Raghavendra Math
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Raghavendra Math

Sri Raghavendra Swamy Mutt, Mantralayam

Shri Raghavendra Math, better known as Rayara Math (popularly known as Shri Raghavendra Swamy Mutt, formerly known as Shri Kumbakonam Math) is one of the three premier Dvaita Vedanta monasteries (matha) descended from Madhvacharya through Vibudhendra Tirtha (a disciple of Ramchandra Tirtha of Uttaradi Math) and their disciples based in Mantralayam.[1][2] Raghavendra Matha is located on the bank of Tungabhadra River in Mantralayam in Adoni taluk of Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh, India.

Raghavendra Math, along with Uttaradi Math and Vyasaraja Math are considered to be the three premier apostolic institutions of Dvaita Vedanta and are jointly referred as Mathatraya .[3][4][5] It is the pontiffs and pandits of the Mathatraya that have been the principle architects of post-Madhva Dvaita Vedanta through the centuries.[6]

History

According to Surendranath Dasgupta, Raghavendra Math is one of the two mathas which branched off from the Uttaradi Math (main lineage) to spread the Tattvavada in the southern part of India.[7] According to Historian S.P. Sen, "The followers of this Matha were scattered in the regions of South Kanara and Malabar".[8] Later the name of this matha was changed to Sri Vijayendra Mutt after Vijayendra Tirtha by Sudhindra Tirtha, a disciple and successor to the pontificate of Kumbakonam Matha after Vijayindra Tirtha. After Sudhindra Tirtha his disciple, the most venerated dvaita saint Raghavendra Tirtha continued in the pontifical lineage as the pontiff of the matha. After small stay at Kumbakonam, he seems to have gone on a pilgrimage tour visiting Rameshwaram, Ramnad, Srirangam, and Mathura then he moved westwards to Udupi and Subramanya, and then to Pandharpur, Kolhapur and Bijapur. At Kolhapur, he is said to have made long stay and at Bijapur, he made many converts.[9] After that he returned Ultimately to Kumbakonam. By 1663 he left to Mysore where he got grant from Dodda Devaraya Odeyar. Later he moved to further north and finally settled down at Mantralayam, a village on bank of river Tungabhadra in Adoni taluk in Andhra Pradesh. There on the sacred river he took Samadhi in 1671.[10]

The matha was later named after Raghavendra Tirtha as Raghavendra Matha.

Guru Parampara

  1. Madhvacharya
  2. Padmanabha Tirtha
  3. Narahari Tirtha
  4. Madhava Tirtha
  5. Akshobhya Tirtha
  6. Jayatirtha
  7. Vidyadhiraja Tirtha
  8. Kavindra Thirtha
  9. Vaageesha Thirtha
  10. Ramachandra Tirtha
  11. Vibudhendra Tirtha
  12. Jitamitra Tirtha
  13. Raghunandana Tirtha
  14. Surendra Tirtha
  15. Vijayeendra Tirtha
  16. Sudhindra Tirtha
  17. Raghavendra Tirtha
  18. Yogeendra Tirtha
  19. Sooreendra Tirtha
  20. Sumateendra Tirtha
  21. Upendra Tirtha
  22. Vadeendra Tirtha
  23. Vasudhendra Tirtha
  24. Varadendra Tirtha
  25. Dheerendra Tirtha
  26. Bhuvanendra Tirtha
  27. Subodhendra Tirtha
  28. Sujanendra Tirtha
  29. Sujnanendra Tirtha
  30. Sudharmendra Tirtha
  31. Sugunendra Tirtha
  32. Suprajnendra Tirtha
  33. Sukrutheendra Tirtha
  34. Susheelendra Tirtha
  35. Suvrateendra Tirtha
  36. Suyameendra Tirtha
  37. Sujayeendra Tirtha
  38. Sushameendra Tirtha
  39. Suyateendra Tirtha
  40. Subudhendra Tirtha - Present Pontiff[11]

References

  1. ^ Venkataraya Narayan Kudva (1972). History of the Dakshinatya Saraswats. Samyukta Gowda Saraswata Sabha. p. 196.
  2. ^ Purabhilekh-puratatva: Journal of the Directorate of Archives, Archaeology and Museum, Panaji-Goa, Volume 2. The Directorate. 2001. p. 90. This matha was established by one Vibhdeendra Teertha in the middle of the 15th century. He was the spiritual progenitor of Sri Ramachandra Teertha of the Uttaradi matha. Both belong to Dvaita philosophy.
  3. ^ Sharma 2000, p. 199.
  4. ^ Steven Rosen (30 November 1994). Vaisnavism. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. p. 132. ISBN 9788120812352.
  5. ^ Sharma 2000, p. 193.
  6. ^ B. N. Hebbar (2004). Vi?idvaita and Dvaita: A Systematic and Comparative Study of the Two Schools of Ved?nta with Special Reference to Some Doctrinal Controversies. Bharatiya Granth Niketan. p. 29. ISBN 9788189211011.
  7. ^ Steven Rosen (30 November 1994). Vaisnavism. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. p. 132. ISBN 9788120812352.
  8. ^ Siba Pada Sen (1980). Sources of the History of India, Volume 3. Institute of Historical Studies. p. 390. Sri Vibuvendra-Tirtha founded the Kumbhakona Matha on account of his quarrel with his Guru Sri Ramchandra-Tirtha of the Uttaradi Matha. This Matha came into existence in the fifteenth century. The followers of this Matha were scattered in the regions of south Kanara and Malabar.
  9. ^ Sharma 2000, p. 483.
  10. ^ Sharma 2000, p. 484.
  11. ^ "Subudhendra Tirtha takes charge of Mantralayam math". The Hindu. Retrieved 2014.

Bibliography

  • Sharma, B. N. Krishnamurti (2000). A History of the Dvaita School of Ved?nta and Its Literature, Vol 1. 3rd Edition. Motilal Banarsidass (2008 Reprint). ISBN 978-8120815759.

External links


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