Mehedin%C8%9Bi County
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Mehedin%C8%9Bi County
Mehedin?i County

Jude?ul Mehedin?i
Coat of arms of Mehedin?i County
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Mehedin?i county highlighted
Coordinates: 44°38?N 22°53?E / 44.63°N 22.88°E / 44.63; 22.88Coordinates: 44°38?N 22°53?E / 44.63°N 22.88°E / 44.63; 22.88
CountryRomania
Development regionSud-Vest
Historical regionOltenia, Banat
CapitalDrobeta-Turnu Severin
Area
 o Total4,933 km2 (1,905 sq mi)
Area rank30th
Population
(2011)
 o Total254,570
 o Rank39th
 o Density52/km2 (130/sq mi)
Telephone code(+40) 252 or (+40) 352[1]
ISO 3166 codeRO-MH
GDP (nominal)US$ 1.278 billion (2015)
GDP per capitaUS$ 5,024 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Council
Prefecture

Mehedin?i County (Romanian pronunciation: [mehe'dint?s?] ) is a county (jude?) of Romania on the border with Serbia and Bulgaria. It is mostly located in the historical province of Oltenia, with one municipality (Or?ova) and three communes (Dubova, E?elni?a, and Svini?a) located in the Banat. The county seat is Drobeta-Turnu Severin.

Demographics

In 2011, it had a population of 254,570 and the population density was 51.6/km2.

Year County population[3]
1948 304,788
1956 Decrease 304,091
1966 Increase 310,021
1977 Increase 322,371
1992 Increase 332,091
2002 Decrease 306,732
2011 Decrease 254,570

Geography

This county has a total area of 4,933 km2.

In the North-West there are the Mehedin?i Mountains with heights up to 1500 m, part of the Western end of the Southern Carpathians.

The heights decrease towards the East, passing through the hills to a high plain - the Western end of the Romanian Plain.

In the South the Danube flows, forming a wide valley, with channels and ponds. Another important river is the Motru River in the East side, an affluent of the Jiu River. Also, in the West side there is the Cerna River forming a passage between the Oltenia region and the Banat region.

Neighbours

Economy

The energetic sector is highly developed in the county, on the Danube being two big hydro electrical power plants (Iron Gates I and Iron Gates II). Also in NE of Drobeta-Turnu Severin there is a heavy water complex (Romag Prod).

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Chemical industry.
  • Food and beverages industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.
  • Railway and ship equipment industry.
  • Wood and paper industry.

In the North, coal and copper are extracted.

The South is mainly agricultural, suited for growing cereals on large surfaces. Also vegetables are cultivated and there are important surfaces of wines and fruit orchards.

Tourism

1715 coat of arms of Arge?, Teleorman and Mehedin?i counties on the frontispice of the Antim Monastery

The main tourist destinations are:

Politics

The Mehedin?i County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 30 counsellors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 15                              
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 11                              
  PRO Romania (PRO) 2                              
  People's Movement Party (PMP) 2                              

Administrative divisions

Drobeta-Turnu Severin
Or?ova

Mehedin?i County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 61 communes

Historical county

Jude?ul Mehedin?i
County (Jude?)
The Mehedin?i county court building of the interwar period.
The Mehedin?i county court building of the interwar period.
Coat of arms of Jude?ul Mehedin?i
Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Mehedinti.png
CountryFlag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic regionOltenia
Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)Turnu Severin
Area
 o Total5,320 km2 (2,050 sq mi)
Population
(1930)
 o Total303,878
 o Density57/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, the county was located in the southwestern part of Greater Romania, in the western part of the historical region of Oltenia. Its capital was Târgu Jiu. The interwar county territory comprised a large part of the current Mehedin?i County. At present, its territory comprises a large part of the current territory of Mehedin?i County except for the northern part belonging to Gorj County, while a small part of the former Severin County where Orsova was located is currently part of Mehedinti County.

It was bordered on the west by the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, in the northwest by Severin County, to the north by Hunedoara County, to the east by the counties of Gorj and Dolj, and in the south by the Kingdom of Bulgaria.

Administration

Map of Mehedin?i County as constituted in 1938.

The county was originally divided into four administrative districts (pli):[5]

  1. Plasa Câmpul
  2. Plasa Clo?ani, headquartered at Clo?ani
  3. Plasa Motru, headquartered at Motru
  4. Plasa Ocolul, headquartered at Turnu Severin

Subsequently, Plasa Câmpul was disbanded and replaced with five more districts:

  1. Plasa Bâcle?, headquartered at Bâcle?
  2. Plasa Bro?teni, headquartered at Bro?teni
  3. Plasa Cujmir, headquartered at Cujmiru
  4. Plasa Devesel, headquartered at Devesel
  5. Plasa Vânju Mare, headquartered at Vânju Mare

Population

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 303,878 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 98.7% Romanians, 1.2% Romanis, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 99.0% Eastern Orthodox, 0.5% Roman Catholic, 0.2% Jewish, as well as other minorities.

Urban population

In 1930, the county's urban population comprised 91.3% Romanians, 2.5% Germans, 1.3% Romanies, 1.3% Jews, 1.1% Serbs and Croats, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 92.9% Eastern Orthodox, 4.3% Roman Catholic, 1.5% Jewish, 0.4% Greek Catholic, 0.4% Lutheran, as well as other minorities.

References

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia dup? etnie" Archived August 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia la recens?mintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 ?i 2002" Archived September 22, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electoral? Permanent?. Retrieved .
  5. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Jude?ul Mehedin?i

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Mehedin%C8%9Bi_County
 



 



 
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