Portal:Australia
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Portal:Australia

Flag of Australia (converted).svg Welcome to the Australia portal!

Introduction  

View from Connors Hill in Shire of East Gippsland, Victoria, Australia - show another panorama
View from Connors Hill in Shire of East Gippsland, Victoria, Australia - show another panorama

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country. Australia's population of nearly 26 million, in an area of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi), is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Canberra is the nation's capital, while the largest city is Sydney, and other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

Indigenous Australians inhabited the continent for about 65,000 years, prior to the first arrival of Dutch explorers in the early 17th century, who named it New Holland. In 1770, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the time of an 1850s gold rush, most of the continent had been explored by European settlers and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories.

Australia is the oldest, flattest, and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils. It is a megadiverse country, and its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes and climates, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east, and mountain ranges in the south-east. Australia generates its income from various sources, including mining-related exports, telecommunications, banking, manufacturing, and international education.

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Koala climbing tree.jpg
The koala or, inaccurately, koala bear (Phascolarctos cinereus), is an arboreal herbivorous marsupial native to Australia. It is the only extant representative of the family Phascolarctidae and its closest living relatives are the wombats, which are members of the family Vombatidae. The koala is found in coastal areas of the mainland's eastern and southern regions, inhabiting Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia. It is easily recognisable by its stout, tailless body and large head with round, fluffy ears and large, spoon-shaped nose. The koala has a body length of 60-85 cm (24-33 in) and weighs 4-15 kg (9-33 lb). Fur colour ranges from silver grey to chocolate brown. Koalas from the northern populations are typically smaller and lighter in colour than their counterparts further south. These populations possibly are separate subspecies, but this is disputed. (Full article...)

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Head and shoulders portrait of a man with a moustache in a suit and tie with a high collar.
Lieutenant General Sir James Whiteside McCay, (21 December 1864 - 1 October 1930), who often spelt his surname M'Cay, was an Australian general and politician. (Full article...)

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In the news  

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11 June 2021 - COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in Australia
Lockdown restrictions are eased in Melbourne after a decrease in COVID-19 cases. Schools and businesses reopen in a limited capacity. People are allowed to travel up to 25 km (16 mi) from their home and hold public gatherings of up to 10 people. However, most home visits remain banned and masks are still mandatory in indoor settings. Restrictions are eased further in regional Victoria, where gyms are reopened and private gatherings of up to two people and public gatherings of up to 20 people are allowed. (The Guardian)
7 June 2021 - Immigration detention in Australia
The Federal Court of Australia finds an Iraqi asylum seeker detained for over two years was unlawfully imprisoned and orders the Commonwealth government to pay him AU$350,000 in damages. The case is expected to set a precedent for refugee rights claims in the future. (The Guardian)
4 June 2021 - COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in Australia
Some lockdown restrictions are lifted in regional Victoria as health authorities are confident that the current outbreak is limited to the state capital of Melbourne. Restrictions will remain in place in Greater Melbourne for another week. A 5 km (3.1 mi) travel limit is extended to 10 km (6.2 mi), and QR check ins at public places are now mandatory. (The Guardian)
3 June 2021 - COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in Australia


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A Fig-lined avenue in Hyde Park.

Hyde Park is a large park in the New South Wales capital of Sydney. Named after the original Hyde Park in London, it is the southernmost of a chain of parkland that extends north to the shore. It takes the form of an approximate rectangle. Around the park's boundaries lie the Supreme Court of New South Wales, Hyde Park Barracks and Sydney Hospital to the north, St Mary's Cathedral to the east and the central business district to the west. The centrepiece of Hyde Park is the majestic Archibald Fountain, unveiled in 1932 in honour of Australia's contribution to the Great War in France.

Photo credit: Greg O'Beirne

On this day  

14 June:

Turon River close to Sofala on the road to Hill End


General images  

The following are images from various Australia-related articles on Wikipedia.


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WikiProject  

Flag of the Commonwealth of Australia
Coat of Arms of the Commonwealth of Australia
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Consider joining WikiProject Australia, a WikiProject dedicated to improving Wikipedia's coverage of topics related to Australia. The project page and its subpages contain suggestions on formatting and style of articles, which can be discussed at the project's notice board. To participate, simply add your name to the project members page.

As of 13 June 2021, there are 185,530 articles within the scope of WikiProject Australia. Including non-article pages, such as talk pages, redirects, categories, etcetera, there are 460,094 pages in the project.

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  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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