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Ng?ti Porou is a M?oriiwi traditionally located in the East Cape and Gisborne regions of the North Island of New Zealand. Ng?ti Porou is affiliated with the 28th Maori Battalion and has the second-largest affiliation of any iwi in New Zealand, with 71,910 registered members in 2006. The traditional rohe or tribal area of Ng?ti Porou extends from P?tikirua and Lottin Point in the north to Te Toka-a-Taiau (a rock that used to sit in the mouth of Gisborne harbour) in the south.
Mt Hikurangi features prominently in Ng?ti Porou traditions as a symbol of endurance and strength, and holds tapu status. In these traditions, Hikurangi is often personified. Ng?ti Porou traditions indicate that Hikurangi was the first point to surface when M?ui fished up the North Island from beneath the ocean. His canoe, the Nuku-tai-memeha, is said to have been wrecked there. The Waiapu River also features in Ng?ti Porou traditions.
Ng?ti Porou paepae p?taka (threshold of a storehouse) in the Waiapu Valley
Ng?ti Porou takes its name from the ancestor Porourangi, also known as Porou Ariki. He was a direct descendant of Toi-kai-r?kau. Other ancestors include M?ui, accredited in oral tradition with raising the North Island from the sea, and Paikea, the whale rider.
Although Ng?ti Porou claim the Nukutaimemeha as their foundation canoe, many Ng?ti Porou ancestors arrived on different canoes, including Horouta, T?kitimu and Tereanini. The descendants of Porourangi and Toi formed groups that spread across the East Cape through conquest and through strategic marriage alliances.
Associations with other iwi also arise through direct descent from Ng?ti Porou ancestors:
Kahungunu, descending from Ueroa, second son of Porourangi, is the founding ancestor of Ng?ti Kahungunu, who occupy the region south of the Ng?ti Porou tribal boundaries.
Taua, descended from Kahungunu, is a prominent ancestor in Te Wh?nau-?-Apanui genealogy.
Ng?ti Raukawa and the Tainui iwi have association through Rongomaianiwaniwa, daughter of Porourangi, and the marriage of the ancestress M?hinaarangi to T?rongo.
Ng?i Tahu traditions also indicate descent from both Porourangi and from Tahup?tiki, younger-brother to the former.
Wharenui (meeting house) in Waiomatatini, 1896, named Porourangi after the ancestor Ng?ti Porou derive their name from.
The early 19th century saw Ng?ti Porou in conflict with Ng? Puhi during the latter's campaign of warfare throughout the North Island. This period also saw the introduction of Christianity to the region, which led to a period of relative calm and cultural development. Ng?ti Porou chiefs were also signatories to the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840. Ng?ti Porou experienced substantial economic growth during the 1850s.
During the 1860s, the Pai M?rire religious movement spread through the North Island, and eventually came into conflict with the New Zealand Government. From 1865-1870, a civil war emerged within Ng?ti Porou, between Pai M?rire converts seeking the creation of an independent M?ori state (supported by Pai M?rire from other regions) and other Ng?ti Porou advocating tribal sovereignty and independence. This conflict is generally viewed as part of the East Cape War.
Ng?ti Porou once again enjoyed peace and economic prosperity during the late 19th century. The 1890s saw the emergence of Sir ?pirana Ngata, who contributed greatly to the revitalisation of the M?ori people. During the early 20th century, the population of Ng?ti Porou increased substantially. They were active in their participation in both World Wars.
After World War II, large numbers of Ng?ti Porou began emigrating from traditional tribal lands and moving into larger urban areas, in a trend reflected throughout New Zealand. A large portion of the tribal population now lives in Auckland and Wellington.
Hap? and marae
Potikirua ki Waiapu
The Potikirua ki Waiapu rohe includes these hap?:
Ng?i Tamakoro, of Tutua marae in Te Araroa
Ng?i T?ne, of Hinepare marae in Rangitukia, and ?hinewaiapu marae in Rangitukia
Ng?ti Hokop?, of Hinepare marae in Rangitukia, and ?hinewaiapu marae in Rangitukia
Ng?ti Kahu, of Punaruku marae in Hicks Bay
Ng?ti Nua, of Hinepare maraein Rangitukia, and ?hinewaiapu marae in Rangitukia
Ng?ti Putaanga of Kaiwaka marae in Tikitiki, and Putaanga marae in Tikitiki
Ng?ti Tuere of Hinemaurea ki Wharekahika marae in Hicks Bay, Hinerupe marae in Te Araroa, and Tutua marae in Te Araroa
Te Wh?nau a Hinepare, of Hinepare marae in Rangitukia, Awatere marae in Te Araroa, Hinerupe marae in Te Araroa, Hurae marae in Te Araroa, Kaiwaka marae in Tikitiki, and R?hui marae in North Tikitiki
Te Wh?nau a Hunaara, of Matah? o Te Tau marae in Horoera, and ?hinewaiapu marae in Rangitukia
Te Wh?nau a Karuai, of Hinerupe marae in Te Araroa, Karuai marae in Tikitiki, and Waiomatatini marae in Ruatoria
Te Wh?nau a R?kaimataura, of R?hui marae in North Tikitiki
Te Wh?nau a Rerewa, of Hinepare marae in Rangitukia, and ?hinewaiapu marae in Rangitukia
Te Wh?nau a Takimoana, of ?hinewaiapu marae in Rangitukia
Te Wh?nau a Tapuaeururangi, of P?taka marae in P?taka
Te Wh?nau a Tapuhi, of Taumata o Tapuhi in Rangitukia
Te Wh?nau a Te Aotak? Hinemaurea ki Wharekahika, of T?whakairiora in Hicks Bay
Te Wh?nau a Te Uruahi Tinatoka, of Te Poho o Tinatoka in Tikitiki
Te Whanau a Tinatoka Tinatoka, of Te Poho o Tinatoka in Tikitiki
Te Wh?nau a Tuwhakairiora, of Hinemaurea ki Wharekahika marae in Hicks Bay, and Hinerupe marae in Te Araroa
Waiapu ki Tawhiti
The Waiapu ki Tawhiti rohe includes these hap?:
Ng?i Taharora Taharora, of Taharora marae in Waipiro Bay
Ng?i Tangihaere, of Kariaka marae in Ruatoria, Ruataupare marae in Ruatoria, and Whareponga marae in Ruatoria
Ng?ti Horowai, of Te Horo marae in Port Awanui
Ng?ti Rangi, of Reporua marae in Ruatoria
Ng?ti Uep?hatu, of Mangahanea marae in Ruatoria, Uep?hatu marae in Ruatoria, and Umuariki marae in T?p?roa
Te Aitanga a Materoa, of Hiruh?rama marae, Penu marae in Makarika, Rongohaere marae in Ruatoria, and Whareponga marae in Ruatoria
Te Aowera, of Hiruh?rama marae, and Te Aowera marae in Ruatoria
Te Wh?nau a Hineauta, of Tikapa marae
Te Wh?nau a Hinekehu, of Kariaka marae and Rauru marae in Ruatoria
Te Wh?nau a Hinetapora, of Mangahanea marae in Ruatoria, and Te Heapera marae in Ruatoria
Te Wh?nau a Iritekura Iritekura, of Iritekura marae in Waipiro Bay
Te Wh?nau a Mahaki, of Te Horo marae in Port Awanui
Te Wh?nau a P?kai, of Tikapa marae
Te Wh?nau a R?kaihoea K?k?riki, of R?kaihoea marae in Waiomatatini
Te Wh?nau a R?kairoa, of Akuaku, Kie Kie marae in Waipiro Bay, and Rongohaere marae in Ruatoria
Te Wh?nau a Te Haemata, of Kie Kie marae in Waipiro Bay
Te Whanau a Ruataupare ki Tuparoa
Te Wh?nau a Umuariki, of Umuariki marae in T?p?roa
Te Wh?nau a Uruhonea, of Te Horo marae in Port Awanui
Tawhiti ki Rototahe
The Tawhiti ki Rototahe rohe includes these hap?:
Ng?i Tutekohi Hauiti, of Ruakapanga marae in Tolaga Bay
Ng?ti Hau, of Hinetamatea marae in Anaura Bay
Ng?ti Ira, of ?kur? marae in Tolaga Bay, and Tuatini marae in Tokomaru Bay
Ng?ti Kahukuranui, of Hauiti marae, Hinemaurea ki Mangatuna marae and ?kur? marae in Tolaga Bay
Ng?ti Patu Whare, of Te Rawheoro marae in Tolaga Bay
Ng?ti Wakarara, of Hinetamatea marae in Tokomaru Bay
Te Aitanga a Hauiti, of Hauiti marae and Te Rawheoro marae in Tolaga Bay
Te Wh?nau a Ruataupare ki Tokomaru, of Pakirikiri marae, Tuatini marae and Waiparapara marae in Tokomaru Bay
Te Wh?nau a Te Aotawarirangi, of Te Ariuru marae in Tokomaru Bay
Te Wh?nau a Te Rangipureora, of Puketawai marae in Tolaga Bay
Rototahe ki Te Toka a Taiau
The Rototahe ki Te Toka a Taiau rohe includes these hap?:
Ng?ti Konohi, of Te Poho o Rawiri marae in Kait?, and Wh?ng?r? marae
Ng?ti Oneone, of Te Poho o Rawiri marae in Kait?
Te R?nanga o Ng?ti Porou was established in 1987 to be the tribal authority of the iwi. It is organised into a wh?nau and hap? development branch, economic development branch, and a corporate services branch, and aims to maintain the financial, physical and spiritual assets of the tribe. The common law trust is overseen by a board, with two representatives from each of the seven ancestral zones. As of 2018, the trust is based in Gisborne, and is chaired by Selwyn Parata, with Herewini Te Koha as both chief executive and general manager.
The trust administers Treaty of Waitangi settlements under the Ngati Porou Claims Settlement Act, represents the iwi under the M?ori Fisheries Act, and is the official iwi authority for resource consent consultation under the Resource Management Act. Its rohe is contained within the territory of Gisborne District Council, which is both a regional and district council.