Mashriq
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Mashriq

Mashriq
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Mashriq.png
Countries and territories
Map depicting the area most conservatively known as the Mashriq[1][2][3][4]

The Mashriq (Arabic: ?‎), sometimes spelled Mashreq or Mashrek, is the eastern part of the Arab world, located in Western Asia and eastern North Africa.[5] This comprises the Arab states of Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen,[6][7][8][9] but excludes the non-Arab states of Somalia, Djibouti and the Comoros, which are also members of the Arab League. Poetically, the "Place of Sunrise", the name is derived from the verb sharaqa (Arabic: ‎ "to shine, illuminate, radiate" and "to rise"), from sh-r-q root (?-?-?), referring to the east, where the sun rises.[10][11]

Geography

As the word Mashriq refers to countries bounded between the Mediterranean Sea and Iran, it is the companion term to Maghreb (Arabic: ?‎), the western part of North Africa. Libya may itself be seen as bifurcated between Mashriq and Maghreb influences, with its eastern part (Cyrenaica) seen as linked more to Egypt and the Mashriq.[12]

These geographical terms date from the early Islamic expansion. This region is similar to the Bilad al-Sham and Mesopotamian regions combined.[13] As of 2014, the Mashriq is home to 1.7% of the global population.[14][15][16][17][18][19]

Cooperation

The map of the network

All of the countries located in the Arab Mashreq area are members of the Arab League (although Syria's membership is currently suspended), the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, and the United Nations. The region cooperates in several projects including the Arab Mashreq International Road Network and the Arab Mashreq International Railway. Several nations are also members in the GCC and others have tried unity before, such as United Arab Republic in the 1960s and 1970s.

See also

References

  1. ^ "About ANPGR". Arab Network of Plant Genetic Resources.
  2. ^ "Mashreq". Association of Agricultural Research Institutions in the Near East & North Africa. Archived from the original on 2017-02-24. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ " ? * ?" [Why is Jordan exempted from the division? The internal situation is a critical component * Fahd strings]. rasseen.com (in Arabic). Rasseen. 2014-07-13.
  5. ^ bank, world. "Economic interrogation in the mashriq" (PDF). siteresources.
  6. ^ "Mashriq GEOGRAPHICAL REGION, MIDDLE EAST". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ "European Neighbourhood Policy in the Mashreq Countries: Enhancing Prospects for Reform". Centre for European Policy Studies. 2005-09-01. Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved .
  8. ^ Introduction to Migration and the Mashreq Archived February 3, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "Migrants from the Maghreb and Mashreq Countries" (PDF). IOM International Organization for Migration. July 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-02-02. Retrieved .
  10. ^ Alvarez, Lourdes María (2009). Abu Al-?asan Al-Shushtar?. Paulist Press. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-8091-0582-3.
  11. ^ Peek, Philip M.; Yankah, Kwesi (2003-12-12). African Folklore: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. p. 442. ISBN 978-1-135-94873-3.
  12. ^ Gall, Michel Le; Perkins, Kenneth (2010). The Maghrib in Question: Essays in History and Historiography. University of Texas Press. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-292-78838-1.
  13. ^ Clancy-Smith, Julia (2013-11-05). North Africa, Islam and the Mediterranean World. Routledge. p. 98. ISBN 978-1-135-31213-8.
  14. ^ Official estimate of the Population of Egypt Archived May 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ UN estimate for Lebanon
  16. ^ Official Jordanian population clock Archived January 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ "National Main Statistical Indicators". State of Palestine - Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 2016-12-03. Retrieved .
  18. ^ UN estimate for Syria
  19. ^ "Iraq". The World Bank.

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Mashriq
 



 



 
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