Get Oshnaviyeh essential facts below. View Videos or join the Oshnaviyeh discussion. Add Oshnaviyeh to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Oshnavieh is located in Iran
Coordinates: 37°02?23?N 45°05?54?E / 37.03972°N 45.09833°E / 37.03972; 45.09833Coordinates: 37°02?23?N 45°05?54?E / 37.03972°N 45.09833°E / 37.03972; 45.09833
Country Iran
ProvinceWest Azerbaijan
(2016 Census)
 o Total39,801
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

Oshnavieh (Persian: ‎, romanizedOshnav?yeh;[1] Kurdish: ‎, romanized: ?ino[2][3]) is the capital city of Oshnavieh County, West Azerbaijan Province in Iran. At the 2016 census, its population was 40,000 in 2000 families.[4]


Oshnaviyeh lies on the historic route from Urmia basin to Rawandiz over the Kalashin Pass. An Urartian stele from about 800 BCE exist near the city. After the Mongol invasion, the city became the seat of the Nestorian Church for a brief moment.[5]

Medieval geographers from the 10th century wrote that the city was fair-sized, attached to Urmia, fertile and having good pasture. Kurds from the Hadhabani tribe would settle in the area during the summer, pasture their livestock and sell their products for manufactures and textiles from the city. The city came under the rule of the Rawadids in the 10th century and continued to flourish. The city also fostered scholars and traditionalists. Ali ibn al-Athir wrote in 1205/6 that Nusrat al-Din Abu Bakr of the Eldiguzids handed over the city to the ruler of Maragheh ?Al-al-Din Qara Sonqor. In 1226, the city was under the Iviya Kurds until its capture by Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu. In 1220/1, when Yaqut al-Hamawi passed the city, the city was in ruins, but had been rebuilt by the time of the visit of Hamdallah Mustawfi. Mustawfi described the city as being Sunni, in a rural district of 120 villages and producing a total revenue worth 19,300 dinars annually. It was mentioned by traveller Fraser in 1840 that the city was populated Zerza Kurds, whose presence is possibly attested as being present in the city as early as the 14th century. In the 19th century, the population was mostly Kurdish with a small Nestorian population which perished during Seyfo.[5]

Iran-Iraq war

At the time of Iran-Iraq war, Ba'athist Iraq regime bombed some localities of Oshnavieh in the province of West Azerbaijan --on 2 August 1988-- by applying chemical bombs against them;[6] and as a consequence of those attacks, approximate 2700 persons were injured.[7]


  1. ^ Oshnavieh can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3077462" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Pê?mergeyên Rojhilatî derbasî nav bajarê ?ino bûn!" (in Kurdish). 17 September 2019. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ " ? ? " (in Kurdish). 9 June 2018. Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Statistical Center of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.
  5. ^ a b Bosworth, C. E. (2002). "O?NUYA". Encyclopedia Iranica.
  6. ^ "Anniversary of Oshnavieh bombard". tabnak.ir. Retrieved 2019.
  7. ^ "Oshnavieh bombard". farsnews.com. Retrieved 2019.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes