Prahova County
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Prahova County
Prahova County
Jude?ul Prahova
Coat of arms of Prahova County
Administrative map of Romania with Prahova county highlighted
Coordinates: 45°06?N 26°01?E / 45.1°N 26.02°E / 45.1; 26.02Coordinates: 45°06?N 26°01?E / 45.1°N 26.02°E / 45.1; 26.02
CountryRomania
Development regionSud
Historical regionMuntenia
CapitalPloie?ti
Government
 o PrefectIulian Dumitrescu (PNL)
Area
 o Total4,716 km2 (1,821 sq mi)
Area rank33rd
Population
(2011)
 o Total762,886
 o Rank3rd
 o Density160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Telephone code(+40) 244 or (+40) 344[1]
ISO 3166 codeRO-PH
GDP (nominal)US$ 7.012 billion (2015)
GDP per capitaUS$ 9,191 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Council
Prefecture

Prahova County (Romanian pronunciation: ['prahova]) is a county (jude?) of Romania, in the historical region Muntenia, with the capital city at Ploie?ti.

Demographics

In 2011, it had a population of 762,886 and the population density was 161/km². It is Romania's third most populated county (after the Municipality of Bucharest and Ia?i County),[2] having a population density double that of the country's mean.

Year County population[4]
1948 557,776
1956 Increase 623,817 (1.41%)
1966 Increase 701,057 (1.17%)
1977 Increase 817,168 (1.40%)
1992 Increase 873,229 (0.44%)
2002 Decrease 829,945 (-0.51%)
2011 Decrease 762,886 (-0.93%)

The county received an inflow of population who have moved here due to the industrial development.

Geography

This county has a total area of 4,716 km².

The relief is split in approximately equal parts between the mountains, the hills and the plain. In the North side there are mountains from the southern end of the Eastern Carpathians - the Curvature Carpathians group; and the Bucegi Mountains the Eastern end of the Southern Carpathians group. The two groups are separated by the Prahova River Valley.

The south side of the county is a plain, on the North West side of the Romanian Plain.

The main river is the eponymous Prahova River. It flows from the mountains, through the Prahova Valley collecting many other rivers - the Doftana River, the Teleajen River and others.

Neighbours

Economy

The area contains the main oil reserves in Romania,[] with a longstanding tradition in extracting and refining the oil. The county is heavily industrialised, more than 115,000 people being involved in industrial activities. It contributes to over 8% of the country's industrial production.[] Some of the biggest international corporations like Coca-Cola, Unilever, InBev, Johnson Controls, Cameron, Weatherford, Michelin, Timken and others have invested heavily in the recent years.[]

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Oil industry - almost 50% of the county's industrial production.
  • Oil extracting equipment.
  • Chemical industry.
  • Rubber industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.
  • Food and beverages industry.
  • Textile industry.

Agriculture is also developed - in the southern part mainly extensive agriculture and the hills area is well suited for wines and fruit orchards. In total it realises about 3% of the country's agricultural production.

Tourism

The Prahova Valley is one of the areas with the highest tourist potential in the country having one of the best tourism facilities in Romania.

The main tourist destinations are:

Politics

The Prahova County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 36 counsellors, with the following party composition:[5]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  PNL-USR PLUS Alliance 17                                  
  Alliance For Prahova (PSD) 11                                  
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (ALDE) 3                                  
  People's Movement Party (PMP) 3                                  
  Prahova In Action Party 2                                  

Administrative divisions

Prahova County has 2 municipalities, 12 towns and 90 communes

Ploie?ti

Municipalities

  • Câmpina - population: 32,935 (as of 2011)
  • Ploie?ti - capital city; population: 209,945 (as of 2011)

Towns

Communes

Historical county

Jude?ul Prahova
County (Jude?)
The building of the Prahova County court from the interwar period, now the Ploie?ti Palace of Culture.
The building of the Prahova County court from the interwar period, now the Ploie?ti Palace of Culture.
Coat of arms of Jude?ul Prahova
Romania 1930 county Prahova.png
CountryFlag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic regionMuntenia
Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)Ploie?ti, then spelt Ploe?ti
Area
 o Total5,040 km2 (1,950 sq mi)
Population
(1930)
 o Total477,750
 o Density95/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, the county was located in the south central part of Greater Romania, in the central part of the historical region of Muntenia. Its capital was Ploie?ti (then spelt Ploe?ti). The interwar county territory comprised a large part of the current Prahova County, except the town of Mizil and several nearby villages that were then in Buz?u County. In addition to the current county's territory, the interwar county contained several communes in its western part (including D?rm?ne?ti, I.L. Caragiale, and Moreni), currently in Dâmbovi?a County, and some territory northwest of Predeal, now in Bra?ov County.

Administration

Map of Prahova County as constituted in 1938.

The county was originally divided into seven administrative districts (pli):[6]

  1. Plasa Câmpina, headquartered at Câmpina
  2. Plasa Dr?g?ne?ti, headquartered at Dr?g?ne?ti
  3. Plasa Filipe?ti, headquartered at Filipe?ti
  4. Plasa Ploie?ti, headquartered at Ploe?ti
  5. Plasa Sinaia, headquartered at Sinaia
  6. Plasa Urla?i, headquartered at Urla?i
  7. Plasa V?leni, headquartered at V?leni

Subsequently, the county established three more districts:

  1. Plasa Câmpu, headquartered at Câmpu
  2. Plasa Podgoria, headquartered at Podgoria
  3. Plasa V?rbil?u, headquartered at V?rbil?u

Population

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 477,750 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 95.0% Romanians, 1.5% Gypsies, 0.9% Jews, 0.8% Hungarians, 0.7% Germans, as well as other minorities.[7] From the religious point of view, the population was 96.0% Eastern Orthodox, 1.2% Roman Catholic, 1.0% Jewish, 0.6% Lutherans, 0.5% Greek Catholic, as well as other minorities.[8]

Urban population

In 1930, the county's urban population was 105,098 inhabitants, comprising 88.8% Romanians, 3.5% Jews, 1.9% Hungarians, 1.7% Germans, 1.4% Romanies, as well as other minorities.[7] From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 89.2% Eastern Orthodox, 3.6% Jewish, 3.3% Roman Catholic, 1.5% Lutheran, 1.3% Greek Catholic, 0.6% Reformed, as well as other minorities.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia dup? etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia la recens?mintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 ?i 2002" Archived 2006-09-22 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electoral? Permanent?. Retrieved .
  6. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Jude?ul Prahova
  7. ^ a b Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 338-339
  8. ^ a b Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 690

External links


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Prahova_County
 



 



 
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