Names and Titles of Jesus in the Quran
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Names and Titles of Jesus in the Quran

There are a variety of titles are used to refer to the penutimate prophet of Islam, Isa ibn Maryam in the Quran. In Islam, two names are usually referred to him, Isa in the Hadith and Masih in the Quran. Islamic scholars emphasize the need for Muslims to follow the name of Isa, whether spoken or written, with the honorific phrase "Alay-hi 's-sal?m" (Arabic: ? ‎) which means peace be upon him. Isa is mentioned by name or title 78 times in the Quran.[1]

Names

Isa Ibn Maryam written in Islamic calligraphy

Isa ibn Maryam

The name Isa is derived from Arabic: ?‎, romanizeds?, meaning the "salvation of God". Isa is also referred to as Isa ibn Maryam, meaning Isa, son of Maryam.[2] In the Quran, Isa is referred to by name 23 times.[note 1]

Masih

Isa is the Messiah in Islam[3][4] and is the called ?s? al-Mas by Muslims. It is one of several titles of Isa, who is referred to as Masih or Al-Masih 11 times in the Quran.[note 2] It means 'the anointed', 'the traveller', or 'one who cures by caressing'.[3]

Titles

Spirit of God

The Arabic word Ruhullah (Arabic: ‎) is composed of the elements ruh (Arabic: ‎) (spirit) and Allah (God) (Arabic: ?‎). Thus, Ruhullah means "spirit of God". Ruh can also be used to mean the blowing of breath, a reference to the conception of Isa, which took place when the angel Jibril blew his breath onto Maryam's collar.[5] 

Isa is called Ruhullah 11 times in the Quran.[note 3]

Pure Boy

According the Quran and Hadith, Isa and his mother Maryam were the only two people whom Shaitan did not touch and so were without sin, so Isa is called a pure boy (Arabic: ‎, romanized?ulamm? zak?w?).[6][7][8] He is referred to as pure boy nine times in the Quran.[note 4]

Word of God

Isa is called kalima (word) or Kalimat Allah (word of God) six times in the Quran.[9][note 5]

Sign

In Islam, Isa's return is one of the ten major signs of Day of Resurrection.[10] In the Quran, Isa is four times called an ?yah (Arabic: ?‎, lit.'sign', also used to designate a verse of the Quran).[note 6]

Wajih

Isa is called honourable or distinguished (Arabic: ‎, romanizedwaj) just once in the Quran, in Surah Al-Imran, verse 3:45.[11] Many Muslims refer to Isa as ?s? al-Waj, since he is an honoured Prophet in Islam.[6][12]

Word of Truth

Isa is called the "Word of Truth" or "Statement if Truth" in the verse 34 of Maryam.[13]

Notes

  1. ^ Isa Ibn Maryam: Quran 2:87, Quran 2:253, Quran 3:45, Quran 4:157, Quran 4:171, Quran 5:17, Quran 5:46, Quran 5:72-78, Quran 5:110-116, Quran 9:31, Quran 19:34, Quran 23:50, Quran 33:7, Quran 43:57, Quran 57:27, Quran 61:6, Quran 61:14
  2. ^ Messiah or Al Masih Quran 3:45, Quran 4:171-172, Quran 5:17, Quran 5:72-75, Quran 9:30-31
  3. ^ Ruhullah: Quran 2:87, Quran 2:253, Quran 4:171, Quran 5:110, Quran 12:87, Quran 15:29, Quran 17:85, Quran 19:17, Quran 21:91, Quran 58:22
  4. ^ Pure boy Quran 9:19-21, Quran 9:29, Quran 9:35,Quran 9:88-92
  5. ^ Kalima or Kalimat Allah Quran 3:39, Quran 3:45, Quran 3:48, Quran 4:171, Quran 5:46, Quran 5:110
  6. ^ Sign Quran 19:21, Quran 21:91, Quran 23:50, Quran 43:61

References

  1. ^ Parrinder 1965, p. 16.
  2. ^ "Compare Surah 2. Al-Baqara, Ayah 87 Online from Holy Quran | Islamic References & Recitation | Compare.Alim". www.alim.org. Retrieved .
  3. ^ a b "Why do Muslims call Jesus "Masih"? What does it mean? What is the role of Christ in the religion of Islam? » Questions on Islam". Questions on Islam. Retrieved .
  4. ^ Studies (2019-03-11). "The Meaning of Al-Masih". Dreams of Isa Al-Masih. Retrieved .
  5. ^ islamreigns (2017-07-09). "Understanding the Term 'Ruhullah' [Spirit of Allah]". Islam Reigns. Retrieved .
  6. ^ a b "Life of Maryam (as): 5 Lessons on Trusting Allah | Muslim Hands UK". muslimhands.org.uk. Retrieved .
  7. ^ Quran 19:19
  8. ^ "Prophet Isa | Quran Online Reading with Meaning & Audio". SalatTimes.com. 2018-02-21. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "Jesus as Kalimat Allah, The Word of God". Al-Islam.org. 2018-05-21. Retrieved .
  10. ^ Al-Jarrah, Hasan (2021-03-02). "10 Majors Signs Of Qiyamah (Judgement Day) | AwakenTheDeenWithin". awakenthedeenwithin.com. Retrieved .
  11. ^ 3:45
  12. ^ "Surah Ali 'Imran - 45". quran.com. Retrieved .
  13. ^ 19:34

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