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Panchdasi ?
AuthorVidyaranya ?

Panchadasi or Panchadashi ( Devanagari: ? IAST pa?cada) is a simple yet comprehensive manual of Advaita Vedanta ( ?, advaita ved?nta) written in the fourteenth century A.D (1386-1391) by Vidyaranya (?), previously known as Madhavacharya (?).[1][2][3][4]

Pancha (?) is five and dasi () is ten, are the total fifteen chapters divided into three quintets the three aspects of Brahman, Sat (, Truth), Chit (?, Consciousness) and Ananda (?, Bliss) aspects of Reality. It elaborates Advaita (,non dual), Consciousness, Jiva, Maya, Prakriti (?, prak?ti, Nature[5]), Mahat (universal mind), Buddhi (Intellect), Ahamkara (Ego), Avidya (Ignorance), and ananda (Bliss).[6]


Panchdasi was written during the later years of Vidyaranya's life around 1386 AD.[4][7]

About Vidyaranya

Vidyaranya was born around 1300 A.D. in Shalivahan () South India. Madhava Madhavacharya, Madhavamantri, Madhavamataya were the names which Vidyaranya was known before his turning into recluse.[4][8]

His father was Mayana (?) and Mother Srimati (?), two brothers Sayana (?),[9] and Bhogantha (). He had two Gurus Sarvagyvishnu (?) and Bhartiteerth (?). He established Vijayanagar Empire in 1335 AD with the help of Hukkayaray and Bukkaray. He was also Prime Minister of the Vijayanagar empire. Vidyaranya, was also the spiritual head of Sringeri Math in 1377 A.D to 1386 A.D. He died in 1391 AD.[4]

Vidyaranya, who was the spiritual head of Sringeri Math in 1377 A.D to 1386 A.D., and also wrote Drk-Drsya-Viveka, Sarvadarsana Samgraha, Sri Sankara Digvijaya, Jivanmukti Viveka, Anubhuti Prakasa, Vivaranaprameyasamgraha and Upanishad Dipika[10] has been identified with Sayanacharya, the commentator on the Vedas, whose brother he most likely was.[11]

He was closely connected with the foundation of Vijaynagar kingdom.[12][13] He was the minister of Bukka-devaraya of the Yadava Dynasty of Karnataka, his younger brother was Sayana,[14] and Bhogantha, father was Mayana and Mother Srimati. He had two Gurus Sarvavishnu and Bhartiteerth. He died in 1391 AD.[4]


The Panchadasi is a basic text which introduces into central doctrine of Advaita Vedantic philosophy. Deeper concepts are dealt in more advanced treatise the Upanishads, the Brahmasutras and the Bhagavadgita.

The purpose of the life is the realization of the experience of Absolute Existence, which is the highest fulfillment all the aspirations of the whole of creation.[15]

Panchdasi as the name suggest this text, "consisting of 15 Chapters grouped into three quintads. This is very much like the three aspects of Brahman - sat (existence), cit (consciousness) and ananda (bliss), respectively.

  1. Viveka-panchaka (-, viveka-pa?caka) (dealing with the discrimination of the real from the non-real): Understanding the nature of reality (Viveka) which distinguishes from external world (, jagata) consist of the five elements -Ether, Air, Fire, Water and Earth and individual (Jiva) consisting of the five sheaths - Annamaya (, annamaya, Physical), Pranamaya (? , pramaya, Vital), Manomaya ( , manomaya, Mental), Vijnanamaya (, vijñ?namaya, Intellectual) and Anandamaya (?, ?nandamaya, bliss). Pure spirit is encased with five sheaths to delude individual soul as self. Cosmology of creation is described similar to Samkhya (,skhya) philosophy stating the relationship between pure consciousness (Brahman) with material universe.[15]
  2. Dipa-panchaka (-, d?pa-pa?caka) (expounding the nature of the Self as pure consciousness) : The second set of five chapters through light (Dipa) on the Pure Consciousness (Brahman) as the only Reality with Existence (Sat). God (Isvara), World (Jagat) and Individual (Jiva) are described in detail with their mutual relationship. Theory of perception and process of the ascent of the Jiva to its supreme goal, liberation from Maya (illusion) to unite with Brahman the Absolute. Meaning and method of meditation the way to contact with Reality is also described in very lucid and candid discourse.[15]
  3. Ananda-panchaka (-, ?nanda-pa?caka) (dwelling on the bliss-nature of Brahman): The last five chapters go into details of Brahman as pure Bliss (Ananda). This is not worldly happiness but complex dissolution into eternal pleasure. Duality of Jiva and God merging into one Consciousness and Existence. This Atman ( Brahman) is the source of ultimate happiness the purpose of human life.[15]

Vidyaranya has succeeded in an eminent way in setting forth the essentials of Advaita which holds that the direct means to release is the path of knowledge (jnana), and as moksa is the very nature of the Self, it is not an experience which is to be brought about through works (karma) ".[15][16]



Viveka-panchaka (-)

Chapter 1 Tatvaviveka () - The discriminative knowledge of the ultimate Reality (main article Tatvaviveka)

Chapter 2 Mahabhutaviveka (?) - The discriminative knowledge of the five elements

Chapter 3 Panchakosaviveka () - The discrimination of the five sheaths

Chapter 4 Dvaitaviveka () - Discrimination of Duality

Chapter 5 Mahavakyavivekaya ()?) - Understanding the import of the Mahavakyas

Dipa-panchaka (-)

Chapter 6 Chitradeepa (?) - The Picture on Pure Consciousness

Chapter 7 Triptidipa () - Fulfillment on Realization of Pure Consciousness

Chapter 8 Kutasthadipa () - The Immutable Consciousness

Chapter 9 Dhyanadeepa (?) - Meditation on pure Consciousness

Chapter 10 Natakadipa () - The lamp of the theatre

Ananda-panchaka (-)

Chapter 11 Yogananda (?) - The Bliss Of Yoga

Chapter 12 Atmananda () - The Bliss of the Self

Chapter 13 Advaitananda (?) - The Bliss of Non-Duality

Chapter 14 Vidyananda () - The Bliss of Knowledge

Chapter 15 Vishayananda () - The happiness from external objects

See also


  1. ^ Ed. Eliot Deutsch, Rohit Dalvi (2004). The Essential Vedanta: A new source book of Advaita Vedanta. World Wisdom, Inc. pp. 353-359. ISBN 9780941532525.
  2. ^ "Panchadasi Introduction".
  3. ^ "Panchadasi" (PDF). Digital Books. Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, New Delhi. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e Vidyabhaskar, Ramavatar. Panchadasi (in Hindi). Krishnakumar Sharma, PO. Ratangarh, Dist. Bijnore, Uttar Pradesh.
  5. ^ "Monier Williams Online 2011". Retrieved .
  6. ^ "Panchadasi". Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Panchadasi of Vidyaranya; with English translation, explanatory notes and summary of each chapter by M. Srinivasa Rau ... and K.A. Krishnaswamy Aiyar".
  8. ^ Dhole, Nandalal (1899). A Handbook of Hindu Panteism. The Panchdasi of Sreemut Swami. 1 (2013 ed.). Heeralal Dhole Musjid Bari Street Calcutta.CS1 maint: location (link)
  9. ^ Subodh Kapoor (2002). Encyclopaedia of Ancient Indian Geography Vol.2. Genesis Publishing (P) Ltd. p. 620. ISBN 9788177552997.
  10. ^ Swami Swahananda. Pancadasi of Sri Vidyaranya Swami. Sri Ramakrishna Math. Archived from the original on 2014-02-21. Retrieved .
  11. ^ Madhava (1956). Panchadasi: A treatise on Advaita metaphysics (1956 ed.). Shanti Sadan. p. 3,4,6.
  12. ^ Farooqi Salma Ahmed (2011). A comprehensive history of Medieval India. Pearson Education India. p. 143. ISBN 9788131732021.
  13. ^ Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bombay Vol.22. 1908. p. 370.
  14. ^ Subodh Kapoor (2002). Encyclopaedia of Ancient Indian Geography Vol.2. Genesis Publishing (P) Ltd. p. 620. ISBN 9788177552997.
  15. ^ a b c d e Swami Krishnananda (1982). The philosophy of the Panchadasi (1982 ed.). Divine Life Society. p. iii.
  16. ^ Swami Swahananda. Pancadasi of Sri Vidyaranya Swami. Sri Ramakrishna Math. p. ix,xvii. Archived from the original on 2014-02-21. Retrieved .
  17. ^

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