Sahil, Somaliland
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Sahil, Somaliland

Sahil (Somali: Saaxil, Arabic: ?‎) is an administrative region (gobol) in northern Somaliland with the port city of Berbera as its capital. It was separated from Woqooyi Galbeed and became a province in 1991. In 1998 the Sheikh District of Togdheer was incorporated into Sahil region.[3] The region has a long coastline facing the Gulf of Aden to the north. Saaxil borders Awdal to the northwest, Maroodi Jeex to the southwest, Togdheer to the south and Sanaag to the east.


Formerly known as the Berbera District, it was one of six districts that made up the British Somaliland protectorate. In 1960, the then independent State of Somaliland merged with Italian Somaliland to form the Somali Republic. By 1964, the then Berbera District merged with the Borama district (now Awdal) and the Hargeisa district (now Maroodi Jeh) to form the Woqooyi Galbeed region (literally North West, also known as Hargeisa region).

During the period from 1968 to 1982, parts of the district were incorporated into Togdheer region. Awdal was carved out of the western parts of Woqooyi Galbeed region in June 1984. [4] However, Saaxil was the only of the six former British territories to be rebuilt during the Somali government's reign.

When the Somali Civil War broke out, the former British territory declared the revival of the pre-independent state of Somaliland. In December 1989, the Somaliland government established Sahil region. In 1998, the Sheikh District was incorporated from Togdheer. Under the Local Autonomy Act of 2002, it was positioned as one of the six regions that make up Somaliland. [5]

The Somaliland was reorganized on March 22, 2008, and the territory of Sahil was changed. However, a new local government law came into force on January 4, 2020, and the territory was restored. [6]


The regional capital of the Sahil region is the port city of Berbera. The region is further divided into the following two districts:[7]

District Grade Capital Comments Location
Berbera A Berbera Regional capital Berbera in Sahil (Somaliland).svg
Sheikh C Sheikh Sheikh in Sahil (Somaliland).svg

Major towns

Towns in Sahil include:


The Sahil region is inhabited by people from the Somali ethnic group. This region is inhabited by the Habar Awal, the Habr Yonis, Habr Je'lo and Arap clans of the broader Isaaq clan family.


  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved .
  2. ^ including Maroodi Jeex
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Development plan" (PDF). Retrieved .

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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