The headquarters of
, France's centre-right newspaper of record, in Paris.
newspaper of record is a major newspaper with large circulation whose editorial and news-gathering functions are considered authoritative. It may also refer to a newspaper that has been authorised to publish public or legal notices, thus serving as a newspaper of public record.
Newspapers of public record
A "newspaper of public record", sometimes referred to as a
government gazette, refers to a publicly available newspaper that has been authorized by a government to publish public or legal notices. It is often established by  statute or official action and publication of notices within it, whether by the government or a private party, is usually considered sufficient to comply with legal requirements for public notice.
In some jurisdictions, privately owned newspapers may register with the public authorities to publish public and legal notices, or be otherwise eligible to publish said notices (terms used may include "newspaper of general circulation" among others).
  Likewise, a private newspaper may be designated by the  courts for publication of legal notices, such as notices of fictitious business names, if certain judicial and statutory standards are met.  These are sometimes referred to as "legally adjudicated newspapers". 
Newspapers of record by reputation
The second type of "newspaper of record" (also known as a "journal of record", or by the French term
) is not defined by any formal criteria and its characteristics can be variable. The category typically consists of those newspapers that are considered to meet higher presse de référence standards of journalism than most print media, including editorial independence and attention to accuracy, and are usually renowned internationally.  Despite changes in society, such newspapers have historically tended to maintain a similar tone, coverage, style, and traditions. 
The term is believed to have originated among librarians who began referring to
as the "newspaper of record" when it became the first U.S. newspaper in 1913 to publish an index of the subjects covered in its pages. The New York Times In recognition of the usage,  The New York Times held an essay contest in 1927 in which entrants had to demonstrate "The Value of The New York Times Index and Files as a Newspaper of Record". The New York Times, and other newspapers of its type, then sought to be chroniclers of events, acting as a record of the day's announcements, schedules, directories, proceedings, transcripts and appointments. The New York Times no longer considers itself a newspaper of record in the original, literal sense.
Over time, historians began to rely on
The New York Times and similar titles as a reliable archival record of significant past events and a gauge of societal opinions at the time of printing. The term "newspaper of record" evolved from its original literal sense to its currently understood meaning.
City of publication
Independent source calling it a "newspaper of record"
Founded in Lebanon and shut down in 1978; refounded in 1988 under new ownership. Ceased publication in March 2020
The Sydney Morning Herald
Staff split in 1864 to form Neue Freie Presse, aryanized by the Nazis in 1938 and closed in 1939, reestablished as Die Presse in 1946
The Daily Star
O Estado de S. Paulo
  
Folha de S.Paulo
Rio de Janeiro
The Cambodia Daily
The Phnom Penh Post
The Globe and Mail
The Globe (founded 1844), The Toronto Mail (1872) and Toronto Empire (1887); papers merged in 1895 and 1936 English
     
Spun off from
(founded 1827) El Mercurio de Valparaíso Spanish
is France's oldest national newspaper still operating to this date. Le Figaro  French
Le Monde 1944
Founded as a successor to the discredited
collaborationist (founded 1861). Le Temps  
Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung
Considered a successor to the
(founded 1856), banned in 1943 by the Frankfurter Zeitung Nazis German
South China Morning Post
The Times of India
The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce until mergers in 1860-1. 
The Irish Times
Hebrew and English
  
Corriere della Sera
The Asahi Shimbun
Originated as the
Swahili in 1958. Taifa English
Latvijas V?stnesis 1918
Pagaidu Vald?bas V?stnesis in 1918, closed 1940-1991, current form since 1993
New Straits Times
Spun off from
(founded 1845) upon The Straits Times Singapore's independence. English
(founded 1828) and Algemeen Handelsblad (1844). Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant Dutch
De Volkskrant 1919
Philippine Daily Inquirer
The Philippine Star
First dissolved in 1931 and revived in 1944, second dissolution in 1951, revived again in 1982
Jornal de Notícias
The Straits Times Singapore
El País 1976
Neue Zürcher Zeitung
Journal de Genève (founded 1826), Gazette de Lausanne (1798), and Nouveau Quotidien (1991). French
The Daily Telegraph
The Times 1785
The Daily Universal Register until 1788. 
Los Angeles Times
The New York Times
New York City
The Wall Street Journal 1889
The Washington Post
The Financial Gazette
Zimbabwe Independent 1997
De facto paper of record replacing the government-run Zimbabwe Herald
Martin, Shannon E. (1998). . Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. p. Newspapers of Record in a Digital Age: From Hot Type to Hot Link 1. ISBN . 0-275-95960-0
Martin, Shannon E. (1998). . Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. p. Newspapers of record in a digital age: from hot type to hot link 5. ISBN . 0-275-95960-0
Black's Law Dictionary, 6th edn. West Publishing. 1990. ISBN . 90-6544-631-1
^ See, for example, L.N. 362 of 1997 of The Government of The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Gazette
^ For example, see
Texas Local Government Code - Section 52.004. Official Newspaper
"City of McCleary, Official Newspaper".
^ See, e.g.,
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"New York General Construction Law Section 60".
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Martin, Shannon (1998). . Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. pp. Newspapers of Record in a Digital Age: From Hot Type to Hot Link 6, 27, 31. ISBN . 0275959600
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Martin, Shannon E. (1998). . Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. p. Newspapers of record in a digital age: from hot type to hot link 7. ISBN . 0-275-95960-0
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Vigón, Mercedes (12 July 2013). "Journalism ethics is 'personal and non-transferable (Interview). Interviewed by '" International Press Institute . Retrieved 2019. In spite of the readership crisis in the United States, The New York Times is a newspaper of record in many countries, as is Le Monde in France or La Nación in Argentina.
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Buchanan, Carrie (March 2009). Gasher, Mike (ed.). "Sense of Place in the Daily Newspaper" (PDF). Aether: The Journal of Media Geography. 4: 62-84  . Retrieved 2012. [T]he Toronto-based Globe and Mail has had the kind of success in Canada that the New York Times had enjoyed in the U.S., as the leading 'newspaper of record' with a national readership.
Jiwani, Yasmin (2009). "Helpless Maidens and Chivalrous Knights: Afghan Women in the Canadian Press". . 2. University of Toronto Quarterly 78 (2): 728-744. doi: 10.3138/utq.78.2.728. This essay interrogates representations of Afghan women in the Globe and Mail, Canada's major English-language daily and newspaper of record.
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^ Middle East Institute, 1950, p. 155.|quote=
Al Ahram is... what is to Englishmen and the The Times to Americans New York Times
Perreault, Gregory (2011). "Islam is Everywhere": Coverage of Islam in the English Egyptian Press". Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly: 14 . Retrieved 2013. This is significant because the state-run Al Ahram is considered the paper of record in Egypt
Muir, Simo; Worther, Hana (2013). Finland's Holocaust: Silences of History. ISBN . 978-1137302649
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"Le Figaro". Encyclopædia Britannica . Retrieved 2015. ... one of the great newspapers of France and of the world.
^ "Le Monde, whose print edition comes out around lunchtime, was launched at the end of Nazi occupation of France in 1944 and took on the role of France's newspaper of record alongside the more conservative Le Figaro." -
France's Le Monde newspaper editor quits after power struggle with staff, Reuters, 14 May 2014
"A capital crisis may bring down leftist French paper / Liberation, founded in 1968, has seen circulation plummet". . 27 October 2006 San Francisco Chronicle . Retrieved 2017.
"Le Monde | French newspaper". Encyclopedia Britannica . Retrieved 2018. ... one of the most important and widely respected newspapers in the world.
Fuller, Thomas (25 August 2003). "World of Le Monde looks set to expand". . International Herald Tribune
"France profile". . 12 January 2014 BBC News . Retrieved 2014. Le Monde - respected national daily, considered to be France's newspaper of record
"Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung | German newspaper". Encyclopedia Britannica . Retrieved 2018.
"German language reform resisted". . 29 May 2004. The Washington Times
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^ a b
"Gloves off in German Media Scramble". . 13 March 2011 The New York Times . Retrieved 2015.
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Bald, Vivek; Chatterji, Miabi; Reddy, Sujani; Vimalassery, Manu (22 July 2013). . NYU Press. The Sun Never Sets: South Asian Migrants in an Age of U.S. Power ISBN . 978-0814786437
Corey Frost; Karen Weingarten; Doug Babington; Don LePan; Maureen Okun (30 May 2017). (6th ed.). Broadview Press. pp. 27-. The Broadview Guide to Writing: A Handbook for Students ISBN 978-1-55481-313-1 . Retrieved 2020.
Greg Barton; Paul Weller; Ihsan Yilmaz (18 December 2014). . A&C Black. pp. 28-. The Muslim World and Politics in Transition: Creative Contributions of the Gülen Movement ISBN 978-1-4411-5873-4 . Retrieved 2020.
Schwarz, Adam; Paris, Jonathan (1999). . The Politics of Post-Suharto Indonesia ISBN 9780876092477 . Retrieved 2015.
"Kompas Group Is Back on TV, This Time With Local Partners". The Jakarta Globe. 9 September 2011. Archived from the original on 19 February 2015 . Retrieved 2015.
"Iran Media Guide". FRONTLINE - Tehran Bureau . Retrieved 2015.
Shahidi, Hossein (11 May 2007). . Journalism in Iran ISBN 9780203961964 . Retrieved 2015.
Dwan, David (April 2009). "The Irish Times, book review". The London Standard. Archived from the original on 27 May 2014 . Retrieved 2014. Today, the Irish Times is one of Ireland's most authoritative journals - the newspaper of record for political and intellectual elites from Mayo to Monkstown. Mark O'Brien provides a detailed and colourful account of this transformation. His history of the Irish Times is also the story of modern Ireland: it tracks the newspaper's sceptical response to the emergence of the Free State in 1922 and the declaration of the Republic in 1949; it also examines its fractious relationship with the nation's governments and political figureheads from Eamon de Valera (whom the paper repeatedly compared to Hitler) to Bertie Ahern.
Israel -- Hebrew- and English-Language Media Guide Open Source Center (16 September 2008)
Levey, Gregory (21 August 2008). "Pushing right-wing American politics -- in Israel". Salon . Retrieved 2014. In the past few months, Haaretz, Israel's paper of record, has run a series of articles expressing misgivings about outside influence.
Rosen, Brant (11 May 2010). "Alan Dershowitz and the Politics of Desperation". The Huffington Post . Retrieved 2014. Recent polling, alongside articles in both the New York Times and the Israeli paper of record, Ha'aretz, indicate that the American Jewish community no longer feels represented by our so-called representatives - if we ever did.
Gorenberg, Gershom (September 2002). "The Thin Green Line". Mother Jones . Retrieved 2014. In late January, the declaration ran as an ad in Ha'aretz, the national paper of record...
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"Mainichi shimbun | Japanese newspaper". Encyclopedia Britannica . Retrieved 2018. ... it appears with its rival on most experts' lists of the world's greatest newspapers.
nationaudio.com https://web.archive.org/web/20080917025344/http://www.nationaudio.com/kenyapolitics/info/nationmedia.html. Archived from the original on 17 September 2008 . Retrieved 2005.
Benesch, Susan (21 March 2013). "The Kenyan Elections: Peace Happened". The Huffington Post . Retrieved 2013. Kenya's newspaper of record, the Daily Nation, published a banner headline "Never Again" over an editorial with a sharp, eloquent warning
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University of California. "The Netherlands Semester and Academic Year 2011-12 Program Guide" (PDF). Education Abroad Program. p. 31 . Retrieved 2019. NRC Handelsblad is a serious newspaper of record; as is De Volkskrant, which is read by many students.
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^ a b
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McCullough, Colin; Wilson, Nathan (15 September 2014). . Routledge. p. 88. Violence, Memory, and History: Western Perceptions of Kristallnacht ISBN . 978-1-134-75777-0 As of July 1936, ABC in Madrid, a conservative newspaper of record and the largest Spanish daily, was seized by the Popular Front
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^ a b
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^ a b
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