Leadership of the Public protector office</ref>
|National Institution overview|
|Formed||1 October 1995|
|Preceding National Institution|
|Type||Chapter nine institution|
|Headquarters||175 Lunnon Street, Hillcrest Office Park, 0083, Pretoria, South Africa|
|Annual budget||R153.7 million ZAR (current) in 2014-15|
|National Institution executives|
|Parent National Institution||None (independent)|
According to Section 181 of the Constitution:
The first person to hold the office was Selby Baqwa, appointed on the inception of the office in 1995. He was succeeded in 2002 by Lawrence Mushwana and in 2009 by Thuli Madonsela. The current Public Protector, is Busisiwe Mkhwebane, in office since October 2016.
The office of the Public protector has been faced with harsh criticism by parliament specifically by the majority party for requesting an increase of R200m in the budget allocation for additional resources. With the justice portfolio committee chairman Mathole Motshekga being critical of the budget and strategic presentation presented by Adv. Thuli Madonsela.
During the budget speech of 2015 the office of the Public Protector was allocated a total budget for 2015/16 of R 246.1 million' an increase of R 60 million as opposed to the increase of R 200 million initially requested, with R 15 million going to the employment of additional investigators and the retention of the 70 investigator who were previously appointed on contract.
The office of the Public Protector is required to appear before the National Assembly at least once every year. During the Adv. Thuli Madonsela's budget and strategic presentation, the advocate was requested to present progress reports before parliament on a quarterly basis.
|Portrait||Took office||Left office||Appointed by|
|2002||18 October 2009||Thabo Mbeki|
|19 October 2009||14 October 2016||Jacob Zuma|
|19 October 2016||Incumbent||Jacob Zuma|
The Public Protector has an executive office which administers three major programmes:
The Public Protector receives its mandate from the Public Protector Act of 1994. The Public Protector is one of six State Institutions Supporting Democracy in South Africa. These institutions are independent of the government, subject only to South Africa's Constitution and the law, and report annually to Parliament.
The preamble of the Public Protector Act states, in part:
The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa ... provides for the establishment of the office of Public Protector to investigate matters and to protect the public against matters such as maladministration in connection with the affairs of government, improper conduct by a person performing a public function, improper acts with respect to public money, improper or unlawful enrichment of a person performing a public function and an act or omission by a person performing a public function resulting in improper prejudice to another person.
The Act also gives the Public Protector the authority to order other state institutions to take appropriate remedial action against any impropriety or prejudice made by government.
Any aggrieved complainant may lodge a complaint to the office provided that it falls within powers of the Public Protector in terms of the Public Protector act 23 of 1994. The Public Protector may investigate and take the appropriate remedial action on his/her findings.
The Public Protector is one of six State Institutions Supporting Democracy in South Africa. These institutions are independent of the government, subject only to South Africa's Constitution and the law, and report annually to Parliament.
The powers of the Public Protector are regulated by the national legislation. Additional powers may also be granted by the national legislator. However, court decisions may not be investigated by the office. It receives and investigates complaints from the public government.
The Public Protector is appointed by the president, in accordance with the provisions of section 193 of the Constitution. The candidate must be a South African citizen who-
" - Sub-s. (1A) Act 23 of 1994
Under chapter nine of the constitution, the Public Protector may only serve a non-renewable period of seven years in office.
Reports made by the Public Protector must be open to the public and be accessible to anyone. However certain reports may be kept confidential under exceptional circumstances. The Public Protector has to date investigated at least 40 000 cases.
One of the most prominent cases is the investigation into allegations of impropriety and unethical conduct relating to the installation and implementation of security measures by the Department of Public Works at and in respect of the private residence of President Jacob Zuma at Nkandla in the KwaZulu-Natal province
Any matters in which the Public Protector has jurisdiction may be reported to the office of the Public Protector by any person.
In terms of the Public Protector Act 23 of 1994 and other legislative acts, the Public Protector may investigate, on the basis of a complaint or on his or her own initiative, any level of government. This includes national, provincial and local government, any public office bearer, any parastatal and any statutory council.
|Part of a series on|
|Chapter nine institutions|
|State Institutions supporting Constitutional Democracy|
|Constitution of South Africa|
Similar to other bodies under the Chapter nine institution under the Constitution, the office of the Public Protector is independent of government and must be impartial and must exercise their powers and perform their function without any influence or prejudice.
Currently the office of the Public Protector manages an estimated 40,000 cases, with a staff of 314. During the 2013/14 budget, the office was allocated R199.3m, with an increase of R18.3m for the 2014/15 financial year.
During the budget of 2015, the office was allocated an additional increase of R60m instead of the R200m initially requested at the justice portfolio committee. As a result, the office of the Public Protector was required to make drastic cutbacks.
As a result of the funding difficulties, the spokesman of the office the Public Protector office cited that they would look at external agencies to help fund the office. The executive management of the office of the Public Protector has held meetings with development partners from German, Japan and Belgium.