Macau International Airport
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Macau International Airport

Macau International Airport

Aeroporto Internacional de Macau


Oumùhn Gwokjai G?ichèuhng
MacauInternationalAirportLogo.svg
Macau International Airport overview - panoramio - calvinstkm.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGovernment of Macau
OperatorSociedade do Aeroporto Internacional de Macau S.A.R.L.
ServesMacau
LocationTaipa, Macau
Opened9 November 1995 (25 years ago) (1995-11-09)
Hub for
Elevation AMSL6 m / 20 ft
Coordinates22°08?58?N 113°35?29?E / 22.14944°N 113.59139°E / 22.14944; 113.59139Coordinates: 22°08?58?N 113°35?29?E / 22.14944°N 113.59139°E / 22.14944; 113.59139
Websitewww.macau-airport.com/en
Map
MFM/VMMC is located in Macau
MFM/VMMC
MFM/VMMC
Location in Macau
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
16/34 3,360 11,024 Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2019)
Passengers9,611,427[1]
Movements77,581[1]
Cargo (t)37,499[2]
Sources: airport website[3][4]
Macau International Airport
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Cantonese YaleOumùhn Gwokjai G?ichèuhng
Portuguese name
PortugueseAeroporto Internacional de Macau
North of Macau International Airport with car park and Taipa Line Railway can be seen

Macau International Airport (IATA: MFM, ICAO: VMMC) (Portuguese: Aeroporto Internacional de Macau) is an international airport in the special administrative region of Macau, situated at the eastern end of Taipa island and neighbouring waters which opened for commercial operations on 9 November 1995, during Portuguese administration of the region.

Since then the airport has been a common transfer point for people traveling between the Mainland and Taiwan, as well as a passenger hub for destinations in mainland China and Southeast Asia. During 2006, the airport handled 5 million passengers and 220,000 tonnes of cargo.[5] In 2017 the number of passengers had increased to 7,165,803,[1] which is more than the 6 million passengers per year the terminal was designed for.[6]

History

During the 1990s the Macau airport had a direct link to Europe. TAP Air Portugal, in cooperation with Sabena, started flying Airbus A340s to Lisbon via Brussels in April 1996, but within a few months the airlines were finding the route difficult to operate.[7][8] For instance, TAP had not succeeded in aligning the flight timings with the schedules of Air Macau, which the Portuguese carrier partly owned. Air Macau passengers consequently could not connect smoothly onto the Lisbon flight and help fill the cabin. Additionally, the crew had to spend long layovers in Macau due to the low flight frequency.[7] By 1997 TAP had changed the stopover to Bangkok, but it was still not making a profit. Although the Portuguese government initially ordered TAP to continue serving its then colony, the airline had withdrawn from Macau by early 1999.[9][10]

Facilities

Terminal

The airport's designed capacity is 6,000,000 passengers per year, with processing capacity of up to 2,000 passengers per hour.[] The airport does not have a night curfew. There are 24 parking spaces for aircraft in the apron, with 5 jetways. There are 10 gates. As in Hong Kong, Macau has its own immigration policies and is a separate customs territory from mainland China. All travellers, including those to mainland China and Hong Kong, need to go through the immigration and customs inspections of international flights.

Runway and aprons

The airport's runway was built on a strip of reclaimed land in the sea, adjacent to Taipa Island, where the main terminal and air traffic control facilities are located, unlike in Hong Kong, where Chek Lap Kok has them all. The runway is connected to the apron by two causeways. Runway 34 is ILS CAT II equipped. Navigational and radio aids are located at either end of the runway. Despite its small area, the airport is capable of handling Boeing 747s and Antonov 124s, which forms a vital freight link between local manufacturers and overseas markets. Its catering facility can produce up to 10,000 meals per day.

Other tenants

Other tenants of the airport are the Macau Customs Service (Independent department under Secretariat for Security of Macau), the Macau Immigration Department/Services (Public Security Police Force of Macau), the Macau Business Aviation Centre, Servair Macau and Menzies Macau.

Redevelopment

Master Plan

Since 2016, Macau's government has been developing a Master Plan for the airport's expansion.[11] To be done in 3 phases, the most visible sections of it broke ground in 2020.[12]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

AirlinesDestinations
AirAsia Kota Kinabalu,[13] Kuala Lumpur-International
Air Busan Busan
Air China Wuhan
Air Koryo Pyongyang[14]
Air Macau Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Beijing-Daxing,[15] Changzhou, Chengdu-Shuangliu, Chongqing, Da Nang, Fukuoka, Guiyang, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Hefei, Jieyang,[16] Kaohsiung, Nanjing, Nanning, Ningbo, Osaka-Kansai, Qingdao,[17] Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Taipei-Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo-Narita, Wenzhou,[18] Xiamen, Zhengzhou
Bamboo Airways Charter: Nha Trang
Beijing Capital Airlines Beijing-Capital
Cambodia Airways Phnom Penh,[19] Sihanoukville[19]
Cebu Pacific Cebu,[20] Clark, Manila
Kunming,[21] Nanjing,[22] Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Wuxi,[23] Xi'an[24]
China Southern Airlines Changsha, Nanjing,[25] Wuhan[26]
Donghai Airlines Nantong[27]
Eastar Jet Seoul-Incheon[28]
EVA Air Kaohsiung, Taichung, Taipei-Taoyuan
Hainan Airlines Charter: Haikou
Seasonal charter: Sanya[29]
Mandalay,[30] Phnom Penh
Jeju Air Seoul-Incheon
Jin Air Seoul-Incheon
Juneyao Airlines Shanghai-Pudong
Lanmei Airlines Koror, Sihanoukville
Philippine Airlines Manila
Philippines AirAsia Cebu,[31] Manila
Royal Flight Seasonal charter: Moscow-Sheremetyevo,[32] Saint Petersburg
Royal Air Philippines Seasonal charter: Kalibo, Lal-lo,[33] Laoag,[34]
Scoot Singapore
Shanghai Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong[35]
Shenzhen Airlines Nanchang,[36] Wuxi
Spring Airlines Hangzhou, Jieyang,[37] Jinan,[37] Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang,[37] Yangzhou[37]
Starlux Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan[38]
Thai AirAsia Bangkok-Don Mueang, Chiang Mai, Phuket
Tigerair Taiwan Kaohsiung,[39] Taichung,[40] Taipei-Taoyuan
T'way Airlines Seoul-Incheon
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi[41]
XiamenAir Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Quanzhou, Xiamen

Cargo

Statistics

Annual traffic

Year Passengers[46][47] Airfreight (kg)[48][49] Aircraft operations
1995 43,642 127,606 662
1996 1,300,936 25,043,358 13,386
1997 1,952,578 45,540,468 19,837
1998 2,214,487 65,166,798 24,015
1999 2,640,111 53,117,516 23,861
2000 3,239,428 68,084,076 28,692
2001 3,805,306 76,075,513 32,506
2002 4,171,703 111,267,673 37,564
2003 2,905,566 141,294,285 31,293
2004 3,714,259 220,828,358 40,506
2005 4,247,742 227,232,634 45,004
2006 4,976,093 220,572,754 51,049
2007 5,498,878 180,935,284 53,386
2008 5,097,802 167,767,412 49,764
2009 4,250,249 49,995,119 40,601
2010 4,078,836 52,165,711 37,148
2011 4,045,014 39,523,531 38,946
2012 4,491,065 27,794,488 41,997
2013 5,027,059 26,464,881 48,950
2014 5,481,441 28,767,407 52,559
2015 5,831,459 30,058,277 55,720
2016 6,628,555 32,891,452 56,932
2017 7,165,803 37,499,000 58,520
2018 8,261,412 41,508,955 65,777
2019 9,611,427 42,219,799 77,581

Busiest routes

Ground transportation

The airport is connected by public transit bus routes, light rail, taxis, private cars, and regional coach services.

Air-sea link

For passengers transferring to China or Hong Kong, a "two customs, one checkpoint" service is provided. Passengers can use a bus shuttle directly from the airport to the New Macau Ferry Terminal or the Taipa Ferry Terminal without passing Macau immigration.

Bus

Towards Macau Peninsula, Taipa, Cotai and Coloane

  • Transmac routes:
    • 26 - Bacia Norte do Patane Merado Municipal de Coloane
    • 51A - The Praia Av. Vale das Borboletas
    • AP1 - Portas do Cerco ? Aeroporto de Macau
    • AP1X - Praça das Portas do Cerco ? Aeroporto de Macau (06:00-10:00, 15:00-20:00)
    • MT4 - Parque M. Dr. Sun Yat Sen Terminal Marítimo de Passageiros da Taipa
  • T.C.M. routes:
    • N2 - Bacia Norte do Patane Terminal Marítimo de Passageiros da Taipa (00:00-06:00)
    • 36 - Rotunda Leonel Sousa ? Aeroporto de Macau
    • MT1 - Praceta 24 de Junho ? Aeroporto de Macau

Cross-Border Coach

Cross-Border Coach connects Macau International Airport with mainland locations like Huadao, Guangzhou, Panyu, Dongguan, Gongbei Port of Entry and Hengqin Border. The "two customs, one checkpoint" service is also available to the Hengqin Border.

Light rail

Macau Light Rail Transit will be located at the Avenida Wai Long, Airport Station is close to Macau International Airport. In addition, the seamless connection between the Station and the footbridge allows passengers to access the Airport and the hotels nearby.[50]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Traffic Statistics - Passengers". Macau International Airport Co. Ltd. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ "Traffic Statistics - Cargo". Macau International Airport Co. Ltd. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ "Macau International Airport". Archived from the original on 7 May 2012.
  4. ^ Macau International Airport. "MIA Passenger Volume Hit Record High Creating a New Starting Point" (Press release). Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ Macao 2007 Yearbook (PDF). Government Information Bureau of the Macau SAR. 2007. ISBN 978-99937-56-09-5.
  6. ^ "MIA: Airport History". Airport Information Management Solutions Ltd. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ a b Whitaker, Richard (31 July 1996). "TAP trickles into Macau". Airline Business. Retrieved 2021.
  8. ^ "TAP en Sabena samen naar Macao". Nieuwsblad Transport (in Dutch). 14 December 1995. Retrieved 2021.
  9. ^ "Turn off the TAP". Airline Business. 30 November 1997. Retrieved 2021.
  10. ^ "Resultados da Pesquisa de Destinos". TAP Air Portugal (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 9 February 1999. Retrieved 2021.
  11. ^ "Macau International Airport Master Plan". Civil Aviation Authority of Macao. Retrieved 2020.
  12. ^ "Macau Airport Begins Construction". International Airport Review. 16 March 2020.
  13. ^ "Air Asia Strengthens Kota Kinabalu Hub with New Direct Route to Macao". AirAsia Newsroom. 14 August 2018.
  14. ^ Liu, Jim (25 October 2019). "Air Koryo plans Macau service increase from late-Oct 2019". Routesonline.
  15. ^ McDermott, John (4 January 2020). "Air Macau to Launch Beijing Daxing Flights This Month". AirlineGeeks.com.
  16. ^ Liu, Jim (4 October 2019). "Air Macau adds Jieyang/Chaoshan service from late-Oct 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 2019.
  17. ^ Liu, Jim (2 August 2018). "Air Macau expands Beijing; adds Qingdao route in Aug 2018". Routesonline.
  18. ^ Liu, Jim (17 January 2019). "Air Macau resumes Wenzhou service in 1Q19". Routesonline. Retrieved 2019.
  19. ^ a b Liu, Jim (19 July 2018). "Cambodia Airways files operational network from July 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 2018.
  20. ^ Tribune, Aviation (22 September 2018). "Cebu Pacific Launches Direct Service Between Cebu and Macau".
  21. ^ Ltd. 2018, UBM (UK). "China Eastern adds Kunming - Macau service from Dec 2018". Routesonline.
  22. ^ "China Eastern adds Nanjing - Macau service in W19". Routesonline.
  23. ^ "--?". news.carnoc.com.
  24. ^ "?,200?,?!".
  25. ^ Liu, Jim. "China Southern files Nanjing - Macau schedule from July 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 2020.
  26. ^ Liu, Jim. "China Southern schedules new Macau routes from late-Oct 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 2019.
  27. ^ Liu, Jim. "Donghai Airlines adds Nantong - Macau from late-Dec 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 2019.
  28. ^ "Eastar Jet adds Macau service from Nov 2019". routesonline. Retrieved 2019.
  29. ^ "Hainan Airlines adds Sanya - Macau service from July 2018". routesonline. Retrieved 2018.
  30. ^ "JC Cambodia Adds Macau-Mandalay Sector From July-2019". Routesonline. 28 June 2019.
  31. ^ "AirAsia kicks off city's first direct flight to Kota Kinabalu | MACAU DAILY TIMES ". macaudailytimes.com.mo. Retrieved 2018.
  32. ^ Ltd. 2018, UBM (UK). "Royal Flight resumes Moscow - Macau route from May 2018". Routesonline.
  33. ^ Lazaro, Freddie (21 August 2018). "Cagayan airport gets ICAO nod for commercial flights". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved 2019.
  34. ^ "Flight Schedule". royalair.com.ph.
  35. ^ Ltd. 2018, UBM (UK). "Shanghai Airlines adds Shanghai Pu Dong - Macau from March 2018". Routesonline.
  36. ^ Shenzhen Airlines adds Nanchang - Macau service from April 2019 Routesonline. 18 March 2019.
  37. ^ a b c d Liu, Jim (25 September 2019). "Spring Airlines expands Macau network in W19". Routesonline. Retrieved 2019.
  38. ^ "Starlux Airlines: Taiwan's Awesome New "Luxury" Airline". One Mile at a Time. 7 October 2019.
  39. ^ "tigerair Taiwan to Start Macau Service from Dec 2014". Airline Route. 2 December 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  40. ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "tigerair Taiwan adds Taichung - Macau service in S17". Retrieved 2017.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  41. ^ "Vietnam Airlines schedules Macau service from mid-Dec 2019". Routesonline.
  42. ^ "Menzies Macau welcomes MASkargo as a new Cargo customer". menziesaviation.com.
  43. ^ "Qatar Airways Cargo commences Macau-Guadalajara transpacific freighter service". Gulf-Times. 7 January 2019.
  44. ^ "Qatar Airways Cargo Announces Inclusion of Singapore on its Popular Transpacific Freighter Route". Qatar Airways. 16 July 2019.
  45. ^ "Qatar Airways Cargo adds Macau / Round-the-world route in W18". RoutesOnline. 11 October 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  46. ^ "Traffic Statistics - Passengers, retrieved March 5, 2015". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 2017.
  47. ^ "CAM :: Traffic Statistics - Passengers". www.camacau.com. Archived from the original on 9 May 2017. Retrieved 2016.
  48. ^ "Traffic Statistics - Cargo, retrieved March 5, 2015". Archived from the original on 20 September 2013. Retrieved 2017.
  49. ^ "CAM :: Traffic Statistics - Cargo". www.camacau.com. Archived from the original on 11 October 2017. Retrieved 2016.
  50. ^ "Main Page > Macau LRT > Map of Macau LRT > Airport". Gabinete para as Infra-estruturas de Transportes. Archived from the original on 23 December 2015. Retrieved 2015.

External links

Media related to Macau International Airport at Wikimedia Commons


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