The marketplace with the old City Hall
|Municipal assoc.||Lüchow (Wendland)|
|o Mayor||Manfred Liebhaber (SPD)|
|o Total||89.01 km2 (34.37 sq mi)|
|Elevation||18 m (59 ft)|
|o Density||110/km2 (270/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
Lüchow (Wendland) (German pronunciation: ['ly:ço:]) is a city in northeastern Lower Saxony, in Germany. It is the seat of the Samtgemeinde ("collective municipality") Lüchow (Wendland), and is the capital of the district Lüchow-Dannenberg. Situated approximately 13 km north of Salzwedel, Lüchow is located on the German Framework Road. In the Polabian language, Lüchow is called Ljauchüw (Lgauchi or Lieuschü in older German reference material).
A total of 89 km2 are within the limits of the city, which is divided into 24 boroughs:
Several of the boroughs are named for, and generally represent, previously-independent settlements which Lüchow has incorporated.
The site was first mentioned in 1158, and received city rights in 1293. The only remnant of the fortifications built to defend in the late Middle Ages is a tower, which was adapted and used as a bell tower by St John's Church. A gate was erected in 1555 which divided the city centre from its western suburbs; this gate was demolished in 1793. Lüchow suffered from an outbreak of the Plague in 1537, and barely half a century later, in 1589, was largely destroyed by fire. Another fire in 1608 destroyed much of what had been rebuilt. The worst fire, in 1811, destroyed even the city hall and the Schloss.
Lüchow is twinned with: