The politics of Rhineland-Palatinate takes place within a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic, where the Federal Government of Germany exercises sovereign rights with certain powers reserved to the states of Germany including Rhineland-Palatinate. The state has a multi-party system where the two main parties are the center-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the center-left Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD).
Every five years, all Germans residing in the State over the age of 18 elect the members of the Rhineland-Palatinate Landtag. This regional parliament or legislature then elects the Minister-President and confirms the cabinet members. Rhineland-Palatinate is the only German Bundesland to have a cabinet minister for winegrowing (ministry of economy, traffic, agriculture and winegrowing)
In the election, the SPD suffered large loss, falling by 10% of the vote and winning only one seat more than the Christian Democratic Union. The main winners were Alliance '90/The Greens, who surged to over 15% of the vote, having failed to even break through the 5% threshold in 2006. In 2011, however, the Free Democratic Party failed to break through 5%, and thus lost the 10 seats they'd won in 2006.
|Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)||618,176||32.2||28||690,962||35.7||0.5||11||39||0|
|Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU)||604,088||31.4||23||535,318||27.7||4.1||8||31||4|
|Alliance 90/The Greens (GRÜNE)||210,022||10.9||1||179,860||9.3||4.0||9||10||4|
|Alternative for Germany (AfD)||145,383||7.6||0||160,293||8.3||4.3||9||9||5|
|Free Democratic Party (FDP)||115,530||6.0||0||106,809||5.5||0.7||6||6||1|
|Free Voters (FW)||143,940||7.5||0||103,619||5.4||3.2||6||6||6|
|The Left (LINKE)||54,139||2.8||0||48,206||2.5||0.3||0||0||0|
|Human Environment Animal Protection||-||-||-||32,527||1.7||New||0||0||New|
|Climate List RLP||9,477||0.5||0||13,681||0.7||New||0||0||New|
|Ecological Democratic Party||8,198||0.4||0||13,406||0.7||0.3||0||0||0|
|Pirate Party Germany||1,820||0.1||0||10,393||0.5||0.3||0||0||0|
|Grassroots Democracy Party of Germany||229||0.0||0||-||-||-||-||0||New|
|Source: State Returning Officer|