Pegaeae
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Pegaeae

In Greek mythology, the Pegaeae (; ?) were a type of naiad that lived in springs. They were often considered great aunts of the river gods (Potamoi), thus establishing a mythological relationship between a river itself and its springs.

List of Pegaeae

The number of Pegaeae included but was not limited to:[1]

Names Notes
Group
The Anigrides daughters of the river god Anigros, were believed to cure skin diseases[2][3]
The Corycian Nymphs
o Coryceia
o Cleodora
o Daphnis
o Melaina
The Cyrtonian nymphs local springs in the town of Cyrtones, Boeotia[4]
The Deliades daughters of Inopus, god of the river Inopus on the island of Delos[5]
The Himerian Naiads [6][7]
The Inachides daughters of the river god Inachus[8][9]
o Io
o Amymone
o Philodice [10]
o Messeis
o Hyperia
The Ionides [11]
o Calliphaea
o Iasis
o Pegaea
o Messeis
o Synallaxis
The Ithacian nymphs dwelled in sacred caves on Ithaca[12]
The Leibethrides [13][14]
o Libethrias
o Petra
The Mysian Naiads dwelled in the spring of Pegae near the lake Askanios in Bithynia and were responsible for the kidnapping of Hylas[15][16]
o Euneica
o Malis
o Nycheia [17]
The Ortygian nymphs local springs of Syracuse, Sicily[18]
The Rhyndacides daughters of the river god Rhyndacus
The Spercheides daughters of the river god Spercheus
Individuals:
o Albunea
o Alexirhoe daughter of the river god Grenikos[19]
o Archidemia [20]
o Arethusa [21][22][23]
o Castalia or Cassotis [24]
o Comaetho daughter or wife of the river god Cydnus[25]
o Cyane
o Dirce transformed into a spring (presumably into a nymph personifying it) after her death
o Gargaphie or Plataia one of the daughters of the river god Asopus
o Hagno one of the nurses of infant Zeus
o Ismene [26]
o Langia [27]
o Magea [20]
o Milichie [20]
o Metope wife of Asopus
o Pegasis daughter of the river god Grenikos[28]
o Peirene
o Pharmaceia nymph of a poisonous spring in Attika and Orithyia's playmate[29][30]
o Psanis a local spring in Arcadia
o Salmacis
o Strophia a spring on Mount Cithaeron near Thebes; barely personified[31]
o Telphousa
o Temenitis [20]

References

  1. ^ "Theoi Project - List of Nymphs and types of Nymphs". Archived from the original on 2010-08-20. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Strabo, Geography 8.3.19
  3. ^ Pausanias, Guide to Greece 5.5.11
  4. ^ Pausanias, Guide to Greece 9.24.4
  5. ^ Callimachus, Hymn IV to Delos, 252
  6. ^ Pindar, Odes Olympian, 12
  7. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 5. 5. 1
  8. ^ Callimachus, Aitia Fragment 66
  9. ^ Gaius Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 4. 374 ff
  10. ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron, 511
  11. ^ Pausanias, Guide to Greece 6.22.7
  12. ^ Homer, Odyssey 13.96 ff
  13. ^ Strabo, Geography 9.2.25; 10.3.17
  14. ^ Pausanias, Guide to Greece 9.34.4
  15. ^ Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 1. 1225 ff.
  16. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 14
  17. ^ Theocritus, Idylls, 13. 44
  18. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5.5.1
  19. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses 11. 762 ff
  20. ^ a b c d Pliny the Elder, Natural History 3. 89, in a list of Sicilian springs, of which only Arethousa and Cyane are known to have been personified
  21. ^ Strabo, Geography 6. 2. 4
  22. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses 5. 407 & 487 ff
  23. ^ Virgil, Aeneid 3. 694 ff
  24. ^ Pausanias, Guide to Greece 10.8.9; 10.24.7
  25. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca, 2. 143-144 & 40 141-143
  26. ^ Bibliotheca 2.6
  27. ^ Statius, Thebaid 4.716
  28. ^ Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 3.300
  29. ^ Plato, Phaedrus 229
  30. ^ "Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, v. 3, page 238". Archived from the original on 2011-05-14. Retrieved .
  31. ^ Callimachus, Hymn 4 to Delos 75 ff

Sources


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Pegaeae
 



 



 
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