Prime Minister of Slovakia
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Prime Minister of Slovakia
Chairman of the Government of the Slovak Republic
Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky
Coat of Arms of Slovakia.svg
Visit of Eduard Heger, Slovak Prime Minister, to the European Commission (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Eduard Heger

since 1 April 2021
Member ofEuropean Council
Residence Episcopal Summer Palace
AppointerPresident of the Republic
Term lengthDepending on the support of the National Council
Inaugural holder?tefan Sádovský
Formation2 January 1969
Salaryc. 61,919 EUR annually[1]
Websitehttp://www.vlada.gov.sk/

The chairman of the government of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky), also known as the prime minister of Slovakia (Slovak: Premiér), is the head of the government of the Slovak Republic. On paper, the officeholder is the third highest constitutional official in Slovakia after the president of the republic (appointer) and speaker of the National Council; in practice, the appointee is the country's leading political figure.

Since the creation of the office in 1969, thirteen persons have served as head of government. Since 1993, when Slovakia gained independence, six persons have occupied the function. On 1 April 2021, Eduard Heger became the prime minister of Slovakia.

History

The office of Prime Minister of Slovakia was established in 1969 by the Constitutional Act on the Czechoslovak Federation. A similar office had existed from 1918 when various officials were presiding over executive bodies governing the Slovak part of Czechoslovakia or the Slovak State respectively. Since 1993, when the independent Slovak Republic was established, there have been six persons to hold the office. Since 2021, the prime minister of Slovakia has been Eduard Heger.

Powers and role

Since Slovakia is a parliamentary republic the prime minister is accountable to the National Council. The Slovak Constitution provides that upon the accession to the office each prime minister must gain and thereafter maintain the confidence of the Parliament. As soon as the prime minister loses the confidence, the president is obliged to dismiss him and designate a new prime minister or entrust the dismissed prime minister to act as a caretaker with limited powers.

The prime minister is the most powerful office in state, since he commands and presides over the government. Although it is not the prime minister but the president who appoints ministers in Cabinet, the president appoints ministers on the advice of the prime minister.

Designated Prime Minister of Slovakia

Designated Prime Minister of Slovakia (Slovak: designovaný predseda vlády) is an unofficial title for a person who has been entrusted by the president of the Slovak Republic with forming a new government and replacing the outgoing prime minister. This title, as well as the authorization of the president to entrust the designated PM, is not set by an act but is a legal or, more precisely, constitutional tradition. According to this tradition, the president designates a person who has support of the majority of deputies in the National Council.

List of prime ministers of Slovakia

First Czechoslovak Republic (1918-1938)

Minister plenipotentiary for administration of Slovakia

Land President of Slovakia

Second Czechoslovak Republic (1938-1939)

Prime ministers of the Autonomy Government of Slovakia

First Slovak Republic (1939-1945)

Prime ministers of the First Slovak Republic

Third Czechoslovak Republic (1945-1948)

Chairman of the Board of Commissioners

Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1948-1989)

1 January 1969 - 5 March 1990: called "Slovak Socialist Republic" within Czechoslovakia.

Chairman of the Board of Commissioners

Chairman of the Slovak National Council

Prime ministers of the Slovak Socialist Republic

  1. ?tefan Sádovský: 2 January 1969 - 5 May 1969
  2. Peter Colotka: 5 May 1969 - 12 October 1988
  3. Ivan Knotek: 13 October 1988 - 22 June 1989
  4. Pavel Hrivnák: 23 June 1989 - 8 December 1989

Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (1990-1992)

6 March 1990 - 31 December 1992: called "Slovak Republic" within Czechoslovakia.

Prime ministers of the Slovak Republic

          
No. Portrait Name
(Birth-Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet National Council
Took Office Left Office Days
5 Milan ?i? (jan. 2012).jpg Milan ?i?
(1932-2012)
10 December 1989 27 June 1990 197 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
(KS?)
I KS? - VPN 5 ( ···· )
Public Against Violence
(VPN)
6 Vladimir Meciar.jpg Vladimír Me?iar
(born 1942)
27 June 1990 6 May 1991 299 Public Against Violence
(VPN)
I VPN - KDH - DS - MNI 6 (1990)
7 Ján ?arnogurský (2012).jpg Ján ?arnogurský
(born 1944)
6 May 1991 24 June 1992 428 Christian Democratic Movement
(KDH)
I ODÚ - KDH - DS - MNI 6 ( ···· )

Slovak Republic (1993-present)

From 1 January 1993 after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia.

                         
No. Portrait Name
(Birth-Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet National Council
Took Office Left Office Days
1 Vladimir Meciar.jpg Vladimír Me?iar
(born 1942)
24 June 1992 15 March 1994 629 Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
(HZDS)
II HZDS, joined by SNS in 1993 7 (1992)
2 Jozef Morav?ík.jpg Jozef Morav?ík
(born 1945)
15 March 1994 13 December 1994 273 Democratic Union of Slovakia
(DEÚS)
I DEÚS - KDH - SD? - NDS 7 ( ···· )
(1) Vladimir Meciar.jpg Vladimír Me?iar
(born 1942)
13 December 1994 30 October 1998 1417 Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
(HZDS)
III HZDS - ZRS - SNS - RSS 1 (1994)
3 Mikulas Dzurinda.jpg Mikulá? Dzurinda
(born 1955)
30 October 1998 15 October 2002 2804 Slovak Democratic Coalition
(SDK)
SDK later replaced by SDKÚ
I SDK - SD? - SMK - SOP
SDK later replaced by SDKÚ
2 (1998)
16 October 2002 4 July 2006 Slovak Democratic and Christian Union
(SDKÚ)
II SDKÚ - SMK - KDH - ANO 3 (2002)
4 Robert Fico 2017.jpg Robert Fico
(born 1964)
4 July 2006 8 July 2010 1465 Direction - Social Democracy
(SMER-SD)
I SMER-SD - SNS - ?S-HZDS 4 (2006)
5 Portrait of Iveta Radi?ová.jpg Iveta Radi?ová
(born 1956)
8 July 2010 4 April 2012 636 Slovak Democratic and Christian Union - Democratic Party
(SDKÚ-DS)
I SDKÚ-DS - SaS - KDH - Most-Híd 5 (2010)
(4) Robert Fico 2017.jpg Robert Fico
(born 1964)
4 April 2012 23 March 2016 3403 Direction - Social Democracy
(SMER-SD)
II SMER-SD 6 (2012)
23 March 2016 22 March 2018 III SMER-SD - SNS - Most-Híd - SIE?
SIE? exited cabinet
7 (2016)
6 Peter Pellegrini May 2019.jpg Peter Pellegrini
(born 1975)
22 March 2018 21 March 2020 730 Direction - Social Democracy
(SMER-SD)
I SMER-SD - SNS - Most-Híd 7 ( ···· )
7 Igor Matovi? after an interview (2020).jpg Igor Matovi?
(born 1973)
21 March 2020 1 April 2021 376 Ordinary People and Independent Personalities
(O?aNO)
I O?aNO - Sme Rodina - SaS - Za ?udí 8 (2020)
8 Visit of Eduard Heger, Slovak Prime Minister, to the European Commission (cropped).jpg Eduard Heger
(born 1976)
1 April 2021 Incumbent 119 Ordinary People and Independent Personalities
(O?aNO)
I O?aNO - Sme Rodina - SaS - Za ?udí 8 ( ···· )

Statistics

# Prime Minister Date of birth Age at inauguration
(first term)
Time in office
(total)
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 Me?iar, VladimírVladimír Me?iar 19420726July 26, 1942(July 26, 1942) 49 33449 years, 334 days 05 2215 years, 221 days 56 09656 years, 96 days Living 28,85879 years, 3 days (Living)
2 Morav?ík, JozefJozef Morav?ík 19450319March 19, 1945(March 19, 1945) 49 36149 years, 361 days 00 2730 years, 273 days 50 26950 years, 269 days Living 27,89176 years, 132 days (Living)
3 Dzurinda, Mikulá?Mikulá? Dzurinda 19550204February 4, 1956(February 4, 1956) 43 26843 years, 268 days 07 2477 years, 247 days 51 15051 years, 150 days Living 23,91765 years, 175 days (Living)
4 Fico, RobertRobert Fico 19640915September 15, 1964(September 15, 1964) 41 29241 years, 292 days 09 3569 years, 356 days 53 4653 years, 46 days Living 20,77156 years, 317 days (Living)
5 Radi?ová, IvetaIveta Radi?ová 19561207December 7, 1956(December 7, 1956) 53 21353 years, 213 days 01 2711 year, 271 days 55 11955 years, 119 days Living 23,61064 years, 234 days (Living)
6 Pellegrini, PeterPeter Pellegrini 19751006October 6, 1975(October 6, 1975) 42 16742 years, 167 days 01 3651 year, 365 days 44 16644 years, 166 days Living 16,73345 years, 296 days (Living)
7 Matovi?, IgorIgor Matovi? 19730511May 11, 1973(May 11, 1973) 46 31546 years, 315 days 01 0111 year, 11 days 47 32547 years, 325 days Living 17,61148 years, 79 days (Living)
8 Heger, EduardEduard Heger 19760503May 3, 1976(May 3, 1976) 44 33344 years, 333 days 00 003119 days (ongoing) Incumbent Living 16,52345 years, 87 days (Living)

References

  1. ^ "IG.com Pay Check". IG.

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Prime_Minister_of_Slovakia
 



 



 
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