London Borough of Redbridge
Redbridge shown within Greater London
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Created||1 April 1965|
|o Type||London borough council|
|o Body||Redbridge London Borough Council|
|o Leadership||Leader & Cabinet |
Leader, Cllr Jas Athwal
Deputy, Cllr Elaine Norman (Labour)
|o Mayor||Cllr Zulfiqar Hussain (LAB)|
|o London Assembly||Keith Prince (CON) AM for Havering and Redbridge|
|o MPs||John Cryer (LAB) |
Iain Duncan Smith (CON)
Sam Tarry (LAB)
Wes Streeting (LAB)
|o Total||21.78 sq mi (56.41 km2)|
|Area rank||257th (of 309)|
|o Rank||42nd (of 309)|
|o Density||14,000/sq mi (5,400/km2)|
|o Ethnicity||34.5% White British|
1.4% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
6.6% Other White
1.1% White & Black Caribbean
0.6% White & Black African
1.2% White & Asian
1.2% Other Mixed
7.4% Other Asian
4.4% Black African
3.2% Black Caribbean
1.2% Other Black
|Time zone||UTC (GMT)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (BST)|
The London Borough of Redbridge is a London borough in East London, England. It is home to Redbridge Institute of Adult Education and Redbridge Football Club. It borders four other London boroughs: Waltham Forest to the west, Newham to the south-west, Barking and Dagenham to the south-east and Havering to the east, as well as the shire county of Essex to the north.
The name comes from a bridge over the River Roding which was demolished in 1921. The bridge was made of red brick, unlike other bridges in the area made of white stone. The name had first been applied to the Redbridge area and Redbridge tube station was opened in 1947. It was earlier known as Hocklee's Bridge.
Redbridge has more than 35 parks, playgrounds and open spaces. These include Hainault Forest Country Park, with 300 acres of countryside including adventure play areas, cafe and petting zoo; Roding Valley Park, a wildlife sanctuary with a range of flora and fauna and woodland areas; Valentines Park, including Valentines Mansion, ornamental gardens, bowling green and outdoor gym; and Claybury Woods and Park, a conservation area that features an ancient area of oak and hornbeam woodland, meadows and wildlife ponds.
Redbridge has 13 libraries across the borough. This includes the Redbridge Central Library, in Clements Road, Ilford, which had a major refurbishment in 2012. The libraries offer a number of services including reading clubs, story time sessions, study areas and learning resources. The libraries in Redbridge are:
There are two local football teams both playing in the Isthmian League Division One: Redbridge F.C. (not to be confused with Dagenham & Redbridge) and Ilford FC. In addition there is fellow Non-League football club Barkingside F.C. who play at The Oakside stadium.
In 2011 the population of Redbridge was recorded at 278,970. In common with the other London boroughs this continues a period of growth; between the 1991 and 2001 censuses the increase was 7.5% with a further rise of 15.3% by 2011. Redbridge has the third highest proportion of children and a higher-than-average proportion of older adults while the proportion of working age adults is slightly lower than average. The population density was last recorded at 4,945 residents per km2 (the London regional density is 5,199, far higher than the England and Wales figure of 371).
The healthy life expectancy (HLE) at birth for Redbridge residents stands at 65.5 years for males and 62.4 years for females (the England average HLE is 63.4 for males and 64.1 for females).
Redbridge is one of the most ethnically diverse local authorities in the UK. 34% of respondents to the 2011 census stated that they were born outside the UK and 65.5% identified as belonging to an ethnic group other than white British. Redbridge's largest ethnic group is White British (34.5%), followed by Indian (16.4%), and Pakistani (Redbridge has the highest proportion of Pakistani residents of any London borough).
In common with many London boroughs, the most recent (2011) census showed notable ethnic and religious population mobility in Redbridge. Ethnic groups whose proportions fell in Redbridge were White British (-23% of the borough's total), Irish (-0.9%), and Caribbean (-0.6%). Ethnic groups whose proportions rose include Pakistani (+4.9%), other Asians (+4.4%), Bangladeshis (+3.9%), and other White (+2.9%). Religious groups whose proportions fell in Redbridge were Christian (-13.9%) and Jews (-2.5%). For Jews this represented a fall of over 50% of their number in some wards. Religious groups whose proportions rose include Muslims (+11.4%) followed by Hindu (+3.6%).
|White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller||140||0.1%|
|Asian or Asian British: Indian||33,304||14.0%||45,660||16.4%|
|Asian or Asian British: Pakistani||14,888||6.2%||31,051||11.1%|
|Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi||4,224||1.8%||16,011||5.7%|
|Asian or Asian British: Chinese||1,962||0.8%||3,000||1.1%|
|Asian or Asian British: Other Asian||7,207||3.0%||20,781||7.4%|
|Asian or Asian British: Total||61,585||25.8%||116,503||41.7%|
|Black or Black British: African||7,827||3.3%||12,357||4.4%|
|Black or Black British: Caribbean||9,126||3.8%||9,064||3.2%|
|Black or Black British: Other Black||1,159||0.5%||3,424||1.2%|
|Black or Black British: Total||18,112||7.6%||24,845||8.8%|
|Mixed: White and Black Caribbean||1,884||1.5%||3,204||1.1%|
|Mixed: White and Black African||742||0.8%||1,692||0.6%|
|Mixed: White and Asian||1,853||0.8%||3,251||1.2%|
|Mixed: Other Mixed||1,352||2.5%||3,309||1.2%|
|Other: Any other ethnic group||1,520||0.6%||5,969||2.1%|
|Black, Asian, and minority ethnic: Total||87,048||36.5%||160,324||57.3%|
According to the 2011 Census, the largest religious groupings are Christians (36.8 per cent), followed by Muslims (23.3 per cent), Hindus (11.4 per cent), those of no religion (11.0 per cent), no response (6.5 per cent), Sikhs (6.2 per cent), Jews (3.7 per cent), Buddhists (0.7 per cent) and other (0.5 per cent).
The number of Christians residing in Redbridge ranked fourth lowest in England and Wales, and 12 percent below the London average of 48.4%. The number of Muslims in Redbridge has more than doubled since 2001.
|Ilford||20 June 1839|
|Seven Kings||1 April 1899|
|Goodmayes||18 February 1901|
|Chadwell Heath||11 January 1864|
Central line: Epping Branch.
|Snaresbrook||14 December 1947||First opened by the Eastern Counties Railway in 1856|
|South Woodford||14 December 1947||First opened by the Eastern Counties Railway as South Woodford (George Lane) in 1856; renamed 1947|
|Woodford||14 December 1947||First opened by the Eastern Counties Railway in 1856. Terminus of Hainault Loop|
Central line: Hainault Loop (follows the route of the A12 from Wanstead to Newbury Park)
|Wanstead||14 December 1947|
|Redbridge||14 December 1947|
|Gants Hill||14 December 1947|
|Newbury Park||14 December 1947||First opened by the Great Eastern Railway in 1903|
|Barkingside||31 May 1948||First opened by the Great Eastern Railway in 1903|
|Fairlop||31 May 1948||First opened by the Great Eastern Railway in 1903|
|Hainault||31 May 1948||First opened by the Great Eastern Railway in 1903. Closed 1908 to 1930.|
|Grange Hill||21 November 1948||First opened by the Great Eastern Railway in 1903|
Numerous London buses run through and within the borough.
In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: driving a car or van, 23.5% all residents aged 16-74; underground, metro, light rail, tram, 18.4%; train, 6.2%; bus, minibus or coach, 4.6%; on foot, 3.7%; work mainly at or from home, 2.6%; passenger in a car or van, 1.5%.
The borough was formed in 1965 by the London Government Act 1963 as a merger of the former area of:
|Former local government district||Population (1961)|
|Municipal Borough of Ilford||178,024|
|Municipal Borough of Wanstead and Woodford||61,416|
|northern part of the Municipal Borough of Dagenham around Hog Hill||3,569|
|south eastern part of Chigwell Urban District around Hainault||7,071|
In November 2018, Redbridge Council was reported as the sixth-most productive council in England overall and the most productive in provision of adult social care in a report published by the public service consultancy iMPOWER.
Summary of Council results:
|Overall control||Conservative||Labour||Lib Dem||Others|
|2012||No Overall Control||29||25||7||2|
|2010||No Overall Control||30||26||7||0|
|2009||No Overall Control||31||14||13||5|
|1998||No overall control||23||30||9||0|
|1994||No overall control||24||29||9|
Redbridge Council is the Local Education Authority. The Borough has the accolade of sending more young people to university than any other borough in the country in both 2011 and 2012. GCSE and A Level results are consistently higher than the Country's average. A 2017 report by Trust for London and the New Policy Institute found that Redbridge has the highest proportion of 19 year olds with Level 3 qualifications (equivalent to an A Level) of any London borough.