Portal:Faroe Islands
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Portal:Faroe Islands

The Faroe Islands Portal

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The Faroe Islands, or the Faroes (also written Faeroes; pronounced ; Faroese: Føroyar, pronounced ['foe?ja?] ; Danish: Færøerne), are a North Atlantic archipelago located 320 kilometres (200 mi) north-northwest of Scotland, and about halfway between Norway and Iceland. Like Greenland, it is a constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark. The islands have a total area of about 1,400 square kilometres (540 sq mi) with a population of 52,703 as of September 2020.

The terrain is rugged; the climate is subpolar oceanic climate (Cfc)--windy, wet, cloudy, and cool. Temperatures average above freezing throughout the year because of the Gulf Stream. As a result of the moderation and the northerly latitude, summers normally hover around 12 °C (54 °F). Average temperatures are 5 °C (41 °F) in winter. The northerly latitude location also results in perpetual civil twilight during summer nights and very short winter days.

Between 1035 and 1814, the Faroe Islands were part of the Kingdom of Norway, which was in a personal union with Denmark from 1450. In 1814, the Treaty of Kiel transferred Norway to the King of Sweden, on the winning side of the Napoleonic Wars, whereas Denmark retained the Faroe Islands, along with Greenland and Iceland.

While part of the Kingdom of Denmark, the Faroe Islands have been self-governing since 1948, controlling most areas apart from military defence, policing, justice, currency, and foreign affairs. Because the Faroe Islands are not part of the same customs area as Denmark, the country has an independent trade policy, and can establish trade agreements with other states. The Faroes have an extensive bilateral free trade agreement with Iceland, known as the Hoyvík Agreement. In the Nordic Council, they are represented as part of the Danish delegation. In certain sports, the Faroe Islands field their own national teams. (Full article...)

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A sports complex surrounded by houses near to the sea.
Tórsvøllur in Tórshavn is one of two stadiums used by the Faroe Islands to host matches. The other is Svangaskarð in Toftir.

The Faroe Islands national football team represents the Faroe Islands in association football and is controlled by the Faroe Islands Football Association (FSF), the governing body of the sport in the country. It competes as a member of the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA), which encompasses the countries of Europe. Organised football has been played in the country since the 19th century; Tvøroyrar Bóltfelag was its first club, founded in 1892. Initially, clubs played friendlies to determine the winner of an unofficial championship, with matches being contested home and away, depending on the weather and the state of the generally uneven grass pitches. The Faroe Islands Sports Association was formed in 1939, and three years later a national league was created. Cup competitions were introduced in 1955 before the FSF was founded on 13 January 1979.

The Faroe Islands joined the International Federation of Association Football (FIFA) on 2 July 1988, and played its first official match--a 1-0 defeat against Iceland--on 24 August 1988. The nation recorded its first victory in its next friendly, 1-0 against Canada. On 18 April 1990, the Faroe Islands became a member of UEFA and entered its first major international competition later that year: the qualifying rounds for the 1992 UEFA European Football Championship. The team won their first competitive match on 12 September 1990 when they defeated Austria 1-0. The Faroe Islands made its first appearance in the qualifying rounds of the FIFA World Cup during the 1994 edition, but the country has yet to reach the finals of either competition. (Full article...)

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Scenery from Hvalba, on the southernmost island of Suðuroy
Scenery from Hvalba, on the southernmost island of Suðuroy in the Faroe Islands. Shown in the foreground is a flock of Faroes sheep and just visible in the background is the island of Lítla Dímun.

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