People's Party of the Valencian Community
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People's Party of the Valencian Community
People's Party of the Valencian Community
Partido Popular de la Comunidad Valenciana
PresidentCarlos Mazón
María José Catalá
SpokespersonEva Ortiz
Founded1989
HeadquartersC/ Quart, 102
46008 Valencia, Spain
IdeologyConservatism
Liberal conservatism
Christian democracy
Political positionCentre-right to
Right-wing
National affiliationPP
Colors  Sky blue
Corts Valencianes
Congress of Deputies
Senate
Local Government (2015)
Website
www.ppcv.com

The People's Party of the Valencian Community (Spanish: Partido Popular de la Comunidad Valenciana; Valencian: Partit Popular de la Comunitat Valenciana, PP or PPCV) is the Valencian branch of the People's Party, as well as one of the historically most powerful organizations within the PP.

Upon its foundation, the PPCV remained at opposition under the leadership of Pedro Agramunt. However, after Eduardo Zaplana was elected as new party leader in 1993, the party was able to win the 1995 election by a simple majority and form a coalition government with Valencian Union. In 1999 the party obtained the absolute majority in the Valencian Courts, which it held for the next 16 years.

The party, which turned into one of the most powerful organizations in the Valencian Community, was expelled from government in the 2015 election after a 20-year uninterrupted stay in power amid accusations of political corruption and illegal financing. Post-election agreements between Compromís, PSPV and Podemos, as well as other minor left-wing forces, deprived it from the government of most main cities in the Community, which it had been controlling for decades.

Alberto Fabra y Rajoy clausuran el mitin central del PPCV en la Plaza de Toros de Valencia

History

Final term (2011-2015)

Two months after the 2011 election, in which the PPCV enlarged its absolute majority, President Francisco Camps resigned because of his alleged implication in the Gürtel case, a corruption scandal affecting senior regional party members unveiled in 2009 and that, since then, had begun eroding support for the party in the Community.[1] Camps was replaced as President of the Valencian Government by Alberto Fabra.[2] The following years saw the unveiling of a series of corruption scandals that rocked the PPCV, involving party MPs,[3] mayors,[4] local councillors,[5] regional councillors,[6] Courts' speakers[7] and former regional president José Luis Olivas.[8] At one point, up to 20% of the party MPs in the Valencian Courts (11 out of 55) were charged in different corruption cases; a joke popularized at the time said that they would become the third political force in the Valencian Courts, only behind PP and PSOE, if they were to form their own parliamentary group.[9] The regional party leadership also had to cope with accusations of illegal financing[10] as well as possible embezzlement in the additional costs incurred in the Formula 1 project and Pope Benedict XVI's 2006 visit to Valencia.[11][12]

At the same time, the regional government had to deal with the effects of the ongoing financial crisis. Despite the community's decision to ask for a bailout from the central government headed by Mariano Rajoy in July 2012,[13] its economic situation remained severe. Fabra's government had to close down RTVV, the regional public television broadcasting channel, because of financing issues; a decision which was met with widespread protest.[14][15]

The 2014 European Parliament election resulted in enormous losses for the People's Party, which, in the largest Valencian cities, lost almost half of its votes in percentage terms compared to the previous elections. Both the economic crisis and corruption helped hasten the party's decline, which had already seen support drop in opinion polls since 2011.[16] By 2015, corruption scandals had begun to reach party icons such as long-time Mayor of Valencia Rita Barberá, involved in an expenses scandal, embezzlement and a possible illegal party funding scheme at the regional level. The "Imelsa case", another related scandal, shook the PP 2015 electoral campaign as leaked recordings allegedly belonging to public entity Imelsa former director, Marcos Benavent, involved senior party officials, such as Xàtiva Mayor and President of the Valencia Deputation Alfonso Rus [es], in an alleged illegal financing network of the Valencian PP.[17][18] The PP denounced Rus and expelled him from the party just 20 days ahead of the election, but he refused to withdraw as candidate and continued campaigning as an independent; the PP being unable to contest the local election in Xàtiva in a separate list.[19][20]

As a result of these combined events, the party suffered a spectacular collapse in popular support in the 2015 regional election, where it lost 44% of its seats and 46% of its 2011 party vote. Thanks to an agreement between the PSPV, Compromís and Podemos in which Ximo Puig was appointed as new regional President with Mònica Oltra as his deputy, the PPCV was expelled from power after two decades in office.

Operation Taula

'Operation Taula', a major police operation in Valencia that took place on 26 January 2016, resulted in the arrest of several former and current high-ranking members from the regional PP branch, as a consequence of the ongoing investigation on the PP's corruption in the region during its time in government.[21][22] Judicial investigation also pointed to former long-time Mayor of Valencia Rita Barberá as a participant in the scandal; her arrest or imputation only being prevented by the fact she had legal protection as an incumbent senator.[23] A few days later, on 1 February, all PP city councillors in the city of Valencia were charged for a possible money laundering offense, including new local party leader Alfonso Novo, as well as most members of Barberá's late government.[24]

Voices within the Valencian PP pointed to the party's refoundation in the region as a regionalist party, in order to try to distance itself as much as possible from the PPCV's past. Interim party leader Isabel Bonig claimed for an extraordinary party congress to be held to rethink the structure and future of the party in the Valencian Community, emphasizing its Valencian roots.[25]

Leaders

Party Presidents

Presidents of the Valencian Government

Election results

Corts Valencianes

Corts Valencianes
Election Vote % Score Seats +/- Leader Status in legislature
Status Period
1991 558,617 27.82% 2nd
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg6[a] Pedro Agramunt Opposition 1991-1995
1995 1,013,859 42.83% 1st
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg11 Eduardo Zaplana Majority coalition (PP-UV) 1995-1999
1999 1,085,011 47.88% 1st
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg7 Majority government 1999-2015
2003 1,146,780 47.17% 1st
Red Arrow Down.svg1 Francisco Camps
2007 1,277,458 52.52% 1st
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg6
2011 1,211,112 49.42% 1st
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1
2015 658,612 26.61% 1st
Red Arrow Down.svg24 Alberto Fabra Opposition 2015-present
2019 508,534 19.12% 2nd
Red Arrow Down.svg12 Isabel Bonig

Cortes Generales

Cortes Generales
Election Valencian Community
Congress Senate
Vote % Score Seats +/- Seats +/-
1989 572,101 27.00% 2nd
Red Arrow Down.svg1[b]
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0[b]
1993 987,317 40.48% 1st
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg6
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg5
1996 1,130,813 43.73% 1st
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1
2000 1,267,062 52.11% 1st
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg4
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
2004 1,242,800 46.78% 1st
Red Arrow Down.svg2
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
2008 1,415,793 51.59% 1st
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
2011 1,390,233 53.32% 1st
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
2015 838,135 31.26% 1st
Red Arrow Down.svg9
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
2016 919,229 35.44% 1st
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
2019 (Apr) 498,680 18.56% 2nd
Red Arrow Down.svg6
Red Arrow Down.svg6
2019 (Nov) 583,121 23.07% 2nd
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg3

European Parliament

European Parliament
Election Valencian Community
Vote % Score
1989 390,500 22.75% 2nd
1994 882,448 44.19% 1st
1999 1,080,472 47.66% 1st
2004 868,948 49.72% 1st
2009 984,005 52.23% 1st
2014 510,586 29.01% 1st
2019 522,998 22.60% 2nd

Notes

  1. ^ Compared to People's Alliance totals in the 1987 regional election.
  2. ^ a b Compared to People's Coalition totals in the 1986 general election.

References

  1. ^ "Francisco Camps resigns". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2011-07-21.
  2. ^ "Alberto Fabra replaces Camps at the head of the PPCV and the Generalitat". El País (in Spanish). 2011-07-21.
  3. ^ "The presence of 20% of accused MPs divides the Valencian PP". El País (in Spanish). 2013-06-29.
  4. ^ "Judge charges Castedo again for benefitting the constructor Ortiz". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2014-09-19.
  5. ^ "The PP has fifty defendants in municipal offices". El País (in Spanish). 2015-01-10.
  6. ^ "Valencian councillor resigns after being accused of leaking a secret report" (in Spanish). Cadena SER. 2012-11-30.
  7. ^ "Juan Cotino, accused for the contracts with Gürtel during the Pope's visit". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2014-11-10.
  8. ^ "Olivas, imputed for tax fraud in the advising of Vicente Cotino". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2014-06-02.
  9. ^ "Those charged within the Valencian PP would become the third political force in the Courts" (in Spanish). Hoy. 2013-06-09.
  10. ^ "The Judge processes 19 people for the illegal financing of the Valencian PP". El País (in Spanish). 2014-12-16.
  11. ^ "The corruption in the Valencian PP, from A to Z" (in Spanish). El Diario. 2014-08-11.
  12. ^ "The Valencian bonfire of PP corruption". El País (in Spanish). 2014-11-16.
  13. ^ "The Valencian Community asks for a bailout". Público (in Spanish). 2012-07-20.
  14. ^ "Fabra closes down the Valencian television after Justice's overthrowing of the ERE". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2013-11-05.
  15. ^ "Protests for the closing down of Channel 9 encircle Fabra and isolate the PP" (in Spanish). El Diario. 2013-12-04.
  16. ^ "The PP vote collapses in the largest cities and gives the key to minority parties". El País (in Spanish). 2014-05-06.
  17. ^ "Imelsa case: Rus counts money in a recording; "one thousand, two thousand, three thousand... two million pesetas"". 20 Minutos (in Spanish). 2015-05-03.
  18. ^ "The 'Imelsa case' disturbs Fabra and Barberá's campaigns". El País (in Spanish). 2015-05-09.
  19. ^ "Fabra expels Rus for corruption just 20 days before the election". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2015-05-03.
  20. ^ "Alfonso Rus will be Xàtiva PP candidate despite being suspended" (in Spanish). ABC. 2015-05-22.
  21. ^ "24 arrested in an anti-corruption operation centered in Valencia". El País (in Spanish). 2016-01-26.
  22. ^ "Arrested former PPCV President, Alfonso Rus, in corruption and money laundering charges". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2016-01-26.
  23. ^ "Corruption investigation in Valencia points to Rita Barberá". El País (in Spanish). 2016-01-26.
  24. ^ "Judge charges all PP city councillors for money laundering of Barberá's illegal funds". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2016-02-01.
  25. ^ "The Valencian PP already plans on its refoundation". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2016-02-03.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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