Pre-Samnite Language
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Pre-Samnite Language
Native toItaly
Era6th-5th centuries BCE
Language codes
None (mis)

Pre-Samnite was an ancient language spoken in southern Campania, in Italy. The name Pre-Samnite refers to the fact that the language was spoken in early times in an area that was later colonised by Samnites, who spoke Oscan.[1] Pre-Samnite is recorded in a few short inscriptions[1] dating from around 500 BC.[2] The language belongs to the Sabellian group of languages, and may be closely related to Oscan, but shows a number of archaic features which were lost from Oscan.[3] However, the material is too scanty to enable a precise determination of the relation of Pre-Samnite either to Oscan or to the other Sabellian languages.


  1. ^ a b Sabellian Languages, R. E. Wallace, in The Ancient Languages of Europe, Ed. R. D. Woodward
  2. ^ Formations of the perfect in the Sabellian languages with the Italic and Indo-European background, D. Piwowarczyk
  3. ^ Sabellian Demonstratives: Forms and Functions, Emmanuel Dupraz

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