Muhammad Rahim Bahadur II
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Muhammad Rahim Bahadur II
Muhammad Rahim II
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Khan of Khiva
PredecessorSayyid Muhammad Khan
SuccessorIsfandiyar Khan

Sayyid Muhammad Rahim Bahadur II (1847-1910)[1] was Khan of Khiva from 1864 to 1910,[2] succeeding his father Sayyid Muhammad Khan. Khiva was turned into a Russian protectorate during his rule, in 1873.

The reign of Muhammad Rahim II marked the peak of a cultural revival, during which "more than a hundred works were translated, mostly from Persian into Chagatai Turkic."[3] Muhammad Rahim II introduced printing to Khiva in 1874.[4] He was also "a munificent patron" and wrote poetry under the pen name Feruz.[1]

Excerpt from Ghazals

Below is one of Muhammad Rahim's ghazals in modern Uzbek Latin script:

Furqating soldi dil-u jon ichra o?t,
Kufri zulfing din-u iymon ichra o?t.

Nargisi shahlo ko?zung solg?usidur,
Bir nigahdin bog?-u rizvon ichra o?t.

Oh cheksam furqatingdin o?rtanib,
Tushgusidur baytulahzon ichra o?t.

Jurmim, ey mahvash, nedur, har dam solur
Barqi ishqing jismivayron ichra o?t.

Oy kibi farrux yuzungning furqati
Soldi ko?kda mehri raxshon ichra o?t.

Ne ajab, ko?rgach yuzing Feruzning
Ohidin tushsa guliston ichra o?t.

-- Adabiyot (Majmua). 2. Tashkent. 2010. pp. 358-359.



Further reading

  • Erkinov, Aftandil (2011). "How Muhammad Rah?m Kh?n II of Khiva (1864-1910) cultivated his Court Library as a Means of Resistance against the Russian Empire". Journal of Islamic Manuscripts. 2 (1): 36-49. doi:10.1163/187846411X566841.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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