|Historical region||Oltenia, Banat|
|o Total||4,933 km2 (1,905 sq mi)|
|o Density||52/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|Telephone code||(+40) 252 or (+40) 352|
|ISO 3166 code||RO-MH|
|GDP (nominal)||US$ 1.278 billion (2015)|
|GDP per capita||US$ 5,024 (2015)|
Mehedin?i County (Romanian pronunciation: [mehe'dint?s?] ) is a county (jude?) of Romania on the border with Serbia and Bulgaria. It is mostly located in the historical province of Oltenia, with one municipality (Or?ova) and three communes (Dubova, E?elni?a, and Svini?a) located in the Banat. The county seat is Drobeta-Turnu Severin.
In 2011, it had a population of 254,570 and the population density was 51.6/km2.
This county has a total area of 4,933 km2.
The heights decrease towards the East, passing through the hills to a high plain - the Western end of the Romanian Plain.
In the South the Danube flows, forming a wide valley, with channels and ponds. Another important river is the Motru River in the East side, an affluent of the Jiu River. Also, in the West side there is the Cerna River forming a passage between the Oltenia region and the Banat region.
The energetic sector is highly developed in the county, on the Danube being two big hydro electrical power plants (Iron Gates I and Iron Gates II). Also in NE of Drobeta-Turnu Severin there is a heavy water complex (Romag Prod).
The predominant industries in the county are:
The South is mainly agricultural, suited for growing cereals on large surfaces. Also vegetables are cultivated and there are important surfaces of wines and fruit orchards.
The main tourist destinations are:
|Party||Seats||Current County Council|
|Social Democratic Party (PSD)||15|
|National Liberal Party (PNL)||11|
|PRO Romania (PRO)||2|
|People's Movement Party (PMP)||2|
Mehedin?i County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 61 communes
The Mehedin?i county court building of the interwar period.
|Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)||Turnu Severin|
|o Total||5,320 km2 (2,050 sq mi)|
|o Density||57/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
Historically, the county was located in the southwestern part of Greater Romania, in the western part of the historical region of Oltenia. Its capital was Târgu Jiu. The interwar county territory comprised a large part of the current Mehedin?i County. At present, its territory comprises a large part of the current territory of Mehedin?i County except for the northern part belonging to Gorj County, while a small part of the former Severin County where Orsova was located is currently part of Mehedinti County.
It was bordered on the west by the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, in the northwest by Severin County, to the north by Hunedoara County, to the east by the counties of Gorj and Dolj, and in the south by the Kingdom of Bulgaria.
Subsequently, Plasa Câmpul was disbanded and replaced with five more districts:
According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 303,878 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 98.7% Romanians, 1.2% Romanis, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 99.0% Eastern Orthodox, 0.5% Roman Catholic, 0.2% Jewish, as well as other minorities.
In 1930, the county's urban population comprised 91.3% Romanians, 2.5% Germans, 1.3% Romanies, 1.3% Jews, 1.1% Serbs and Croats, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 92.9% Eastern Orthodox, 4.3% Roman Catholic, 1.5% Jewish, 0.4% Greek Catholic, 0.4% Lutheran, as well as other minorities.