|Region||Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug|
|1,000 (2010 census)|
Selkup language is the language of the Selkups, belonging to the Samoyedic group of the Uralic language family. It is spoken by some 1,570 people (1994 est.) in the region between the Ob and Yenisei Rivers (in Siberia). The language name Selkup comes from the Russian "c? ?" (selkupsky yazyk), based on the native name used in the Taz dialect, ?ö?qumyt ?ty, lit. forest-man language. Different dialects use different names.
Selkup is fractured in an extensive dialect continuum whose ends are no longer mutually intelligible. The three main varieties are the Taz (Northern) dialect ( ?, tazovsky dialekt), which became the basis of the Selkup written language in the 1930s, Tym (Central) dialect (? ?, tymsky dialekt), and Ket dialect (? ?, ketsky dialekt). It is not related to the Ket language.
|Tense||Close||/i/, /i:/||/y/, /y:/||/?/, /?:/||/u/,||/u:/|
|Mid||/e/, /e:/||/ø/, /ø:/||/?/, /?:/||/o/, /o:/|
|Open||/æ/, /æ:/||/a/, /a:/|
|Lax||Close||/?/, /?:/||[ ~ ?]|
Selkup has a syllable structure (C)V(C). Word-initial /?/ and word-final /t?/ or /w/ do not occur. Various consonant clusters and geminate consonants such as /nt/, /rm/, /?/ may occur, though many potential combinations occurring morphologically are simplified.
Stress in Selkup is marginally phonemic. Generally the rightmost long vowel in a word is stressed, or otherwise the first syllable, but certain suffixes with short vowels may acquire stress, leading to minimal pairs such as ['tl?t?alqo] "to stamp down" vs. [tl?'t?alqo] "to stamp once".