Olt County
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Olt County
Olt County
Jude?ul Olt
Coat of arms of Olt County
Administrative map of Romania with Olt county highlighted
CountryRomania
Development regionSud-Vest
Historical regionWallachia
CapitalSlatina
Area
 o Total5,498 km2 (2,123 sq mi)
Area rank22nd
Population
(2011[1])
 o Total415,530
 o Rank19th
 o Density76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Telephone code(+40) 249 or (+40) 349[2]
ISO 3166 codeRO-OT
GDP (nominal)US$ 2.158 billion (2015)
GDP per capitaUS$ 5,194 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Council
Prefecture

Olt County (Romanian pronunciation: [olt]) is a county (jude?) of Romania on the border with Bulgaria, in the historical regions of Oltenia and Muntenia (the regions are separated by the Olt river). The capital city is Slatina.

On 24 August 2017, the Olt County Council decided to hold a local referendum on 15 October 2017 for the proposal to change the county name to "Olt-Romana?i".[3] The local referendum was eventually held on 6 and 7 October 2018.[4] The vote was nullified, as turnout was 27.19%, below the required threshold of 30%; therefore Olt County retains its current name.[5]

Demographics

In 2011, it had a population of 415,530 and the population density was 75.57/km2 (195.7/sq mi).

Year County population[7]
1948 442,442
1956 Increase 458,982
1966 Increase 476,513
1977 Increase 518,804
1992 Increase 520,966
2002 Decrease 489,274
2011 Decrease 415,530

The county is a mainly rural one, with over 60% of the population living in villages.

Geography

This county has a total area of 5,498 km2 (2,123 sq mi).

The county lies in a flat area on the western part of the Romanian Plain. It is crossed by rivers from north to south, the main one - the Olt River giving the county its name. The Danube forms a wide valley in the south, with many ponds and small channels, which are occasionally flooded.

Neighbours

Economy

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Metallurgy - aluminium and aluminium components.
  • Railway equipment.
  • Food and beverages industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.

Agriculture is the main occupation in the county - over 58% of the population having agriculture as their main occupation. Both extensive agriculture, and small-scale, vegetables and fruits, are practiced. The area is well suited for irrigation.

Tourism

The main destinations for tourists are:

Politics

The Olt County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 32 counsellors, with the following party composition:[8]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 21                                          
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 11                                          

Administrative divisions

Map of the Olt County and its municipalities showing the parts at the east (part of Muntenia, in green) and at the west (part of Oltenia, in red) of the Olt River
Slatina
Caracal
Danube at Corabia

Olt County has 2 municipalities, 6 towns and 104 communes:

  • Municipalities

Historical county

Jude?ul Olt
County (Jude?)
The Olt County Prefecture's building from the interwar period, currently the Olt County Museum.
The Olt County Prefecture's building from the interwar period, currently the Olt County Museum.
Coat of arms of Jude?ul Olt
Romania 1930 county Olt.png
CountryFlag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic regionMuntenia
Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)Slatina
Area
 o Total2,863 km2 (1,105 sq mi)
Population
(1930)
 o Total183,595
 o Density64/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, the county was located in the southern part of Greater Romania, in the western part of the historical region of Muntenia, around and in the south of Bucharest. The county included the north-eastern part of the current Olt county, the south-western part of the present Arge? County and the north-western part of the present Teleorman County. During the interwar years, it was bordered to the north by Arge? County, to the east by the counties of Arge? and Teleorman, to the south by Teleorman County, and in the west by the counties of Romana?i and Vâlcea.

Administration

Map of Olt County as constituted in 1938.

The county originally was divided into three administrative districts (pli):[9]

  1. Plasa Dr?g?ne?ti, headquartered at Dr?g?ne?ti
  2. Plasa Dumitre?ti, headquartered at Dumitre?ti
  3. Plasa Spineni, headquartered at Spineni

Subsequently, the county established an additional district:

  1. Plasa Mijlocul, headquartered at Mijlocul

Population

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 183,595 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 98.2% Romanians, 1.2% Romanies, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 99.5% Eastern Orthodox, 0.2% Roman Catholic, 0.1% Jewish, as well as other minorities.

Urban population

In 1930, the county's urban population was 11,243 inhabitants, comprising 92.5% Romanians, 2.5% Hungarians, 1.5% Jews, 0.8% Germans, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 94.1% Eastern Orthodox, 2.3% Roman Catholic, 1.6% Jewish, 0.9% Reformed, 0.6% Lutheran, as well as other minorities.

References

  1. ^ "COMUNICAT DE PRES? : 2 februarie 2012 privind rezultatele provizorii ale Recens?mântului Popula?iei ?i Locuin?elor - 2011" (PDF). Prefecturaolt.ro. Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  3. ^ "Olt: CJ a programat pe 15 octombrie referendumul pentru schimbarea numelui jude?ului" (in Romanian). Agerpres. 24 August 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ Doroban?u, Alin (19 September 2018). ""DA", pentru Olt-Romana?i!". Ziarul de Olt (in Romanian).
  5. ^ "Referendumul din Olt a e?uat, de?i prezen?a a fost mai mare decât la referendumul pentru familie" (in Romanian). Libertatea. 7 October 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia dup? etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia la recens?mintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 ?i 2002" Archived 2006-09-22 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electoral? Permanent?. Retrieved .
  9. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Jude?ul Olt

Coordinates: 44°26?00?N 24°22?00?E / 44.4333°N 24.3667°E / 44.4333; 24.3667


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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