Malton, also called New Malton, was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England in 1295 and 1298, and again from 1640, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885. It was represented by two Members of Parliament until 1868, among them the political philosopher Edmund Burke, and by one member from 1868 to 1885.
The constituency was divided between the new
Thirsk and Malton division of the North Riding of Yorkshire and the Buckrose division of the East Riding of Yorkshire from 1885.
The constituency consisted of parts of the St Leonard's and St Michael's parishes of
New Malton in the North Riding until the Great Reform Act of 1832; the borough at that point included 791 houses and had a population of 4,173 in the 1831 census. The Reform Act expanded the boundaries to include the whole of those two parishes, as well as that of Old Malton and of the adjoining town of Norton in the East Riding, increasing the population to 7,192 and encompassing 1,401 houses.
The right of election in Malton was vested in the
scot and lot householders of the borough, of whom there were about 800 in 1832. In practice the seats were generally in the gift of the landowner, Earl Fitzwilliam (and were frequently held by one of that family, often by the heir to the Earldom who had the courtesy title Viscount Milton); at an earlier period the borough was similarly dominated by the Watson-Wentworth family, and was used as a form of government patronage when the Marquess of Rockingham was Prime Minister.
Members of Parliament
New Malton re-enfranchised by Parliament in November 1640
Elections in the 1830s
Scarlett resigned, causing a by-election.
Jeffrey was also elected for
Perth Burghs and opted to sit there, causing a by-election.
Cavendish resigned, causing a by-election.
Wentworth-FitzWilliam resigned in order to contest a
by-election at North Northamptonshire, causing a by-election.
Pepys was appointed as
Solicitor General for England and Wales, requiring a by-election.
Pepys was appointed as
First Lord Commissioner for the Custody of the Great Seal, requiring a by-election.
Pepys resigned after being appointed as
Lord Chancellor and being elevated to the peerage, becoming 1st Earl of Cottenham, requiring a by-election.
Ramsden's death caused a by-election.
Elections in the 1840s
Childers resigned by accepting the office of
Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, causing a by-election.
Elections in the 1850s
Elections in the 1860s
Seat reduced to one member
Elections in the 1870s
Elections in the 1880s
^ The Returning Officer made a double return after a dispute over the franchise: the Committee of Elections and Privileges ruled in favour of Howard and Marwood, and against their opponents
Luke Robinson and Robert Lilburne on the grounds that Old Malton as well as New Malton was entitled to vote. (House of Commons Journal, 7 March 1659 )
^ In 1774 Burke was also elected for Bristol, and did not sit for Malton in this Parliament
^ Styled Viscount Milton from 1792
^ Dundas and Winn-Allanson won in a contested election in which Bryan Cooke came third. On petition, Winn-Allanson's election was declared void and a by-election held at which Cooke was elected.
^ Scarlett took the
Chiltern Hundreds in April 1831, after switching from the Whigs to the Tories
^ Jeffrey was also elected for Perth District of Burghs at the 1831 general election and chose to represent that constituency
^ Fitzwilliam became Viscount Milton in 1833 when his father succeeded as
Earl Fitzwilliam, and resigned to contest his father's Northamptonshire, Northern seat)
^ Not the same Viscount Milton who held the seat in 1806-7 or in 1833
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap
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Ollivier, John (1842). "Alphabetical List of the House of Commons". Ollivier's parliamentary and political director. pp. 19, 20 . Retrieved 2018.
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Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1847). . Dod's Parliamentary Companion, Volume 15 Dod's Parliamentary Companion. p. 208 . Retrieved 2018 – via Google Books.
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"Biography of John Evelyn Denison, Viscount Ossington (1800-1873)". Manuscripts and Special Collections. University of Nottingham . Retrieved 2018.
Harratt, Simon; Farrell, Stephen (2009). "DENISON, John Evelyn (1800-1873), of Ossington Hall, Notts". The History of Parliament.
Rix, Kathryn (28 November 2014). "MP of the Month: the Fitzwilliams of Wentworth Woodhouse". The Victorian Commons . Retrieved 2018.
Howe, Anthony; Morgan, Simon; Banneman, Gordon, eds. (2010). . Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 76. The Letters of Richard Cobden: Volume II ~ 1848-1853 ISBN 978-0-19-921196-8 . Retrieved 2018.
^ a b c d e
Casey, Martin. "Malton". The History of Parliament . Retrieved 2020.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r
Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. p. 205. ISBN . 978-1-349-02349-3
. "Conservative Banquet at Malton" . 11 April 1874. p. 7 Leeds Mercury . Retrieved 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
. "Malton" . 13 March 1880. p. 5 Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer . Retrieved 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
Michael Brock, The Great Reform Act (London: Hutchinson, 1973) D Brunton & D H Pennington, "Members of the Long Parliament" (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808)  F W S Craig, "British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885" (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
J Holladay Philbin, "Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales" (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
Henry Stooks Smith, "The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847" (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig - Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)
Robert Walcott, "English Politics in the Early Eighteenth Century" (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1956)
Frederic A Youngs, jr, "Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol II" (London:
Royal Historical Society, 1991) Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs - Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 1)