List of People Who Have Held Multiple United States Cabinet-level Positions
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List of People Who Have Held Multiple United States Cabinet-level Positions

Numerous people have held multiple United States Cabinet–level positions since 1789, when the first President of the United States, George Washington, appointed a Cabinet of five people to advise him and help him carry out his duties. The president's Cabinet is composed of the most senior appointed officers of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States, who are generally the heads of the federal executive departments.

Unlike in many parliamentary cabinets, it is generally less common in the U.S. for a cabinet secretary to hold multiple cabinet-level positions over the years.

List of multiple cabinet-level officeholders

Name Offices
Edmund Randolph Attorney General (1789-1794)
Secretary of State (1794-1795)
Timothy Pickering Secretary of War (1795)
Secretary of State (1795-1800)
Samuel Dexter Secretary of War (1800-1801)
Secretary of the Treasury (1801)
Robert Smith Secretary of the Navy (1801-1809)
Secretary of State (1809-1811)
James Monroe Secretary of State (1811-1817)
Secretary of War (1814-1815)
Richard Rush Attorney General (1814-1817)
Secretary of the Treasury (1825-1829)
William H. Crawford Secretary of War (1815-1816)
Secretary of the Treasury (1816-1825)
John C. Calhoun Secretary of War (1817-1825)
Secretary of State (1844-1845)
Lewis Cass Secretary of War (1831-1836)
Secretary of State (1857-1860)
Louis McLane Secretary of the Treasury (1831-1833)
Secretary of State (1833-1834)
Roger B. Taney Attorney General (1831-1833)
Secretary of the Treasury (1833-1834)
Levi Woodbury Secretary of the Navy (1831-1834)
Secretary of the Treasury (1834-1841)
Thomas Ewing Secretary of the Treasury (1841)
Secretary of the Interior (1849-1850)
John C. Spencer Secretary of War (1841-1843)
Secretary of the Treasury (1843-1844)
Abel P. Upshur Secretary of the Navy (1841-1843)
Secretary of State (1843-1844)
John Y. Mason Secretary of the Navy (1844-1845; 1846-1849)
Attorney General (1845-1846)
William L. Marcy Secretary of War (1845-1849)
Secretary of State (1853-1857)
Isaac Toucey Attorney General (1848-1849)
Secretary of the Navy (1857-1861)
Jeremiah S. Black Attorney General (1857-1860)
Secretary of State (1860-1861)
Joseph Holt Postmaster General (1859-1860)
Secretary of War (1861)
Edwin M. Stanton Attorney General (1860-1861)
Secretary of War (1862-1868)
William M. Evarts Attorney General (1868-1869)
Secretary of State (1877-1881)
Alphonso Taft Secretary of War (1876)
Attorney General (1876-1877)
John Sherman Secretary of the Treasury (1877-1881)
Secretary of State (1897-1898)
Walter Q. Gresham Postmaster General (1883-1884)
Secretary of the Treasury (1884)
Secretary of State (1893-1895)
William Freeman Vilas Postmaster General (1885-1888)
Secretary of the Interior (1888-1889)
Richard Olney Attorney General (1893-1895)
Secretary of State (1895-1897)
Elihu Root Secretary of War (1899-1904)
Secretary of State (1905-1909)
Philander C. Knox Attorney General (1901-1904)
Secretary of State (1909-1913)
William Henry Moody Secretary of the Navy (1902-1904)
Attorney General (1904-1906)
George B. Cortelyou Secretary of Commerce and Labor (1903-1904)
Postmaster General (1905-1907)
Secretary of the Treasury (1907-1909)
Victor H. Metcalf Secretary of Commerce and Labor (1904-1906)
Secretary of the Navy (1906-1908)
Charles Joseph Bonaparte Secretary of the Navy (1905-1906)
Attorney General (1906-1909)
George von Lengerke Meyer Postmaster General (1907-1909)
Secretary of the Navy (1909-1913)
Henry L. Stimson Secretary of War (1911-1913; 1940-1945)
Secretary of State (1929-1933)
David F. Houston Secretary of Agriculture (1913-1920)
Secretary of the Treasury (1920-1921)
Hubert Work Postmaster General (1922-1923)
Secretary of the Interior (1923-1928)
Henry A. Wallace Secretary of Agriculture (1933-1940)
Vice President (1941-1945)
Secretary of Commerce (1945-1946)
James Forrestal Secretary of the Navy (1944-1947)
Secretary of Defense (1947-1949)
George Marshall Secretary of State (1947-1949)
Secretary of Defense (1950-1951)
William P. Rogers Attorney General (1957-1961)
Secretary of State (1969-1973)
Maurice Stans Director of the Bureau of the Budget (1958-1961)
Secretary of Commerce (1969-1972)
Arthur Goldberg Secretary of Labor (1961-1962)
Ambassador to the United Nations (1965-1968)
Robert Finch Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (1969-1970)
Counselor to the President (1970-1972)
George Shultz Secretary of Labor (1969-1970)
Director of the Office of Management and Budget (1970-1972)
Secretary of the Treasury (1972-1974)
Secretary of State (1982-1989)
Daniel Patrick Moynihan Counselor to the President (1969-1970)
Ambassador to the United Nations (1975-1976)
Elliot Richardson Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (1970-1973)
Secretary of Defense (1973)
Attorney General (1973)
Secretary of Commerce (1976-1977)
Donald Rumsfeld Counselor to the President (1970-1971)
White House Chief of Staff (1974-1975)
Secretary of Defense (1975-1977; 2001-2006)
Rogers Morton Secretary of the Interior (1971-1975)
Secretary of Commerce (1975-1976)
Counselor to the President (1976)
George H. W. Bush Ambassador to the United Nations (1971-1973)
Vice President (1981-1989)
Caspar Weinberger Director of the Office of Management and Budget (1972-1973)
Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (1973-1975)
Secretary of Defense (1981-1987)
Frederick B. Dent Secretary of Commerce (1973-1975)
Trade Representative (1975-1977)
James Thomas Lynn Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (1973-1975)
Director of the Office of Management and Budget (1975-1976)
James R. Schlesinger Secretary of Defense (1973-1974)
Secretary of Energy (1977-1979)
Alexander Haig White House Chief of Staff (1974)
Secretary of State (1981-1982)
Dick Cheney White House Chief of Staff (1975-1977)
Secretary of Defense (1989-1993)
Vice President (2001-2009)
Carla Anderson Hills Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (1975-1977)
Trade Representative (1989-1993)
Patricia Roberts Harris Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (1977-1979)
Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (1979-1980)
Secretary of Health and Human Services (1980-1981)
Edwin Meese Counselor to the President (1981-1985)
Attorney General (1985-1988)
Bill Brock Trade Representative (1981-1985)
Secretary of Labor (1985-1987)
Donald P. Hodel Secretary of Energy (1982-1985)
Secretary of the Interior (1985-1989)
Elizabeth Dole Secretary of Transportation (1983-1987)
Secretary of Labor (1989-1990)
James Baker Secretary of the Treasury (1985-1988)
Secretary of State (1989-1992)
Clayton Keith Yeutter Trade Representative (1985-1989)
Secretary of Agriculture (1989-1991)
Counselor to the President (1992-1993)
Andrew Card Secretary of Transportation (1992-1993)
White House Chief of Staff (2001-2006)
Leon Panetta Director of the Office of Management and Budget (1993-1994)
White House Chief of Staff (1994-1997)
Secretary of Defense (2011-2013)
Federico Peña Secretary of Transportation (1993-1997)
Secretary of Energy (1997-1998)
Mickey Kantor Trade Representative (1993-1996)
Secretary of Commerce (1996-1997)
Madeleine Albright Ambassador to the United Nations (1993-1997)
Secretary of State (1997-2001)
Erskine Bowles Administrator of the Small Business Administration (1993-1994)
White House Chief of Staff (1997-1998)
William M. Daley Secretary of Commerce (1997-2000)
White House Chief of Staff (2011-2012)
Bill Richardson Ambassador to the United Nations (1997-1998)
Secretary of Energy (1998-2001)
Janet Yellen Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers (1997-1999)
Secretary of the Treasury (2021-present)
Jack Lew Director of the Office of Management and Budget (1998-2001; 2010-2012)
White House Chief of Staff (2012-2013)
Secretary of the Treasury (2013-2017)
Norman Mineta Secretary of Commerce (2000-2001)
Secretary of Transportation (2001-2006)
Elaine Chao Secretary of Labor (2001-2009)
Secretary of Transportation (2017-2021)
Joshua Bolten Director of the Office of Management and Budget (2003-2006)
White House Chief of Staff (2006-2009)
Mike Leavitt Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (2003-2005)
Secretary of Health and Human Services (2005-2009)
Rob Portman Trade Representative (2005-2006)
Director of the Office of Management and Budget (2006-2007)
Shaun Donovan Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (2009-2014)
Director of the Office of Management and Budget (2014-2017)
Sylvia Mathews Burwell Director of the Office of Management and Budget (2013-2014)
Secretary of Health and Human Services (2014-2017)
John F. Kelly Secretary of Homeland Security (2017)
White House Chief of Staff (2017-2019)
Mike Pompeo Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (2017-2018)
Secretary of State (2018-2021)
Denis McDonough White House Chief of Staff (2013-2017)
Secretary of Veterans Affairs (2021-present)

See also


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