Ordinary People (Slovakia)
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Ordinary People Slovakia

Ordinary People and
Independent Personalities
Oby?ajní ?udia a nezávislé osobnosti
AbbreviationO?aNO
LeaderIgor Matovi?
Presidium
FounderIgor Matovi?
Founded28 October 2011; 9 years ago (2011-10-28)
Split fromFreedom and Solidarity
HeadquartersBratislava
NewspaperOrdinary Newspaper
Think tankMovement Boldly
Membership (2019)Increase 45[1]
IdeologyMajority
Political positionCentre-right[19]
European Parliament group
Colours  Green   Grey
SloganHonestly, boldly, for the people
National Council
European Parliament
Self-governing regions
Local councils
Website
obycajniludia.sk

Ordinary People and Independent Personalities (Slovak: Oby?ajní ?udia a nezávislé osobnosti, O?aNO), is a catch-all, populist and anti-corruption political movement in Slovakia. It presents itself as a movement in which independent personalities and experts have a space. It was established on 11 November 2011 by registration with the Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic. In 2020, with a result of 25.0%, the party won the 2020 Slovak parliamentary election. Since its inception, the movement's chairman has been former businessman Igor Matovi?, the former Prime Minister of the Slovak Republic.

History

The four Ordinary People (O?aNO) MPs were Igor Matovi?, Erika Jurinová, Martin Fecko, Jozef Viskupi?.[when?][20] O?aNO sat in the National Council with the SaS and signed an agreement with the SaS that its members could not cross the floor to another group. In June and July 2010,[20] it was rumoured that O?aNO would refuse to back the programme of the new centre-right coalition,[21] which included Freedom and Solidarity, and whose majority depended on Ordinary People.[22]

In August 2010, Matovi? said that it was not the right time to become an independent party.[22] However, on 28 October 2011, Ordinary People filed a formal party registration, while Matovi? announced that the party would compete in 2012 parliamentary election as a separate electoral list, of independents and representatives of the Civic Conservative Party and the Conservative Democrats.[23] In the 2012 election, the party came in third place overall, winning 8.55% of the vote and 16 seats.[24]

In the 2014 European elections, O?aNO came in fourth place nationally, receiving 7.46% of the vote and electing 1 MEP.[25]

In the 2016 parliamentary election, Ordinary People ran in alliance with New Majority. They received 11.03% votes in Slovakia and consequently 19 MPs in the Slovak Parliament, 17 of whom came from Ordinary People.

In 2014-2019, the party was member of European Parliament group of European Conservatives and Reformists and in 2019 switched to the European People's Party group.

At the February 2020 parliamentary election, the Party received 25.0% of the vote, winning a 53 of 150 seats in the National Council. Party leader Igor Matovi? was appointed as the Prime Minister designate.

Political positions

In 2019, Ordinary People suggested toughening restrictions on abortions. The proposal included a fee charge for abortion for women over 40 years of age. The proposal also featured written guidance to be given by the doctor to the woman before the procedure. This guidance included a detailed description of the medical procedure and the feelings that women can expect after the procedure.[26]

During the election campaign in 2019, the party's leader Igor Matovi? promised that Ordinary People would not enter a government which would approve registered partnerships for same sex couples.[27] O?aNO also rejects migrant relocation quotas, proposed by the European Commission.[28]

Election results

National Council

Election Leader Votes % Seats +/- Government
2012 Igor Matovi? 218,537 8.55 (#3)
Opposition
2016 287,611 11.03 (#3)
Increase 3 Opposition
2020 721,166 25.02 (#1)
Increase 34 Coalition

European Parliament

Election Group Leader Votes % Seats +/-
2014 ECR Jozef Viskupi? 41,829 7.46 (#4)
2019 EPP Michal ?ipo? 94,839 5.25 (#6)
Steady

Presidential

Election Candidate First round Second round Result
Votes % Votes %
2014 Helena Mezenská 45,180 2.38 Lost
2019 Endorsed Robert Mistrík Withdrew from the elections, supported Zuzana ?aputová

References

  1. ^ "Výro?ná správa za rok 2019" (PDF). Ministry of the Interior (Slovakia) (in Slovak). 2020. p. 9.
  2. ^ Hanus, Martin. "Vkro?ili sme do éry modrého populizmu". www.postoj.sk.
  3. ^ Gyárfá?ová, O?ga (Mar 6, 2020). "Kto a ako volil vo vo?bách 2020 - kde bralo voli?ov O?aNO a kto volil Smer". Denník N.
  4. ^ Rábara, Pavol. "Kto má najliberálnej?ích voli?ov? Sulík mô?e vzia? do partie SNS aj O?aNO". www.postoj.sk.
  5. ^ "Partia náhodných ?udí? Ako Matovi? skladá kandidátov na poslancov". Aktuality.sk.
  6. ^ a b "Liberáli v O?aNO? Kto sú a pre?o ich nepo?u? tak ako Záborskú (podcast)". Aktuality.sk.
  7. ^ Birte Wassenberg (2019). "Euroscepticism at the EP elections in 2014: A reflection of the different patterns of opposition to the EU?". In Olivier Costa (ed.). The European Parliament in Times of EU Crisis: Dynamics and Transformations. Springer. p. 287. ISBN 978-3-319-97391-3.
  8. ^ K?tínová, Andrea (2009), Politická strana O?ANO jako p?íklad populistické strany (PDF) (in Czech), Brno: Masaryk University, retrieved 2019
  9. ^ Flamik, Juraj (Feb 29, 2020). "Po Budajovi, K?a?kovi, Me?iarovi, Dzurindovi a Ficovi tu máme ?al?ieho politika vodcovského typu". Denník N.
  10. ^ Tomas Mrva, Jan Lopatka, ed. (March 2020). "Slovak anti-corruption opposition parties score emphatic election win". Reuters.
  11. ^ "O?ANO tradi?ne proti korupcii, predstavilo anketu s 11 otázkami". www.finreport.sk.
  12. ^ "Ján Budaj: O?aNO má v slovenskom príbehu svoje dôle?ité poslanie". www.trend.sk. Oct 30, 2020.
  13. ^ "Politický expert pre HN vysvetlil, ?o rozbíja slovenskú politickú scénu". focus.hnonline.sk.
  14. ^ Dani?ka, Jaroslav. "Ak si Kor?ok myslí, ?e bude rozbíja? V4 a potom si sadne s Nemeckom za jeden stôl, tak sa mýli". Denník ?tandard.
  15. ^ Van?o, Martin (Mar 3, 2020). "Zmena identity O?aNO: zmení sa protikorup?né hnutie na konzervatívne?". .tý?de? - iný poh?ad na spolo?nos?.
  16. ^ Rábara, Pavol. "Nová strana Záborskej a ?kripeka sa bude vola? Kres?anská únia". www.postoj.sk.
  17. ^ "Kres?anská únia ide do volieb. S O?aNO". Dec 2, 2019.
  18. ^ a.s, Petit Press. "Pre?o som hrdým liberálom". blog.sme.sk.
  19. ^ Freedom House (24 December 2013). Nations in Transit 2013: Democratization from Central Europe to Eurasia. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 517. ISBN 978-1-4422-3119-1.
  20. ^ a b Vilikovská, Zuzana (15 June 2010). "SaS chairman speaks about its new MPs from the Ordinary People civic association". The Slovak Spectator.
  21. ^ Vilikovská, Zuzana (5 August 2010). "'Ordinary Man' MP Matovi? accuses Fico of lying". The Slovak Spectator.
  22. ^ a b Vilikovská, Zuzana (3 August 2010). "SaS: Ordinary People faction will give up their parliamentary seats if they leave SaS caucus". The Slovak Spectator.
  23. ^ Kft., Webra International (28 October 2011). "The Visegrad Group: the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia - Ordinary People files request to be registered as political party in Slovakia". www.visegradgroup.eu.
  24. ^ Slovakia turns left, The Economist (11 March 2012)
  25. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-28. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  26. ^ Návrhu O?ANO na sprísnenie potratov chýbal jediný hlas, podporil ho Beblavý ?i Bláhová, zdr?ali sa Petrík i Polia?ik (in Slovak), ?eny v meste (26 September 2019)
  27. ^ O?aNO nepôjde do vlády, ktorá by schválila registrované partnerstvá (in Slovak), teraz.sk (15 September 2019)
  28. ^ "Slovenské volby vyhrálo opozi?ní hnutí, dominance Sm?ru skon?ila". ?eskéNoviny.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 2020.

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