The Politics of Emilia-Romagna, Italy takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Legislative Assembly.
The region has long been a stronghold of the Italian Communist Party and its successors, from the Democratic Party of the Left to the present-day Democratic Party, and is part of the so-called "Red belt", along with Tuscany, Marche and Umbria.
The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President, the Ministers (Assessori), who are currently 12, including a vice president and one Under-Secretary for in President's office.
The Legislative Assembly of Emilia-Romagna (Assemblea Legislativa dell'Emilia-Romagna) is composed of 50 members. 40 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 10 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the council with PR, only 5 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 45. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes special seats are added to the council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.
The council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent clause introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the council is dissolved and a snap election is called.
Socialist and communist ideas had an early diffusion in quite all the provinces around World War I. After the Fascist parenthesis, left-wing parties found their strongholds in Emilia-Romagna, also known as the "red region of Italy".
|Bologna||1,012,535||Virginio Merola||Democratic Party||2015|
|Ferrara||346,034||Barbara Paron||Democratic Party||2018|
|Forlì-Cesena||394,654||Gabriele Antonio Fratto||Centre-left independent||2018|
|Modena||702,983||Gian Domenico Tomei||Democratic Party||2018|
|Parma||451,666||Diego Rossi||Civic list||2018|
|Piacenza||286,731||Patrizia Barbieri||Centre-right independent||2018|
|Ravenna||390,433||Michele De Pascale||Democratic Party||2016|
|Reggio Emilia||532,102||Giorgio Zanni||Democratic Party||2018|
|Rimini||338,035||Riziero Santi||Democratic Party||2018|
Tuscany is also divided in 331 comuni (municipalities), which have even more history, having been established in the Middle Ages when they were the main places of government. 17 comuni (9 provincial capitals) have more than 35,000 inhabitants.
|Bologna||390,198||Virginio Merola||Democratic Party||2016|
|Forlì||117,892||Gian Luca Zattini||League||2019|
|Modena||185,045||Gian Carlo Muzzarelli||Democratic Party||2019|
|Parma||197,132||Federico Pizzarotti||Italy in Common||2017|
|Piacenza||103,398||Patrizia Barbieri||Independent (centre-right)||2017|
|Ravenna||158,503||Michele De Pascale||Democratic Party||2016|
|Reggio Emilia||172,196||Luca Vecchi||Democratic Party||2019|
|Rimini||150,013||Andrea Gnassi||Democratic Party||2016|
|Cesena||97,216||Paolo Lucchi||Democratic Party||2017|
|Carpi||71,281||Alberto Bellelli||Democratic Party||2019|
|Imola||69,924||Marco Panieri||Democratic Party||2020|
|Faenza||58,863||Massimo Isola||Democratic Party||2020|
|Sassuolo||40,863||Gian Francesco Menani||Independent (centre-right)||2019|
|Casalecchio di Reno||36,509||Massimo Bosso||Democratic Party||2019|
|Cento||35,485||Fabrizio Toselli||Civic List||2016|
|Riccione||35,044||Renata Tosi||Independent (centre-right)||2017|
In the latest regional election, which took place on 26 January 2020, Stefano Bonaccini (Democratic Party) was re-elected President of Emilia-Romagna, despite a strong challenge posed by Lucia Borgonzoni (Lega Nord Emilia-Romagna).
|Stefano Bonaccini||1,195,742||51.42||1||Democratic Party||749,976||34.69||22|
|Bonaccini for President||124,591||5.76||3|
|Brothers of Italy||185,796||8.59||3|
|Borgonzoni for President||37,462||1.73||-|
|Cambiamo!-The People of Family||6,341||0.29||-|
|Youths for the Environment||6,007||0.28||-|
|Simone Benini||80,823||3.48||-||Five Star Movement||102,595||4.74||2|
|Domenico Battaglia||10,979||0.47||-||3V Movement||11,187||0.52||-|
|Laura Bergamini||10,269||0.44||-||Communist Party||10,287||0.48||-|
|Marta Collot||7,029||0.30||-||Power to the People||8,048||0.37||-|
|Stefano Lugli||5,983||0.26||-||The Other Emilia-Romagna||7,830||0.36||-|
|Blank and invalid votes||48,477||2.04|
|Total candidates||2,325,497||100.00||2||Total parties||2,162,216||100.00||48|
|Source: Ministry of the Interior - Election in Emilia-Romagna|