People's Movement Party
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People's Movement Party
People's Movement Party
Partidul Mi?carea Popular?
PresidentCristian Diaconescu
Cornel C?t?lin Bulf
SpokesmanMihail Neam?u
Honorary PresidentTraian B?sescu
FounderTraian B?sescu
Founded29 January 2014 (2014-01-29)
Split fromDemocratic Liberal Party (PDL)
HeadquartersStrada Iorga nr. 11, Sector 1, Bucharest
Youth wingPeople's Movement Youth Organization (OT MP)
Women's wingMP Women's Organization
MembershipUndisclosed[1]
Ideology
Political positionCentre-right[14]
European affiliationEuropean People's Party
International affiliation
European Parliament groupEuropean People's Party
Associated organisationsNational Unity Party (Moldova)[15]
Colors  Green
  Blue
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
European Parliament
Mayors
County Councilors
Local Council Councilors
Website
pmponline.ro Edit this at Wikidata

The People's Movement Party (Romanian: Partidul Mi?carea Popular?, PMP) is a centre-right[14] Christian democratic,[2] national-conservative[7][8][16][3][4][5] political party in Romania.

History

The PMP was created as a political foundation in March, 2013 by supporters of then incumbent state president Traian B?sescu, following his break with the leadership of the Democratic Liberal Party (PDL) around former Senate president Vasile Blaga.[17] It was transformed into a political party in July, 2013[18] and re-launched on 29 January 2014.[19]

The PMP identifies itself as Christian democratic and liberal.[18] The new party's chairman after June 2014 was former minister of regional development and tourism and B?sescu's confidante Elena Udrea. Other notable members include former culture minister Theodor Paleologu, former foreign minister Teodor Baconschi, former minister of education Daniel Funeriu, member of European Parliament (MEP) Cristian Preda,[20] B?sescu's daughter and MEP Elena B?sescu.[21] and former Foreign Minister and head of the presidential administration Cristian Diaconescu.[22]

In the 2014 European election, the party won 6.2% of the votes and two of Romania's 32 seats. Its members of the European Parliament Siegfried Mure?an and Cristian Preda joined the European People's Party Group (EPP), although Preda has since been expelled from the party. On 12 September 2014, the PMP was admitted as a full member to the European People's Party.[23]

For the November 2014 presidential election, the PMP nominated Elena Udrea. She was also endorsed by the Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party (PN?CD). With 5.2% of the popular vote, she was placed fourth and did not qualify for the second round. The party asked its voters to support Klaus Iohannis of the National Liberal Party (PNL) in the runoff election.[24]

On 12 July 2016, Traian B?sescu announced that the National Union for the Progress of Romania (UNPR) would merge with PMP on 20 July 2016.[25] Subsequently, the union between the two parties failed and PMP lost several representatives both in the Senate and in the Chamber of Deputies.

In the 2020 legislative election, due to poor presence at the polling stations (33.30%) caused by the coronavirus pandemic, the party failed to earn 5% of the public vote and thereby failed to enter parliament. The episode was controversial to say at least as the party was very close to the threshold and had zero votes in several polling stations in which they had party representatives whose votes were nowhere to be found. As a result, the party contested the results and demanded recounting the votes in as many as 1,090 polling stations. Nonetheless, this demand was ultimately refused by the Central Electoral Bureau (Romanian: Biroul Electoral Central, BEC). This failure led the party president, Eugen Tomac, to resign from the party's leadership.[26]

After a party congress held on 7 March 2021, Cristian Diaconescu was elected the new president and designated the party's candidate for the forthcoming 2024 Romanian presidential election.[27]

Ideology

In the later years, the party became more traditionalist. Nowadays, it opposes the immigration of foreigners into EU (especially of Muslims), Marxism, socialism, globalisation and same-sex marriage.[28][8][4][5][29][30][31]

Leadership

  Also served as President of Romania
Name
Born - Died
Portrait Term start Term end Duration
-- Eugen Tomac
(Acting)
(1981-)
Eugen Tomac.png 23 June 2013 8 June 2014
1 Elena Udrea
(1973-)
Conventia PD-L 2013 - Elena Udrea (1) (cropped).jpg 8 June 2014 30 January 2015
-- Eugen Tomac
(Acting)
(1981-)
Eugen Tomac.png 30 January 2015 8 February 2015
2 Eugen Tomac
(1981-)
Eugen Tomac.png 8 February 2015 27 March 2016
3 Traian B?sescu
(1951-)
EPP Summit; Meise, Dec. 2013 (11449226465) (cropped 2).jpg 27 March 2016 16 June 2018
(2) Eugen Tomac
(1981-)
Eugen Tomac.png 16 June 2018 9 December 2020
-- Emil-Marius Pa?can [ro]
(Acting)
(1971-)
9 December 2020 7 March 2021
4 Cristian Diaconescu
(1959-)
Advocating the early entry into force of the CTBT, Article 14 Conference 2009 - Flickr - The Official CTBTO Photostream (145) (cropped).jpg 7 March 2021 Incumbent

Notable members

Current notable members

Former notable members

Electoral history

Legislative elections

Election Chamber Senate Position Aftermath
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
2012 did not exist1
did not exist
-- Extra-parliamentary opposition to USL government (2013-2014)
Opposition to PSD-UNPR-UDMR-PC government (2014)
Opposition to PSD-UNPR-ALDE government (2014-2015)
Supporting the technocratic Ciolo? Cabinet (2015-2017)
2016 376,891 5.35
398,791 5.65
 6th  Opposition to PSD-ALDE government (2017-2019)
Opposition to PSD minority government (2019)
Supporting PNL minority government (2019-2020)
2020 284,501 4.82
291,484 4.93
 6th  Extra-parliamentary support for PNL-USR PLUS-UDMR government (2020-present)

Notes:

1 These MPs were previously elected on the PDL list of the larger ARD electoral alliance at the 2012 legislative election.

Local elections

National results

Election County Councilors (CJ) Mayors Local Councilors (CL) Popular vote % Position
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
2016 368,985 4.46
304,924 3.57
360,035 4.30
368,985 4.46  5th 
2020 423,147 5.88
353,005 4.73
420,791 5.72
473,637 6.04  4th 

Mayor of Bucharest

Election Candidate First round
Votes Percentage Position
2016 Robert Turcescu 37,098
6.46%
 4th 
2020 Traian B?sescu 72,556
10.99%
 3rd 

Presidential elections

Election Candidate First round Second round
Votes Percentage Position Votes Percentage Position
2014 Elena Udrea1 493,376
5.20%
 4th  not qualified
2019 Theodor Paleologu 527,098
5.72%
 5th  not qualified

Notes:

1 Elena Udrea's candidacy to presidency in 2014 was also supported by the Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party (PN?CD).

European elections

Election Votes Percentage MEPs Position EU Party EP Group
2014 345,973 6.2% Steady
 6th  -- EPP Group
2019 522,104 5.7% Decrease
 5th  EPP EPP Group

References

  1. ^ "Cati membri au partidele din Romania. Ce partid a pierdut din adepti". 10 September 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  2. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2020). "Romania". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ a b c "People's Movement Party (PMP)". The Democratic Society. 19 May 2014. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ a b c "Parlamentarii PMP s-au întâlnit cu membri ai Congresului SUA: Sus?inem familia tradi?ional?". 26 July 2017.
  5. ^ a b c "Referendumul pentru familie: Cum se pozi?ioneaz? politicienii fa de evenimentul din weekend".
  6. ^ "Ghinea, critici la adresa lui Mihail Neam?u: M? face pe mine sexo-marxist. A luat-o spre un conservatorism bezmetic. Eu l-am ap?rat când a fost f?cut fascist".
  7. ^ a b "Mihail Neam?u, dup? atentatul de la Londra | Marea moschee comandat? de Erdogan în mijlocul Bucure?tiului trebuie s? fie un proiect mort ?i îngropat". 23 March 2017.
  8. ^ a b c "Traian B?sescu: "PMP nu va fi de acord cu transformarea UE într-o uria moschee"".
  9. ^ "VIDEO Traian B?sescu: Sunt un adversar neîmp?cat al transform?rii Europei într-o moschee / Laicizarea începe s? devin? o vulnerabilitate - Alegeri Europarlamentare 2019 - HotNews.ro". 21 May 2019.
  10. ^ D?borowski, Tomasz (11 January 2017). "Prospects for the centre-left government in Romania". Centre for Eastern Studies. Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ "Mitingul Mi?c?rii Populare ?i dedublarea intelectualilor". www.dw.com (in Romanian). March 17, 2014.
  12. ^ "Europa, atlantism, românii din str?in?tate".
  13. ^ Gherasim, Cristian (9 April 2019). "A former priest, a tennis no1 and an ex-national football coach: Romania's EU election candidates". Euronews..
  14. ^ a b Radu Cinpoes (2015). "Political Culture and Participation: Between Enthusiasm and Indifference?". In Lavinia Stan; Diane Vancea (eds.). Post-Communist Romania at Twenty-Five: Linking Past, Present, and Future. Lexington Books. p. 113. ISBN 978-1-4985-0110-1.
  15. ^ http://www.popflock.com/video?id=QbM-QW7M3vY
  16. ^ "VIDEO Traian B?sescu: Sunt un adversar neîmp?cat al transform?rii Europei într-o moschee / Laicizarea începe s? devin? o vulnerabilitate - Alegeri Europarlamentare 2019 - HotNews.ro". 21 May 2019.
  17. ^ Daniela Baragan (8 April 2013), Basescu ever closer to the People's Movement, PDL takes distance from him, NineO'Clock.ro, archived from the original on 9 April 2013
  18. ^ a b Popular Movement Party (PMP) officially registered, ActMedia.eu, 24 July 2013
  19. ^ Alina Grigoras (29 January 2014), People's Movement Party aims re-launching, NineO'Clock.ro
  20. ^ Alina Grigoras (9 February 2014), B?sescu starts electoral offensive through Popular Movement, NineO'Clock.ro
  21. ^ Elena B?sescu s-a înscris în PMP, dar NU va candida la europarlamentare. Cum s-a încurcat EBA la "testul electoral", Gândul.info, 24 March 2014
  22. ^ Cristian Diaconescu joins PMP, NineOclock.Ro, 20 May 2014
  23. ^ "EPP concerned over actions of radical Islamic militant groups and over latest political developments in Romania; welcomes five new member parties". European People's Party. 12 September 2014. Archived from the original on 13 April 2015.
  24. ^ "Udrea ultim îndemn c?tre electoratul PMP pentru a vota cu Iohannis". PaginadePolitic?.ro. 15 November 2014.
  25. ^ "UNPR fuzioneaz? prin absorb?ie cu PMP/ B?sescu: Gabriel Oprea r?mâne doar cu onoarea, partidul nu mai e dup? fuziune. Partidul se va numi Partidul Mi?carea Popular?" (in Romanian). Mediafax. 12 July 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  26. ^ "R?sturnare de situa?ie dup? alegeri: B?sescu a dat lovitua maxim?; e ?oc total în Romania: se fac toate calculele". Capital (in Romanian). Retrieved 2021.
  27. ^ "Cristian Diaconescu, ales pre?edinte al PMP ?i desemnat candidat al partidului la preziden?ialele din 2024" (in Romanian). Digi24. 7 March 2021.
  28. ^ "B?sescu vorbe?te de "expulzarea în mas?" a migran?ilor: "PMP nu va fi de acord cu transformarea UE într-o uria moschee"".
  29. ^ "S-a r?suflat Globalizarea?... La o sear? literal? cu Traian B?sescu". 7 January 2021.
  30. ^ "Basescu: Cea mai buna solutie de a face fata globalizarii este a fi membru UE".
  31. ^ "Traian B?sescu, în fa?a "greilor" Europei | DW | 18.10.2010".

External links


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