4 11–13 September 1970:
Operation Tailwind, in MR 4 26 September 1970–7 January 1971:
Operation Counterpunch, in MR 2 19 October–13 November 1970:
Tchepone Operation, in MR 3 1 January–May 1971:
Project Copper, in MR 4 5 January–11 February 1971:
Operation Silver Buckle, in MR 3 2 February–late May 1971:
Campaign 74B, in MR 2 8 February–25 March 1971:
Operation Lam Son 719, in MR 4 16 February–29 March 1971:
Operation Desert Rat, in MR 3 2 April–20 August 1971:
Operation Phalat, along Thai border of MR 1 7 April–27 June 1971:
Operation Xieng Dong, in MR 1 15 May–late September 1971:
Operation Phoutah, in MR 3 9–11 June 1971:
Operation Phiboonpol, in MR 4 27 July–31 October 1971:
Operation Sayasila, in MR 4 5 August–25 September 1971:
Phou Khao Kham, in MR 5 September 1971:
Operation Sourisak Montry, along Thai border of MR 1 1–9 November 1971:
Operation Bedrock (Laos), in MR 4 1 November–23 December 1971:
Operation Thao La, in MR 4 17 December 1971–30 January 1972:
Campaign Z, in MR 2 30 December 1971–16 March 1972:
Operation Maharat, in MR 1 and MR 5 1 February–17 March 1972,
Operation Strength I, in MR 2 11 February–ca 31 March 1972,
Operation Sinsay in MR 4 6–30 March 1972:
Operation Strength II, in MR 2 1–27 April 1972:
Operation Fa Ngum, in MR 4 June 1972:
Operation Sourisak Montry VIII, along Thai border of MR 1 15 June–19 October 1972:
Operation Black Lion, in MR 4 26 July–27 September 1972:
Operation Phou Phiang II, in MR 2 18 October 1972––22 February 1973:
Operation Black Lion III, in MR 4 28 October–27 December 1972:
Campaign 972, on the MR2/MR 3 boundary 21 November 1972–22 February 1973:
Operation Black Lion V, in MR 4 7 December 1972–early May 1973:
The Vinh wiretap 6 January–5 February 1973:
Operation Maharat II, in MR 5 18 January–March 1973:
Operation Phou Phiang III, in MR 2 20 August 1973: 1973 Laotian coup, in MR 5 
Sri Lankan Civil War
Horn of Africa
(2000) Addition — Canada's contribution to the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea ( UNMEE).
(2008-present) Atalanta — EU military presence off the coast of Somalia to act against piracy.
(1993) Deliverance — Canadian mission to Somalia.
(1991) Eastern Exit — US evacuation of its embassy in Somalia.
(2002) Espresso — South African contribution to the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE).
(1993) Operation Gothic Serpent — United States special operation with the primary mission of capturing faction leader Mohamed Farrah Aidid in Somalia.
(1992-1999) Iskoutir — French Army intervention for enforcement of ceasefire during and after the Djiboutian Civil War.
(1992) Restore Hope — American name for UNITAF, humanitarian intervention in Somalia.
(1992-1993) Oryx — French Army contribution to Operation Restore Hope. (1992) Solace — Australian deployment in Somalia.
Mano River Region
(2005) Azure — Australian name for UN peace keeping mission in Sudan ( UNMIS). 
(2004) Cordite — South African observer mission to the African Union mission in Darfur. (2005) Nilo — Italian name for UN peace keeping mission in Sudan ( UNMIS).
(2002) Liberation — Seizure of Asian-owned assets in Zimbabwe. (2005) Murambatsvina — Zimbabwe government's attack on residential district loyal to opposition groups.
Croatian War of Independence 1991-1995
(end Oct-Nov 1991) Operation Otkos 10 — Croatian actions against Serbian forces on area from Mount Bilogora to Mount Papuk (on west of Slavonia).
(1991) Operation Orkan 91 — Follow-up Croatian offensive after Otkos 10.
(1992) Harmony — Canada's contribution to the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR), which was created in February 1992 to ensure the protection and demilitarization of three UN Protected Areas in Croatia.
(July 1992) Operation Tigar — Croatian military actions in occupied Dubrovnik hinterland, held by Serbian and Montenegrin regulars.
(September 1993) Meda?ki d?ep — Croatian offensive against Serbian forces with aim of relieving the city of Gospi? from Serb shelling attacks.
("Flash") (March 1995) Bljesak — Croatian offensive against Serbian forces, with aim of liberating occupied western Slavonia. ("Storm") (August 1995) Oluja — Croatian major offensive against most areas under control of Serbian forces.
War in Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992-1995
(July 1992 - November 1992) Maritime Monitor — in support of UN resolutions 713 and 757, operation which subsequently became:
(November 1992 - June 1993) Maritime Guard — in support of UN Resolution 787.
(June 1993 - October 1996) Sharp Guard — Co-ordinated WEU and NATO evolution of Operation Maritime Guard in continuing support of UN Resolution 787.
(October 1992 - April 1993) Sky Monitor — Monitoring by NAEW of unauthorized flights in the airspace of Bosnia-Herzegovina during the Bosnian War.
(April 1993 - December 1995) Deny Flight — NATO operation preventing the violation of the Bosnia-Herzegovina airspace, declared No-Fly Zone.
(January 1993 - December 1995) Balbuzard — French military action aiming to liberate hostages in Sarajevo and ensure the safety of already deployed French elements of UNPROFOR in case of a potential evacuation.
(1993) Neretva '93 — Offensive of Bosnian Muslim forces against Bosnian Croats in northern and eastern Herzegovina.
("Hooligan-bashing" in Danish) (April 1994) Bøllebank — UN-forces' use of tanks against Bosnian Serbian forces.
(1994) Amanda — Danish UN-forces' second engagement against Bosnian Serbian forces.
(July 1995) Summer '95 — Croatian offensive in western Bosnia.
(1995) Sword '95 — Bosnian Serbian offensive against Bosnian-Moslem forces in western Bosnia.
(1995) Koridor '92 — Bosnian Serbian operations against Moslem and Croatian military forces.
(August - September 1995) Deliberate Force — NATO air campaign in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
(1994) Tiger — Offensive of pro-government Bosnian Muslim forces against forces of Fikret Abdi?.
(September 1995) Maestral — Major Croatian offensive in western Bosnia.
(October 1995) Ju?ni Potez — Croatian offensive in area around Mrkonji? Grad.
(1995) Sana — Bosnian offensive in northwestern Bosnia.
(1995) Pauk — Bosnian Serbian and rebel Croatian Serb offensive in northwestern Bosnia. (1995) Una — Croatian operation against Bosnian Serbian Army.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Post Bosnian War)
Kosovo War 1999
(1999) Allied Force — NATO's air campaign in Yugoslavia
(2000) Megaphone — Canada's return of equipment used in Kosovo
(1999-2002) Quadrant — Canada's mission in Kosovo Joint Guardian (1999 - ) — NATO operation which established KFOR
(1993-1994) Able Sentry — Berlin Brigade deployed as part of Multi-National United Nations Protection Forces (UNPROFOR) to the Republic of Macedonia to establish Camp Able Sentry and monitor sanctions imposed by NATO against Serbia/Kosovo. *This mission was later taken over by the (then) Germany-based, 3rd Infantry Div (Mech).
(1998-2000) Echo — Canada sending air forces to Aviano, Italy to enforce a no-fly zone over Balkan region (UNSFOR and UNKFOR).
(2001) Essential Harvest — month-long NATO mission of disarming ethnic Albanians in Macedonia.
(2001-2002) Forage — Canadian contribution to NATO's Essential Harvest.
(1999-2000) Kinetic — Canada's contribution to NATO's mission KFOR to secure Kosovo and Macedonia and to provide humanitarian needs to displaced persons. (2007) Mountain Storm — Macedonian special police operation against Albanian extremists.
(1997) Constable — Canada's contribution to the United Nations Mission in Haiti
(1994-1995) Uphold Democracy — U.S. led multinational intervention aimed at removing the military regime after the 1991 coup in Haiti. This operation was later replaced by UNMIH.
(1995-1996) New Horizon — U.S. mission in support (and under the command) of United Nations Mission in Haiti
(2004) Secure Tomorrow — US led multinational force, authorized by the UN as the Multinational Interim Force (MIF) which was replaced by the MINUSTAH.
(2004) Carbet — French codename for peace-keeping intervention in Haiti. (2004-present) MINUSTAH — United Nations peace-keeping presence in Haiti.
Persian Gulf War
(1990-1991) Desert Shield — American buildup prior to Gulf War
(1990-1991) Busiris — Presence of French Army elements stationed in the UAE as deterrent against potential Iraqi Army action (1990-1991) Salamandre — Deployment of French Army in preparation of operations Busiris and Daguet.
(1991) — Gulf War
Desert Storm (1991) Ace Guard — (NATO) Allied Command Europe Mobile Force for Turkey South Border Reinforcement (based at Diyarbakir AFB)
Iraq (post-Gulf War)
(1991-1996) Provide Comfort — Security and humanitarian aid to Kurds in northern Iraq and No-Fly Zone North of 36°N over Iraq.
(1991) Airone — Italian codename for Operation Provide Comfort.
(1991) Haven — Security and humanitarian aid to Kurds in Northern Iraq.
(1991) Libage — French codename for Operation Provide Comfort in the Turkey-Iraq border area. (1991) Ramure — French codename for Operation Provide Comfort in the Iran-Iraq border area.
(1991-2001) Record — Canadian mission to secure Iraqi-Kuwaiti border.
(1991-2003) Southern Watch — No-Fly Zone South of 33°N over Iraq.
(1992-2003) Alysse — French codename for contribution to Operation Southern Watch.
(1997-2001) Bolton — UK Royal Air Force Contribution to Southern Watch. (2001-2003) Resinate South — UK Contribution to Southern Watch including Response Options.
(1991) Southern Breeze — Demining operations of Kuwaiti waters.
(1996) Desert Strike — retaliation attacks on Iraq.
(1998) Determination — Canadian deployment in the Persian Gulf to force Iraq to comply with United Nations inspection agreements.
(1997-2003) Northern Watch — No-Fly Zone North of 36°N over Iraq.
(2001-2003) Resinate North — UK Contribution to Northern Watch including Response Options.
(1998) Desert Fox — Bombing campaign on military Iraqi targets. Desert Falcon (1991-2003) United States PATRIOT missile defense of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Israel from the Iraqi Scud missile threat.
Armenia (First Nagorno-Karabakh War)
Global War on Terror and other associated activity
(2013) Serval — French intervention in Mali to counter AQIM progress.
(2014) Barkhane — French counter-terrorism activities in Sahel region to eradicate AQIM presence. (2015) Rijke — Unconfirmed codename for rescue mission of Dutch hostage Sjaak Rijke detained in Mali since 2011.
Other military counter-terrorist operations
Preventive counter-terrorist operations
Reactive counter-terrorist operations
US Drug Enforcement Administration Operations
Other anti-narcotic operations
Operations against intellectual property theft
(2001) — International raid on unauthorized software distribution. Buccaneer
(2005) — US raid on software infringement operations. D-Elite
(2004) — International operation against illegally copied computer software. Fastlink (2005) — International effort against illegally distributed films. Site Down
Conboy, Kenneth and James Morrison (1995).
Shadow War: The CIA's Secret War in Laos. Paladin Press. ISBN 0-87364-825-0.