Mandarin Airlines
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Mandarin Airlines
Mandarin Airlines
?
Mandarin Airlines logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
AE MDA MANDARIN
Founded1 June 1991 (1991-06-01)
Commenced operations16 October 1991 (1991-10-16)
Hubs
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer programDynasty Flyer
AllianceSkyTeam (affiliate)
Fleet size13
Destinations34 (including charter flights)
Parent companyChina Airlines
HeadquartersSongshan District, Taipei, Taiwan
Key peopleSamuel P. Lin
(Chairman)
Website[1]

Mandarin Airlines (traditional Chinese: ?; simplified Chinese: ?; pinyin: Huáxìn Hángk?ng) is a Taiwanese regional airline based in Taipei, Taiwan, whose parent company is China Airlines. The airline operates domestic and regional international flights, while its parent company focuses on international operations. Some charter services are also operated by the company. Its main hub is Taipei Songshan Airport with others at Taichung International Airport and Kaohsiung International Airport.

History

A Boeing 747SP Landing at Kai Tak International Airport in British Hong Kong in December 1996. The 747-SP was one of the first aircraft in the fleet, given from China Airlines

Mandarin Airlines was established on 1 June 1991, and was initially a joint venture by China Airlines (67%) and Koos Group (33%); the Chinese name of the company is formed by the combination of the two.[1] The establishment of Mandarin Airlines is closely related to the political status of Taiwan. At the time, Mandarin Airlines' parent company, China Airlines, still served as the flag carrier of the Republic of China, with the flag of the Republic of China a part of its livery. Denying the existence of the Taipei government, the People's Republic of China hence attempted to boycott the international presence of China Airlines, using trade barriers to achieve its political goal. However, PRC's objection did not extend to other Taiwanese carriers not carrying the ROC flag. As a way to work around these limits, Mandarin Airlines was founded while China Airlines maintained its role as the flag carrier.

On 16 October 1991, Mandarin Airlines started operations with direct flights from Taipei to Sydney in Australia. The next step was the opening of a direct air route to Vancouver in Canada on 7 December 1991. Thus, Mandarin Airlines became Taiwan's first airline to fly direct to Australia and Canada.[] The China Trust Group pulled its investment in Mandarin Airlines on 31 October 1992, turning the airline into a company virtually wholly owned by China Airlines (90.05%) by December 1992. Also, Mandarin Airlines' role was changed to that of a primary domestic and short-range intra-regional airline,[1] after parent China Airlines was able to re-establish its emphasis on international routes, due to a new livery that did not include the national flag, and thus faced less objection from the PRC.[]

On 8 August 1999, China Airlines formally merged its subsidiary, Mandarin Airlines, with Formosa Airlines under the Mandarin name. Mandarin took over Formosa's domestic operations and aircraft while Mandarin's fleet and most of its international flights were transferred to China Airlines.[1] In early 2000, the airline bought 5 Dornier 228 from Uni Air to fly outlying routes. These planes were sold to Daily Air in 2005, a helicopter carrier in Taiwan which had won the bid to fly these money-losing routes.[]

Mandarin Airlines is owned by China Airlines (93.99%) and has 630 employees (as of March 2007).[2]

Corporate affairs

China Airlines Minquan Building, which houses the headquarters of Mandarin Airlines

The headquarters is currently in Songshan District, Taipei.[3]

Previously the headquarters was in a different building in Taipei.[4]

The airline uses Hai Tung Ching (; ; H?id?ngq?ng), a gyrfalcon from a Chinese legend, as its logo.[5]

Destinations

Mandarin Airlines operates the following services as of November 2012 [6] Destinations in China may include scheduled charter service or indirect routing which transit through other countries.

Codeshare agreements

As of November 2012, Mandarin Airlines has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:

Fleet

Mandarin Airlines Embraer 190AR at Taipei Songshan Airport in 2010
A former Mandarin Airlines Fokker 100 preparing to take off in Taipei Songshan Airport 2009
A former Mandarin Airlines McDonnell Douglas MD-11 in 1997

Current fleet

As of May 2021, Mandarin Airlines operates the following aircraft:[7]

Mandarin Airlines fleet
Aircraft In
service
Orders Passengers Notes
C Y Total
ATR 72-600 9 70 70 [8]
Embraer 190AR 4 104 104 To be phased out[9]
Total 13

Mandarin Airlines announced the lease of eight Embraer 190 aircraft from GE Commercial Aviation Services in December 2005 to replace the aging Fokker 50 and Fokker 100s in its fleet.[10] Mandarin Airlines' E-190's featured a refreshed livery, with the first aircraft delivered in May 2007, becoming the first, and to date the only, Taiwanese airline to use this type of aircraft.[11] On 27 October 2009, Mandarin Airlines retired its last Fokker 100 aircraft, ending this type's 14-year service with the airline.[12] On 19 July 2017 Mandarin Airlines placed orders for six ATR 72-600 aircraft to be delivered in 2018.[13]

Retired fleet

Mandarin Airlines formerly operated the following aircraft:

Mandarin Airlines former fleet
Aircraft Total Introduced Retired Notes
Airbus A340-300 1 2006 2007
Boeing 737-800 6 2000 2019 Returned to China Airlines
Boeing 747-400 1 1995 2000 Transferred to China Airlines
Boeing 747SP 4 1991 2004
Dornier 228 4 2000 2005
Fokker 50 7 1999 2008
Fokker 100 6 1999 2009
McDonnell Douglas MD-11 5 1993 2002
Saab 340 1 1999 2000 Transferred to Golden Air

Accidents and incidents

  • On 17 August 2012, Mandarin Airlines Flight 369 experienced a runway excursion during heavy rain due to improper landing and deceleration technique on runway 20 at Magong airport. The E-190 aircraft was intentionally steered off the side of the runway and struck the base of four concrete runway lights causing the nose gear to collapse. No injuries were reported for the accident.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "About Us." Mandarin Airlines. Retrieved on 7 March 2010.
  2. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-04-10. p. 47.
  3. ^ "Home." Mandarin Airlines. Retrieved on 8 August 2014. ": 10548?405?123?3? Head Office: No.3, Alley 123, Lane 405 Tunhwa N. Rd., Taipei, 10548 Taiwan"
  4. ^ "Contact Us." Mandarin Airlines. Retrieved on 15 March 2010. ": 105134?13?."
  5. ^ "Our business mark and concept of operations." Mandarin Airlines.
  6. ^ "Our Flight Destinations." Mandarin Airlines.
  7. ^ "Mandarin Airlines fleet" (December 2017). Retrieved 2017. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  8. ^ "Taiwan's Mandarin Airlines buys six ATR 72-600s". ATR Aircraft. 18 July 2017.
  9. ^ "Taiwan's Mandarin Airlines details E190 retirement plans". Ch-Aviation. 7 September 2020.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 January 2007. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  11. ^ Air Transport World Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine 15 May 2007
  12. ^ FK-100 ?. Liberty Times (in Chinese). 2009-10-28. Retrieved 2018.
  13. ^ Dron, Alan (19 July 2017). "Taiwan's Mandarin Airlines opts for ATR 72-600s". atwonline.com. Retrieved 2017.
  14. ^ "Report: Long touchdown of ERJ-190 on wet runway causes runway excursion and nosegear collapse - ASN News". 14 September 2013. Retrieved 2018.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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