Mistralian Norm
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Mistralian Norm

The Mistralian norm is a linguistic norm for the Occitan language. It was first used in a published work by Joseph Roumanille in 1853, and then by Frédéric Mistral in 1854. Its aim is to make Provençal Occitan orthography more logical, relying on a mix of traditional spelling and French spelling conventions.

The Tresor dòu Felibrige, published by the Félibrige in 1878, was written entirely in the Mistralian norm.

Comparison

Comparison between the Mistralian and Classical norms
Classical norm Mistralian norm
Mirèlha, Cant I

Cante una chata de Provença.
Dins leis amors de sa jovença,
A travèrs de la Crau, vèrs la mar, dins lei blats,
Umble [Umil] escolan dau grand Omèra [Omèr],
Ieu la vòle seguir. Coma èra
Ren qu'una chata de la tèrra,
En fòra de la Crau se n'es gaire parlat.

Mirèio, Cant I (F. Mistral)

Cante uno chato de Prouvènço.
Dins lis amour de sa jouvènço,
A travès de la Crau, vers la mar, dins li blad,
Umble escoulan dóu grand Oumèro,
Iéu la vole segui. Coume èro
Rèn qu'uno chato de la terro,
En foro de la Crau se n'es gaire parla.


Some features include:

  • Using the letter o to represent a final [?] or [o], where Classical Occitan uses a. For example, jovença becomes jouvenço in the text above.
  • Using ou to represent [u], where Classical Occitan uses o. For example, Provença becomes Prouvènço in the text above.
  • Using gn to represent [?], where Classical Occitan uses nh. For example, montanha becomes mountagno.[1][2]
  • Using o to represent [?], where Classical Occitan uses ò. For example, pòrta becomes porto.[3][4]

Encoding

The IETF language subtag for the norm is oc-grmistr.[5]

References

  1. ^ Montanha in Diccionari General Occitan, 2002. Available online via the Institut d'Estudis Occitans d'Avairon.
  2. ^ Mountagno in Tresor dòu Felibrige, 1878. Available online via lexilogos.com. Tome II, page 367.
  3. ^ Pòrta in Diccionari General Occitan, 2002. Available online via the Institut d'Estudis Occitans d'Avairon.
  4. ^ Porto in Tresor dòu Felibrige, 1878. Available online via lexilogos.com. Tome II, page 603.
  5. ^ "Language subtag registry". IANA. 2021-03-05. Retrieved 2021.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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