Saint-Cloud ( French pronunciation: ) is a [s klu] commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France, 9.6 kilometres (6.0 miles) from the centre of Paris. Like other communes of Hauts-de-Seine such as Marnes-la-Coquette, Neuilly-sur-Seine and Vaucresson, Saint-Cloud is one of France's wealthiest towns, with the second-highest average household income of communities with 10,000 to 50,000 households. In 2006, it had a population of 29,981.
The town is named after
Clodoald, grandson of Clovis, who is supposed to have sought refuge in a hamlet on the Seine near Paris, then named Novigentum, like many other newly founded mercantile settlements outside the traditional towns. After he was canonized, the village where his tomb was located took the name of Sanctus Clodoaldus.
A park contains the ruins of the
Château de Saint-Cloud, built in 1572 and destroyed by fire in 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War. The château was the residence of several French rulers and served as the main country residence of the cadet Orléans line until the French Revolution. The palace was also the site of the led by coup d'état Napoleon Bonaparte that overthrew the French Directory in 1799.
The town is also famous for the
Saint-Cloud porcelain produced there from 1693 to 1766.
The Headquarters of the International Criminal Police Organization (
Interpol) was at 22 Rue Armengaud from 1966 until 1989, when it moved to Lyon.
The main landmarks are the park of the demolished
Château de Saint-Cloud and the Pavillon de Breteuil. The Saint-Cloud Racecourse, a racetrack for Thoroughbred flat racing, was built by Edmond Blanc in 1901 and hosts a number of important races, including the annual Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud.
Tribute to Santos-Dumont
Santos Dumont posing near the statue in his honour in 1913.
On the Avenue de Longchamp is a bronze statue commissioned by the Airclub of France representing the Greek mythological figure
Icarus, in honour of Alberto Santos-Dumont. Inaugurated on October 19, 1913, it sits on a square near the old Aerostation of Saint-Cloud, where Santos-Dumont performed his experiments with heavier-than-air aircraft. Santos-Dumont was also responsible for the construction of the world's first hangar. A replica has occupied the hangar's site in Saint-Cloud since 1952, after the original was destroyed for its bronze during the Nazi military occupation.
Saint-Cloud is served by two stations on the
Transilien La Défense and Transilien Paris-Saint-Lazare suburban rail lines: Le Val d'Or and Saint-Cloud.
The town is also served by the
T2 Tramway, which runs alongside the Seine.
Central Saint-Cloud, known as
le village, is also served by the metro station Boulogne-Pont de Saint-Cloud (line 10), just across the Seine on the Boulogne-Billancourt side of the Pont de Saint Cloud.
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adding to it
( January 2015)
Public high schools:
It is also served by the public high school
Lycée Jean Pierre Vernant in Sèvres.
Private high schools:
Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (1674-1723), Regent of France from 1715 to 1723
Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans (1676-1744), Regent of Lorraine, lived at the Palace at Saint-Cloud
Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (1747-1793), a key figure during the early stages of the French Revolution; Princess
Marie Bonaparte (1882-1962), psychoanalyst, closely linked with Sigmund Freud
Gilbert Norman (1914-1944), Special Operations Executive member
Annick Gendron, painter
Nicole Courcel (1930-2016), film actress
Jean-Claude Killy (born 1943), alpine skier and a triple Olympic champion
Gérard Manset (born 1945), known as Manset, rock songwriter
Hervé Guibert (1955-1991), writer
Mino Cinelu (born 1957), musician
Alexandra Fusai (born 1973), former professional tennis player
Paul Lasne (born 1989), footballer Ingmar Lazar (born 1993), classical pianist, prodigy
Henri III of France (1551-1589), King of France, assassinated in Saint-Cloud
Philippe d'Orléans (1640-1701) lived in the Château de Saint-Cloud from 1658 to his death in 1701
Henrietta of England (1644-1670) lived and died in the Château de Saint-Cloud
Napoléon I (1769-1821) lived in the Château de Saint-Cloud
Antoine Sénard (1800-1885), member of the National Assembly, mayor of Saint-Cloud from 1871 to 1874
Émile Verhaeren (1855-1916), Flemish poet
André Chevrillon (1864-1957), French author
Florent Schmitt (1870-1958), French composer
Maurice Ravel (1875-1937), French composer
Marcel Dassault (1892-1986), French businessman and politician
Alberto Santos-Dumont (1873-1932), Brazilian inventor and aviation pioneer
Lino Ventura (1919-1987), Italian actor, lived and died in Saint-Cloud
Jean-Pierre Fourcade (born 1929), French Minister, mayor of Saint-Cloud from 1971 to 1992
Christophe Dominici (1972-2020), rugby union player for France and Stade Français
Gérard Holtz (born 1946), French sports journalist Jean-Marie Le Pen, French politician, owner of Domaine de Montretout in Saint-Cloud 
Twin towns - sister cities
Bad Godesberg (Bonn), Germany
Boadilla del Monte, Spain
St. Cloud, Florida, United States
St. Cloud, Minnesota, United States Windsor and Maidenhead, England, United Kingdom
In popular culture
Saint-Cloud is the main setting of the 1955 French film
(a.k.a. Les Diaboliques Diabolique).
"Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
"Les 10 communes les plus riches de France".
J. Paul Getty Museum. "Saint-Cloud Porcelain Manufactory" . Retrieved .
Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Saint-Cloud, EHESS. (in French)
Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
Home page. Lycée Jean Pierre Vernant. Retrieved on September 7, 2016. [...]qui relèvent de la zone de desserte du lycée ( communes de Sèvres, Ville d'Avray, Chaville, Saint -Cloud) [...]
Get in contact Archived 2015-01-23 at the Wayback Machine." . Retrieved on 23 January 2015. "Postanschrift: 18 rue Pasteur F - 92210 SAINT CLOUD Besucheradresse: 12 rue Lelégard F - 92210 SAINT-CLOUD" Internationale Deutsche Schule Paris
"Marine Le Pen, une riche propriétaire (comme son père)". Le Nouvel Observateur. January 27, 2016 . Retrieved 2016.
"Maurice Bessy a Pictorial History of Magic and the Supernatural 1963 PDF".
"Les villes jumelles, soeurs et filleule". saintcloud.fr (in French). Saint-Cloud . Retrieved .
Wood, Michael (2011-03-03). "At the Movies". . Vol. 33 no. 5. p. 23 London Review of Books . Retrieved .