Muhammad Ibn Khalid Ibn Barmak
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Muhammad Ibn Khalid Ibn Barmak
Muhammad ibn Khalid ibn Barmak
Chamberlain of the Abbasid caliph

MonarchHarun al-Rashid
Al-Fadl ibn al-Rabi
Personal details
Cause of deathillness (natural)
FatherKhalid ibn Barmak

Muhammad ibn Khalid ibn Barmak was one of the Barmakids, a family of Iranian functionaries who rose to great power under the Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid (r. 786-809).


He was the brother of Yahya ibn Khalid,[1] whose appointment as vizier by Harun al-Rashid in 786 began the family's twenty-year domination of the caliphate's public affairs.[2] Muhammad served as the Caliph's chamberlain (hajib) from 788 to 795.[1] He was replaced by al-Fadl ibn al-Rabi,[3] who in the anecdotes of the time appears both as the Barmakids' foil and main antagonist at court.[4]

Muhammad also served Harun al-Rashid as governor in the Yemen and the Jazira.[5]

He was the only Barmakid to be spared during the family's abrupt fall in 803,[1][6][7] likely because he had reported on the attempted flight of the Alid Yahya ibn Abdallah, who had been released by Yahya's son Ja'far, contrary to the Caliph's orders to have him killed.[8]

Family tree


  1. ^ a b c Barthold & Sourdel 1960, p. 1036.
  2. ^ Barthold & Sourdel 1960, p. 1034.
  3. ^ Bosworth 1989, pp. 152-153.
  4. ^ Kennedy 2006, pp. 33, 79.
  5. ^ Crone 1980, p. 176.
  6. ^ van Bladel 2012.
  7. ^ Bosworth 1989, pp. 219, 222, 224.
  8. ^ Madelung 2002, p. 243.


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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