Nippon Ishin No Kai
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Nippon Ishin No Kai
Japan Innovation Party
LeaderIchir? Matsui[1]
Toranosuke Katayama
Nobuyuki Baba
Founded2 November 2015 (2015-11-02)
Split fromJapan Innovation Party
HeadquartersOsaka, Osaka Prefecture, Japan
NewspaperNippon Ishin[2]
IdeologyConservatism[3][4]
Neoliberalism[5]
Right-wing populism[6]
Political position
Colours  Green[9]
Councillors
Representatives
Website
o-ishin.jp

The Japan Innovation Party (, Nippon Ishin no Kai)[a] is a conservative and right-wing populist political party in Japan. Formed as Initiatives from Osaka in October 2015 from a split in the old Japan Innovation Party, the party became the third-biggest opposition party in the National Diet following the July 2016 House of Councillors election.

The party advocates decentralization,[4] federalism (D?sh?sei), free education,[10] limited government,[6] and neoliberalism.[5] It has also advocated historical revisionism.[11]

History

The party was formed in October 2015 under the name Initiatives from Osaka (, ?saka Ishin no Kai) by Osaka governor Ichir? Matsui and then-Osaka mayor T?ru Hashimoto after they and their supporters left the Japan Innovation Party.[1][12] The Japanese name was the same as the Osaka Restoration Association, which was also formed by Hashimoto, but was differentiated by writing "Osaka" in hiragana (?) rather than in kanji ().[1]

The first major election contested by the party was the July 2016 House of Councillors election. The party performed well in the Kansai region, winning two of four seats in the Osaka at-large district and one of three seats in the Hyogo at-large district.[13][14] In the national PR block the party finished fifth with 5,153,584 votes (9.2%), which meant it won 4 of the 48 seats. The majority of its votes were again centred around Osaka; the party received the most votes in Osaka Prefecture (1,293,626; 34.9%)[15] and was second behind the Liberal Democratic Party in Hyogo Prefecture (470,526; 19.5%).[16] The gain in seats made the party the third-biggest opposition in the National Diet.[17] However, after the election Matsui said the poor showing outside of Kansai was unacceptable for a national party, and that the party would adopt a new name that did not include the word "Osaka" in an attempt to broaden its nationwide appeal.[18] At a meeting on 23 August 2016, the party voted to change its name to Nippon Ishin no Kai () but did not announce an official English name.[17]

Presidents

No. Name Term of office
Took office Left office
Split from: Innovation Party (centre-right)
1 T?ru Hashimoto 2 November 2015 12 December 2015
2 Ichir? Matsui 12 December 2015 23 August 2016
3 Co-leadership
23 August 2016 Incumbent

References

  1. ^ Stated as Nippon Ishin (Japan Innovation Party) on its website's copyright notice
  1. ^ a b c "Osaka Mayor Toru Hashimoto's new party debuts". Japan Times. 31 October 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ Nippon Ishin no Kai (8 September 2016). ? Vol.05 - ? (PDF) (in Japanese). Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ "Future of constitutional revision debate hangs in balance in Japan upper house poll". Mainichi Shimbun. 5 July 2019. Retrieved 2020. Prime Minister Abe is approaching conservative opposition Nippon Ishin (Japan Innovation Party) and even the Democratic Party for the People (DPFP) to win their support for constitutional revisions.
  4. ^ a b Yano, Takeshi. "Nippon Ishin no Kai towa" (2016-)(?). kotobank.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ a b "In bid to go national, Osaka Ishin no Kai changes its name". The Japan Times. 23 August 2016. Retrieved 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Political factors and limitations that made the Abe administration the longest ever" (in Japanese). Newsweek Japan. 21 November 2019. Retrieved 2020. ? ...(On the other hand, the Japan Innovation Party is a political party that has added right-wing populism to its small government theory ...)
  7. ^ Gregory W. Noble (13 July 2019). "Abe sails toward another electoral victory". East Asia Forum. Retrieved .
  8. ^ [The Ishin Is 'Right-wing Over the LDP'? The Strength of Anti-Tokyo.]. AERA dot (in Japanese). Retrieved 2020.
  9. ^ [Will the colors of political parties settle in Japan?] (in Japanese). Nikkei, Inc. 21 October 2017. Retrieved 2020.
  10. ^ "? ?" [[House of Councillors election] Ichiro Matsui, Leader of the Japan Innovation Party: "Free education through constitutional amendment"]. Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese). 2019-07-12. Retrieved .
  11. ^ "? ". BBC News (in Japanese). 5 October 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-10-06. Retrieved 2021 – via Megalodon (website).
  12. ^ "Abe meets ex-Osaka Mayor Hashimoto on heels of resignation". Nikkei Asian Review. 20 December 2015. Archived from the original on 24 December 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  13. ^ ?(?)2016? [Results (Osaka District) [House of Councillors Election 2016]]. Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). Retrieved 2016.
  14. ^ ?(?)2016? [Results (Hyogo District) [House of Councillors Election 2016]]. Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). Retrieved 2016.
  15. ^ ? ?(?) [National Block Election - Votes by Party (Osaka Prefecture Total)] (in Japanese). Osaka Prefecture Electoral Commission. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  16. ^ ? ?() [House of Councillors National Block Election Results (Compilation Table)] (PDF) (in Japanese). Hyogo Prefecture Electoral Commission. 11 July 2016. p. 1. Retrieved 2016.[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ a b Johnston, Eric (23 August 2016). "In bid to go national, Osaka Ishin no Kai changes its name". Japan Times. Retrieved 2016.
  18. ^ "Osaka Ishin to drop 'Osaka' from name in bid to boost appeal, taps Watanabe as deputy". Japan Times. 13 July 2016. Retrieved 2016.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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