Musa Bughra Khan
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Musa Bughra Khan
Musa Baytash Khan
Khagan of Karakhanids
PredecessorSultan Satuq Bughra Khan
SuccessorSuleyman Arslan Khan
HouseKarakhanid dynasty
FatherSultan Satuq Bughra Khan

Musa Baytash Khan was the fifth head of the Karakhanid state and the second Muslim khan to rule. His name is often mentioned as Tonga Illig, Arslan Khan (in Tazkirah Bughra Khan). His brother was the lesser khan with western parts of the country assigned as his appanage.


His reign saw raids against Qocho and Khotan. He developed water conservancy and transportation near Kashgar and founded a school and a library.[1] Ibn ul-Athir reported that, in 960, during his reign, 200,000 Turkic people embraced Islam.[2] Samanid proselytizers Abul Hasan Said b. Hatim and Abuzar Ammar at-Tamimi were instrumental in this regard. Musa Baytash temporarily lost Kashgar to the King of Khotan, Visa Sura (?) when latter attacked the Karakhanid state in 971, achieving a big victory. In addition to women and children, there were elephants among the spoils, which were sent to Song China as tribute. It is unknown when his reign came to an end.

He left only one son, Ali Arslan Khan. His daughter Büwi Maryam's tomb, located in Beshkerem (), Kashgar, is a holy site for Muslims.[3]


  1. ^ Liu, Zhiuxuan (1995). [The History of Uyghurs]. China Social Science Press.
  2. ^ Kemalo?lu, Prof Dr ?lyas; Palab?y?k, Prof Dr Muhammet Hanefi; Özkuyumcu, Prof Dr Nadir; Hunkan, Prof Dr Ömer Soner; Gürbüz, Doç Dr Meryem; Ahmetbeyo?lu, Dr Ö?r üyesi Ali; Dadan, Dr Ö?r üyesi Ali; Ta?ç?, Dr Ö?r üyesi Kemal (2018-10-30). ?slam Tarihi ve Medeniyeti - 8: Müslüman Türk Devletleri-1 (in Turkish). Siyer Basim Yayin Dagitim San. Ve Tic. Ltd. Sti. ISBN 9786057558381.
  3. ^ Beller-Hann, Ildiko; Cesàro, M. Cristina; Finley, Joanne Smith (2016-12-14). Situating the Uyghurs Between China and Central Asia. Routledge. p. 151. ISBN 9781351899895.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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