|Founded||2 November 2015|
|Split from||Japan Innovation Party|
|Headquarters||Osaka, Osaka Prefecture, Japan|
The Japan Innovation Party (, Nippon Ishin no Kai)[a] is a conservative and right-wing populist political party in Japan. Formed as Initiatives from Osaka in October 2015 from a split in the old Japan Innovation Party, the party became the third-biggest opposition party in the National Diet following the July 2016 House of Councillors election.
The party was formed in October 2015 under the name Initiatives from Osaka (, ?saka Ishin no Kai) by Osaka governor Ichir? Matsui and then-Osaka mayor T?ru Hashimoto after they and their supporters left the Japan Innovation Party. The Japanese name was the same as the Osaka Restoration Association, which was also formed by Hashimoto, but was differentiated by writing "Osaka" in hiragana (?) rather than in kanji ().
The first major election contested by the party was the July 2016 House of Councillors election. The party performed well in the Kansai region, winning two of four seats in the Osaka at-large district and one of three seats in the Hyogo at-large district. In the national PR block the party finished fifth with 5,153,584 votes (9.2%), which meant it won 4 of the 48 seats. The majority of its votes were again centred around Osaka; the party received the most votes in Osaka Prefecture (1,293,626; 34.9%) and was second behind the Liberal Democratic Party in Hyogo Prefecture (470,526; 19.5%). The gain in seats made the party the third-biggest opposition in the National Diet. However, after the election Matsui said the poor showing outside of Kansai was unacceptable for a national party, and that the party would adopt a new name that did not include the word "Osaka" in an attempt to broaden its nationwide appeal. At a meeting on 23 August 2016, the party voted to change its name to Nippon Ishin no Kai () but did not announce an official English name.
|No.||Name||Term of office|
|Took office||Left office|
|Split from: Innovation Party (centre-right)|
|1||T?ru Hashimoto||2 November 2015||12 December 2015|
|2||Ichir? Matsui||12 December 2015||23 August 2016|
||23 August 2016||Incumbent|
Prime Minister Abe is approaching conservative opposition Nippon Ishin (Japan Innovation Party) and even the Democratic Party for the People (DPFP) to win their support for constitutional revisions.
? ...(On the other hand, the Japan Innovation Party is a political party that has added right-wing populism to its small government theory ...)