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More Europe

More Europe
Più Europa
LeaderEmma Bonino
SecretaryBenedetto Della Vedova
PresidentRiccardo Magi
Founded23 November 2017
HeadquartersVia Santa Caterina da Siena, 46 Rome
IdeologyLiberalism[1][2]
Social liberalism[3]
Economic liberalism[4]
European federalism[5][6]
Political positionCentre[1]
National affiliationCentre-left coalition
European affiliationAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe[7]
Colours  Gold
Chamber of Deputies
Senate
European Parliament
Regional Councils
Website
www.piueuropa.eu

More Europe (Italian: Più Europa or +Europa; +Eu or +E) is a liberal and European federalist political party in Italy, part of the centre-left coalition and member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party.

Its leaders are Emma Bonino and Benedetto Della Vedova.

History

Foundation

More Europe was launched in November 2017, seeking to participate in the 2018 general election within the centre-left coalition centred on the Democratic Party (PD).[8] The founding members were two liberal and distinctively pro-Europeanist parties: the Italian Radicals (RI), whose leading members included Emma Bonino (a former minister of International Commerce and Foreign Affairs), Riccardo Magi and Marco Cappato, and Forza Europa (FE), led by Benedetto Della Vedova, a former Radical elected in 2013 with Future and Freedom (FLI) and later transitated through Civic Choice (SC). The RI and FE were joined by individual members of the Civics and Innovators (CI) sub-group in the Chamber of Deputies, formed by former SC members (two CI deputies, Andrea Mazziotti and Stefano Dambruoso, were already involved with FE).

Angelo Bonelli, coordinator of the Federation of the Greens, had earlier proposed to the Radicals a joint list together with Progressive Camp (CP), a would-be party launched by Giuliano Pisapia, named "Ecology, Europe, Rights".[9] However, Pisapia announced that he would not participate in the election and declared CP's experience over, while the Radicals organised +Eu and the Greens would form an alternative list named Together.

2018 general election

In early January 2018 Bonino and Della Vedova announced that +Eu would run as a stand-alone list, due to technical reasons associated with the new electoral laws.[10] While the PD leadership was trying to find a solution to those problems,[11] on 4 January, Bruno Tabacci, leader of the centrist, mostly Christian-democratic and also pro-Europeanist Democratic Centre (CD), announced that his party would join the coalition +Eu, in alliance with the PD, in order to overcome those issues.[12][13][14][15] Later in January, +Eu was enlarged also to the Progressive Area (AP), a small left-wing party emerged from the dissolution of the aforementioned CP.[16][17]

The list won 2.6% of the vote in the election, falling short of the 3% threshold, but had three elects in single-seat constituencies (Bonino to the Senate, Magi and Tabacci to the Chamber) and one among Italians abroad (Alessandro Fusacchia, a Radical, in the European constituency). After the election, +Eu was part of the opposition to Giuseppe Conte's first government, composed of a coalition of the Five Star Movement (M5S) and the League.

In the regional elections held on the same day of the general election +Eu won one seat in Lombardy and one in Lazio.

Political party

In July 2018 +Eu started to organise itself as a full-fledged party. It was decided that a committee, presided by Gianfranco Spadaccia (a long-time Radical), would lead +Eu until the founding congress, scheduled for January 2019. The newly-formed committee appointed Della Vedova as coordinator.[18] In January 2019, at the congress, Della Vedova was elected secretary of +Eu with 55.7% of the vote, defeating Marco Cappato (30.2%) and Alessandro Fusacchia (14.1%).[19][20]

In February 2019 the party was admitted into the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party.[21]

In the run-up to the 2019 European Parliament election +Eu was joined by: Italy in Common (IiC), a green and progressive party led by Federico Pizzarotti;[22][23][24] the Italian Socialist Party (PSI), a minor social-democratic party, member of the Party of European Socialists (PES);[25][26] the Italian Republican Party (PRI);[27][28] the Italian section of the European Democratic Party (EDP/PDE), led by Francesco Rutelli; and, in the North-East, Team Köllensperger (TK), a liberal party from South Tyrol, observer member of the ALDE Party.[29] The slates included, along with Bonino and Della Vedova: David Borrelli and Daniela Aiuto, two MEPs both originally elected with the M5S; Federica Sabbati, a former secretary-general of the ALDE Party; and art critic Philippe Daverio.[30][31][32]

In the election the party obtained 3.1% of the vote, falling short of the 4% threshold, and, thus, no MEPs.

Splits and new alliances

In August 2019 tensions grew within the coalition supporting the government, leading to the issuing of a motion of no-confidence by the League.[33] During the following government crisis, the M5S and the PD agreed to form a new cabinet together, under outgoing Prime Minister Conte.[34] In September, +Eu decided not to support the newly-formed Conte II Cabinet, despite opposition by Tabacci, Magi and Fusacchia.[35][36] The three voted in favour of the government in the Chamber, while Bonino voted against in the Senate.[37] Consequently, Tabacci led CD, which had continued to be active as an associate party, out of +Eu.[38][39] However, some leading members of CD, notably including Fabrizio Ferrandelli, chose to stay within +Eu.[40] Della Vedova reassured that the party would continue activity also after CD's departure.[41] In October, also Fusacchia announced he was leaving the party, which was left with only one deputy, Magi,[42] who remained despited his early support of the government.

In the 2020 regional elections +Eu won a seat in Campania, falling short in other places, notably in Veneto, Tuscany and Apulia.

In November 2020 Magi and Bonino formed joint sub-groups in the Mixed Groups of the Chamber and the Senate, respectively, with the deputies and senators affiliated with Action (Az), a political party led by Carlo Calenda. The sub-group in the Chamber counted four deputies, the one in the Senate three senators.[43][44]

In February 2021 Della Vedova was appointed undersecretary of Foreign Affairs in Mario Draghi's government.[45]

In March 2021 Carlo Cottarelli, a former director of the International Monetary Fund, was chosen by +Eu, Az, the PRI, the Liberal Democratic Alliance for Italy (ALI) and The Liberals to head of a scientific committee designed to elaborate of a joint political program.[46][47][48]

Also in March, during a national assembly, treasurer Valerio Federico suffered a motion of no confidence and Bonino left the party in protest. The motion was supported by Magi, Igor Boni, Silvja Manzi, Piercamillo Falasca and Carmelo Palma, the first three leading members of Italian Radicals and the latter two formerly close associates of Della Vedova. Subsequently, Della Vedova resigned as secretary. As a result, a congress should have been held within three months.[49][50][51][52][53][54] Subsequently, Palma replaced Federico as treasurer. In late May Michele Usuelli was appointed new treasurer and the congress was re-scheduled for July.[55]

In July, during the party's second congress, Bonino returned into the party's fold, and Della Vedova, Magi and Maria Saeli were elected secretary, president and treasurer, respectively.[56] Della Vedova received 77% of the vote by delegates and Magi 60%, while Saeli was unopposed.[57]

Composition

Constituent parties by statute

Current associate parties

Former associate parties

Election results

Italian Parliament

Chamber of Deputies
Election year Votes % Seats +/- Leader
2018 841,468 (7th) 2.56
-
Emma Bonino
Senate of the Republic
Election year Votes % Seats +/- Leader
2018 714,821 (7th) 2.37
-
Emma Bonino

European Parliament

European Parliament
Election year Votes % Seats +/- Leader
2019 833,443 (6th)[a] 3.11
-
Benedetto Della Vedova
  1. ^ In a joint list with Italy in Common and Italian Socialist Party.

Regional Councils

Region Election year Votes % Seats +/-
Abruzzo 2019 14,198 (12th) 2.36
-
Apulia 2020 5,062 (19th) 0.30
-
Campania 2020 45,500 (14th) 1.93
Increase 1
Emilia-Romagna 2020 33,087 (10th)[a] 1.53
-
Lazio 2018 52,451 (9th) 2.06
Increase 1
Liguria 2020 15,081 (9th) [b] 2.41
-
Lombardy 2018 108,743 (8th) 2.07
Increase 1
Marche 2020 17,268 (8th) [c] 2.77
-
Piedmont 2019 34,993 (9th) 1.82
-
Veneto 2020 14,246 (12th) [d] 0.69
-
  1. ^ In a joint list with Italian Republican Party and Italian Socialist Party.
  2. ^ In a joint list with Italia Viva and Italian Socialist Party.
  3. ^ In a joint list with Green Europe and Civic list Marche.
  4. ^ In a joint list with Volt Europa.

Leadership

Federation

Party

Symbols

References

  1. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2018). "Italy". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  2. ^ ""Forza Europa" piace ai francesi e si fa lista (con i Radicali). Nasce "+ Europa"". www.ilfoglio.it.
  3. ^ Ciglio, Rosa (7 February 2018). "Altro che PD, il vero centrosinistra è +Europa con Emma Bonino".
  4. ^ Scopece, Maria (2 November 2017). "Ecco il programma dei Radicali stile Bonino pro Forza Europa nel centrosinistra". Formiche.net.
  5. ^ "Bonino, i dem e gli Stati Uniti d'Europa". Democratica.
  6. ^ "Italy". Europe Elects.
  7. ^ "ALDE supports Più Europa ahead of Italian elections | ALDE Party".
  8. ^ "Pd-Radicali, aperta la trattativa per un'intesa elettorale. Il segretario Magi: "Percorso avviato"". L'Huffington Post. 13 November 2017.
  9. ^ "Radicali italiani, ecco la lista europeista di Bonino e Della Vedova". Repubblica.it. 23 November 2017.
  10. ^ Politica, Redazione (1 January 2018). "Bonino: "La lista +Europa costretta a correre da sola alle elezioni"". Corriere della Sera.
  11. ^ "Elezioni, Renzi: Speriamo di risolvere I problemi con Più Europa". Archived from the original on 5 January 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  12. ^ Bozza, Claudio (1 April 2018). "Tabacci "salva" la lista di Bonino: "+Europa ci sarà"". Corriere della Sera.
  13. ^ "Elezioni, Tabacci salva la lista di Emma Bonino: "Niente firme, il 4 marzo ci saremo"". LaStampa.it.
  14. ^ "Rosatellum, Tabacci: "Esenzione simbolo Centro Democratico a disposizione per lista Bonino"". Repubblica.it. 4 January 2018.
  15. ^ "Gentiloni conferma la coalizione a 4: "Pd in corsa con +Europa, Civica Popolare e Insieme"". Repubblica.it. 20 January 2018.
  16. ^ "Più Mezzogiorno". Archived from the original on 21 June 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  17. ^ "Elezioni: area progressista a sostegno di +Europa". 18 January 2018.
  18. ^ "+EUROPA È RIPARTITA!". 14 July 2018.
  19. ^ Trocino, Alessandro (27 January 2019). "+Europa: è testa a testa tra Cappato e Della Vedova". Corriere della Sera.
  20. ^ "+Europa, Della Vedova eletto segretario" (in Italian). La Repubblica. 27 January 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  21. ^ "ALDE Party Council meets in Berlin | ALDE Party".
  22. ^ "Pizzarotti "lascia" i Verdi e si schiera con +Europa: in arrivo la lista per Strasburgo". Il Sole 24 ORE.
  23. ^ "Europee. Alleanza elettorale fra Più Europa e il movimento di Pizzarotti". Repubblica.it. 27 March 2019.
  24. ^ "Europee, la delusione dei Verdi dopo l'addio di Pizzarotti: "Ci avevano cercato loro, potevano dircelo prima"". Repubblica.it. 27 March 2019.
  25. ^ "Più Europa più Psi". Avanti. 9 April 2019.
  26. ^ "PIU' EUROPA E PARTITO SOCIALISTA: ACCORDO PER LISTA UNITARIA ALLE EUROPEE DEL 2019". 10 April 2019.
  27. ^ http://www.partitorepubblicanoitaliano.it/new/Elezioni%20Europee%202019/ACCORDO%20PROGRAMMATICO%20EUROPA%20PRI.htm
  28. ^ http://www.partitorepubblicanoitaliano.it/new/Elezioni%20Europee%202019/ACCORDO%20PROGRAMMATICO%20EUROPA%20PRI.pdf
  29. ^ Vytiska, Herbert (22 October 2018). "Südtirol: Erschütterung für alte Parteistrukturen". Retrieved 2019.
  30. ^ "Europee, Pizzarotti capolista +Europa Nord-Est, Bonino al Centro". corrieredisiena.corr.it.
  31. ^ "EUROPEE Più Europa, PSI, Italia in Comune, PDE chiudono le liste". 14 April 2019.
  32. ^ https://be.linkedin.com/in/federicasabbati
  33. ^ Horowitz, Jason (20 August 2019). "Italy's Government Collapses, Turning Chaos Into Crisis". The New York Times.
  34. ^ "Conte wins crucial support for new Italian govt coalition". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 28 August 2019.
  35. ^ "Direzione Più Europa: "Opposizione costruttiva europeista al Conte bis"". +Europa. 2 September 2019.
  36. ^ "+Europa si spacca sul Conte bis". Adnkronos. 14 December 2020.
  37. ^ "Gli interventi dei deputati di Più Europa in occasione della fiducia al Conte Bis". +Europa. 11 September 2019.
  38. ^ "+Europa si spacca, Tabacci rompe con Bonino". Adnkronos. 14 December 2020.
  39. ^ "Tabacci spacca +Europa: "Emma Bonino ha scelto l'opposizione a Conte con i nemici dell'Ue. Un incomprensibile suicidio"". Il Fatto Quotidiano. 27 September 2019.
  40. ^ "Più Europa, Ferrandelli: "Io resto, non seguo Tabacci e il Centro Democratico"". L'Opinione della Sicilia (in Italian). 27 September 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  41. ^ "Benedetto Della Vedova: "Il Pd sopravviverà all'uscita di Renzi, così come +Europa a quella di Tabacci"". Linkiesta (in Italian). 27 September 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  42. ^ "+Europa, via un altro deputato. Fusacchia lascia e attacca: "Abbiamo perso l'80% degli iscritti. E il no al Conte bis è stato un errore"". Repubblica.it (in Italian). 11 October 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  43. ^ "Nasce gruppo parlamentare comune Più Europa-Azione - Ultima Ora". Agenzia ANSA. 17 November 2020.
  44. ^ "Azione e Più Europa, centro di questi giorni". www.ilfoglio.it.
  45. ^ "Governo Draghi: ecco ministri, sottosegretari e staff ministero per ministero". Il Sole 24 ORE.
  46. ^ "Calenda, Bonino e Cottarelli: "La politica non finisce con Draghi"". 10 March 2021.
  47. ^ "Programma per l'Italia | Cosa farà il comitato di Cottarelli che mette insieme (quasi) tutti i partiti liberaldemocratici". Linkiesta.it. 11 March 2021.
  48. ^ "Le forze Libdem insieme per il "Programma per l'Italia": il comitato presieduto da Cottarelli". +Europa. 9 March 2021.
  49. ^ Cavalli, Giovanna (14 March 2021). "Emma Bonino lascia +Europa: "Me ne vado a testa alta, prendevi pure il mio seggio"". Corriere della Sera.
  50. ^ "Terremoto in +Europa, lascia Bonino e Della Vedova si dimette da segretario. La senatrice: "Me ne vado prima che infanghino il mio nome"". la Repubblica. 14 March 2021.
  51. ^ "Più Europa: è scontro sul congresso, Bonino e Della Vedova lasciano il partito. L'ex ministra: me ne vado a testa alta". Il Sole 24 ORE.
  52. ^ "Della Vedova annuncia le dimissioni da segretario di Più Europa, "Tensioni nel partito, così lascia anche Bonino"". Il Fatto Quotidiano. 14 March 2021.
  53. ^ "Terremoto Più Europa, lasciano Bonino e Della Vedova: "La vostra cupidigia è senza limiti"". 14 March 2021.
  54. ^ https://www.radioradicale.it/scheda/631794/la-situazione-in-piu-europa-intervista-a-benedetto-della-vedova
  55. ^ "Dall'assemblea via libera definitivo al Congresso. Usuelli nuovo tesoriere". +Europa. 30 May 2021.
  56. ^ "Emma Bonino rientra nel partito Più Europa, eletto segretario Della Vedova". www.ilmessaggero.it.
  57. ^ "Più Europa, Magi presidente e Della Vedova segretario. Bonino torna nel partito". rainews.

External links


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