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Coordinates: 36°45?47?N 45°43?20?E / 36.76306°N 45.72222°E / 36.76306; 45.72222

Mukri Emirate[1]

c. 1400-c. 1800
Location of Mukriyan
Common languagesSorani Kurdish
Sunni Islam
o Established
c. 1400
o Dissolved
c. 1800
Preceded by
Succeeded by

Mukriyan (Kurdish: ?‎) was a Kurdish principality from the late 14th century to the 19th century centered around Mahabad.[3] Mukriyan was a neighbor to the Emirate of Bradost.[4]

Kurdish noblewomen Kandal from Mukriyan; 16th century

Before Mukris, the region was ruled by Hadhabanis. During the battle of Dimdim, Mukriyanis rallied around Kurds of Bradost.[5] It is said Mukris speak a very pure form of Kurdish.[6] Abbas I of Persia married a Mukri princess in 1610 AD.[7]

Geography and tribes

Mukriyan encompassed the area south of Lake Urmia, including the cities of Mahabad, Piranshahr, Oshnaviyeh, Sardasht and Bukan[8] with the city of Naqadeh historically being included in Mukriyan,[9]though today make up approximately 35% of the city.[10] The city of Saqqez is culturally very similar to Mukriyan though, politically, it acted more as its own city state.[11] A few tribes include Dehbruki, Gewirk, Mangur (tribe), Mukri, Amireh, Khelki, Sheikh Sherefi, Selekei, ?asan Kh?li, K?rish, Silki, Sekir, Fekiyesi, Ables, B?rik, Soleim?ni, Beyi, Omerbil, Merzink, L?t?u M?wet, and Shiwez?i.[12][13]

See also


  1. ^ Meiselas, Susan (1997). Kurdistan. ISBN 9780679423898.
  2. ^ Hassanpour, Amir (1989). "B?K?N". Encyclopedia Iranica. IV.
  3. ^ Hassanpour, Amir (1989). "B?K?N". Encyclopedia Iranica. IV.
  4. ^ Hassanpour, Amir (1988). "BAR?D?ST". Encyclopedia Iranica. III.
  5. ^ DIMDIM Archived April 25, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Mokri Tribe". Iranica.
  7. ^ Bakhitari, Ismail. (PDF) Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^'s_perspective_living_in_Kurdish_regions_of_Iran_A_qualitative_content_analysis
  9. ^ Minorsky.
  10. ^ Franz, Erhard (1981). Minderheiten in Iran: Dokumentation zur Ethnographie und Politik. Deutsches Orient-Institut, Dokumentations-Leitstelle Moderner Orient. p. 39. ISBN 9783886930081.
  11. ^ "Saqqez - Language distribution: Kordestan Province". Iran Atlas. Retrieved 2021.
  12. ^ Minorsky, Vladimir (1957). "Mongol Place-Names in Mukri Kurdistan (Mongolica, 4)". Cambridge University Press. 19 (1): 68 & 73. JSTOR 609632 – via JSTOR.
  13. ^ Rawlinson, Henry. p. 34. Missing or empty |title= (help)

Further reading

  • Hassanpour, Amir (1980). Notes on social structure of Mukriyan, the history of mullas in Mukriyan genealogy of land lords, material in Persian and English.

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