Lucy Sutherland
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Lucy Sutherland

Dame Lucy Stuart Sutherland (21 June 1903 - 20 August 1980) was an Australian-born British historian and head of Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford.[1]

Career

Sutherland was born in Geelong, Australia, but brought up in South Africa where she attended Roedean School in Johannesburg, then the University of the Witwatersrand, where she studied history under Professor William Macmillan. She graduated with first-class honours in 1924, then was elected as the Herbert Ainsworth research scholar for a year.[2]

She then moved to read modern history at Somerville College, Oxford, where she again achieved first class honours. In 1926 she was the first woman undergraduate to speak at the Oxford Union, winning applause for her opposition to the motion 'That the women's colleges ... should be levelled to the ground'. After she graduated Somerville appointed her a tutor, and later elected her to a tutorial fellowship in Economic History and Politics (1928-45). She was principal of Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, 1945-71.[3][4] She was a pro-vice-chancellor of the University 1961-69, the first woman to hold that office.

At a time when the women's societies were advancing towards the full collegiate status finally accorded them in 1960, it was of immense benefit to the Hall to have at its head a woman of Miss Sutherland's statesmanlike vision. Her wisdom and far-sightedness, her clear understanding of financial matters, her business-like handling of committees, her vigorous realism, tempered by discretion, all combined to make her an ideal chairman. ... By virtue of her personality, no less than of her gifts as scholar and administrator, she was outstanding among the academic women of her generation.

-- Obituary, The Times

In parallel with her academic work, Sutherland also became involved in government administration. In 1941 she was offered a principalship at the Board of Trade, and by 1945 had the rank of assistant secretary. After the war she chaired a Board of Trade working party on the lace industry (1946), and was on a committee of inquiry into the film industry (1949), a royal commission on taxation of profits and income (1951),[5] a committee on grants for students (1958), and the University Grants Committee (1964-99). She was also involved with educational administration and was chair of the Girls' Public Day School Trust. She left an art collection to LMH on her death.[6]

Publications

  • A London merchant, 1695-1774 : A study in economic history based on the papers of William Braund, 1933
  • The law merchant in England in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries
  • The use of business records in the study of history, 1935
  • The city of London and the Devonshire-Pitt administration : 1756-7, 1960
  • Fourteenth century studies by Maude Violet Clarke, ed. L. S. Sutherland & M. McKisack, 1967
  • Edmund Burke and the relations between Members of Parliament and their constituents : an examination of the eighteenth-century theory and practice in international relations, 1968

Honours

  • Companion of the Order of the British Empire (CBE), 1947 King's Birthday Honours[7]
  • Honorary LittD, Cambridge University, 1963
  • Honorary LLD, Smith College, Northampton, Mass., 1964
  • Foreign Honorary Member, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1965
  • Honorary DLitt, Glasgow University, 1966
  • Honorary LittD, University of Kent, 1967
  • Honorary DLitt, Keele University, 1968
  • Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE), 1969 New Year Honours[8]
  • Honorary DLit, Belfast University, 1970
  • Honorary Fellow, Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, 1971
  • Honorary DCL, Oxford University, 1972

References

  1. ^ "Victoria County History: Lady Margaret Hall (from A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 3, the University of Oxford)". Victoria County History. British History. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ Herbert Ainsworth scholarship: Grants Register, page 780
  3. ^ "College History". Lady Margaret Hall. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ "History of the Library". Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford. Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ "No. 39119". The London Gazette (Supplement). 9 January 1951. p. 192.
  6. ^ "Art UK: Lady Margaret Hall, University of Oxford". Art UK. Retrieved 2016.
  7. ^ "No. 37977". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 June 1947. p. 2583.
  8. ^ "No. 44740". The London Gazette (Supplement). 20 December 1968. p. 9.

Sources

External links

Academic offices
Preceded by
Lynda Grier
Principal of Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford
1945-71
Succeeded by
Sally Chilver

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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