Pozsony County
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Pozsony County

Pozsony County
Comitatus Posoniensis  (Latin)
Pozsony vármegye  (Hungarian)
Komitat Pressburg  (German)
Pre?porská ?upa  (Slovak)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(c. 1000-1923)
Coat of arms of Pozsony
Coat of arms
Pozsony.png
CapitalPozsony
Area
 o Coordinates48°9?N 17°7?E / 48.150°N 17.117°E / 48.150; 17.117Coordinates: 48°9?N 17°7?E / 48.150°N 17.117°E / 48.150; 17.117
 
o 1910
4,370 km2 (1,690 sq mi)
Population 
o 1910
389750
History 
o Established
c. 1000
o Treaty of Trianon
4 June 1920
o Merged into Gy?r-Moson-Pozsony County
1923
Today part of Slovakia
(4,323 km2)
 Hungary
(47 km2)
Bratislava is the current name of the capital.

Pozsony county was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now mostly part of Slovakia, while a small area belongs to Hungary. In 1969, the three villages that remained in Hungary were combined to form Dunasziget.

Its name changed along with that of the city of Pressburg (Hungarian: Pozsony, today's Bratislava). Its names around 1900 were Pozsony vármegye in Hungarian, Pre?purská ?upa in Slovak and Preßburger Gespanschaft in German.

Geography

Map of Pozsony county in the Kingdom of Hungary (1891)
Map of Pozsony, 1891
Former county of Pozsony superimposed on map of contemporary Slovakia

The county shared borders with the Austrian land of Lower Austria and the Hungarian counties Nyitra, Komárom, Gy?r and Moson. It was situated between the river Morava in the west, the river Danube in the south, and the river Váh (Hungarian: Vág) in the east. The southern part of the Little Carpathians divided the county into two. It also covered most of the island known today as ?itný ostrov (Hungarian: Csallóköz) between the Danube and the Little Danube. Its area was 4,370 km² around 1910.

Seats

The seats of Pozsony county were the Pozsony Castle (present-day Bratislava Castle) and Somorja (present-day ?amorín), and from the 18th century onwards the town of Pressburg.

History

A sort of predecessor to Pozsony county may be existed as early as the 9th century during the time of Great Moravia.[] After Pozsony county's territory had become part of the Kingdom of Hungary, the Hungarian comitatus was created around 1000 or even earlier. It was one of the first counties created in the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory comprised roughly what is today Bratislava Region and Trnava Region. Throughout its history it was among the most prosperous territories of Hungary, and until the late 18th century it was particularly advanced and prosperous. In the 18th and 19th century, the population consisted of Germans (mainly in Pressburg and larger towns), Hungarians (mainly in the south, some suburbs of Pressburg,[a] Slovaks (mainly in the north and in the suburbs of Pressburg[b] and Croats (mainly in the suburbs of Pressburg).

In the aftermath of World War I, most of Pozsony county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia, as recognized by the concerned states in 1920 by the Treaty of Trianon. As Bratislava county, it continued to exist until 1927 in Czechoslovakia, but it had completely different powers and somewhat modified borders. A small part south of the river Danube remained part of Hungary and joined Gy?r-Moson-Pozsony county.

Following the provisions of the First Vienna Award, the southeastern part of the area (?itný ostrov, Senec, Galanta) became part of Hungary again in November 1938. The approximate Trianon borders were restored after World War II.

Demographics

1900

In 1900, the county had a population of 367,417 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[2]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[3]

Total:

1910

Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description)

In 1910, the county had a population of 389,750 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[4]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[5]

Total:

Subdivisions

Pozsony county administrative map.jpg

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Pozsony county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
  Dunaszerdahely Dunaszerdahely (now Dunajská Streda)
  Galánta Galánta (now Galanta)
  Malacka Malacka (now Malacky)
  Nagyszombat Nagyszombat (now Trnava)
  Pozsony Pozsony (now Bratislava)
  Somorja Somorja (now ?amorín)
  Szenc Szenc (now Senec)
  Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)
Pozsony (now Bratislava)
  Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Bazin (now Pezinok)
Modor (now Modra)
Nagyszombat (now Trnava)
Szentgyörgy (now Svätý Jur)

Notes

  1. ^ In 1900: particularly present-day Podunajské Biskupice and Vraku?a (cca 90 %)
  2. ^ In 1900: present-day Lama?, Dúbravka, Záhorská Bystrica - more than 93% of the population, present-day Vajnory (93 %) and Ra?a (75 %).[1]

References

  1. ^ Bu?ek, Ján; Pavol, Korec, eds. (2013). Moderná humánna geografia mesta Bratislava: priestorové ?truktúry, siete a procesy [Modern Human Geography of Bratislava: spatial structures, networks and processes] (PDF). Bratislava: Univerzita Komenského, Prírodovedecká fakulta Katedra humánnej geografie a demografie. pp. 60-61. ISBN 978-80-223-3516-4.
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012.
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012.
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012.
  5. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Pozsony_County
 



 



 
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