Presidential Electoral College
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Presidential Electoral College

The Presidential Electoral College (Burmese: ?) is an electoral college made up of MPs that elects the President of Myanmar.

Composition

It consists of three separate committees:

  1. MPs who represent the proportions of MPs elected from each Region or State (the House of Nationalities)
  2. MPs who represent the proportions of MPs elected from each township population (the House of Representatives)
  3. Military-appointed MPs personally nominated by the Tatmadaw Commander-in-Chief (the combined military representatives from both above houses of the Assembly of the Union)

Nomination and selection

Each of the three committees nominate a presidential candidate. Afterward, all the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw MPs vote for one of three candidates--the candidate with the highest number of votes is elected President, while the other two are elected as Vice Presidents. The Vice Presidents are designated as First and Second Vice President based on who received the second and third highest number of votes.

2011 election

On 4 February 2011 after 2010 election, the Presidential Electoral College made up of Pyithu Hluttaw, elected Thein Sein as Vice Presidential Candidate, another electoral college made up of Amyotha Hluttaw, elected Sai Mauk Kham as another Vice Presidential candidate and also another electoral college made up of Tatmadaw elected Tin Aung Myint Oo as also another Vice Presidential Candidate. Among them, Thein Sein received highest number of votes from most Representatives in Pyidaungsu Hluttaw and elected as 8th President of Myanmar and Tin Aung Myint Oo received second highest votes as First Vice President and Sai Mauk Kham received third highest votes as Second Vice President of Thein Sein's Cabinet. When Tin Aung Myint Oo resigned on 1 July 2012 for health reasons, Sai Mauk Kham moved to serve as first Vice President of Myanmar the electoral college made up of Tatmadaw elected Admiral Nyan Tun who was former Commander in Chief of Myanmar Navy as Second Vice President of Myanmar.

2016 election

Nominated Vice Presidential College [House of Representatives] (11 March 2016)[1]
Name Party Vote
MPs
Htin Kyaw NLD 274
Sai Mauk Kham USDP 29
Invalid 14
Total (from Lower House) 317
Nominated Vice-presidential College [House of Nationalities] (11 March 2016)[1]
Name Party Vote
MPs
Henry Van Thio NLD 148
Khin Aung Myint USDP 13
Invalid 6
Total (from Upper House) 167
Nominated Vice-presidential College [Military] (11 March 2016)[1]
Name Party Vote
MPs
Myint Swe USDP 166
Invalid 0
Total (from Military MP) 166
Final Presidential College (15 March 2016)[2]
Name Party Vote
MPs
Htin Kyaw NLD 360
Myint Swe USDP 213
Henry Van Thio NLD 79
Invalid 0
Total (from All Member Parliaments) 652

On 15 March 2016 at Pyidaungsu Hluttaw final voting, Htin Kyaw received 360 votes and became 9th President of Myanmar, Myint Swe received 213 votes as First Vice President of Myanmar and Henry Van Thio received 79 votes as Second Vice President of Myanmar in Htin Kyaw's Cabinet.

2018 by-election

Nominated Vice-presidential College [House of Representatives] (23 March 2018)
Name Party Vote
MPs
Win Myint NLD 273
Thaung Aye USDP 27
Invalid 4
Total (from Lower House) 304
Final Presidential College (28 March 2018)[3]
Name Party Vote
MPs
Win Myint NLD 403
Myint Swe USDP 211
Henry Van Thio NLD 18
Invalid 4
Total (from All Member Parliaments) 636

References

  1. ^ a b c "Military VP Revealed As Executive Trio Finalized". The Irrawaddy.
  2. ^ "Htin Kyaw Confirmed as Next President in History-Making Vote". The Irrawaddy.
  3. ^ "Burma Executive branch - Government". www.indexmundi.com. Retrieved 2020..

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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