Major League Baseball On ABC
Get Major League Baseball On ABC essential facts below. View Videos or join the Major League Baseball On ABC discussion. Add Major League Baseball On ABC to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Major League Baseball On ABC

Major League Baseball on ABC
MLBonABClogo1989.jpg
Major League Baseball on ABC logo circa 1989.
Also known asMonday Night Baseball
Sunday Afternoon Baseball
Thursday Night Baseball
Baseball Night in America
ESPN Major League Baseball
GenreMajor League Baseball game telecasts
Developed byABC Sports
Directed bySteve Danz[1]
Chet Forte
Ken Fouts
Craig Janoff
Larry Kamm
StarringMajor League Baseball on ABC broadcasters
Theme music composerCharles Fox
Robert Israel[2]
Lillian Scheinert[3][4]
Kurt Bestor[5]
Scott Schreer[6]
Country of originUnited States
Original languageEnglish
Production
Executive producersRoone Arledge
Geoffrey Mason
ProducersBob Goodrich
Curt Gowdy Jr.
Chuck Howard
Peter Lasser
Dennis Lewin
EditorsDean Hovell
Conrad Kraus
Pamela Peterson
Camera setupMulti-camera
Running time180 minutes (or until game ends)
Release
Original networkABC
Audio formatStereo
Original release
  • First run: April 12, 1976 (1976-04-12) - October 28, 1989 (1989-10-28)
  • Second run: July 16, 1994 (1994-07-16) - October 26, 1995 (1995-10-26)
Chronology
Related showsMajor League Baseball on NBC
Major League Baseball Game of the Week
Monday Night Baseball
Sunday Afternoon Baseball
Thursday Night Baseball
Baseball Night in America
ESPN Major League Baseball
Sunday Night Baseball
External links
Website
Production website

Major League Baseball on ABC is the de facto title of a program that televises Major League Baseball games on the American Broadcasting Company (ABC). The program has appeared in various forms[7] c. 1953-1965 (ABC Game of the Week), 1976–1989 (Monday Night Baseball, Thursday Night Baseball, and Sunday Afternoon Baseball), and 1994–1995 (Baseball Night in America). After not televising Major League Baseball since Game 5 of the 1995 World Series (October 26), the network was scheduled to televise up to three wild card games in the 2020 MLB Postseason.[8][9][10][11][12]

History

1950s

In 1953,[13] ABC-TV executive Edgar J. Scherick (who later created Wide World of Sports) broached a Saturday Game of the Week,[14] TV sport's first network series. At the time, ABC was labeled a "nothing network" that had fewer outlets than CBS or NBC. ABC also needed paid programming or "anything for bills" as Scherick put it. At first, ABC hesitated at the idea of a nationally televised regular season baseball program. ABC wondered how exactly the Game of the Week would reach television in the first place and who would notice if it did? Also, Major League Baseball barred the Game of the Week from airing within 50 miles of any ballpark.[15] Major League Baseball according to Scherick, insisted on protecting local coverage and didn't care about national appeal. ABC, though, did care about the national appeal and claimed that "most of America was still up for grabs."

In April 1953, Edgar Scherick set out to sell teams rights but instead, only got the Philadelphia Athletics, Cleveland Indians,[16] and Chicago White Sox[17][18] to sign on.[19] These were not "national" broadcast contracts since they were assembled through negotiations with individual teams to telecast games from their home parks. It was until the Sports Broadcasting Act of 1961, that antitrust laws barred "pooled rights" TV contracts negotiated with a central league broadcasting authority.

In 1953, ABC earned an 11.4 rating for their Game of the Week telecasts. Blacked-out cities had 32% of households. In the rest of the United States, 3 in 4 TV sets in use watched Dizzy Dean[20] and Buddy Blattner[21] (or backup announcers Bill McColgan and Bob Finnegan) call the games for ABC. CBS took over the Saturday Game in 1955 (the rights were actually set up through the Falstaff Brewing Corporation[22]) retaining Dean/Blattner and McColgan/Finnegan as the announcing crews (as well as Gene Kirby, who produced the Dean/Blattner games and alternated with them on play-by-play) and adding Sunday coverage in 1957. As Edgar Scherick said, "In '53, no one wanted us. Now teams begged for "Game"'s cash."

In 1959, ABC broadcast the best-of-three playoff series[23][24][25] (to decide the National League pennant) between the Milwaukee Braves and Los Angeles Dodgers. The cigarette company L&M was in charge of all of the telecasts. George Kell[26] and Bob DeLaney were the announcers. ABC Radio also broadcast the playoff series with Bob Finnegan and Tony Flynn announcing.

1960s

1960-1961

In 1960, ABC returned to baseball broadcasting with a series of late-afternoon Saturday games. Jack Buck[27] and Carl Erskine[28][29] were the lead announcing crew for this series, which lasted one season.[30] ABC typically did three games a week. Two of the games were always from the Eastern or Central Time Zone. The late games (no doubleheaders) were usually San Francisco Giants[31] or Los Angeles Dodgers' home games. However, the Milwaukee Braves[32] used to start many of their Saturday home games late in the afternoon. So if the Giants and Dodgers were both the road at the same time, ABC still would be able to show a late game.

One other note about ABC baseball coverage during this period. Despite temporarily losing the Game of the Week package in 1961, ABC still televised several games in prime time (with Jack Buck returning to call the action). This occurred as Roger Maris[33][34] was poised to tie and subsequently break Babe Ruth's regular season home run record of 60. As with all Major League Baseball games in those days, the action was totally blacked out[35] of major league markets. As a matter of fact, as documented in the HBO film 61*, the Maris family was welcomed into ABC's Kansas City, Missouri affiliate KMBC-TV so they could watch the in-house feed of the game, which was blacked out of Kansas City.

On September 20, 1961, Bob Neal and Hank Greenberg called a baseball game for ABC in prime time between Maris' New York Yankees and the Baltimore Orioles.

1965

In 1965, ABC provided the first-ever nationwide baseball coverage with weekly Saturday broadcasts[36] on a regional basis. ABC paid $5.7 million for the rights to the 28 Saturday/holiday Games of the Week. ABC's deal[37][38] covered all of the teams except the New York Yankees and Philadelphia Phillies[39] (who had their own television deals) and called for two regionalized games on Saturdays, Independence Day, and Labor Day.[40] Each Saturday, ABC broadcast two 2 p.m. games and one 5 p.m. game for the Pacific Time Zone. ABC blacked out the games in the home cities of the clubs playing those games.[41] Major League Baseball however, had a TV deal with NBC for the All-Star Game and World Series. At the end of the season, ABC declined to exercise its $6.5 million option for 1966, citing poor ratings,[42][43] especially in New York.

According to ABC announcer Merle Harmon's profile in Curt Smith's book Voices of Summer, in 1965, CBS' Yankee Game of the Week beat ABC in the ratings in at least Dallas and Des Moines. To make matters worse, local television split the big-city audience. Therefore, ABC could show the Cubs vs. the Cardinals in the New York market, yet the Mets would still kill them in terms of viewership. Harmon, Chris Schenkel, Keith Jackson,[44] and (on occasion) Ken Coleman[45] served as ABC's principal play-by-play voices for this series. Also on the network's announcing team were pregame host Howard Cosell and color commentators Leo Durocher, Tommy Henrich, Warren Spahn (who worked with Chris Schenkel on a July 17, Baltimore-Detroit contest), and Hall of Fame Brooklyn Dodger great Jackie Robinson (who, on April 17, 1965, became the first black network broadcaster for Major League Baseball[46]). According to ABC Sports producer Chuck Howard, "(Robinson) had a high, stabbing voice, great presence, and sharp mind. All he lacked was time."

The announcing duos were generally, Chris Schenkel-Leo Durocher and Merle Harmon-Jackie Robinson. For instance, the team of Schenkel and Durocher called the San Francisco-New York Mets contest on April 17, Milwaukee-Pittsburgh contest on August 21, and the San Francisco-Los Angeles (alongside Jackie Robinson) on September 6. The San Francisco-Los Angeles game on Labor Day was the first meeting between those two clubs since a melee from about two weeks prior involving Giants pitcher Juan Marichal cracking Dodgers catcher John Roseboro on the head during a brawl. Jackie Robinson worked with Merle Harmon on at least, the St. Louis-Cincinnati contest on April 24.

It was around this time that ABC suggested that Major League Baseball reduce their regular season schedule to just 60 games.[47] ABC wanted the games to only be played on weekends. They also wanted to promote baseball in the same manner as football, as a major television event.

1970s

In March 1975, Bowie Kuhn announced that ABC would join NBC in a new deal with Major League Baseball. The rights fees paid by the two networks were 29.3% higher than what MLB got in the 1971 deal, but adjusted for inflation, the money in the new deal was about the same as in the old one.[48][49] Under the initial agreement (1976-1979), both networks paid $92.8 million.

ABC paid $12.5 million per year to show 16 Monday night games in 1976, 18 in the next three years, plus half the postseason (the League Championship Series in even numbered years and World Series in odd numbered years) and the All-Star Game in even numbered years. NBC paid $10.7 million per year to show 25 Saturday Games of the Week and the other half of the postseason (the League Championship Series in odd numbered years and World Series in even numbered years) and the All-Star Game in odd numbered years.

1976-1977

ABC also picked up the television rights for Monday Night Baseball[50] beginning in 1976. For most of its time on ABC, the Monday night games were held on "dead travel days" when few games were scheduled. The team owners liked that arrangement as the national telecasts didn't compete against their stadium box offices. ABC on the other hand, found the arrangement far more complicated. ABC often had only one or two games to pick from for each telecast from a schedule designed by Major League Baseball. While trying to give all of the teams national exposure, ABC ended up with far too many games between sub .500 clubs from small markets. Reviewing the network's first two weeks of coverage for Sports Illustrated, William Leggett opined: "It may be unfair to say that Monday Night Baseball, as it has been presented by ABC so far this season, is the worst television treatment ever given a major sport, because by all odds somebody at sometime must have done something worse. But it is difficult to remember when or where that might have happened."[51]

On the flip side however, ABC Sports head Roone Arledge brought in then innovative concept of a center field camera.[52] This camera is behind the pitcher that looks at the batter's face. ABC Sports had to gain special permission from both Major League Baseball and the home team to put the camera in center field.

Just like with Monday Night Football, ABC brought in the concept of the three-man-booth (originally with Bob Prince, Bob Uecker, and Warner Wolf[53] as the primary crew) to their baseball telecasts. Al Michaels, then the radio announcer for the San Francisco Giants, was brought in by ABC as the back-up announcer for Monday Night Baseball. Michaels initially worked in the booth alongside Bob Gibson and Norm Cash. The following year, Cash would be replaced by Bill White, who himself, would remain with ABC through the 1979 season.[54] All in all, the back-up telecasts were made available to an estimated 15% of the United States.[55]

Said Roone Arledge "It'll take something different for it to work - i.e. curb viewership yawns and lulls with Uecker as the real difference", so Arledge reportedly hoped. Prince disclosed to his broadcasting partner Jim Woods about his early worries about calling a network series for the first time. Prince for one, didn't have as much creative control over the broadcasts on ABC as he did calling Pittsburgh Pirates games on KDKA radio. On the June 7, 1976 edition of Monday Night Baseball, Prince returned to Three Rivers Stadium, from which he had been exiled for over a year. Although Prince received a warm reception, he was confused when the next day the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette read: "Ratings are low, negative reviews rampant."[56] Critics ripped[57] ABC's coverage[58] for such things as its camera work[59][60] (they often followed fly balls like they did golf shots, keeping the focus on the ball) and its choice of announcers: Bob Prince was accused of a National League bias,[61] while Bob Uecker was considered to be just a Don Meredith[62][63][64] clone.

June 28, 1976, the Detroit Tigers faced the New York Yankees on Monday Night Baseball, with 47,855 attending at Tiger Stadium and a national television audience, Tigers pitcher Mark "The Bird" Fidrych[65] talked to the ball and groomed the mound, as the Tigers won, 5-1 in a game that lasted only 1 hour and 51 minutes. After the game, the crowd would not leave the park until Fidrych came out of the dugout to tip his cap.[66]

For ABC's coverage of the 1976 All-Star Game from Philadelphia, the team of Bob Prince, Bob Uecker and Warner Wolf alternated roles for the broadcast. For the first three innings, Prince did play-by-play with Wolf on color commentary and Uecker doing field interviews. For the middle innings, Uecker worked play-by-play with Prince on color and Wolf doing the interviews. For the rest of the game, Wolf worked play-by-play with Uecker on color and Prince doing interviews.

Bob Prince was gone by the fall of 1976, with Keith Jackson, Howard Cosell,[67][68][69] and guest analyst Reggie Jackson calling that year's American League Championship Series. (Warner Wolf, Al Michaels and guest analyst Tom Seaver worked the NLCS.) On the subject of his dismissal from ABC, Bob Prince said "I hated Houston, and ABC never let me be Bob Prince."[70][71] MLB commissioner Bowie Kuhn strongly objected to ABC's recruitment of Howard Cosell[72][73] because of comments by Cosell in recent years about how dull baseball had become. But Roone Arledge[74] held the trump card as the contract he had signed with Major League Baseball gave ABC the final say over announcers. So Cosell worked the 1976 ALCS and became a regular member of Monday Night Baseball the next season.

Keith Jackson[75] was unavailable to call Game 1 of the 1976 ALCS because he had just gotten finished calling an Oklahoma-Texas college football game for ABC. Thus, Bob Uecker filled-in[76] for Jackson for Game 1. Uecker also took part in the postgame interviews for Game 5 of the 1976 ALCS, while Warner Wolf did an interview of George Brett in the Kansas City locker room.

Still on the disabled list toward the end of the 1977 season, Mark Fidrych worked as a guest color analyst on a Monday Night Baseball telecast for ABC; he was subsequently criticized for his lack of preparation, as when play-by-play partner Al Michaels tried talking with him about Philadelphia Phillies player Richie Hebner and Fidrych responded, "Who's Richie Hebner?"[77] As an American League player, Fidrych had never had to face Hebner, who played in the National League.

The 1977 World Series[78] marked the first time that the participating teams' local announcers were not used as the booth announcers on the network telecast of a World Series.[79][80] 1977 was also the first year in which one announcer (in this case, ABC's Keith Jackson) provided all of the play-by-play for a World Series telecast. In previous years, the play-by-play announcers and color commentators had alternated roles during each game. Meanwhile, New York Yankees announcer Bill White and Los Angeles Dodgers announcer Ross Porter alternated between pregame/postgame duties on ABC and calling the games for CBS Radio. White worked the ABC telecasts for the games in New York (including the clubhouse trophy presentation ceremony after Game 6) while Porter did likewise for the games in Los Angeles.

"The Bronx is Burning"

Howard Cosell was widely attributed with saying the famous phrase "the Bronx is burning". Cosell is credited with saying the quote during Game 2 of the 1977 World Series, which took place in Yankee Stadium on October 12, 1977. For a couple of years, fires had routinely erupted in the South Bronx, mostly due to low-value property owners setting their own properties ablaze for insurance money. During the bottom of the first inning, an ABC aerial camera panned a few blocks from Yankee Stadium to a building on fire, giving the world a real-life view of the infamous Bronx fires. The scene became a defining image of New York City in the 1970s. Cosell supposedly stated, "There it is, ladies and gentlemen, The Bronx is burning."[81] This was later picked up by candidate Ronald Reagan, who then made a special trip to the Bronx, to illustrate the failures of then-contemporary politicians to address the issues in that part of New York City.

In 2005, author Jonathan Mahler published Ladies and Gentlemen, The Bronx is Burning, a book on New York in 1977, and credited Cosell with saying the title quote during the aerial coverage of the fire. ESPN produced a 2007 mini-series based on the book called The Bronx is Burning. Cosell's comment seemed to have captured the widespread view held at the time that New York City was on the skids and in a state of decline.

The truth was discovered after Major League Baseball published a complete DVD set of all of the games of the 1977 World Series. Coverage of the fire begins with Keith Jackson commenting on the enormity of the blaze, while Cosell added that President Carter had visited that area just days before. As the top of the second inning began, the fire was once again shown from a helicopter-mounted camera, and Cosell commented that the New York Fire Department had a hard job to do in the Bronx as there were always numerous fires. In the bottom of the second, Cosell informed the audience that it was an abandoned building that was burning and no lives were in danger. There was no further comment on the fire, and Cosell appears to have never said "The Bronx is Burning" (at least not on camera) during Game 2.[81]

1978-1979

In 1978,[82] Baseball Hall of Famer Don Drysdale joined ABC Sports with assignments such as Monday Night Baseball, Superstars, and Wide World of Sports. In 1979,[83] Drysdale covered the World Series Trophy presentation. According to Drysdale "My thing is to talk about inside things. Keith [Jackson] does play-by-play. Howard's [Cosell] role is anything since anything can happen in broadcasting." When ABC released and then rehired him in 1981, Drysdale explained it by saying "If there is nothing to say, be quiet." Ultimately, Drysdale seemed to be slowly phased out of the ABC picture as fellow Hall of Fame pitcher Jim Palmer was considered ABC's new poster child "[of] superior looks and...popularity from underwear commercials." By 1989, Palmer would earn $350,000 from ABC for appearing on around ten regular season broadcasts and making a few postseason appearances.[84]

For a national television audience, the 1978 American League East tie-breaker game (New York Yankees/Boston Red Sox) aired on ABC with Keith Jackson and Don Drysdale on the call. Meanwhile, the game aired locally in New York on WPIX and on WSBK in Boston. Phil Rizzuto, Frank Messer and Bill White called the game on WPIX while Dick Stockton and Ken Harrelson called the game on WSBK. Also in 1978, Keith Jackson called an Oklahoma-Texas college football game for ABC and then, flew to New York, arriving just in time to call Game 4 of the ALCS that same night (October 7).

In 1979, the start of ABC's Monday Night Baseball coverage was moved back to June, due to poor ratings during the May sweeps period. In place of April and May prime time games, ABC began airing Sunday Afternoon Baseball games in September.[85] The network also aired one Friday night game (the Yankees at the Angels) on July 13 of that year. On August 6, 1979, the entire Yankee team attended team captain/catcher Thurman Munson's funeral in Canton, Ohio. Teammates Lou Piniella and Bobby Murcer, who were Munson's best friends, gave eulogies. That night (before a national viewing audience on ABC's Monday Night Baseball) the Yankees beat the Baltimore Orioles 5-4 in New York, with Murcer driving in all five runs with a three-run home run in the seventh inning and a two-run single in the bottom of the ninth.[86]

For the 1979 World Series, ABC utilized play-by-play announcers Keith Jackson (in Baltimore) and Al Michaels (in Pittsburgh), and color commentators Howard Cosell and Don Drysdale. ABC's broadcast was also simulcast over the Orioles' and Pirates' respective local television outlets, CBS affiliates WMAR-TV in Baltimore and KDKA-TV in Pittsburgh, in addition to ABC's own affiliates WJZ-TV and WTAE-TV. After the sixth game, Howard Cosell in his limo was surrounded and attacked by angry Oriole fans with shaving cream, which prompted Baltimore police to complement his private security for Game 7.[87]

1980s

ABC hardly showed any baseball games during the regular season in the 1980s and when they did, it was only on either Monday or Thursday nights from the end of Sweeps Week in late May until the NFL preseason started in the first week of August, and then not again until the playoffs. ABC also had a clause where they could air a game the last day of the regular season if it had playoff implications, such as in 1987 in regards to the Detroit Tigers' American League East pennant chase against the Toronto Blue Jays. The team of Al Michaels, Jim Palmer, and Tim McCarver called that game nationally.[88] However, in 1986, ABC did do a number of early season Sunday afternoon games before they went into Monday Night Baseball.

1980-1982

ABC's contract was further modified prior to the 1980 season, with the network airing just five Monday Night Baseball telecasts in June of that year, followed by Sunday Afternoon Baseball in August and September. ABC did Sunday afternoon games late in the season in order to fulfill the number of games in the contract and to not interfere with Monday Night Football. Also in 1980, ABC (with Al Michaels and Bob Uecker on the call) broadcast the National League West tie-breaker game between the Houston Astros and Los Angeles Dodgers.[89] On October 11, 1980, Keith Jackson called an Oklahoma-Texas college football game for ABC in the afternoon, then flew to Houston to call Game 4 of the NLCS). In the meantime, Don Drysdale did the play-by-play for the early innings (up until the middle of the fourth inning). Meanwhile, ABC used Steve Zabriskie[90] as a field reporter during the 1980 NLCS.

In 1981, ABC planned to increase coverage to 10 Monday night games and eight Sunday afternoon[91][92][93][94][95][96][97][98][99][100][101][102] games, but the players' strike that year ended up reducing the network's schedule to three Monday night and seven Sunday afternoon telecasts. Also in 1981, as means to recoup revenue lost during a players' strike, Major League Baseball set up a special additional playoff round (as a prelude to the League Championship Series). ABC televised the American League Division Series while NBC televised the National League Division Series. The Division Series round wasn't officially instituted until 14 years later. Games 3 of the Brewers/Yankees series and Royals/Athletics series were aired regionally. On October 10, Keith Jackson called an Oklahoma-Texas college football game for ABC and missed Game 4 of the Milwaukee-New York series. In Jackson's absence, Don Drysdale filled-in for him on play-by-play alongside Howard Cosell. On a trivial note the ABC's affiliates, WTEN in Albany, New York and its satellite WCDC-TV in Adams, Massachusetts, as well as WIXT (now WSYR-TV) in Syracuse, New York, did not carry any of ABC's games at that time because of the New York Yankees games that were simulcasted from New York City's WPIX, movies, and syndicated series and specials among others in order to provide advertising for those extra money.

In 1982, ABC aired 11 Monday night games and one Sunday afternoon game. Following his retirement, Steve Stone was hired by ABC[103] to serve as a color commentator[104] for their Monday Night Baseball[105] telecasts. Stone was normally paired with Al Michaels[106] and Bob Uecker[107] in the booth.

Also in 1982, Baltimore Orioles manager Earl Weaver announced he would retire at the end of the season, one which saw the Orioles wallow at the back of the pack for the first half of the year before climbing in the standings to just three games behind going into a season-ending four-game series against the division-leading Milwaukee Brewers at Baltimore's Memorial Stadium. The Orioles beat them handily in the first three games to pull into a first-place tie. The final game of the series, and the season, on October 3, would decide the AL East title. Televised nationally on a Sunday afternoon on ABC[108] (with Keith Jackson and Howard Cosell on the call), the Orioles suffered a crushing 10-2 loss. After the game, the crowd called for Weaver to come out. This tribute to the retiring Weaver provided intense emotion against the backdrop of the season-ending defeat, as Weaver, in tears, stood on the field and applauded back to the fans, and shared words and an embrace with Brewers manager Harvey Kuenn.

Game 1 of the 1982 NLCS had to be played twice. In the first attempt (on October 6), the Atlanta Braves led against the St. Louis Cardinals 1-0 behind Phil Niekro. The game was three outs away becoming official when the umpire stopped it. When the rain did not subside, the game was canceled.[109] Game 1 began from the start the following night in a pitching match-up of Pascual Pérez for the Braves and longtime Cardinal starter Bob Forsch. Howard Cosell did not broadcast Game 2 of the 1982 NLCS (alongside Al Michaels and Tommy Lasorda[110]) because of his commitment of hosting the Pittsburgh Steelers' 50th Anniversary dinner in Pittsburgh on October 9, 1982, which was broadcast live on Pittsburgh's ABC affiliate, WTAE-TV and Pittsburgh's NBC affiliate, WPXI-TV. ABC's Jim Lampley[111] interviewed the winners in the Cardinals' clubhouse after clinching the National League pennant in Game 3.

1983-1989 television package

On April 7, 1983, Major League Baseball, ABC, and NBC agreed to terms of a six-year television package worth $1.2 billion. The two networks continued to alternate coverage of the playoffs (ABC in even numbered years and NBC in odd numbered years), World Series (ABC televised the World Series in odd numbered years and NBC in even numbered years), and All-Star Game (ABC televised the All-Star Game[112] in even numbered years[113] and NBC in odd numbered years) through the 1989[114] season, with each of the 26 clubs receiving $7 million per year in return. The last package gave each club $1.9 million per year. ABC contributed $575 million for regular season prime time and Sunday afternoons and NBC paid $550 million for thirty Saturday afternoon games. ABC was contracted to televise 20 prime time regular season games a year in addition to other games (the aforementioned Sunday afternoon games). But ABC didn't come close to using that many, which meant they actually paid for games they weren't showing. To give you some perspective, ABC televised six prime time games in 1984 and eight 1985. They planned to again televise eight prime time games in 1986.

USA Network's coverage became a casualty of the new $1.2 billion TV contract between Major League Baseball, ABC and NBC. One of the provisions to the new deal was that local telecasts opposite network games had to be eliminated.[115]

1983 marked the last time that local telecasts of League Championship Series games were allowed. In 1982, Major League Baseball recognized a problem with this due to the emergence of cable superstations such as WTBS in Atlanta and WGN-TV in Chicago. When TBS tried to petition for the right to do a "local" Braves broadcast of the 1982 NLCS,[116] Major League Baseball got a Philadelphia federal court[117][118] to ban[119] them on the grounds that as a cable superstation, TBS couldn't have a nationwide telecast competing with ABC's.

On June 6, 1983, Al Michaels officially succeeded Keith Jackson as the lead play-by-play announcer for Monday Night Baseball. Michaels, who spent seven seasons working backup games, was apparently very miffed[120] over ABC Sports' delay in announcing him as their top baseball announcer. Unlike Jackson, whose forte was college football, Michaels had gigs with the Cincinnati Reds and San Francisco Giants before joining ABC in 1976. TV Guide huffed about Jackson by saying "A football guy, on baseball!" Jackson was unavailable for several World Series games in 1979 and 1981 because of conflicts with his otherwise normal college football broadcasting schedule. Thus, Michaels did play-by-play for games on weekends.

Earl Weaver was the lead ABC color commentator in 1983, but was also employed by the Baltimore Orioles as a consultant. At the time, ABC had a policy preventing an announcer who was employed by a team from working games involving that team. So whenever the Orioles were on the primary ABC game, Weaver worked the backup game. This policy forced Weaver to resign from the Orioles' consulting position in October so that he can work the World Series[121][122] for ABC.

The 1984 NLCS[123] schedule (which had an off day after Game 3 rather than Game 2) allowed ABC to have a prime time game each weeknight even though Chicago's Wrigley Field[124][125][126][127][128] did not have lights at the time (which remained the case until four years later). ABC used Tim McCarver as a field reporter during the 1984 NLCS. During the regular season, McCarver teamed with Don Drysdale (who teamed with Earl Weaver and Reggie Jackson for the 1984 NLCS) on backup games[129] while Al Michaels, Jim Palmer, and Earl Weaver/Howard Cosell formed ABC's lead broadcast team. For ABC's coverage of the 1984 All-Star Game, Jim Palmer only served as a between innings analyst.

Had the 1984 ALCS between the Detroit Tigers and Kansas City Royals gone the full five games (the last year that the League Championship Series was a best-of-five series), Game 5 on Sunday October 7, would have been a 1 p.m. ET time start instead of being in prime time. This would have happened because one of the presidential debates[130] between Ronald Reagan and Walter Mondale was scheduled for that night. In return, ABC was going to broadcast the debates instead of a baseball game in prime time. Al Trautwig[131] interviewed the Detroit Tigers from their clubhouse following their pennant clinching victory in Game 3.

In 1985, ABC announced that every game of the World Series[132] would be played under the lights for the biggest baseball audience possible. Just prior to the start of the 1985 World Series,[133][134] ABC removed Howard Cosell from scheduled announcing duties[135] as punishment for his controversial book I Never Played the Game. In Cosell's place came Tim McCarver (joining play-by-play man Michaels and fellow color commentator Jim Palmer), who was beginning his trek of being a part of numerous World Series telecasts. Reportedly, by 1985, Cosell was considered to be difficult to work with on baseball telecasts. Apparently, Cosell and Michaels got into a fairly heated argument following the conclusion of their coverage of the 1984 American League Championship Series due to Cosell's supposed drunkenness among other problems.[136][137][138] Rumor has it that Michaels went as far as to urged ABC executives to remove Cosell from the booth. Ultimately, Michaels went public with his problems with Cosell. Michaels claimed that "Howard had become a cruel, evil, vicious person."

1986-1988

By 1986, ABC only televised 13 Monday Night Baseball games.[139] This was a fairly sharp contrast to the 18 games to that were scheduled in 1978. The Sporting News believed that ABC paid Major League Baseball to not make them televise the regular season. No late season games in September[140] were scheduled in 1986. TSN added that the network only wanted the sport for October anyway. Going into 1987, ABC had reportedly purchased 20 Monday night games but only used eight of those slots. More to the point, CBS Sports president Neal Pilson said "Three years ago, we believed ABC's package was overpriced by $175 million. We still believe it's overpriced by $175 million."[141]

During the 1986 season, Don Drysdale did play-by-play ABC's Sunday afternoon games, which aired until July, when Monday Night Baseball began. Al Michaels did the main Sunday game usually with Jim Palmer, while Drysdale and Johnny Bench did the backup contests. Keith Jackson, working with Tim McCarver, did the #2 Monday night games. Bench took a week off in June (with Steve Busby filling in) and also worked one game with Michaels as the networks switched the announcer pairings. While Drysdale worked the All-Star Game in Houston as an interviewer he did not resurface until the playoffs. Bench simply disappeared, ultimately going to CBS Radio.

On October 15, 1986, Game 6 of the NLCS ran so long (lasting for 16 innings, 5 hours and 29 minutes), it bumped up against the start time of Game 7 of the ALCS (also on ABC). That same game, color commentator Tim McCarver left the booth during the bottom of the 16th, in order to cover the expected celebration in the New York Mets' clubhouse. As a result, play-by-play man Keith Jackson was on the air alone for a short time. Eventually, McCarver rejoined the broadcast just before the end of the game, watching the action on a monitor in the Mets' clubhouse, then doing the postgame interviews with the Mets. Meanwhile, Corey McPherrin, a sports anchor with WABC (ABC's flagship station out of New York) interviewed Mike Scott when he was presented with the 1986 NLCS MVP award after Game 6. During the late 1980s, McPherrin delivered in-game updates during ABC's Monday Night Baseball[142][143] and Thursday Night Baseball broadcasts.

Game 6 of the 1986 NLCS turned out to be the final Major League Baseball game that Keith Jackson would broadcast.[144] Meanwhile, in his last ever ABC assignment, Don Drysdale[145] interviewed the winners in the Boston clubhouse following Game 7 of the 1986 ALCS.

For the 1987 World Series between the Minnesota Twins and St. Louis Cardinals, ABC utilized 12 cameras and nine tape machines. This includes cameras positioned down the left field line, on the roof of the Metrodome, and high above third base. There have been a few occasions when two Monday Night Football games were played simultaneously. In 1987, a scheduling conflict arose when Major League Baseball's Minnesota Twins went to Game 7 of the World Series (which also aired on ABC[146]), making the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome unavailable for the Minnesota Vikings' scheduled game (against the Denver Broncos) that Sunday. Game 6 of the 1987 World Series (played on Saturday, October 24) was the last World Series game to not be played in prime time. The game started at 4 p.m. Eastern Time. Another weekend afternoon sixth game was planned for 1988, however, since the World Series ended in five games, it was unnecessary.

The 1987 World Series was the final one that ABC aired that went the full seven games. The next time that ABC broadcast a World Series in 1989, the Oakland Athletics swept the San Francisco Giants in four games. For the final World Series that ABC would broadcast to date, 1995, they split the coverage with NBC. ABC only covered Games 1, 4-5 and a seventh game had it been necessary.

In a February 2015 interview, Al Michaels alleged the Twins pumped artificial crowd noise into the Metrodome during the 1987 World Series. Responding to Michaels' theory, Twins President Dave St. Peter said that he did not think the Twins needed "conspiracy theories" in order to win the World Series. Instead, he argued that "appreciation and respect" should be paid to players like Frank Viola, Gary Gaetti, Kent Hrbek, and Kirby Puckett, who, he said, "came out of nowhere to win a championship."[147]

During the 1988 Writers Guild of America strike, networks benefited from sports programming, including NBC, which relied on the Summer Olympics in September and the World Series in October, and ABC, which in addition to its postseason baseball coverage,[148][149] moved up the start time for the early weeks of Monday Night Football (when Al Michaels was unavailable to do play-by-play on Monday Night Football, which he had done for ABC beginning in 1986 due to his postseason baseball duties, Frank Gifford covered for him) from 9 p.m. ET to 8 p.m. ET (MacGyver, which normally aired at 8 p.m., was not yet ready with new episodes).

Come the 1988 League Championship Series,[150][151][152][153][154][155] ABC under the guidance of new executive producer Geoffrey Mason,[156] debuted fatter and wider graphics[157] that gave off a cleaner, sharper look complete with a black border. ABC also debuted a new energetic, symphonic-pop styled musical theme,[158][159] composed by Kurt Bestor,[160] which would become an all-compassing theme of sorts for ABC Sports during this time period.

ABC's coverage of Game 2[161] of the 1988 NLCS[162] didn't start until 10 p.m. ET due to a presidential debate. This is the latest ever scheduled start for an LCS game.

Gary Bender did play-by-play for the 1988 American League Championship Series[163][164] between the Oakland Athletics and Boston Red Sox. Bender spent two years (1987-1988) as the #2 baseball play-by-play man for ABC behind Al Michaels. Bender worked the backup Monday Night Baseball broadcasts (with Tim McCarver in 1987 and Joe Morgan[165] in 1988) as well as serving as a field reporter for ABC's 1987 World Series coverage. After Bender spent an entire summer developing a team with Joe Morgan, ABC brought in Reggie Jackson[166] to work with the duo for the 1988 ALCS. According to Bender's autobiography Call of the Game (pages 118-120),[167] ABC's decision to bring in Jackson to work with Bender and Morgan caused problems:

Reggie is one of the strongest personalities I've ever met. He epitomizes the big-name athlete who has become a great player, in part because of his ego, but who does not have the sensitivity to let go of that ego when working with others. Consequently, Reggie demanded things he hadn't earned the right to demand. He wanted more attention. He insisted we adjust our way of doing things for him.

During the spare time of his active career, Reggie Jackson worked as a field reporter and color commentator for ABC Sports. During the 1980s (1983, 1985, and 1987 respectively), Jackson was given the task of presiding over the World Series Trophy presentations.

After wrapping up his play-by-play duties for ABC's coverage of the 1988 ALCS, in which the Oakland swept Boston in four games, Gary Bender[168][169] covered the postgame interviews in the victorious Los Angeles Dodgers' clubhouse following Game 7 of the 1988 NLCS against the New York Mets.

1989

On December 14, 1988, CBS[170] (under the guidance of Commissioner Peter Ueberroth,[171][172][173] Major League Baseball's broadcast director Bryan Burns,[174][175][176] CBS Inc. CEO Laurence Tisch[177][178][179][180] as well as CBS Sports executives Neal Pilson[181] and Eddie Einhorn) paid approximately US$1.8 billion (equivalent to 2.18 billion in 2020)[174][182] for exclusive over-the-air television rights for over four years (beginning in 1990). CBS paid about $265 million each year[183] for the World Series, League Championship Series, All-Star Game, and the Saturday Game of the Week. It was one of the largest agreements[184] (to date) between the sport of baseball and the business of broadcasting. The cost of the deal between CBS and Major League Baseball was about 25% more[185] than in the previous television contract with ABC and NBC.[186]

According to industry insiders, neither NBC nor ABC wanted the entire baseball package--that is, regular-season games, both League Championship Series and the World Series--because such a commitment would have required them to preempt too many highly rated prime time shows. Thus, ABC and NBC bid thinking that two of the networks might share postseason play again or that one of the championship series might wind up on cable. Peter Ueberroth had encouraged the cable idea, but after the bids were opened, NBC and ABC found to their chagrin that he preferred network exposure for all postseason games. Only CBS, with its weak prime time programming, dared go for that.

In 1989 (the final year of ABC's contract with Major League Baseball), ABC moved the baseball telecasts to Thursday nights[187][188][189][190][191][192][193][194][195] in hopes of getting leg up against NBC's Cosby Show. Scott Muni, a disc jockey, who worked at the heyday of the AM Top 40 format and then was a pioneer of FM progressive rock radio, voiced promos for ABC's Thursday Night Baseball broadcasts. ABC was also still in-line to air a special Sunday afternoon telecast[196] on October 1 in the event that the American League East race between the Toronto Blue Jays and Baltimore Orioles still hadn't been decided. But since the Blue Jays managed to clinch the divisional title the day prior, it wasn't necessary.

After braving the traumatic Loma Prieta earthquake[197] and an all-time low 16.4 rating[198] for the 1989 World Series,[199] Al Michaels took ABC's loss of baseball to CBS[200][201][202] as "tough to accept." Michaels added that "baseball was such an early stepchild at ABC and had come such a long way."[203] Gary Thorne,[204] who served as ABC's backup play-by-play announcer[205] in 1989 and was an on-field reporter for the World Series[206] that year (and covering the trophy presentation in the process), simply laughed while saying "Great reviews, just as ABC baseball ends."[207] Meanwhile, Dennis Swanson, president of ABC Sports, noted in a statement that baseball had been a blue-chip franchise since 1976 for the network, which was disappointed to lose it.[139] After ABC lost the Major League Baseball package to CBS, they aggressively counterprogrammed CBS' postseason baseball coverage (like NBC) with made-for-TV movies and miniseries geared towards female viewers.[208]

I'll miss it. I've been involved with this (ABC) package since Day One (in 1976). Especially now, because beginning with our postseason coverage in 1985 [That's when analysts Jim Palmer and Tim McCarver permanently joined ABC's baseball crew, teaming with producer Curt Gowdy Jr.[209] and director Craig Janoff], I really felt we'd put it together the way I'd always dreamed about it. In the early years, we attempted to cover it in a different fashion. ABC had been gigantically successful with 'Wide World of Sports' and with covering the Olympic Games. A number of people in our company wanted to cover baseball (like) gymnastics and swimming and other 'Wide World' events. Attempting to do that was basically, in the early years, an abysmal failure. Baseball needs to be looked at in a certain manner. You need people in it who understand the game and truly love the game. It took us a while to get the right people and the right group together. I know some of the NBC people recently have talked about their cameramen, their audio men, the guys involved with their telecasts are baseball fans. They love baseball. It took us a while to get up to speed in that area. But once we did, we began to cover it as well as it's been covered. I'm tremendously proud of what we have done, especially from the 1985 postseason coverage on. We got to a point, especially in the last couple of years, (where) nothing can stop us now. And the only thing that stopped us was the fact we lost the rights.

-- Al Michaels to the Chicago Tribune on October 17, 1989.

According to ABC broadcast engineer Dan Rapak in the book Brought to You by . . ., ABC's coverage of the 1989 World Series was about to become a case study in financial stupidity. By this point in time, ABC Sports was well into cost-cutting mode[210] and trying to avoid unnecessarily expenditure. ABC decided that in order to save money, there would be no satellite uplink trunk present at San Francisco's Candlestick Park. Instead, the feed from San Francisco back to ABC's headquarters in New York would take a complex, circuitous route. For starters, the signal would go from the truck to a telephone company room (dubbed a "clamper room") at the third level of the stadium. From there, the signal would be transmitted over a fiber optic cable onto the local phone company switching office. From there, the signal would be sent to KGO, ABC's owned-and-operated station in the San Francisco Bay Area. The signal would then pass through KGO's Master Control Room and soon uplinked to a satellite which relayed the signal to a downlink in Connecticut. Finally, the signal would be sent to the ABC Television Complex in New York.

Rapak added that in order to save further costs, ABC decided that an on-site telephone company technician wasn't really necessary. As such, ABC wouldn't pay to have him on site just in case any problems might have arise with the phone company's equipment. Not only that, but ABC merely rented a small standby generator to protect them in the event of a power failure. ABC's management decided that it would be too costly to have a large "transfer switch" shipped in from ABC Sports' field shop in Lodi, New Jersey. This particular switch would be able to shift the entire load of all the mobile units from local utility power to the generator with a single pull of a large lever. But since ABC's engineers who were working at Candlestick Park during the 1989 World Series had no means of quickly putting the generator into service should the need arise, they would have to instead, kill the utility power sources for safety. They would then have to disconnect more than a dozen huge power cables from the power boxes inside of the stadium. Next, they would have to physically drag the power cables outside of the stadium and reconnect all of them in order to turn the generator on. This in effect, meant that the changeover would've taken approximately 10 minutes, when it could've simply taken less than a minute.

If you'll indulge us just another moment, this is the end of our association with baseball. I think as many of you may know, the primary package goes to CBS. And to our friends at what's known in the industry as "Black Rock", good luck in 1990 and beyond. To those of you at NBC, for 41 years you made this an art form! And to people especially like Curt Gowdy Sr., the fabulous announcer...to the Hall of Fame director Harry Coyle...and down through the years...to Tony Kubek and the people of the present like Bob Costas and all the men and women at NBC, at the peacock...take a bow, you were terrific![211] And we're done...for a while anyway after 14 years at ABC. We want to thank you for watching and we want to thank all the people that have come together to work on our telecasts. We have our own Curt Gowdy, Curt Gowdy Jr., whose been our terrific producer. And Craig Janoff and to the incomparable Steve Hirdt, it's been a great ride for 14 years. We're going to show you all the names right now, gentlemen...roll the credits as we say goodnight...from San Francisco![212]

-- Al Michaels at the end of ABC's coverage of the 1989 World Series.

Prior to the start of the 1990 season, speculation arose that Al Michaels would move over to CBS in the event that he won an arbitration case against ABC. Tim McCarver[213][214][215] had already been hired by CBS to serve as their lead color commentator and they were in need of a play-by-play man following the abrupt departure[216][217][218][219][220] following the abrupt dismissal of[221][222] Brent Musburger[205][223][224] on April Fools' Day 1990. Michaels had been feuding[225] with the network over an alleged violation of company policy. Michaels' contract with ABC was originally set to expire in late 1992. Ultimately however, ABC announced a contract extension that sources said would keep Michaels at ABC through at least the end of 1995 and would pay him at least $2.2 million annually with the potential to earn more. That would make Michaels the highest-paid sports announcer in television. Meanwhile, CBS eventually settled on using the services of Jack Buck[226][227][228][229] for their top play-by-play man.

Loma Prieta earthquake

Game 3 of the 1989 World Series[230][231][232] (initially scheduled for October 17[159]) was delayed by ten days due to the Loma Prieta earthquake.[233] The earthquake struck at approximately 5:04 p.m. Pacific Time. At the moment the quake struck, ABC's color commentator Tim McCarver[234] was narrating taped highlights of the previous Series game. Viewers saw the video signal begin to break up, heard McCarver repeat a sentence as the shaking distracted him, and heard McCarver's colleague Al Michaels[235] exclaim, "I'll tell you what, we're having an earth--."[236] At that moment, the feed from Candlestick Park was lost.[237] The network put up a green ABC Sports telop graphic as the audio was switched to a telephone link. Michaels had to pickup a POTS phone in the press booth (phones work off a separate power supply) and call ABC headquarters in New York, at which point they put him back on the air. Michaels cracked, "Well folks, that's the greatest open in the history of television, bar none!" accompanied by the excited screams of fans who had no idea of the devastation elsewhere.[238]

After about a 15-minute delay (ABC aired a rerun of Roseanne[239][240] and subsequently, The Wonder Years[241] in the meantime), ABC was able to regain power via a backup generator.[242] ABC's play-by-play man, Al Michaels (who was familiar[230] with the San Francisco Bay Area[243] dating back to his days working for the San Francisco Giants from 1974-1976) then proceeded to relay reports to Ted Koppel[244][245][246][247][248] at ABC News' headquarters in Washington, D.C. Al Michaels was ultimately nominated for an Emmy for his on-site reporting at the World Series.

The Goodyear Blimp was aloft above the ballpark to provide aerial coverage of the World Series. Blimp pilot John Crayton reported that he felt four bumps during the quake.[249] ABC was able to use the blimp to capture some of the first images of the damage to the Bay Bridge.[250]

At this very moment ten days ago, we began our telecast with an aerial view of San Francisco; always a spectacular sight, and particularly so on that day because the cloudless sky of October 17 was ice blue, and the late-day sun sparkled like a thousand jewels.

That picture was very much a mirror of the feel and the mood that had enveloped the Bay Area...and most of Northern California. Their baseball teams, the Giants and A's, had won pennants, and the people of this region were still basking in the afterglow of each team's success. And this great American sporting classic, the World Series, was, for the time being, exclusively theirs.

Then of course the feeling of pure radiance was transformed into horror and grief and despair- in just fifteen seconds.[251] And now on October 27, like a fighter who's taken a vicious blow to the stomach and has groggily arisen, this region moves on and moves ahead.

And one part of that scenario is the resumption of the World Series. No one in this ballpark tonight- no player, no vendor, no fan, no writer, no announcer, in fact, no one in this area period- can forget the images. The column of smoke in the Marina. The severed bridge. The grotesque tangle of concrete in Oakland. The pictures are embedded in our minds.

And while the mourning and the suffering and the aftereffects will continue, in about thirty minutes the plate umpire, Vic Voltaggio will say 'Play Ball', and the players will play, the vendors will sell, the announcers will announce, the crowd will exhort. And for many of the six million people in this region, it will be like revisiting Fantasyland.

But Fantasyland is where baseball comes from anyway and maybe right about now that's the perfect place for a three-hour rest.[252]

-- Al Michaels at the beginning of ABC's telecast of the resumption of Game 3 of the 1989 World Series.

1990s

After a four-year-long hiatus (when CBS exclusively carried the over-the-air Major League Baseball television rights, as previously mentioned), ABC returned to baseball[253] in (again, alongside NBC[254]) 1994.

Under a six-year plan,[255] Major League Baseball[256] was intended to receive 85% of the first $140 million[257] in advertising[258] in advertising revenue (or 87.5%[259] of advertising revenues[260] and corporate sponsorship[261] from the games until sales top a specified level), 50% of the next $30 million, and 80% of any additional money. Prior to this, Major League Baseball was projected to take a projected 55% cut in rights fees and receive a typical rights fee from the networks.

After NBC's coverage of 1994 All-Star Game was completed, ABC would air[262] regular season games on Saturdays[263] or Mondays[264] for the next six-weeks. Joining the lead broadcast team of Al Michaels, Jim Palmer, and Tim McCarver was Lesley Visser, who served as the lead field reporter for the CBS' baseball coverage from 1990 to 1993. Visser was reuniting with McCarver, for whom she had worked with on CBS. The regular season games fell under the Baseball Night in America umbrella which premiered on July 16, 1994. On the subject of play-by-play man Al Michaels returning to baseball for the first time since the infamous 1989 World Series, Jim Palmer said "Here Al is, having done five games since 1989 and steps right in. It's hard to comprehend how one guy could so amaze." Meanwhile, Brent Musburger,[265][266][267][268] CBS alumnus Jim Kaat, and Jack Arute became the secondary team for ABC. Musburger[269] and Kaat would be in the booth for Games 3-5 of the 1995 American League Division Series between the Seattle Mariners and New York Yankees as well as Games 1-2 of that year's American League Championship Series between Seattle and the Cleveland Indians.

No balls and a strike to Martínez. Line drive, we are tied! Griffey is coming around! In the corner is Bernie. He's going to try to score! Here's the division championship! Mariners win it! Mariners win it!

-- Brent Musburger calling[270] Edgar Martínez's game winning double in Game 5 of the 1995 ALDS between the Seattle Mariners and the New York Yankees.

In even-numbered years, NBC had the rights to the All-Star Game and both League Championship Series while ABC had the World Series[271] and newly created Division Series.[272][273] In odd-numbered years, the postseason and All-Star Game[274] television rights were supposed to alternate. As such, ABC would ultimately broadcast[275] the 1995 All-Star Game[276] from The Ballpark in Arlington in Arlington, Texas. It was ABC's first broadcast of the All-Star Game since the 1988 contest in Cincinnati. On Sunday, July 2, ABC aired a one hour special[277] hosted by Al Michaels that announced the names of the players who were selected to play in the 1995 All-Star Game.

ABC won the rights to the first dibs at the World Series in August 1993 after ABC Sports president Dennis Swanson won a coin toss[278] by calling "heads." Ken Schanzer, who was the CEO of The Baseball Network, handled the coin toss. Schanzer agreed to the coin toss by ABC and NBC at the outset as the means of determining the order in which they'd divvy up the playoffs.

While ABC and NBC would provide some production personnel and their own announcers[279][280] for the games,[281][282] all of would be coordinated from the office of Ken Schanzer,[283][284][285] the chief executive officer of The Baseball Network and former executive vice president for NBC Sports. The graphics, camera placements, and audio quality were intended on looking and sounding about the same on both networks.

Hi everyone, and welcome to Baseball Night in America, I'm Al Michaels. And those of us at ABC are delighted to be back in the business of broadcasting baseball for the first time since the 1989 World Series. And it's a brand new concept, we'll have six[286] regular season games on ABC, including tonight and again on Monday night. Then, we'll bring you the Division playoffs in October, part of baseball's new expanded playoff format, and the World Series in late October. Baseball Night in America, a regionalized[287] concept, you'll see a game in your region that's important to those of you in those particular areas. It also gives us the capability of updating games as never before. So sit back, relax and enjoy the premiere of Baseball Night in America as we take you out to the ballgames.

-- Al Michaels on site at Seattle's Kingdome on the premiere broadcast of Baseball Night in America on July 16, 1994.

The long-term plans for The Baseball Network crumbled when the players went on strike on August 12, 1994 (thus forcing the cancellation of the World Series[288]). In July 1995, ABC and NBC, who wound up having to share the duties of televising the 1995 World Series[289] as a way to recoup (with ABC broadcasting Games 1,[290] 4, and 5 and NBC broadcasting Games 2, 3, and 6), announced[291] that they were opting[292][293] out of their agreement[294] with Major League Baseball. Both networks figured that as the delayed 1995 baseball season opened without a labor agreement, there was no guarantee against another strike. Both networks soon publicly vowed to cut all ties with Major League Baseball for the remainder of the 20th century.[295][296]

Al Michaels would later write in his 2014 autobiography You Can't Make This Up: Miracles, Memories, and the Perfect Marriage of Sports and Television that the competition between the two networks could be so juvenile that neither ABC nor NBC wanted to promote each other's telecasts during the 1995 World Series.[297] In the middle of Game 1, Michaels was handed a promo that read "Join us here on ABC for Game 4 in Cleveland on Wednesday night and for Game 5 if necessary, Thursday." Michaels however would soon add "By the way, if you're wondering about Games 2 and 3, I can't tell you exactly where you can see them, but here's a hint: Last night, Bob Costas, Joe Morgan, and Bob Uecker ([NBC's broadcast crew] were spotted in Underground Atlanta." Naturally, Bob Costas soon made a similar reference to ABC's crew (Michaels, Jim Palmer, and Tim McCarver) on NBC.

ABC Sports president Dennis Swanson, in announcing the dissolution of The Baseball Network, said:[298]

The fact of the matter is, Major League Baseball seems incapable at this point in time, of living with any longterm relationships, whether it's with fans, with players, with the political community in Washington, with the advertising community here in Manhattan, or with its TV partners.

Calling the final out of Game 5 of the 1995 World Series, Al Michaels yelled, "Back to Georgia!" as the Cleveland Indians took it; NBC carried the series-clinching sixth game two days later. Had that particular World Series gone to a seventh game,[299] then it would've been broadcast by ABC.

Aftermath

After losing its Major League Baseball broadcast rights again, this time to Fox, ABC counterprogrammed against Fox's postseason coverage by airing a mix of miniseries and TV-movies aimed at female viewers. One of the movies aired on ABC, Unforgiven, aired opposite Andy Pettitte's shutout in Game 5 of the 1996 World Series (Fox's first World Series, and the final game in Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium history).

With ABC being sold to The Walt Disney Company in 1996,[300] ESPN picked up daytime and late-evening Division Series games with a provision similar to its National Football League games, in which the games would only air on network affiliates in the local markets of the two participating teams. ESPN's Major League Baseball contract was not affected then, but would take a hit in 1998 with the new National Football League contract.

In September 2000, a baseball official, speaking on the condition he not be identified, confirmed ESPN passed on keeping its playoffs rights (thus, giving Fox Sports exclusivity), saying the decision was partly based on price and partly because ABC wasn't interested in the network package.[301]

ABC Family's (now Freeform) coverage of the 2002 Division Series was produced by ESPN. The reason that games were on ABC Family instead of ESPN was because The Walt Disney Company bought Fox Family from News Corporation. The ABC Family/ESPN inherited Division Series package was included in Fox's then exclusive television contract with Major League Baseball (initiated in 2001). ABC Family had no other choice but to fulfill the contract handed to them. The only usage of the ABC Family "bug" was for a ten-second period when returning from a commercial break (in the lower right corner of the screen).

2020s

ABC would return to airing postseason baseball in 2020. They were scheduled to air at least four of the 24 possible daytime games in the season's one-time only expanded eight-series wild card round, that the networks of ESPN will air. Not only did this mean that ABC would be airing Major League Baseball games of any kind since Game 5 of the 1995 World Series,[302] but it would mark the first time since NBC's final game in 2000, that a Major League Baseball game had aired on any broadcast network other than Fox. It would've also been at least 9,105 days since ABC last broadcast a Major League Baseball game.

The first game to definitely air on ABC on September 29, would be the #6 seed Houston Astros[303] against the #3 Minnesota Twins[304] from Target Field in Minneapolis. Discounting the regionalized Baseball Night in America telecasts from 1994-95, the last time the Twins were on ABC was for Thursday Night Baseball on July 27, 1989 vs. Baltimore. The announcers were the same as the 1987 World Series,[305] Al Michaels, Jim Palmer, and Tim McCarver.

The following day, ABC would air the #6 Miami Marlins against the #3 Chicago Cubs from Wrigley Field in Chicago. Karl Ravech would provide play-by-play commentary[306] for the Houston-Minnesota game with analysts Eduardo Pérez and Tim Kurkjian. Meanwhile, Jon Sciambi, Chipper Jones, and Jesse Rogers would call the Miami-Chicago Cubs game on September 30. ESPN also planned on utilizing ABC afternoon window[307] on[308] Friday (October 2).

On October 2, ABC cut away[309] from their broadcast Miami-Chicago Cubs game during the top of the 9th inning to deliver a special report on U.S. president Donald Trump being taken to Walter Reed National Military Medical Center for COVID-19 treatment. The conclusion of the game could be seen on ESPN.

In all, Game 1 of the Houston-Minnesota series drew approximately 2.195 million viewers for ABC.[310] Meanwhile, the first game of the Miami-Chicago Cubs series earned ABC approximately 1.538 million viewers. And finally, Game 2 of the Miami-Chicago Cubs series earned ABC about 2.186 million viewers.

On May 13, 2021, Major League Baseball and The Walt Disney Company announced an extension to ESPN's contract, which included exclusive rights to the Wild Card series, if the league were to expand it. This includes games being broadcast on ABC under a similar structure to the 2020 Wild Card series.[311][312]

On July 7, 2021, ESPN announced that a Sunday Night Baseball game between the Chicago Cubs and Chicago White Sox, scheduled for August 8 from Wrigley Field would air exclusively on ABC. This would be the first regular season Major League Baseball game to be aired on ABC since 1995, when ABC was part of the short-lived Baseball Network. This would also be the first[313] ESPN-produced regular season telecast that ABC would air.[314]

Production overview

In 1965, ABC brought forth such innovations[315] like isolated instant replay, field microphones, and a separate camera for each base runner. After ABC's contract for the Game of the Week expired after a single season, NBC felt compelled to dramatically alter their own baseball coverage. So for NBC's coverage of the 1965 World Series, it featured videotaped replays, prerecorded audio analysis from key players, and enhanced animated graphics.

When ABC resumed broadcasting Major League Baseball games in 1976 after an eleven year hiatus, they were immediately accused of having ill-prepared production crews and announcers on their Monday Night Baseball[316] telecasts. William Leggett of Sports Illustrated would in particular, note[317] that ABC seemed to try to hoodwink viewers with commentary that may sound insightful, but was often dead wrong, and with fancy camera work that was frequently used at inappropriate times during the action. Leggett also criticized ABC for far too often losing batted balls and base runners from view and employing split screens with the wrong men on base. Not only that, but the starting lineups were not being given at the beginning of the games.

According to James Walker, professor in the department of communication at Saint Xavier University and co-author of the book Center Field Shot: A History of Baseball on Television, ABC brought the techniques it had perfected in its football coverage, including far more extensive use of replays, isolated cameras, and different angles. In contrast, when looking at NBC's production of the 1969 World Series, very few replays were utilized and it was a much more static broadcast than what you saw later.[318]

For their coverage of the 1979 World Series[319] in Baltimore,[320] ABC brought two trucks (and rented a third), 14 cameras, a helicopter and nearly 100 technicians. According to producer Chuck Howard, that was just about twice the number of cameras used during the regular season, and at twice the cost. Director Chet Forte's team of cameramen was, in his words, "built around the camera position high behind home plate (C-2)." Their "coverage camera" was designed to follow the flight of the ball. ABC intended on using this camera 75 percent of the time and was according to Forte, the toughest camera in TV sports.

1980s

ABC, under the watch of director Joe Aceti, brought some innovations[321] in time for their coverage of the 1980 National League Championship Series between the Houston Astros and Philadelphia Phillies, such as putting the camera in the gondola in the Astrodome looking straight down on the field. For tight shots, Aceti wanted to see the face of the pitcher and the face of the batter. He didn't want them shown in a split screen but separately in a close-up. He also didn't want to shot players head to toe in a long shot, not even in a medium shot.

Chet Forte's directing performance would come under scrutiny when ABC next broadcast the World Series in 1981.[322] For one thing, ABC's replay cameras, which were placed strategically around the park, don't always catch the play. For example, ABC only showed one replay from the main feed camera of New York Yankees third baseman Graig Nettles making a diving, eighth-inning catch of Los Angeles Dodgers first baseman Steve Garvey's liner in Game 1. ABC was also criticized for frequently showing all those players' wives cheering instead of giving viewers a wide- angle view of how the outfielders are playing the hitters.

David Remnick of the Washington Post felt[323] that Howard Cosell[324][325] while broadcasting the 1983 World Series alongside Al Michaels and Earl Weaver,[326][327] developed a few "human interest" tags and rammed them home in his inimitable ecclesiastical rhythms instead of actually sharing his knowledge with viewers. To put things into perspective, Remnick noted that Cosell had more to say about the way the Baltimore groundskeepers combated the outfield's "slippage factor" with a miraculous "drying agent" than about Mike Boddicker's pitching. Remnick also said that Cosell had more to say about the refurbished buildings in downtown Baltimore and along the Schuylkill River than about Mike Schmidt's hitting. Or Cosell would talk about John Denny's family problems more often than his ability to strike out Eddie Murray. Remnick in particular, criticized ABC for featuring interviews interspersed with the game action, which would sometimes cause them to miss a double off the wall while a prerecorded player is gabbing up in the corner of the screen. Not only that, but Remnick accused Howard Cosell of did his best to ruin a great camera shot of John Lowenstein's theft of a home run in Game 1 by simultaneously praising the shot and rapping other networks for praising their own shots.

Game 6 of the 1985 World Series[328] would become rooted in controversy when the bottom of the ninth, Jorge Orta, the leadoff batter for the Kansas City Royals, hit a slow roller to St. Louis Cardinals first baseman Jack Clark, who tossed the ball to the pitcher, Todd Worrell, who was covering first base. Umpire Don Denkinger called Orta safe, even though television replays and photographs clearly showed that he was out by half a step.[329] The Royals went on to win Game 6 by the score of 2-1.[330] The Royals went on to win Game 6 by the score of 2-1.[330] The first replay that ABC showed[331] was a faraway shot from high along the third base side that froze upon Worrell's catch, with Orta's foot still seemingly in the air.

NBC Sports executive producer Michael Weisman said[332] that while he thought that ABC's coverage of the 1986 League Championship Series was overall fine, he didn't think that they with stories long enough. For instance, Weisman thought that ABC should have kept a camera on California Angels third-base coach Moose Stubing longer in Game 2 of the American League Championship Series. Weisman thought that the camera should've followed Stubing into the dugout to see how his teammates reacted to him after he failed to give Bobby Grich a sign. Weisman also felt that ABC should have stayed with New York Mets first baseman Keith Hernandez longer after he was called out on strikes in Game 1 of the National League Championship Series against the Houston Astros and argued vehemently with umpire Doug Harvey.

Meanwhile, Harry Coyle, NBC's coordinating producer and director of baseball also said that while he thought that ABC's 1986 LCS coverage was for the most part fine, he also said "A shot of a wife can be a great shot, if you use it once or twice a game, like in the ninth inning of a close game and the pitcher is in trouble. But to show a batter, then his wife, then the batter, then his wife, then the batter, then his wife . . . well, that's ridiculous." When asked about ABC's use of a roof camera at the Astrodome, Coyle said "If that shot is so great, why don't they sell seats up there."

In June 1987, ABC director Craig Janoff said that[333] they didn't do quite the same thing as NBC since they would go two months without doing a game that season, and then they would do the World Series[334] in October. Janoff added that baseball was the most challenging sport that he has directed for television because timing is critical. In other words, you have to think about where a fan`s eyes move, and constant cutting from camera to camera is necessary.

Come the World Series in 1987, Norman Chad of the Washington Post said[335] that ABC's cameras miss nothing and offered unmatched replays.[336] Meanwhile, ABC's graphics in Chad's eyes, provided better reading than some best sellers, while the announcers knew the game and talked intelligently about it. Furthermore, Chad said that ABC's cameras always showed runs as they were scored. In contrast, NBC sometimes failed to show players crossing the plate during their coverage of the League Championship Series. And whereas ABC's announcers almost always pulled back when the Metrodome crowd went into a frenzy in Minnesota, NBC's announcers according to Chad, sometimes added to the noise (except to go silent at game's end). Chad even believed that ABC captured the quirky nature of the Metrodome better than NBC, from intriguing camera shots to Al Michaels' play-by-play.

When assessing ABC's coverage of the 1988 NLCS between the Los Angeles Dodgers and New York Mets, the Chicago Tribunes Steve Nidetz praised their camera work.[337] Nidetz in particular, gave credit to producer Curt Gowdy Jr., who was responsible for calling all the shots for ABC's NLCS coverage. Instead of subjecting viewers to long-range angles of baseballs floating into the air, ABC had closeups everywhere, from the dugout to the field to the stands. In contrast, ABC's production of the 1988 ALCS between the Oakland Athletics and Boston Red Sox under director Steve Danz, cameramen kept missing plays and according to Jim Sarni of the South Florida Sun-Sentinel,[163] seemed to be preoccupied showing the Harvard rowing crew on the Charles.

Again as previously mentioned, Game 3 of 1989 World Series was scheduled to begin at San Francisco's Candlestick Park on October 17 at 5:35 PDT, ABC began its pre-game show at 5:00 PDT. When the Loma Prieta earthquake struck at approximately 5:04 PDT, Tim McCarver was narrating taped highlights of Game 2, which had been played two days prior across the Bay Bridge in Oakland. Television viewers saw the video signal begin to break up, heard McCarver repeat a sentence as the shaking distracted him, and heard Al Michaels exclaim, "I'll tell you what, we're having an earth - ." At that moment, the signal from Candlestick Park was lost.[237] The network put up a green ABC Sports "World Series" technical difficulties telop graphic[338] while it scrambled to repair the video feed (the broadcast cameras and mics were powered by the local power supply), but audio from the stadium was restored after a few seconds via a telephone link:

Al Michaels: Well, heh, I don't know if we're on the air... We are in commercial, I guess.

Jim Palmer: Yes, yes, we hear you.

Tim McCarver: I guess...

Michaels: I don't hear a thing.

McCarver: I guess Dave Parker...

Michaels: Well, heh, I don't know if we're on the air or not, and I'm not sure I care at this particular moment but we are. Well, folks, that's the greatest open in the history of television! Bar none!

McCarver: Started with a bang!

Michaels: Yes, it certainly did! Heh! We're still here! Heh! We are still, as we can tell, on the air, and I guess you are hearing us, even though we have no picture and no return audio, and we will be back, we hope, from San Francisco, in just a moment.[339]

The combined screams of excitement and panic from fans who had no idea of the devastation elsewhere could be heard in the background.[238] ABC then switched to episodes of Roseanne and The Wonder Years, which was on standby for a rain delay situation, while attempting to restore electricity to its remote equipment. With anchorman Ted Koppel in position in Washington, D.C., ABC News began continuous coverage of the quake at 5:32 p.m. PDT, with Al Michaels, in the process, becoming a de facto on-site reporter for ABC. The Goodyear Blimp had already been overhead to cover the baseball game, and ABC used it to capture images of damage to the Bay Bridge and other locations.

1995

Jerry Trecker of the Hartford Courant praise ABC's production of the 1995 All-Star Game[340] in Arlington. He said that the broadcast crew of Al Michaels, Tim McCarver, and Jim Palmer paced their broadcast as if they had never been away, and the different looks, especially ground level cameras, had always been a trademark of effective work by ABC. ABC also according to him, made effective use of graphics to recap season leaders. ABC Sports' technical coverage as a whole, included[341] 21 cameras from all vantage points, including one in the Goodyear Blimp, and an unmanned camera directly above home plate. Coaches would wear wireless microphones. Trecker did however, point out that times, the broadcasters seemed to be ahead of the production people, especially when they wanted to talk about Raul Mondesi's speed getting to a drive into the right field corner. They never showed it. Trecker also believed that ABC's usage of dugout reporters (in this case, Lesley Visser, John Saunders, and Rick Dempsey), even in showcase games like the All-Star Game, was overkill. Visser in particular, was singled out for asked such lengthy questions of Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher Hideo Nomo that it was almost farcical when his answers came back in translation.

For the 1995 World Series,[342] ABC and NBC shared 17 cameras and 13 tape machines, two of the "Super Slo-Mo" variety.

Major League Baseball coverage on ABC's owned-and-operated television stations

Historically, KTRK was the original television home of the Houston Astros, from the team's inaugural season in 1962 until 1971; however, the station only aired the team's Sunday afternoon road games. It also broadcast any Astros games that were part of ABC's broadcast contract with Major League Baseball from 1976 to 1989.

On December 12, 2014, WLS-TV signed a new five-year broadcast agreement with the Chicago Cubs, in which WLS would televise 25 of the Major League Baseball team's games per year, starting with the 2015 season. The arrangement partially replaced one with WGN-TV (which had broadcast Cubs games since its inception in April 1948), which voluntarily pulled out of its existing broadcast deal with the team for the 2015 season and subsequently agreed to carry a reduced slate of 45 games. The WLS broadcasts were seen on DirecTV's version of MLB Extra Innings, and the feed provided is the WLS signal seen in the Chicago market (unlike with the feeds of WGN broadcasts, where public service announcements were seen in place of local commercials and station promos). As ABC had a limited sports programming schedule during the Major League Baseball season prior to September (when the MLB regular season and college football season overlap), the station mainly carried the team's weekend daytime games in order to limit pre-emptions of the network's prime time programming.[343][344][345][346]

Announcers

References

Inline citations
  1. ^ Sarni, Jim (October 7, 1988). "Abc Is Good Or Bad, Depending On Series". Sun Sentinel.
  2. ^ ABC MONDAY NIGHT BASEBALL THEME 1984 (NO V/O) - Robert Israel on YouTube
  3. ^ ABC SUNDAY AFTERNOON BASEBALL 1980 - Open - Lillian Scheinert, Robert Israel on YouTube
  4. ^ ABC's MONDAY NIGHT BASEBALL (1983 Season) - no voiceover on YouTube
  5. ^ The ABC baseball theme, 1988-'89 on YouTube
  6. ^ Baseball Network Theme 1994 1995 (Various Cuts) on YouTube
  7. ^ Walker and Bellamy, Jr., James Robert and Robert (June 2008). Center Field Shot: A History of Baseball on Television. ISBN 978-0803248250.
  8. ^ Lucia, Joe (September 28, 2020). "Your 2020 MLB Wild Card announcing schedule". Awful Announcing.
  9. ^ Lewis, Jon. "Idle notes: MLB on ABC, CFB schedule, YouTube TV, NFL rights".
  10. ^ Lucia, Joe (September 27, 2020). "MLB announces start times for first two Wild Card gamedays, beginning at 2 PM Eastern on ABC". Awful Announcing.
  11. ^ Yellon, Al (September 22, 2020). "Some games in MLB's wild-card round will be on ABC-TV. Here's the full schedule". Bleed Cubbie Blue.
  12. ^ Oz, Mike (September 27, 2020). "MLB's postseason bracket is set. Here's how to watch a jam-packed slate of playoff baseball". Yahoo! Sports.
  13. ^ "Searchable Network TV Broadcasts - ABC Sports". rec.sport.baseball.
  14. ^ Walker & Bellamy 2008, p. 103
  15. ^ "Club Owners Veto Television of Spring Games". The Spokane-Review. Associated Press. March 14, 1954. p. 1.
  16. ^ Ames, Walter (June 13, 1953). "Major League Ball Game on KECA-TV; Topper Series Set as 'Irma' Replacement". Los Angeles Times. p. A5.
  17. ^ "Albany Club Owner Asks for Video Of Major League Games in His Area". Hartford Courant. Associated Press. June 6, 1953.
  18. ^ Ames, Walter (May 8, 1954). "L.A.-Las Vegas Relay Ready by Fall; Lamenting Berle Seeks New Home". Los Angeles Times. p. A5.
  19. ^ "TV Baseball Ban Denied By Official". The Daily Reporter. Associated Press. March 11, 1954. p. 1.
  20. ^ George, Dave (April 25, 2008). "San Francisco". Palm Beach Post.
  21. ^ "Was in Slump All His Career". Beaver Valley Times. May 15, 1954.
  22. ^ "SPORTS BRIEFS". Los Angeles Times. March 6, 1954. p. B3.
  23. ^ Reichler, Joe (September 29, 1959). "Dodgers Confident of National Flag". Times Daily. Associated Press. p. 5.
  24. ^ Lowry, Cynthia (September 29, 1959). "Crosby Sings Plenty". Kentucky New Era. Associated Press. p. 18.
  25. ^ United Press International (September 30, 1959). "Vet, Rookie Combine for LA Playoff Win". The Modesto Bee. p. C10.
  26. ^ "TELEVISION NOTEBOOK; Baseball Scores A Hit Among Week's Shows". New York Times. October 4, 1959. p. X17.
  27. ^ Buck, Jack (May 6, 2014). Jack Buck: ÒThat's a Winner!Ó. Sports Publishing. ISBN 9781613216798.
  28. ^ "ABC Signs Erskine as TV Color Man". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. April 12, 1960. p. C7.
  29. ^ "Can't Hide No-Hitter From Fans—Erskine". The Miami News. Associated Press. June 5, 1960. p. 2C.
  30. ^ "No Major Changes Loom in TV Sports During 1961". Hartford Courant. Associated Press. January 1, 1961.
  31. ^ "ABC Adds Saturday Fights, Fifth Game". Prescott Evening Courier. Associated Press. March 17, 1960. p. 13.
  32. ^ "TV Scout Preview". St. Petersburg Times. April 16, 1960. p. 10B.
  33. ^ Adams, Val (September 19, 1961). "NETWORKS PLAN WIDE U.N. REPORT". New York Times. p. 71.
  34. ^ "ABC-TV to Film Tilt 154". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Associated Press. September 19, 1961.
  35. ^ "ABC Lands a 3-Sport TV Contract". The Milwaukee Sentinel. March 27, 1960. p. 2T.
  36. ^ Jay, Robert (June 5, 2015). "A Year in TV Guide: June 5th, 1965". Television Obscurities.
  37. ^ "Television Package is Baseball's Aim". The Tuscaloosa News. Associated Press. December 11, 1964. p. 7.
  38. ^ "ABC Signs $12.2 Million Baseball Pact". Reading Eagle. Associated Press. December 15, 1964. p. 14.
  39. ^ New York Times (April 8, 1965). "ABC Plans on 'Instant Replays'". The Miami News. p. 6B.
  40. ^ "Tele-Log". Deseret News. April 14, 1965. p. 2B.
  41. ^ Dubrow, Rick (April 16, 1965). "Baseball in New Venture". Beaver Country Times. United Press International. p. 7.
  42. ^ Adams, Val (August 19, 1965). "ABC Doubtful About Televising Baseball in '66". New York Times. p. 61.
  43. ^ Reichler, Joe (August 22, 1965). "TV Baseball Has Problems". The Herald-Tribune. Associated Press. p. 4D.
  44. ^ Page, Don (April 17, 1965). "SPORTSLOOK; Up to Our Chins in NBA Dribbles". Los Angeles Times. p. B2.
  45. ^ Cady, Steve (February 24, 1965). "CBS RIVALS BACK SALE OF YANKEES". New York Times. p. 46.
  46. ^ Adams, Val (March 18, 1965). "Jackie Robinson Is Back in Baseball As a Commentator". New York Times. p. 67.
  47. ^ Hilderbrandt, Chuck (May 27, 2015). "ABC-TV ONCE SUGGESTED THAT MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL REDUCE THEIR REGULAR SEASON SCHEDULE TO 60 GAMES!". SABR Baseball and the Media Research Committee.
  48. ^ "NBC splits MLB Rights". NBC Sports History Page.
  49. ^ Verducci, Tom (October 21, 2015). "Game Changer: How Carlton Fisk's home run altered baseball and TV". Sports Illustrated.
  50. ^ Lucas, Ed (May 19, 2016). "Lucas: ABC's 'Monday Night Baseball' was ahead of its time". The Jersey Journal.
  51. ^ Leggett, William (May 10, 1976). "ABC has the Monday blahs". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2018.
  52. ^ Rapak, Dan (July 12, 2020). Brought to You By . . . AuthorHouse. p. 130. ISBN 9781477290507.
  53. ^ Shea, Stuart (May 7, 2015). Calling the Game: Baseball Broadcasting from 1920 to the Present. SABR, Inc. p. 372. ISBN 9781933599410.
  54. ^ Brooks, Marsh, Tim, Earle F. The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946-Present. p. 105.
  55. ^ Horn, Barry (November 17, 2017). "SNF voice Al Michaels on 'top-notch lyricist' Tony Romo's abilities as an analyst". The Dallas Morning News.
  56. ^ Fink, David (June 8, 1976). "Tearful Prince In King's Return". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. 16.
  57. ^ Shea, Stuart (May 7, 2015). Calling the Game: Baseball Broadcasting from 1920 to the Present. SABR, Inc. p. 397. ISBN 9781933599410.
  58. ^ Lovett, Daniel J. (April 17, 2014). Anybody Seen Dan Lovett?: Memoirs of a Media Nomad. Balboa Press. p. 185. ISBN 9781452594200.
  59. ^ Leggett, William (December 20, 1976). "THE WINTER GAMES WIN A MEDAL". Sports Illustrated.
  60. ^ Legget, William (May 10, 1976). "ABC HAS THE MONDAY BLAHS". Sports Illustrated.
  61. ^ Forr, James. "Bob Prince". SABR.
  62. ^ Lucas, Ed (May 19, 2016). "Lucas: ABC's 'Monday Night Baseball' was ahead of its time". The Jersey Journal.
  63. ^ Leonard, John (May 30, 1976). "TV VIEW". The New York Times.
  64. ^ Pergament, Alan (October 27, 1995). "NBC'S MORGAN EMERGES AS SERIES STAR IN BOOTH". The Buffalo News.
  65. ^ "Blast off! Schmidt launches Phillies to title". Geocities. Archived from the original on October 21, 2009.
  66. ^ Fidrych 1977, p. 149
  67. ^ Vogan, Travis (November 6, 2018). ABC Sports: The Rise and Fall of Network Sports Television. Univ of California Press. ISBN 9780520966260.
  68. ^ Walker and Hughes, James R. and Pat (May 1, 2015). Crack of the Bat: A History of Baseball on the Radio. U of Nebraska Press. p. 214. Crack of the Bat: A History of Baseball on the Radio.
  69. ^ Glasspiegel, Ryan (April 30, 2015). "Howard Cosell Was Quite Incorrect About the Future Fortunes of ESPN and John Madden". The Big Lead.
  70. ^ Cushing, Rick (March 2010). 1960 Pittsburgh Pirates: Day by Day: A Special Season, an Extraordinary ... Dorrance Publishing. p. 387. ISBN 9781434904980.
  71. ^ Smith, Curt (2005). Voices of Summer: Ranking Baseball's 101 All-Time Best Announcers. Carroll & Graf Publishers. p. 175. ISBN 0-7867-1446-8.
  72. ^ Haggar, Jeff (February 18, 2018). "Howard Cosell - Black Hat in the Booth". Classic TV Sports.
  73. ^ Walker, Hughes, James R., Pat (2015). Crack of the Bat: A History of Baseball on the Radio. U of Nebraska Press. p. 214. abc monday night baseball 1976 critics.
  74. ^ Brady, Dave (March 23, 1977). "Arledge Lets Kuhn Know Who's Boss". The Washington Post.
  75. ^ Hagger, Jeff (October 10, 2012). "Keith Jackson and ABC conflicts with college FB and MLB playoffs (1976-1986)". Classic TV Sports.
  76. ^ "Hanover Evening Sun Newspaper Archives". NewspaperARCHIVE.com. October 7, 1976.
  77. ^ "The Bird doesn't rule the roost in the television announcer's booth". The Miami News. Associated Press. September 6, 1977.
  78. ^ "1977 WORLD SERIES: LOS ANGELES DODGERS VS. NEW YORK YANKEES {GAME 6} (TV)". The Paley Center for Media.
  79. ^ Shales, Tom (October 13, 1977). "HOWARD COSELL". The Washington Post.
  80. ^ Maril, David (October 31, 2009). "OPINION: World Series misses home-team announcers on national broadcasts". Enterprise News.
  81. ^ a b Flood, Joe (May 16, 2010). "Why the Bronx burned". New York Post.
  82. ^ Smith, Howard (April 13, 1978). "ABC Is Tops In Baseball". Gettysburg Times.
  83. ^ Saunders, Keith (February 25, 2019). "In praise of the 1979 World Series". The World According to Keitho.
  84. ^ Hyman, Mark (February 12, 1990). "Jim Palmer more than ever an ex-ballplayer". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014.
  85. ^ Walker & Bellamy 2008, p. 143
  86. ^ "New York Yankees 5, Baltimore Orioles 5". Baseball-reference.com. August 6, 1979.
  87. ^ "The Prescott Courier - Google News Archive Search".
  88. ^ 1987 10 04 ABC Blue Jays at Tigers on YouTube
  89. ^ Dodgers vs Astros 1980 on YouTube
  90. ^ 1980 NLCS - Game 4 @mrodsports on YouTube
  91. ^ "Saturday 12 noon. ABC, 'Weekend Special.' CBS, 'The New..." UPI. October 3, 1980.
  92. ^ "Major league baseball will once again be televised by..." UPI. March 4, 1981.
  93. ^ The National Pastime: Summer 2015 Issue: North Side, South Side, All Around ... SABR, Inc. ISBN 9781933599861.
  94. ^ Katz, Jeff. "Split Season 1981, Chicago Style". SABR.
  95. ^ Stewart, Larry (May 29, 1987). "Not Much Fanfare as CBS, Brookshier Go Separate Ways". Los Angeles Times.
  96. ^ Walker, Bellamy, James R., Robert V. (June 2008). Center Field Shot: A History of Baseball on Television. U of Nebraska Press. p. 143. ISBN 978-0803248250.
  97. ^ Wenner, Lawrence A. (August 1989). Media, Sports, and Society. SAGE. p. 111. ISBN 9780803932449.
  98. ^ Chad, Norman (April 14, 1985). "NBC's Adjustments Improve Baseball Coverage". Washington Post.
  99. ^ "ABC Sports and Major-League Baseball have reached agreement on..." UPI. April 7, 1983.
  100. ^ Sandomir, Richard (April 24, 1995). "SPORTS JOURNALISM; 'He Made People Listen, Made People Think'". The New York Times.
  101. ^ Silverman, Matthew (May 2016). One-Year Dynasty: Inside the Rise and Fall of the 1986 Mets, Baseball's ... Rowman & Littlefield. p. 292. ISBN 9781493024209.
  102. ^ Berkow, Ira (February 2, 1986). "SPORTS OF THE TIMES; THE TURNSTILES STILL RATTLE". The New York Times.
  103. ^ "Interview: Steve Stone". The Heckler. September 6, 2004.
  104. ^ Paintadosi, Roger (August 13, 1982). "There's No Play-by-Play Like Home".
  105. ^ "STEVE STONE: THINKING OUT OF THE STRETCH". Arizona Jewish Life. April 1, 2013.
  106. ^ Hirdt, Steve (July 23, 2021). "Yes, Al, We Do Believe In Miracles". The Analyst.
  107. ^ Stone, Steve. Where's Harry?: Steve Stone Remembers 25 Years with Harry Caray. p. 8.
  108. ^ 1982 10 03 ABC Brewers at Orioles on YouTube
  109. ^ D'Agostino, Dennis (October 7, 1982). "ABC's Playoff Coverage Not Flashy, but Solid". Beaver County (Pa.) Times. Associated Press. p. B3.
  110. ^ "NBC: NOBODY DOES IT BETTER". Sports Illustrated. October 25, 1982.
  111. ^ St. Louis Cardinals 1982 NL Champions 2/2 on YouTube
  112. ^ "The Ballparks: Candlestick Park". This Great Game.
  113. ^ 1988 MLB All-Star Game - COMPLETE on YouTube
  114. ^ Goodwin, Michael (February 18, 1986). "TV SPORTS; SWANSON, NEW ABC CHIEF, PROVES DEFT". New York Times.
  115. ^ Leifer, Eric M. (June 2009). Making the Majors: The Transformation of Team Sports in America. p. 1964. ISBN 9780674040069.
  116. ^ "Kuhn Out to Stop Braves Broadcasts". Tuscaloosa News. Associated Press. October 1, 1982. p. 14.
  117. ^ United Press International (October 5, 1982). "Judge Bars WTBS From Braves Games". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. p. 10B.
  118. ^ "Turner Is Denied Review of Order". New York Times. Associated Press. October 6, 1982.
  119. ^ United Press International (October 5, 1982). "Turner Telecasts Enjoined by Court". New York Times.
  120. ^ Lidz, Frank (February 15, 1988). "THIS MOUTH TALKS BACK". Sports Illustrated.
  121. ^ Amdur, Neil (October 11, 1983). "TV SPORTS; THE DELICATE ART OF PLAY-BY-PLAY". The New York Times.
  122. ^ Remnick, David (October 14, 1983). "This Dignity Is Deadly". The Washington Post.
  123. ^ "Soul crushing flashback: Cubs-Padres Game 5, 1984". Desipio. February 11, 2013.
  124. ^ Boswell, Thomas (August 31, 1984). "Kuhn Rules No Lights For Wrigley". The Washington Post.
  125. ^ Shipp, E.R. (August 29, 1984). "CUBS' FANS THINK GAME'S BETTER WITH NO LIGHTS". The New York Times.
  126. ^ "WRIGLEY LIGHTS CHRONOLOGY". Chicago Tribune. August 8, 1988.
  127. ^ Greenfield, Jimmy (2012). 100 Things Cubs Fans Should Know & Do Before They Die. Triumph Books. p. 194. wrigley field 1984 world series lights.
  128. ^ Krantz, Les (November 2013). Wrigley Field: The Centennial: 100 Years at the Friendly Confines. Triumph Books. p. 118. ISBN 9781623686697.
  129. ^ Rogers, Thomas; Johnson, Roy S. (June 8, 1985). "SCOUTING; In the Booth". New York Times.
  130. ^ Boswell, Thomas (October 5, 1984). "Baseball's Disaster Plan: Wait Until Dark". The Washington Post.
  131. ^ 1984 ALCS game 3 Kansas City Royals at Detroit Tigers PART 2 on YouTube
  132. ^ "1985 WORLD SERIES: ST. LOUIS CARDINALS VS. KANSAS CITY ROYALS {GAME 6} (TV)". The Paley Center for Media.
  133. ^ Mitchell, Fred (October 10, 1985). "COSELL IS OUT OF SERIES". Chicago Tribune.
  134. ^ Palmer, Maimon, Jim, Alan (June 2016). Jim Palmer: Nine Innings to Success: A Hall of Famer's Approach to Achieving ... Triumph Books. ISBN 9781633194625.
  135. ^ Daley, Steve (October 13, 1985). "JOY IN MUDVILLE: COSELL HAS STRUCK OUT". Chicago Tribune.
  136. ^ Ribowsky, Mark (November 12, 2011). "Howard Cosell's Boozy Baseball Broadcasts, Drunken Fights With Al Michaels, And The Rise Of Tim McCarver". Deadspin. Retrieved 2013.
  137. ^ Getle, Larry (November 16, 2014). "Al Michaels on Cosell's drinking and OJ's 'guilt'". New York Post.
  138. ^ Kindred, Dave (March 10, 2006). Sound and Fury: Two Powerful Lives, One Fateful Friendship. Simon & Schuster New York. p. 261. ISBN 9780743289238.
  139. ^ a b Durso, Joseph (December 15, 1988). "A Billion-Dollar Bid By CBS Wins Rights To Baseball Games". New York Times.
  140. ^ Sarni, Jim (October 4, 1986). "ABC CHANNELS EFFORTS INTO PLAYOFFS". South Florida Sun-Sentinel.
  141. ^ Goodwin, Michael (February 10, 1987). "TV SPORTS; QUIET TALKS FOR BASEBALL". New York Times.
  142. ^ Strong, James (February 26, 1988). "1990 ALL-STARS TO PLAY UNDER WRIGLEY LIGHTS". Chicago Tribune.
  143. ^ "Night Game Televised Only on WGN". Los Angeles Times. August 7, 1988.
  144. ^ "ABC'S KEITH JACKSON: A HOSS OF A BROADCASTER". Sports Illustrated. February 9, 1987.
  145. ^ Sarni, Jim (October 4, 1986). "ABC CHANNELS EFFORTS INTO PLAYOFFS". South Florida Sun-Sentinel.
  146. ^ Taaffe, William (November 2, 1987). "Baseball Clinic From Abc". Sports Illustrated.
  147. ^ "Al Michaels says Twins pumped fake noise into 1987 World Series". Archived from the original on September 25, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  148. ^ National League Championship Series & ABC News 1988 Promo on YouTube
  149. ^ September 29, 1988 commercials on YouTube
  150. ^ Stewart, Larry (October 24, 1988). "Dodgers '88: A SEASON TO REMEMBER : For NBC, Its Series Role May Have Been Most Significant Ever". Los Angeles Times.
  151. ^ Callan, Matthew (October 11, 2013). "Let's Go to the Videotape: Jay Howell Gets Bounced, 1988". Sun-Sentinel.
  152. ^ Andreu, Robbie (October 9, 1988). "HOWELL CONFESSES -- BUT ONLY TO A MISDEMEANOR".
  153. ^ Nidetz, Steve (October 11, 1988). "ABC DESERVES KUDOS FOR NL SHOW BUT BARBS FOR AL COVERAGE".
  154. ^ Fimrite, Ron (October 17, 1988). "KISS THAT BABY GOODBY!". Sports Illustrated.
  155. ^ Hoffarth, Tom (October 4, 2013). "25 years later: The Dodgers' 1988 playoff run -- NLCS Game 1". Los Angeles Daily News.
  156. ^ Nidetz, Steve (September 23, 1988). "ABC SPORTS HONCHO IS IN PURSUIT OF GRAPHIC CHANGES". Chicago Tribune.
  157. ^ Minami, Craig (October 9, 2013). "1988 Dodgers, NLCS Game 4: The Mike Scioscia home run".
  158. ^ The ABC baseball theme, 1988-'89 on YouTube
  159. ^ a b Foster, Jason (September 19, 2015). "The 9 best network baseball theme songs of all time, ranked". Sporting News.
  160. ^ Robinson, Doug (October 28, 2002). "Kurt Bestor: Private discord, public acclaim". Deseret News.
  161. ^ 1988 10 05 1988 NLCS Game 2 New York Mets at Los Angeles Dodgers on YouTube
  162. ^ Nidetz, Steve (October 11, 1988). "Abc Deserves Kudos For Nl Show But Barbs For Al Coverage". Chicago Tribune.
  163. ^ a b Sarni, Jim (October 7, 1988). "Abc Is Good Or Bad, Depending On Series". Sun Sentinel.
  164. ^ Taaffe, William (October 17, 1988). "MIXED MESSAGE". Sports Illustrated.
  165. ^ New York Yankees at Oakland Athletics 1988 05 30 ABC Monday Night Baseball on YouTube
  166. ^ 1988 ALCS game 1 Oakland Athletics at Boston Red Sox on YouTube
  167. ^ Bender, Johnson, Gary, Michael L. (1994). Call of the Game: What Really Goes on in the Broadcast Booth. Language Arts & Disciplines. p. 118. ISBN 9781566250139.
  168. ^ 1988 Dodgers Mets compilation of newsclips and scoring play on YouTube
  169. ^ "NATIONAL BASEBALL COMPANY?". Sports Illustrated. October 31, 1988.
  170. ^ Marcus, Steve (December 15, 1988). "CBS' HOMER WILL SEND SCULLY, ETC. TO SHOWERS". Deseret News.
  171. ^ Phil Mushnick (January 29, 2007). "Look, But Don't Blink". New York Post.
  172. ^ Mushnick, Phil (January 1, 2000). "CRIME OF THE CENTURY: HOW PETER UEBERROTH AND BASEBALL'S MONEY-HUNGRY OWNERS ROBBED OUR CHILDREN OF THE NATIONAL PASTIME". New York Post.
  173. ^ Boswell, Thomas (January 3, 1989). "Commentary : Peter's Principle: Money Talks". The Washington Post.
  174. ^ a b "A Billion-Dollar Bid By CBS Wins Rights To Baseball Games". The New York Times. December 15, 1988.
  175. ^ Helyar, John (July 27, 2011). The Lords of the Realm. Random House Publishing. ISBN 9780307801425.
  176. ^ Smith, Curt (February 21, 2011). The Cambridge Companion to Baseball. Cambridge University Press. p. 234. ISBN 9781139826204.
  177. ^ Williams, Scott (March 8, 1991). "Tisch Takes Blame for CBS' Baseball Contract Losses". The Associated Press.
  178. ^ Diamond, Edwin (April 2, 1990). "GAMESMAN: Is CBS's Larry Tisch a "smart sports guy"?". New York Magazine.
  179. ^ Serwer, Andrew E. (September 6, 1993). "CBS TO BEAT THE ODDS, STAY THE COURSE". Fortune.
  180. ^ Walker, Bellamy, James R., Robert V. (June 2008). Center Field Shot: A History of Baseball on Television. U of Nebraska Press. p. 154. ISBN 978-0803248250.
  181. ^ Johnson, William Oscar (June 25, 1990). "THE CLEANUP HITTERS". Sports Illustrated Vault.
  182. ^ "Baseball to CBS; NBC Strikes Out : ABC Also Falls Short as 4-Year Package Goes for $1 Billion". The Los Angeles Times. December 15, 1988.
  183. ^ Downey, Kevin (April 18, 2002). "Waning days of big $ TV sports". Media Life. Archived from the original on February 25, 2015.
  184. ^ Shames, Laurence (July 23, 1989). "CBS HAS WON THE WORLD SERIES......NOW IT COULD LOSE ITS SHIRT". The New York Times.
  185. ^ Erardi, Luckhaupt, John, Joel (September 29, 2010). The Wire-to-Wire Reds: Sweet Lou, Nasty Boys, and the Wild Run to a World ... p. 40. ISBN 9781578604661.
  186. ^ Ernest Cashmore (1994). And There Was Television. p. 146. ISBN 9780415091305.
  187. ^ ABC Baseball Open on YouTube
  188. ^ Vance, Reid (October 25, 2016). "The Cubs and I". Medium.
  189. ^ "Gary Thorne". ESPN Press Room.
  190. ^ Nidetz, Steve (June 9, 1989). "FOR ABC, WRIGLEY'S A NEW BALLGAME". Chicago Tribune.
  191. ^ "NBC, ABC IN LAME DUCK YEAR FOR COVERAGE OF MAJORS". The Buffalo News. April 1, 1989.
  192. ^ June 26, 1989 - Promo for Thursday Night Baseball & Monday Night Movie Bumper on YouTube
  193. ^ Brooks, Marsh, Tim, Earle F. (June 24, 2009). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946-Present. Random House Publishing Group. p. 105. ISBN 9780307483201.
  194. ^ Warner, Rick (November 12, 1988). "It's 'Let's Make a Deal' time for networks, cable". Gadsden Times. Associated Press. p. B5.
  195. ^ Craig, Jack (June 26, 1989). Sports Programming and Cable Television: Hearing Before the ..., Volume 4.
  196. ^ Stewart, Larry (September 29, 1989). "Finale for Scully May Not Be One". Los Angeles Times.
  197. ^ Smith, Shelley (October 30, 1989). "we're Having An..." Sports Illustrated.
  198. ^ Chad, Norman (October 20, 1989). "ABC LETS VINCENT DO WHAT'S BEST FOR BAY AREA". The Washington Post.
  199. ^ 1989 World Series Game 1 Giants @ A's pregame on YouTube
  200. ^ Stewart, Larry (December 15, 1988). "Baseball to CBS; NBC Strikes Out : ABC Also Falls Short as 4-Year Package Goes for $1 Billion". The Los Angeles Times.
  201. ^ "A WHOLE NEW GAME Two megabuck TV deals may change the face of baseball for good, or not so good". Sports Illustrated. December 26, 1988.
  202. ^ Edwards, Craig (February 26, 2020). "MLB's Winning and Losing Efforts to Conquer TV, Part I: The Strike". Fan Graphs.
  203. ^ Nidetz, Steve (October 17, 1989). "Forever Away' Is Here For Michaels". Chicago Tribune.
  204. ^ Stewart, Larry (February 24, 1989). "Hernandez's Dream Job Gone, but Now There's a Fantasy". Los Angeles Times. p. 3.
  205. ^ a b "NBC, ABC IN LAME DUCK YEAR FOR COVERAGE OF MAJORS". The Buffalo News. April 2, 1989.
  206. ^ Encina, Eduardo A. (October 24, 2014). "Orioles broadcaster Gary Thorne says memories of 1989 World Series earthquake still vivid". The Baltimore Sun.
  207. ^ Smith, Curt (2005). Voices of Summer: Ranking Baseball's 101 All-Time Best Announcers. Carroll & Graf Publishers. p. 381. ISBN 0-7867-1446-8.
  208. ^ Herbert, Steven (October 30, 1991). "World Series: A CBS Grand Slam". Los Angeles Times.
  209. ^ Taaffe, William (November 2, 1987). "BASEBALL CLINIC FROM ABC". Sports Illustrated.
  210. ^ Chad, Reid, Norman, Tony (March 7, 1989). "WITH ITS ERA OF DOMINANCE PAST, ABC NOW LOOKS TO REGROUP". The Washington Post.
  211. ^ Rosenberg, Howard (October 30, 1989). "The Ballgame's Over for Great Team at ABC". Los Angeles Times.
  212. ^ 1989 World Series Game 4 10/28/1989 (STEREO) on YouTube
  213. ^ Meyers, Kate (September 28, 1990). "CBS' successful baseball coverage". Entertainment Weekly.
  214. ^ Steve Nidetz (June 13, 1989). "CBS catches a rising star in breezy McCarver". Chicago Tribune. p. 5.
  215. ^ Jack Craig (June 6, 1989). "CBS Ready for Final Fling". Boston Globe.
  216. ^ Fang, Ken (April 10, 2020). "Which moments in sports broadcasting history do we wish we could have covered live?". Awful Announcing.
  217. ^ "Musburger gone!!". rec.sport.baseball. April 2, 1990.
  218. ^ Du Brow, Rick. "NBC's Team Player Has His Eye on the Ball : Sportscasting: With CBS' surprise sacking of Brent Musburger, Bob Costas would seem the obvious replacement--but he's sticking with his baseball-less network". Los Angeles Times.
  219. ^ Asher, Mark (April 2, 1990). "CBS SPORTS DROPS MUSBURGER". Washington Post.
  220. ^ Spanberg, Erik (March 30, 2015). "At Final Four 25 years ago, Musburger provided drama". SportsBusiness Journal.
  221. ^ Stephenson, Creg (April 1, 2015). "Today in sports: CBS fires Brent Musburger on eve of NCAA Tournament title game 25 years ago". AL.com.
  222. ^ Terry Armour (April 6, 1990). "Fans Should Rejoice With The Firing Of Over-exposed Musburger". Daily Press.
  223. ^ Rudy Martzke (January 16, 1990). "It's official: Musburger is back in baseball game". USA Today.
  224. ^ Trecker, Jerry (October 23, 1992). "Cbs Forges Its Own Era Of Deadball". Hartford Courant.
  225. ^ Nidetz, Steve (May 3, 1990). "ABC SPORTS TUNES IN TO MUSBURGER". Chicago Tribune.
  226. ^ Barnes, Mike (April 5, 1990). "CBS names Jack Buck to replace Musburger". UPI.
  227. ^ Rusnak, Jeff (April 6, 1990). "Buck In Brent At Cbs". Sun Sentinel.
  228. ^ "This Date in History: April 5". The Eagle. April 4, 2020.
  229. ^ Jack Craig (November 7, 1989). "Will Buck Stop at CBS?". Boston Globe. p. 70.
  230. ^ a b Smith, Shelley (October 30, 1989). "WE'RE HAVING AN..." Sports Illustrated.
  231. ^ Journalism and Popular Culture. SAGE. January 16, 1992. p. 199. ISBN 9781446230640.
  232. ^ Rapak, Dan (December 11, 2012). Brought to You By . . . AuthorHouse. p. 355. ISBN 9781477290507.
  233. ^ Curtis, Bryan; Lee, Patricia (October 30, 2013). "Rocked: An oral history of the 1989 World Series, which was dominated by the Oakland A's -- and devastated by the Loma Prieta earthquake". Grantland.
  234. ^ Palmer; Maimon, Jim; Alan (June 2016). Jim Palmer: Nine Innings to Success: A Hall of Famer's Approach to Achieving ... Triumph Books LLC. ISBN 9781633194625.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  235. ^ "Al Michaels joins Damon, Ratto, and Kolsky". 957thegame.radio.com. October 17, 2019.
  236. ^ "Earthquake". Time. Monday, October 30, 1989. Ed Magnuson. p. 2. Retrieved September 5, 2009.
  237. ^ a b News report on MLB.COM, 1:50 minutes in. Retrieved August 29, 2009.
  238. ^ a b "Earthquake". Time. Monday, October 30, 1989. Ed Magnuson. p. 3. Retrieved September 5, 2009.
  239. ^ Journalism and Popular Culture. SAGE. January 16, 1992. p. 197. ISBN 9781446230640.
  240. ^ Goodman, Walter (October 19, 1989). "Review/Television; How the Networks Coped With Scant Information". New York Times.
  241. ^ Bell; Ficociello, Robert C.; Robert M. (October 19, 2017). America's Disaster Culture: The Production of Natural Disasters in ... Bloomsbury Publishing USA. ISBN 9781628924619.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  242. ^ Carman, John (October 14, 1999). "Local News Met Quake's Challenge". SF Gate.
  243. ^ Kroichick, Ron (October 12, 2019). "Al Michaels brought Bay Area background to 1989 earthquake coverage". San Francisco Chronicle.
  244. ^ Hall, Jane (October 19, 1989). "Networks Turned to Affiliates After Quake". Los Angeles Times.
  245. ^ Margulies and Goldman, Lee and John (October 18, 1989). "BAY AREA QUAKE : COVERAGE: TELEVISION : Networks Scrambled to Report Disaster". Los Angeles Times.
  246. ^ Shales, Tom (October 19, 1989). "AFTER THE QUAKE, IMAGES FROZEN IN TIME". The Washington Post.
  247. ^ Dawson, Greg (October 19, 1989). "QUAKE COVERAGE HAD MANY SHAKY MOMENTS". Orlando Sentinel.
  248. ^ "ABC NEWS SPECIAL REPORT: 1989 SAN FRANCISCO EARTHQUAKE COVERAGE {INTERRUPTS 1989 WORLD SERIES} (TV)". The Paley Center for Media.
  249. ^ Holler, Scott; Vicki Sheff, Lorenzo Benet, Doris Bacon, Tom Cunneff, Michael Alexander, Kristina Johnson, Robin Micheli, Linda Witt (October 30, 1989). "A City Trembled, Its People Held". People. 32 (18). Retrieved 2009. High above the ballpark, John Crayton was piloting a Goodyear blimp for ABC. "We were just ready to go on the air when the network feed went blank. The last thing I heard was the director swearing. Then I started noticing transformers blowing up and dust and smoke in the air. I felt--and I know this sounds strange--but I felt four bumps in the blimp.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  250. ^ Rapaport, Richard J. (1998). The Media: Radio, Television, and Newspapers. The Loma Prieta, California, Earthquake of October 17, 1989--Lifelines: Performance of the Built Environment. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, Issue 1552. p. A43-A46. Retrieved 2013.
  251. ^ Marquez, Donald (October 17, 2009). "Series, Interrupted". SBNation.com.
  252. ^ Marquez, Donald (November 9, 2009). "Scrapbook Memories: 1989 World Series, Game 3, Part 2". SBNation.com.
  253. ^ "Name chosen for baseball's joint TV venture". Houston Chronicle. August 25, 1993. Retrieved 2012.
  254. ^ "NBC enters joint venture with ABC and MLB to form The Baseball Network". NBC Sports History Page.
  255. ^ Wise, Meyer, Aaron N., Bruce S. (May 23, 1997). International Sports Law and Business, Volume 3. Kluwer Law International. p. 1701. ISBN 9789041106025.
  256. ^ William Oscar Johnson (May 17, 1993). "For Sale: The National Pastime". Sports Illustrated.
  257. ^ Edwards, Craig (February 26, 2020). "MLB's Winning and Losing Efforts to Conquer TV, Part I: The Strike". Fan Graphs.
  258. ^ Steve Zipay (June 17, 1994). "MEDIA NHL Steals The Show And Ratings". Newsday. Retrieved 2011.
  259. ^ Bartkowiak, Kiuchi, Mathew J., Yuya (January 10, 2014). Packaging Baseball: How Marketing Embellishes the Cultural Experience. p. 82. ISBN 9780786492510.
  260. ^ Chad Rubel (September 11, 1995). "Baseball tries for comeback, but it swings and misses". Marketing News. Archived from the original on December 4, 2014. Retrieved 2012.
  261. ^ Shelley Donald Coolidge (March 7, 1995). "Firms May Take a Walk on Baseball Promotions". The Christian Science Monitor.
  262. ^ Fang, Ken (October 25, 2016). "Does the MLB on TBS package really benefit fans and viewers?". Awful Announcing.
  263. ^ "ABC 'Baseball Night' takes ratings beating". USA Today. July 19, 1995. Retrieved 2011.
  264. ^ Larry, Stewart (July 21, 1995). "ABC Getting a Major Chance With British Open Coverage". Los Angeles Times.
  265. ^ Foster, Jason (January 25, 2017). "Remember when Brent Musburger called baseball games?". Sporting News.
  266. ^ Townsend, Mark (January 25, 2017). "Brent Musburger's greatest baseball call was one for the ages". Big League Stew.
  267. ^ Sandomir, Richard (October 10, 1995). "PLAYOFFS 95: TV SPORTS;The Wrong Man in the Baseball Booth". The New York Times.
  268. ^ Rabinowitz, Gershon (October 7, 2015). "Revisiting the 1995 Division Series". Baseball Essential.
  269. ^ Foster, Jason (January 25, 2017). "Remember when Brent Musburger called baseball games?". Sporting News.
  270. ^ Townsend, Mark (January 25, 2017). "Brent Musburger's greatest baseball call was one for the ages". Big League Stew.
  271. ^ "More tales of The Baseball Network". SIU Daily Egyptian. July 26, 1995. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved 2015. ABC lost the 1994 World Series; this was supposed to be NBC's year. Instead, they split the spoils. Who got the better of the deal? Let's see. The networks each get 6 percent of the advertising revenues; baseball gets 88 percent. Call it a draw.
  272. ^ Fritz Quindt (July 15, 1994). "Once a week, The Baseball Network will wield control over all but the inevitable". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2011.
  273. ^ "Baseball players unlikely to endorse new playoffs". The Daily Reporter. August 24, 1993.
  274. ^ "SIXTY-SIXTH ANNUAL ALL-STAR GAME {THE 66TH ANNUAL ALL-STAR GAME} 1995 (TV)". The Paley Center for Media.
  275. ^ Nelson, John (July 9, 1995). "ABC's All-Star Telecast Is Beginning Of End For Tbn -- But Baseball Wants New Pact By November 1". The Seattle Times.
  276. ^ Kent, Milton (July 11, 1995). "Gowdy Jr., behind scenes, provides All-Star touch". The Baltimore Sun.
  277. ^ "ALL-STAR SELECTION SPECIAL {BASEBALL}, THE 1995 (TV)". The Paley Center for Media.
  278. ^ "ABC Wins Coin Toss for Game 7". Orlando Sentinel. September 13, 1995. Retrieved 2011.
  279. ^ Stewart, Larry (August 26, 1994). "NBC and Costas Will Make Their Return to Baseball . . . Later". Los Angeles Times.
  280. ^ Frager, Ray (July 8, 1994). "Costas hoping Baseball Night keeps grip". The Baltimore Sun.
  281. ^ Horn, Barry (July 7, 1994). "What happened to national telecasts?". The Baltimore Sun.
  282. ^ Nidetz, Steve (July 11, 1994). "WITH BASEBALL BACK, NBC PULLS OUT ITS OWN ALL-STAR LINEUP". Chicago Tribune.
  283. ^ Shapiro, Leonard (September 17, 1993). "UNTANGLING BASEBALL NETWORK'S INTRICACIES". The Washington Post.
  284. ^ Koehler, Robert (July 10, 1994). "Networking the Ballparks : ABC AND NBC TAKE SEPARATE TURNS AT BAT TO DRIVE HOME REGULAR AND POST-SEASON PLAY". Los Angeles Times.
  285. ^ Sandomir, Richard (April 4, 1994). "BASEBALL: TV SPORTS; Network Baseball's Unopening Day". The New York Times.
  286. ^ Mifflin, Lawrie (June 20, 1995). "SAFE AT HOME". Chicago Tribune.
  287. ^ "BASEBALL; Anheuser-Busch Backs Network". The New York Times. March 31, 1994.
  288. ^ Halberstam, David J. (October 21, 2019). "The cancelled '94 World Series: Network voices remember a baseball low point 25 years ago".
  289. ^ Meachem, Matt (October 16, 1995). "SERIES EVOKES FOND MEMORIES FOR UECKER TOO". Chicago Tribune.
  290. ^ "WORLD SERIES, 1995: GAME 1 {ATLANTA BRAVES VS. CLEVELAND INDIANS} (TV)". The Paley Center for Media.
  291. ^ Jack Craig (August 20, 1995). "Fans not wild about baseball". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2011.
  292. ^ "Abc And Nbc Quit Baseball Network". The Philadelphia Inquirer. June 23, 1995. Retrieved 2012.
  293. ^ Jack McCallum; Christian Stone (July 3, 1995). "Scorecard". Sports Illustrated.
  294. ^ Richard Sandomir (June 27, 1995). "TV SPORTS; All Are to Blame for Baseball Network's Demise". The New York Times.
  295. ^ Leonard Shapiro (June 24, 1995). "ABC, NBC PULL PLUG ON BASEBALL". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2012.
  296. ^ "Baseball Broadcasting Faces Uncertain Future". The Moscow Times. June 28, 1995.
  297. ^ Michaels, Wertheim, Al, L. Jon (November 18, 2014). You Can't Make This Up: Miracles, Memories, and the Perfect Marriage of. Harper Collins. p. 202. ISBN 9780062314987.
  298. ^ "Broken Promises Cited In Breakup Decision By Abc And Nbc Dissolves The Baseball Network". The Spokesman-Review. June 24, 1995.
  299. ^ Milton Kent (September 15, 1995). "ABC flips for Game 7 of Series". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2012.
  300. ^ "BASEBALL;ABC Auditing Baseball Venture". The New York Times. December 22, 1995. Retrieved 2012.
  301. ^ "BASEBALL NOTES". Washington Post. September 27, 2000.
  302. ^ Fisher, Eric (September 28, 2020). "MLB to be seen on ABC for first time since 1995". SportsBusiness.
  303. ^ Kalibat, Natalie (September 28, 2020). "Game 1 of Astros-Twins to lead off MLB playoff coverage on ABC". WRIC.
  304. ^ Brown, Maury (September 28, 2020). "MLB Postseason Games Returning To ABC For First Time In 25 Years". Forbes.
  305. ^ Sarni, Jim (October 24, 1987). "WORLD SERIES ANNOUNCING CREW OUTPERFORMING PLAYERS". Sun-Sentinel.
  306. ^ "ESPN and ABC to Exclusively Televise 7 of 8 MLB Wild Card Series". Laughing Place Disney Newsdesk. September 28, 2020.
  307. ^ McMillan, Ken (September 27, 2020). "Live from WKEN sports broadcasting blog, Sept. 28". Times Herald-Record.
  308. ^ Campbell, Hope (September 28, 2020). "General Hospital Pre-Empted This Week For Major League Baseball". Soap Hub.
  309. ^ Bucholtz, Andrew (October 2, 2020). "ABC punted Marlins-Cubs to ESPN in the middle of the ninth for coverage of President Trump being taken to hospital". Awful Announcing.
  310. ^ Lucia, Joe (October 6, 2020). "MLB Wild Card round averages 1.609 million viewers across 18 games". Awful Announcing.
  311. ^ "ESPN extends deal to air MLB games through '28". ESPN.com. May 13, 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  312. ^ "MLB, ESPN extend deal through 2028". MLB.com. Retrieved 2021.
  313. ^ Pederson, Erik (July 7, 2021). "ABC To Air ESPN's 'Sunday Night Baseball' For First Time". Deadline.
  314. ^ "ABC to Exclusively Televise ESPN's Sunday Night Baseball for First Time on August 8". ESPN Press Room U.S. July 7, 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  315. ^ Walker, Bellamy, James R., Robert V. Center Field Shot: A History of Baseball on Television. p. 279.
  316. ^ Dow, Bill (June 27, 2016). "40 years ago, Mark (The Bird) Fidrych was 'some kind of unbelievable'". Detroit Free Press.
  317. ^ Leggett, Williams (May 10, 1976). "ABC HAS THE MONDAY BLAHS". Sports Illustrated.
  318. ^ Wilkerson, David B. (October 24, 2012). "TV's 10 highest-rated World Series games". Market Watch.
  319. ^ Cohen Hagerstown, Steven (April 12, 2020). "Sports Memories: 'Sports writers' witness World Series". The Journal.
  320. ^ Leavy, Jane (October 13, 1979). "Pictures Worth a Million". The Washington Post.
  321. ^ Goldstein, Richard (October 10, 2011). "Joe Aceti, Director Who Shaped TV Sports, Dies at 76". The New York Times.
  322. ^ Taafe, Bill (October 24, 1981). "SBC's Cosell: Up Close and Too Personal". The Washington Post.
  323. ^ Remnick, David (October 14, 1983). "This Dignity Is Deadly". The Washington Post.
  324. ^ Deford, Frank (August 8, 1983). "'I'VE WON. I'VE BEAT THEM'". Sports Illustrated.
  325. ^ Berk, Josh. "October 11, 1983: Phillies take World Series opener from Orioles in pitchers' duel". SABR.
  326. ^ Boswell, Thomas (October 7, 1983). "Weaver Resigned, but Orioles Aren't". The Washington Post.
  327. ^ Anderson, Dave (June 28, 1983). "SPORTS OF THE TIMES; WEAVER REMAINS AN OLD ORIOLE". The New York Times.
  328. ^ Chass, Murray (October 29, 1985). "ROYALS INSPIRED AT RIGHT TIME". The New York Times.
  329. ^ "WS1985 Gm6: Denkinger calls Orta safe at first base". MLB.com. Retrieved 2018 – via YouTube.
  330. ^ a b Royals win to force Series into 7th game
  331. ^ Greene, Dan (October 26, 1985). "After THE CALL". Sports Illustrated.
  332. ^ Stewart, Larry (October 17, 1986). "There's a Game Behind the Cameras, Too". Los Angeles Times.
  333. ^ Harasta, Cathy (June 5, 1987). "BASEBALL PROVES AS TOUGH TO SHOW AS IT IS TO PLAY". Chicago Tribune.
  334. ^ Hochman, La Russa, Benjamin, Tony. Big 50: St. Louis Cardinals: The Men and Moments that Made the St. Louis.
  335. ^ Chad, Norman (October 20, 1987). "ABC MATCHING NBC IN BASEBALL". The Washington Post.
  336. ^ Newhan, Ross (October 27, 1987). "Baseball / Ross Newhan : Bad Umpiring Hurts Twins and Cardinals". Los Angeles Times.
  337. ^ Nidetz, Steve (October 11, 1988). "ABC DESERVES KUDOS FOR NL SHOW BUT BARBS FOR AL COVERAGE". Chicago Tribune.
  338. ^ Keown, Tim (October 16, 2014). "When the earth moved the Series". ESPN. Retrieved 2019.
  339. ^ http://www.popflock.com/video?id=Z8ExMR0c0aM&t=296s
  340. ^ Kent, Milton (July 11, 1995). "Gowdy Jr., behind scenes, provides All-Star touch". The Baltimore Sun.
  341. ^ Nelson, John (July 9, 1995). "ABC's All-Star Telecast Is Beginning Of End For Tbn -- But Baseball Wants New Pact By November 1". The Seattle Times.
  342. ^ Kent, Milton (October 20, 1995). "NBC and ABC split Series, throwing fans a changeup". The Baltimore Sun.
  343. ^ Robert Channick (November 6, 2013). "Cubs exercise option to end WGN-TV contract after next season". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved 2014.
  344. ^ Robert Channick (December 12, 2014). "It's official: WLS-Ch. 7 to air 25 Cubs games". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved 2014.
  345. ^ "Cubs reach deal with WGN-TV for remaining 45 broadcasts". Chicago Business Journal. American City Business Journals. January 7, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  346. ^ Ed Sherman (February 19, 2015). "White Sox add WPWR-Ch. 50 to station rotation". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved 2015.
Bibliography

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Major_League_Baseball_on_ABC
 



 



 
Music Scenes