Pedro Munoz Seca
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Pedro Munoz Seca
Pedro Muñoz Seca
Busto de Pedro Muñoz Seca en El Puerto de Santa María.jpg
BornPedro Muñoz Seca
(1879-02-21)21 February 1879
Puerto de Santa María, Andalusia, Spain
Died28 November 1936(1936-11-28) (aged 57)
Paracuellos de Jarama, Spain
OccupationWriter, dramatist
LanguageSpanish
NationalitySpanish
GenreAstracanada
SpouseMaría Asunción Ariza Díez de Bunes

Pedro Muñoz Seca (born February 20, 1879 in El Puerto de Santa María, Spain; died November 28, 1936 in Paracuellos de Jarama, Madrid, Spain[1] ) was a Spanish comic playwright. He was one of the most successful playwrights of his era.[2] He wrote approximately 300 dramatic works, both sainetes (short vignettes) and longer plays, often in collaboration with Pedro Pérez Fernández or Enrique García Álvarez.[3][4] His most ambitious and best known play is La venganza de Don Mendo (Don Mendo's Revenge, 1918); other major works include La barba de Carrillo (Carrillo's Beard, 1918) and Pepe Conde (1920).[4]

Early life and career

Muñoz Seca was born into a large family in El Puerto de Santa María, Cadiz, Spain, on February 20, 1879.[1] (Because Muñoz Seca loved palindromic numbers, however, he often claimed that he was born in 1881.[1][5] He also claimed to have been born at 10:15 pm, "the normal time for shows to start".[6]) Muñoz Seca attended primary school at the Jesuit school of San Luis Gonzaga in El Puerto de Santa María.[1] He then moved to Seville to study philosophy and law; he graduated in 1901.[1][2] While Muñoz Seca was still a student, his first plays premiered in El Puerto de Santa María (República estudiantil, Un Perfecto de pasivas, and El señor de Pilili) and in Seville (Las Guerreras).[1]

After his graduation, Muñoz Seca moved to Madrid.[1][2] There, he taught Latin, Greek, and Hebrew and later would work as a lawyer.[1][4][7] He often attended literary society meetings, and there met Sebastian Alonso.[1] The two collaborated on the play El Contrabando, which premiered in 1904.[1] Muñoz Seca entered public service in 1908, taking a post in the Ministry of Public Works and Transport.[1][4][8] Soon thereafter, he married María Asunción Ariza Díez de Bulnes; they would have nine children.[1][9]

Career as playwright and death

His work often employed "slang, puns, plays on words, caricature, parody, and dramatic tricks".[3] He was the inventor of a new genre of comic theatre, the astracanada, the most celebrated example of which is La venganza de Don Mendo, a satire of the romances popular in Spain at the turn of the century.[1]

Muñoz Seca's popularity grew after the premiere of La venganza de Don Mendo. Many of his later plays were very successful, including La pluma verde (1922), Los chatos (1924), La tela (1925), and Los extremeños se tocan (1927) (all written in collaboration with Pedro Pérez Fernández, but who contributed little to the works).[1][10] These works shifted away from costumbrismo toward Muñoz Seca's trademark astracanada.[1]

After the establishment of the Second Spanish Republic in 1931, Muñoz Seca was at the height of his career, though his dramatic output slowed.[1][11] Major works during this period include La voz de su amo (1933), Anacleto se divorcia (1932), La EME (1934), and La plasmatoria (1935). Muñoz Seca was a royalist and friend of Alfonso XIII, and his plays La oca (1931) and Jabalí (1932) sharply criticized the Second Republic.[1][7] In July 1936, after the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, he was arrested in Barcelona; he was later transported to Madrid.[1][7] A humorist to the end, he said to his court-martial, "You can take my hacienda, my land, my wealth, even--as you are going to do--my life. But there is one thing that you cannot take from me--the fear that I have!"[note 1] On November 28, 1936, he was executed by a Spanish Republican Army firing squad in the Paracuellos massacre.[1][2][7] His final words, addressed to the firing squad, were "I am starting to believe you are not intending to count me among your friends!"[18]

Legacy

The Pedro Muñoz Seca Municipal Theater in El Puerto de Santa María and the Muñoz Seca Theater in Madrid are named in Muñoz Seca's honor.

In 1995, the Pedro Muñoz Seca Foundation (Fundación Pedro Muñoz Seca) was established; it is sponsored by descendants of the author and by the government of El Puerto de Santa Maria.[19] The foundation maintains a small museum devoted to the author in his former family home in El Puerto de Santa Maria.[20][21][22]

Muñoz Seca is the grandfather of Spanish writer and journalist Alfonso Ussía.[23]

Dramatic works

  • República estudiantil
  • El espanto de Toledo
  • La novela de Rosario
  • Las inyecciones
  • ¡Usted es Ortiz!
  • Calamar
  • El alfiler
  • ¡Pégame, Luciano!
  • Satanelo
  • ¡Un! ¡Dos! ¡Tres!... ¡La niña para usted!
  • ¡Todo para ti!
  • El drama de Adán
  • Una que no sirve
  • Equilibrios
  • ¡Te quiero, Pepe!
  • Bronca en el ocho
  • El refugio
  • Los quince millones
  • La Eme
  • El gran ciudadano
  • El rey negro
  • ¡¡Cataplum!!
  • ¡Sola!
  • Las cuatro paredes
  • El verdugo de Sevilla
  • La venganza de Don Mendo
  • Los extremeños se tocan
  • La Oca
  • Anacleto se divorcia
  • El último pecado
  • La razón de la locura
  • ¡Por peteneras!
  • La canción húngara
  • Coba Fina
  • Las cosas de la vida
  • El medio ambiente
  • La Nicotina
  • Trampa y cartón
  • El milagro del santo
  • López de Coria
  • El incendio de Roma
  • Cachivache
  • Naide es ná
  • La perla ambarina
  • Lolita Tenorio
  • El marido de la Engracia
  • Albi-Melén
  • El voto de Santiago
  • El teniente alcalde de Zalamea
  • De rodillas a tus pies
  • La fórmula 3k3
  • Los rifeños
  • Un drama de Calderón
  • Trianerías
  • Las verónicas
  • La Tiziana
  • El mal rato
  • Los amigos del alma
  • Pepe Conde o el mentir de las estrellas
  • Martinglas
  • El clima de Pamplona
  • San Pérez
  • El parque de Sevilla
  • La hora del reparto
  • Tirios y troyanos
  • El número 15
  • De lo vivo a lo pintado
  • ¡Plancha!
  • El Goya
  • La pluma verde
  • El rey nuevo
  • La mujer de nieve
  • Los chatos
  • Bartolo tiene una flauta
  • La tela
  • Los campanilleros
  • El sonámbulo
  • La cabalgata de los Reyes
  • María Fernández
  • Seguidilla gitana
  • El voto
  • La caraba
  • La mala uva
  • La Lola
  • El rajáh de Cochin
  • Ali-Gui
  • ¡Un millón!
  • El sofá, la radio, el peque y la hija de Palomeque
  • ¿Qué tienes en la mirada?
  • Los ilustres gañanes
  • El cuatrigémino
  • La perulera
  • Una mujer decidida
  • El alma de corcho
  • Mi padre
  • El corzo
  • ¡No hay no!
  • Jabalí
  • Trastos viejos
  • La voz de su amo
  • El Ex...
  • Mi chica
  • El escándalo
  • ¡Soy un sinvergüenza!
  • Papeles
  • Marcelino fue por vino
  • La plasmatoria
  • Zape
  • Las guerreras
  • El contrabando
  • De balcón en balcón
  • Las tres cosas de Jérez
  • El lagar
  • El jilguerillo de los parrales
  • La neurastenia de Satanás
  • La cucaña de Solarillo
  • Fúcar XXI
  • Pastor y Borrego
  • La niña de las planchas
  • La frescura de Lafuente
  • La casa de los crímenes
  • La Remolino
  • El castillo de los ultrajes
  • La escala de Milán
  • La conferencia de Algeciras
  • El último Bravo
  • Los cuatro Robinsones
  • La mujer
  • El rayo
  • Poca cosa es un hombre
  • La cura
  • El clamor
  • La Academia
  • La tonta del rizo
  • Las cuatro paredes (posthumous, premiered in 1940)

Footnotes

  1. ^ "¡Podéis quitarme la hacienda, mis tierras, mi riqueza, incluso podéis quitarme, como vais a hacer, la vida, pero hay una cosa que no me podéis quitar, y es el miedo que tengo!"[12] Other versions of the quote have also been reported.[13][14][15][16] This phrase is often called his last words, but it was reported several weeks before his death.[17]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Biography". Fundación Pedro Muñoz Seca. Archived from the original on February 16, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d Alejo Fernández & Caballero Oliver 2003, p. 292.
  3. ^ a b Chandler & Schwartz 1991, p. 84.
  4. ^ a b c d Gonzalez-López 1980, p. 554.
  5. ^ Azcune 2007, p. 84.
  6. ^ Azcune 2007, p. 84 ("hora corriente de comenzar los espectáculos").
  7. ^ a b c d Pascual Martínez 1994, p. 696-97.
  8. ^ Mainer 2010, p. 328.
  9. ^ Mir Serra & Santamaría 2011, p. 170.
  10. ^ Gómez García 1998, p. 580.
  11. ^ "Pedro Muñoz Seca". Spain is Culture. Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport. Retrieved 2012.
  12. ^ Corniero Lera, Juan Carlos (June 22, 2011). "La España profunda que fusiló a Lorca". El Diario Montanes.
  13. ^ Ruiz Quintano, Ignacio (November 4, 2008). "¿Por qué mataron a Muñoz Seca?". ABC.
  14. ^ Demichieli, Tulio (February 10, 2010). "Los otros lorcas". ABC.
  15. ^ Robles, Francisco (November 14, 2009). "Las extremeñas se tocan". ABC.
  16. ^ Leer, vol. 22 p. 46. (ISSN 1130-7676.)
  17. ^ "Joke with courtmartial saves life of Spaniard". The St. Louis Star and Times. United Press. November 11, 1936. p. 5.
  18. ^ Berra, Paul (2016). Grave Tidings: An Anthology of Famous Last Words. Biteback Publishing. ISBN 9781785901447. Retrieved 14 May 2021.
  19. ^ "The Foundation". Fundación Pedro Muñoz Seca. Retrieved 2012.
  20. ^ "El Museo". Fundación Pedro Muñoz Seca. Retrieved 2012.
  21. ^ Spain. Michelin. 2010. p. 125. ISBN 978-1-906261-92-4.
  22. ^ "Fundación Pedro Muñoz Seca". Asociación de Casas-Museo y Fundaciones de Escritores. Archived from the original on May 8, 2008. Retrieved 2012.
  23. ^ Camarero, Jose M. (August 11, 2010). "Quiero volver a empezar sin mirar atrás". ABC.

Works cited

Further reading

  • Cantos Casenave, Marieta; Alberto Romero Ferrer (1998). Pedro Muñoz Seca y el teatro de humor contemporáneo: (1898-1936). Cádiz: Universidad de Cádiz. ISBN 84-7786-522-1.
  • Comision Pro-Homenaje a D. Pedro Muñoz Seca (1950). Homenaje a la memoria de Don Pedro Muñoz Seca. Puerto de Santa María: Talleres de Gráficas Andaluzas. OCLC 16641511.
  • Ferrer, Alberto Romero; Cantos Casenave, Marieta (2004). ¿De qué se venga Don Mendo?. El Puerto de Santa María: Fundación Pedro Muñoz Seca. ISBN 84-923295-3-X.
  • Montero Alonso, José (1939). Pedro Muñoz Seca: vida, ingenio y asesinato de un comediógrafo español. Madrid: Ediciones españolas. OCLC 3506723.
  • Peinado, Carlos Alba (2009). La censura del teatro republicano de Pedro Muñoz Seca. Madrid: Cátedra Valle-Inclán-Lauro Olmo, Ateneo de Madrid. ISBN 978-84-936415-4-2.
  • Ussía, Alfonso (1994). Pedro Muñoz Seca, el hombre y el teatro. Oviedo: Ayuntamiento de Oviedo. OCLC 431918085.
  • Varela Gilabert, Juan Ignacio (1979). Muñoz Seca a través de una amistad familiar. Puerto de Santa María: Fundación Municipal de Cultura. ISBN 84-500-3235-0.

External links


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