Mathon GR
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Mathon GR
Mathon
Mathon.jpg
Coat of arms of Mathon
Location of Mathon
Mathon is located in Switzerland
Mathon
Mathon
Mathon is located in Canton of Graubünden
Mathon
Mathon
Coordinates: 46°38.17?N 9°24.85?E / 46.63617°N 9.41417°E / 46.63617; 9.41417Coordinates: 46°38.17?N 9°24.85?E / 46.63617°N 9.41417°E / 46.63617; 9.41417
CountrySwitzerland
CantonGraubünden
DistrictViamala
Area
 o Total15.13 km2 (5.84 sq mi)
Elevation
865 m (2,838 ft)
Population
(2018-12-31)[2]
 o Total51
 o Density3.4/km2 (8.7/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
7433
SFOS number3708
Surrounded byCasti-Wergenstein, Donat, Lohn, Safien, Tschappina
Websitewww.mathon.ch
SFSO statistics

Mathon (Romansh: Maton) is a former municipality in the Viamala Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. On 1 January 2021 the former municipalities of Casti-Wergenstein, Donat, Lohn and Mathon merged to form the new municipality of Muntogna da Schons.[3]

History

Mathon is first mentioned about 840 as in Mentaune.[4]

Geography

Mathon had an area, as of 2006, of 15.1 km2 (5.8 sq mi). Of this area, 66.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 10% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.4% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (22.3%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[5]

Before 2017, the former municipality was located in the Schams sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district, after 2017 it was part of the Viamala Region.[6] The village is a haufendorf (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) at an elevation of 1,521 m (4,990 ft) in the center of the upper Schamserberg region.

Demographics

Mathon had a population (as of 2019) of 53. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of 14.1%.[5]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 56.4% male and 43.6% female.[7] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Mathon is; 12 people or 23.1% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 6 people or 11.5% are 10 to 14, and 1 person or 1.9% is 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 3 people or 5.8% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 8 people or 15.4% are 30 to 39, 6 people or 11.5% are 40 to 49, and 2 people or 3.8% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 6 people or 11.5% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 6 people or 11.5% are 70 to 79, there is 1 person or 1.9% who is 80 to 89, and 1 person who is 90 to 99.[8]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 66.9% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (19.2%), the FDP (12.3%) and the CVP (1.5%).[5]

In Mathon about 78.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[5]

Mathon has an unemployment rate of 0.83%. As of 2005, there were 17 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 8 businesses involved in this sector. people are employed in the secondary sector and there are businesses in this sector. 8 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 3 businesses in this sector.[5]

The historical population is given in the following table:[4]

year population
1780 123
1850 111
1900 74
1950 65
2000 52

Languages

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Romansh (53.8%), with the rest speaking German (46.2%).[5] The municipality is about evenly divided between German-speaking and Romansh-speaking population. Although 87% of the population understands Romansch, German is now the sole official language.

References

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ "Applikation der Schweizer Gemeinden". bfs.admin.ch. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  4. ^ a b Mathon in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine accessed 7 October 2009
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  7. ^ Graubunden in Numbers Archived 2009-09-24 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 2009-08-27 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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