Qian County
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Qian County
Qian County

Qianling Mausoleum complex
Qianling Mausoleum complex
Qian County in Xianyang
Qian County in Xianyang
Xianyang in Shaanxi
Xianyang in Shaanxi
Coordinates (Qian County government): 34°31?39?N 108°14?22?E / 34.5276°N 108.2394°E / 34.5276; 108.2394Coordinates: 34°31?39?N 108°14?22?E / 34.5276°N 108.2394°E / 34.5276; 108.2394
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Prefecture-level cityXianyang
 o Total1,002.71 km2 (387.15 sq mi)
 o Total620,000
 o Density620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China standard time)
Postal code
Licence plates?D
Qian County
"Qianxian" in Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese

Qian County (; Qián Xiàn) or Qianxian is a county under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Xianyang, in the central part of Shaanxi province, China.

Administrative divisions

Qian County is divided into 1 subdistrict and 15 towns,[1][2][3] which are further divided into 173 administrative villages.[3] The county's administrative officers are located in Chengguan Subdistrict.[2]

Administrative Divisions of Qian County
Zoning Code[1] English Name Hanzi Pinyin Administrative Villages[3]
610424001000 Chengguan Subdistrict ? Chénggu?n Ji?dào 28
610424101000 Xuelu Town Xu?lù Zhèn 14
610424102000 Liangcun Town Liángc?n Zhèn 13
610424103000 Linping Town Línpíng Zhèn 14
610424104000 Jiangcun Town Ji?ngc?n Zhèn 8
610424105000 Wangcun Town Wángc?n Zhèn 8
610424106000 Malian Town M?lián Zhèn 8
610424107000 Yangyu Town Yángyù Zhèn 11
610424108000 Fengyang Town F?ngyáng Zhèn 7
610424109000 Zhugan Town Zhùg?n Zhèn 9
610424110000 Lingyuan Town Língyuán Zhèn 7
610424111000 Yanghong Town Yánghóng Zhèn 8
610424112000 Liangshan Town Liángsh?n Zhèn 10
610424113000 Zhuocheng Town Zh?uchéng Zhèn 7
610424114000 Xinyang Town X?nyáng Zhèn 8
610424115000 Dayang Town Dàyáng Zhèn 13


The county is bordered by Liquan County to the east, Xingping City and Wugong County to the south, Fufeng County to the west, Yongshou County to the north and west, and Linyou County to the west.[2] The northern portion of Qian County is higher in altitude than the southern portion.[2][4]


Qian County has an average annual precipitation of 539 mm, and an average annual temperature of 12.6 °C.[2]


Neolithic Age

Qianling County's history can be traced as far back as the Neolithic Age, due to two archaeological studies which uncovered the ruins of Neolithic settlements.[5] These digs uncovered a variety of human tools, such as stone axes and pottery.[5] The uncovered village ruins sat at the confluence of two rivers, and exhibited evidence which suggests that these villagers were well-versed in both agriculture and animal husbandry.[5]

Tang Dynasty

The county's name derives from the Tang settlement of Qianzhou [zh], which was established in present-day Qian County in 895 CE.[5]

People's Republic of China

The county came under control of the People's Republic of China in 1949, and was incorporated as part of the Shaan-Gan-Ning Border Region until its dissolution one year later.[5] The area's jurisdiction would be further altered in 1956, 1959, 1961, 1968, and 1984.[5]

During Mao Zedong's Down to the Countryside Movement, famous director Zhang Yimou was sent to Qian County, where he worked as a farmer and painter.[6]

Historical monuments

A Tang Dynasty imperial tomb complex, Qianling Mausoleum is located on Liang Mountain () in Qian County, 6 km (3.7 mi) away from the county's urban center and 74 km (46 mi)from Xi'an.[7]


The county recorded a GDP of 17.16 billion Renminbi, a 0.9% increase from the previous year.[4] The average annual disposable income for urban residents was 35,485 Renminbi in 2019, and was 12,114 Renminbi for rural residents, an annual growth of 8.5% and 9.4%, respectively.[4]


Key crops for the county include wheat, corn, rapeseed, apples, pears, peaches, grapes, and persimmons.[4] Common livestock include pigs, cows, and goats.[4]


The county has three major industrial parks, one producing auto parts, another producing textiles, and the other producing food and drug products.[4]


Qian County's local cuisine has a number of distinct local dishes, such as a unique type of tofu soup,[8] and a type of fried cake.[9]


A number of highways pass through the county, including China National Highway 312, the G70 Expressway, Shaanxi Provincial Road 107, and Shaanxi Provincial Road 108.[4]

A number of railways, such as the Yinchuan-Xi'an High Speed Railway, the Xi'an-Pingliang Railway [zh], and the Xi'an-Famen Railway pass through the city.[4]


  1. ^ a b 2017 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved .
  2. ^ a b c d e _() www.xzqh.org (in Chinese). XZQH.org. Retrieved .
  3. ^ a b c _ (in Chinese). Qian County People's Government. Retrieved .
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h ?_ (in Chinese). Qian County People's Government. Retrieved .
  5. ^ a b c d e f _ (in Chinese). Qian County People's Government. Retrieved .
  6. ^ hweepeng@st (2016-05-15). "President Xi Jinping and other sent-down youths who are now big names in China". The Straits Times. Retrieved .
  7. ^ ? [The riddle of a blank stele at Qianling] (in Chinese).
  8. ^ _ (in Chinese). Qian County People's Government. Retrieved .
  9. ^ _ (in Chinese). Qian County People's Government. Retrieved .

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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