Osaka Prefecture
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Osaka Prefecture
Osaka Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 o Japanese
 o R?maji?saka-fu
Flag of Osaka Prefecture
Official logo of Osaka Prefecture
Location of Osaka Prefecture
Coordinates: 34°41?11?N 135°31?12?E / 34.68639°N 135.52000°E / 34.68639; 135.52000Coordinates: 34°41?11?N 135°31?12?E / 34.68639°N 135.52000°E / 34.68639; 135.52000
Country Japan
RegionKansai
IslandHonshu
CapitalOsaka
SubdivisionsDistricts: 5, Municipalities: 43
Government
 o GovernorHirofumi Yoshimura
Area
 o Total1,905.14 km2 (735.58 sq mi)
Area rank46th
Population
(July 1, 2019)
 o Total8,823,358
 o Rank3rd
 o Density4,600/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-27
Websitewww.pref.osaka.lg.jp.e.agb.hp.transer.com/jp/introduction/index.html
Symbols
BirdBull-headed shrike (Lanius bucephalus)
FlowerJapanese apricot (Prunus mume)
Primrose (Primula sieboldii)
TreeGinkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba)

Osaka Urban Prefecture (, ?saka-fu, pronounced [o:saka ]) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu.[1] Osaka Prefecture has a population of 8,823,358 (as of 1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 1,905 square kilometres (736 sq mi). Osaka Prefecture borders Hy?go Prefecture to the northwest, Kyoto Prefecture to the north, Nara Prefecture to the southeast, and Wakayama Prefecture to the south.

Osaka is the capital and largest city of Osaka Prefecture, and the third-largest city in Japan, with other major cities including Sakai, Higashi?saka, and Hirakata.[2] Osaka Prefecture is the third-most-populous and second-smallest prefecture by geographic area, and at 4,600 inhabitants per square kilometre (12,000/sq mi) is the second-most densely populated after Tokyo. Osaka Prefecture is one of Japan's two "urban prefectures" using the designation fu (?) rather than the standard ken for prefectures, along with Kyoto Prefecture. Osaka Prefecture forms the center of the Keihanshin metropolitan area, the second-most-populated urban region in Japan after the Greater Tokyo area and one of the world's most productive regions by GDP.

History

Until the Meiji Restoration, the area of Osaka prefecture was known as Kawachi, Izumi,[4][5] and Settsu provinces.[6]

Osaka Prefecture was created on June 21, 1868, at the very beginning of the Meiji era.[7] During the instigation of Fuhanken Sanchisei in 1868, the prefecture received its suffix fu, designating it as a prefecture.

On September 1, 1956, the city of Osaka was promoted to a city designated by government ordinance and thereby divided into 24 wards.

In 2000, Fusae Ota became Japan's first female governor when she replaced Knock Yokoyama, who resigned after prosecution for sexual harassment.[8]

On April 1, 2006: the city of Sakai was promoted to a city designated by government ordinance and thereby divided into seven wards.

In 2008, T?ru Hashimoto, previously famous as a counselor on television, was elected at the age of 38 as the youngest governor in Japan.

06/18/2018 - 2018 Osaka earthquake.

Reform

In 2010, the Osaka Restoration Association was created with backing by Governor T?ru Hashimoto, attempting to reform Osaka Prefecture into Osaka Metropolis reducing affiliated organizations of Osaka Prefecture and the City of Osaka.

In the 2011 local elections the association was able to win the majority of the prefectural seats.

The plan was narrowly defeated in the 2015 referendum (49.62% yes and 50.38% no).

Geography

Osaka Prefecture neighbors the prefectures of Hy?go and Kyoto in the north, Nara in the east and Wakayama in the south. The west is open to Osaka Bay. The Yodo and Yamato Rivers flow through the prefecture.

Prior to the construction of Kansai International Airport, Osaka was the smallest prefecture in Japan. The artificial island on which the airport was built added enough area to make it slightly larger than Kagawa Prefecture.[9][10]

As of 1 April 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Kong?-Ikoma-Kisen and Meiji no Mori Min? Quasi-National Parks and Hokusetsu and Hannan-Misaki Prefectural Natural Parks.[11]

Municipalities

Map of Osaka Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town      Village
Osaka Prefectural Office
Takatsuki

Since 2005, Osaka consists of 43 municipalities: 33 cities, nine towns and one village. As of 2021, the 33 cities include two designated major cities, seven core cities and two (transitional) special case cities (after legal abolition in 2015, to be replaced with the core city system in the 2020s).

Flag, name w/o suffix Full name District
(-gun)
Area (km2) Population Map LPE code
(w/o pref. [27...],
checksum [-x])
Japanese transcription translation
Flag of Daito, Osaka.svg Dait? Dait?-shi Dait? City - 18.27 119,329 Daito in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 218
Flag of Fujiidera, Osaka.svg Fujidera ? Fujidera-shi Fujidera City - 8.89 65,075 Fujiidera in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 226
Flag of Habikino, Osaka.svg Habikino ? Habikino-shi Habikino City - 26.44 113,256 Habikino in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 222
Flag of Hannan, Osaka.svg Hannan Hannan-shi Hannan City - 36.1 55,798 Hannan in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 232
Flag of Higashiosaka, Osaka.svg Higashi?saka ? Higashi-?saka-shi Higashi-Osaka City
(East Osaka City)
- 61.78 495,011 Higashiosaka in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 227
Flag of Hirakata, Osaka.svg Hirakata Hirakata-shi Hirakata City - 65.08 401,449 Hirakata in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 210
Flag of Ibaraki, Osaka.svg Ibaraki Ibaraki-shi Ibaraki City - 76.52 280,562 Ibaraki in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 211
Flag of Ikeda, Osaka.svg Ikeda Ikeda-shi Ikeda City - 22.09 103,028 Ikeda in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 204
Flag of Izumi, Osaka.svg Izumi Izumi-shi Izumi City - 84.98 186,370 Izumi in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 219
Flag of Izumi?tsu, Osaka.svg Izumi?tsu ? Izumi-?tsu-shi Izumi-?tsu City
(as opposed to ?tsu City in ?mi Province)
- 13.36 75,398 Izumiotsu in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 206
Flag of Izumisano, Osaka.svg Izumisano ? Izumi-Sano-shi Izumi-Sano City
(as opposed to Sano City in Shimotsuke Province)
- 55.03 100,649 Izumisano in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 213
Flag of Kadoma, Osaka.svg Kadoma Kadoma-shi Kadoma City - 12.28 124,516 Kadoma in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 223
Flag of Kaizuka, Osaka.svg Kaizuka Kaizuka-shi Kaizuka City - 43.99 88,345 Kaizuka in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 208
Flag of Kashiwara Osaka.svg Kashiwara Kashiwara-shi Kashiwara City - 25.39 76,383 Kashiwara in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 221
Flag of Katano, Osaka.svg Katano Katano-shi Katano City - 25.55 76,383 Katano in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 230
Flag of Kawachinagano, Osaka.svg Kawachinagano Kawachi-Nagano-shi Kawachi-Nagano City
(as opposed to Nagano City in Shinano Province)
- 109.61 105,872 Kawachinagano in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 216
Flag of Kishiwada, Osaka.svg Kishiwada ? Kishiwada-shi Kishiwada City - 72.68 197,629 Kishiwada in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 202
Flag of Matsubara, Osaka.svg Matsubara Matsubarashi Matsubara City - 16.66 121,125 Matsubara in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 217
Flag of Minoo, Osaka.svg Minoh Minoo-shi Minoo City - 47.84 134,435 Minoh in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 220
Flag of Moriguchi, Osaka.svg Moriguchi Moriguchi-shi Moriguchi City - 12.73 143,877 Moriguchi in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 209
Flag of Neyagawa, Osaka.svg Neyagawa ? Neyagawa-shi Neyagawa City - 24.73 236,758 Neyagawa in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 215
Flag of Osaka, Osaka.svg Osaka (capital) ?saka-shi Osaka City - 225.21 2,668,586 Osaka in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 100
Flag of ?sakasayama, Osaka.svg ?sakasayama ?saka-Sayama-shi Osaka-Sayama City
(as opposed to Sayama City in Saitama)
- 11.86 57,993 Osakasayama in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 231
Flag of Sakai, Osaka.svg Sakai Sakai-shi Sakai City - 149.82 828,741 Sakai in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 140
Flag of Sennan, Osaka.svg Sennan Sennan-shi Sennan City
(Sen[sh?] South City)
(after Sennan District)
- 48.48 62,076 Sennan in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 228
Flag of Settsu (?saka).svg Settsu Settsu-shi Settsu City - 14.88 85,290 Settsu in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 224
Flag of Shij?nawate, Osaka.svg Shij?nawate ? Shij?nawate-shi Shij?nawate City - 18.74 55,832 Shijonawate in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 229
Flag of Suita, Osaka.svg Suita Suita-shi Suita City - 36.11 378,322 Suita in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 205
Flag of Takaishi, Osaka.svg Takaishi Takaishi-shi Takaishi City - 11.35 56,583 Takaishi in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 225
Flag of Takatsuki, Osaka.svg Takatsuki Takatsuki-shi Takatsuki City - 105.31 350,914 Takatsuki in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 207
Flag of Tondabayashi, Osaka.svg Tondabayashi ? Tondabayashi-shi Tondabayashi City - 39.66 112,993 Tondabayashi in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 214
Flag of Toyonaka, Osaka.svg Toyonaka Toyonaka-shi Toyonaka City - 36.38 396,014 Toyonaka in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 203
Flag of Yao, Osaka.svg Yao Yaoshi Yao City - 41.71 268,013 Yao in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 212
Flag of Chihaya-Akasaka, ?saka.svg Chihayaakasaka Chihaya-Akasaka-mura Chihaya-Akasaka Village Minami- (=South) Kawachi 37.38 5,467 Chihayaakasaka in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 383
Flag of kanan Osaka.JPG Kanan Kanan-ch? Kanan Town 25.26 16,027 Kanan in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 382
Flag of Taishi Osaka.JPG Taishi Taishi-ch? Taishi Town 14.17 13,634 Taishi in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 381
Flag of Kumatori Osaka.JPG Kumatori Kumatori-ch? Kumatori Town Sennan (=Sen[sh?] South) 17.23 43,988 Kumatori in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 361
Flag of Misaki Osaka.JPG Misaki Misakich? Misaki Town 49.08 16,267 Misaki in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 366
Flag of Tajiri Osaka.svg Tajiri Tajiri-ch? Tajiri Town 4.96 8,377 Tajiri in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 362
Flag of Nose Osaka.JPG Nose Nose-ch? Nose Town Toyono 98.68 9,971 Nose in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 322
Flag of Toyono Osaka.JPG Toyono Toyono-ch? Toyono Town 34.37 19,519 Toyono in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 321
Flag of Shimamoto Osaka.JPG Shimamoto Shimamoto-ch? Shimamoto Town Mishima 16.78 29,970 Shimamoto in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 301
Flag of Tadaoka Osaka.JPG Tadaoka Tadaoka-ch? Tadaoka Town Senboku (=Sen[sh?] North) 4.03 17,187 Tadaoka in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 341
Flag of Osaka Prefecture.svg Osaka ?saka-fu Osaka Prefecture - 1,905.14 8,823,358 Map of Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg 000
ISO: JP-27

Mergers

After the modern reactivation of districts in 1878/79, Osaka, including Sakai which was only merged into Osaka in 1881, consisted of 5 urban districts (-ku) and 27 rural districts (-gun), excluding 15 districts in Yamato Province which was later separated from Osaka as Nara Prefecture in 1887. When the prefectures were subdivided into modern municipalities in 1889, the five urban districts were turned into two district-independent cities: Osaka City and Sakai City, and Osaka's [rural] districts were subdivided into 12 towns and 310 villages. After Osaka City had absorbed many surrounding municipalities in the interwar/Taish? period, the number of municipalities in Osaka had already dropped to 149 by 1953. The Great Sh?wa mergers of the 1950s reduced the total to 47 by 1961, including 26 cities by then. The current total of 43 was reached during the Great Heisei mergers in 2005.

Economy

Diamond district in Umeda
Osaka Garden City
Osaka castle
Osaka business park
Famous advertisement by Glico man in D?tonbori (middle-left)

The gross prefecture product of Osaka for the fiscal year 2004 was ¥38.7 trillion, second after Tokyo with an increase of 0.9% from the previous year. This represented approximately 48% of the Kinki region. The per capita income was ¥3.0 million, seventh in the nation.[12] Commercial sales the same year was ¥60.1 trillion.[13]

Overshadowed by such globally renowned electronics giants as Panasonic and Sharp, the other side of Osaka's economy can be characterized by its Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) activities. The number of SMEs based in Osaka in 2006 was 330,737, accounting for 99.6% of the total number of businesses in the prefecture.[14] While this proportion is similar to other prefectures (the average nationwide was 99.7%), the manufactured output of the SMEs amounted to 65.4% of the total within the prefecture, a rate significantly higher than Tokyo's 55.5%, or Kanagawa's 38.4%.[15] One model from Osaka of serving the public interest and restimulating the regional economy, combined with industry-education cooperation efforts, is the Astro-Technology SOHLA,[16] with its artificial satellite project.[17] Having originally started from a gathering of Higashiosaka based SMEs, Astro-Technology SOHLA has not only grown into a Kansai region-wide group but has also won support from the government, through technology and material support from Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA),[18] and financial support from NEDO.[19][20]

The Osaka Securities Exchange, specializing in derivatives such as Nikkei 225 Futures, is based in Osaka.

There are many electrical, chemical, pharmaceutical, heavy industry, food, and housing companies in Osaka Prefecture.

Osaka city skyline at dusk viewed from the Umeda Sky Building

Major companies

Major factories and research institutes

Demographics

According to the 2005 Population Census of Japan, Osaka prefecture has a population of 8,817,166, an increase of 12,085, or 0.14%, since the Census of year 2000.[21]

As of 2020 this prefecture has about 99,000 ethnic Korean persons, the largest such population of any prefecture in Japan.[22] Osaka City. As of 2013 most ethnic Korean children attend ordinary Japanese public schools, although some Korean schools operated by the Chongryon and classes for ethnic Koreans had opened in the prefecture. During the Japanese rule of Korea many ethnic Koreans came to the Osaka area to look for work. Many people from Jeju came to the Osaka area after a 1922 ferry line between Osaka and Jeju opened. During World War II Japanese authorities forced additional ethnic Koreans to move to the Osaka area.[23]

Temples and shrines

Museums

Education

Public elementary and junior high schools in the prefecture are operated by the municipalities. Public high schools are operated by the Osaka Prefectural Board of Education.

Universities

Parks

Transportation

Rail

People movers

Road

The four license plates in Osaka:
  (?saka) in Northern Osaka
  (Naniwa) in Osaka City, named Naniwa as Imperial capital in antiquity
  (Izumi) in Southern Osaka?Izumi Province+Southern Kawachi
  ? (Sakai) in Sakai City

Expressways

National highways

Airports

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Osaka.

Football (soccer)

League

Non-league

Baseball

Basketball

Volleyball

Rugby union

Prefectural symbols

The symbol of Osaka Prefecture, called the sennari by?tan or "thousand gourds," was originally the crest of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the feudal lord of Osaka Castle.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Osaka-fu" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 759, p. 759, at Google Books; "Kansai" in p. 477, p. 477, at Google Books
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Osaka" in p. 759, p. 759, at Google Books
  3. ^ Statistics Bureau of Japan
  4. ^ (2002-03-29). "". Comprehensive Database of Archaeological Site Reports in Japan. Retrieved .
  5. ^ (1987-09-21). "". Comprehensive Database of Archaeological Site Reports in Japan. Retrieved .
  6. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books
  7. ^ " (History of Osaka)" (in Japanese). Retrieved .The creation of Osaka prefecture took place slight earlier than many other prefectures, that had to wait for abolition of the han system in 1871.
  8. ^ Tolbert, Kathryn. "Election of First Female Governor Boosts Japan's Ruling Party", The Washington Post, February 8, 2000.
  9. ^ "10(Official announcement on the national territory and area of 1998, by prefectures, cities, districts, towns and villages)" Archived 2003-06-11 at the Wayback Machine, Geographical Survey Institute, Government of Japan, January 29, 1999.
  10. ^ " Vol.017 ? (Column: "National Area Investigation" vol.017)" Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine, Alps Mapping K.K., March 8, 2001.
  11. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 2012.
  12. ^ "16? (Prefectural Economy for the fiscal year 2004 based on 93SNA) Cabinet Office, Government of Japan" (PDF) (in Japanese). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-14. Retrieved .
  13. ^ " (Osaka Prefectural Economy based on 93SNA) Osaka Prefectural Government" (PDF) (in Japanese). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-14. Retrieved .
  14. ^ "2006 White Paper on Small and Medium Enterprises in Japan, Japan Small Business Research Institute (Japan)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-03-23. Retrieved .
  15. ^ " (The Naniwa Economy Data)" (PDF) (in Japanese). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-14. Retrieved .
  16. ^ "Astro-Technology SOHLA" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2007-03-09. Retrieved .
  17. ^ "Japan Advertising Council". Archived from the original on 2007-03-01. Retrieved . For details on the campaign featuring SOHLA, navigate through the Japanese page to the 2003 campaign listing, at entry "" (Higashiosaka's Satellite) [1] Archived 2007-03-12 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ ""Smaller firms build a satellite" City of Osaka, Chicago Office". Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved .
  19. ^ The New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization
  20. ^ ""Study of PETSAT" NEDO, 2005" (PDF) (in Japanese and English). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-14. Retrieved .
  21. ^ "Table 1: ( Population Change of Osaka Prefecture)" (in Japanese). Osaka Prefectural Government. Archived from the original on 2007-01-05. Retrieved .
  22. ^ "()? " (PDF). Retrieved .
  23. ^ Aoki, Eriko. "Korean children, textbooks, and educational practices in Japanese primary schools" (Chapter 8). In: Ryang, Sonia. Koreans in Japan: Critical Voices from the Margin (Routledge Studies in Asia's Transformations). Routledge, October 8, 2013. ISBN 1136353054, 9781136353055. Start: p. 157. CITED: p. 166.
  24. ^ ? ?:English:Expo'90 Foundation Archived 2011-10-21 at the Wayback Machine

References

External links


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Osaka_Prefecture
 



 



 
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