Nicholas V, Duke of Krnov
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Nicholas V, Duke of Krnov
Nicholas V, Duke of Krnov
POL Racibórz COA.svg
Coat-of-arms of Racibórz (Ratibor)
Bornc.  1409
Died1452
Noble familyP?emyslid dynasty
Spouse(s)Margaret Clemm of Ellguth
Barbara Rockemberg
Issue
FatherJohn II, Duke of Opava-Ratibor
MotherHelena of Lithuania

Nicholas V, Duke of Krnov (also known as Nicholas II of Opava-Ratibor;[1] Czech: Mikulá? V. Krnovský; 1409-1452) was a member of the P?emyslid dynasty. He was Duke of Racibórz, Krnov, Bruntál and Rybnik. All these duchies were situated in Silesia, then part of the Crown of Bohemia.

Life

Nicholas was older son of John "the Iron" and Helena of Lithuania (niece of King Wladyslaw II Jagiello of Poland). He was born in 1409.[2]

Nicholas and his younger brother Wenceslaus II were minors when their father died in 1424, their mother, Helena of Lithuania acted as regent until 1428.[3] Until 1449, she styled herself as Lady of Pszczyna, suggesting that she had received Pless as her jointure. Nicholas V and Wenceslaus II ruled their duchy jointly until October 15, 1437, at which time they divided their inheritance. Nicholas V received Krnov, Bruntál, Rybnik, Wodzis?aw ?l?ski, and Baborów, while Wenceslaus II received Racibórz, ?ytna, and Pilchowice.[3] Nicholas had to inherited Pszczyna after his mother death.[3]

In 1433, a Hussite army passing through the Váh valley devastated Racibórz and prepared to hand it to Duke Bolko V of Opole, who supported the Hussites. However, Nicholas V reconquered Racibórz. In 1436, Nicholas V also conquered the Duchy of G?ubczyce, which was owned by Duke Wenceslaus II of Opava, who retaliated by conquering ?ory. In 1437, Nicholas V and Wenceslaus II of Opava reached a compromise.

In 1443, Nicholas allied himself with Dukes William of Opava, Przemyslaus II of Cieszyn, and Henry IX of ?aga?-G?ogów against the robber barons who infested Silesia.

Nicholas V died in 1452. Initially, his sons John IV and Wenceslaus III ruled jointly. However, in 1464, they divided their inheritance, with John IV taking Krnov and Wodzis?aw ?l?ski and Wenceslaus III taking Rybnik, Pless and ?ory.

Marriage and issue

In 1435, Nicholas V married Margaret Clemm of Ellguth. They had three children:

In 1451 in Kraków, Nicholas V married his second wife. She was Barbara Rockemberg (d. 1464) from a patrician family in Kraków. They had two children:[4]

Since her stepsons John IV and Wenceslaus II were minors when Nicholas V died in 1452, Barbara was regent of Racibórz, Krnov, Bruntál and Rybnik from 1452 until 1462. She was also Lady of Pless, which was probably her jointure.

Notes

  1. ^ The ordinal II comes from only considering the Opava-Ratibor branch. In this view, Nicholas IV, Duke of Ratibor-Bruntál would be called Nicholas I of Krnov
  2. ^ Sperka, Jerzy (2019). "Koligacje rodzinne Przemy?lidów opawskich linii raciborskiej z mo?now?adztwem Królestwa Polskiego do pocz?tku XVI wieku" (PDF). ?redniowiecze Polskie i Powszechne. 11 (15): 185. doi:10.31261/SPiP.2019.15.08.
  3. ^ a b c Sperka, Jerzy (2019). "Koligacje rodzinne Przemy?lidów opawskich linii raciborskiej z mo?now?adztwem Królestwa Polskiego do pocz?tku XVI wieku" (PDF). ?redniowiecze Polskie i Powszechne. 11 (15): 186. doi:10.31261/SPiP.2019.15.08.
  4. ^ Jan D?ugosz: Roczniki czyli Kroniki s?awnego Królestwa Polskiego. Book 12: 1445-1461. Warszawa: PWN, 2009, p. 168, footnotes 161-162 and p. 168.

References

  • Ludwig Petry and Josef Joachim Menzel (eds.): Geschichte Schlesiens, vol. 1: Von der Urzeit bis zum Jahre 1526. 5th revised edition, Thorbecke, Stuttgart, 1988, ISBN 3-7995-6341-5, pp. 191, 201 ff, 205 and 218
  • Hugo Weczerka (ed.): Handbuch der historischen Stätten -- Schlesien, vol. 316 in the series Kröners Taschenausgabe, Kröner, Stuttgart 1977, ISBN 3-520-31601-3, p. 411 and 457 and genealogical tables on p. 600-601

External links


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