Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport
|Owner/Operator||Shanghai Airport Authority|
|Opened||8 July 1929|
|Elevation AMSL||3 m / 10 ft|
CAAC airport chart
Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport (IATA: SHA, ICAO: ZSSS) is one of the two international airports of Shanghai and a significant airline hub of China. Hongqiao Airport mainly serves domestic and regional flights, although the airport also serves international flights. The airport is located near the town of Hongqiao in Changning District and Minhang District, 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) west of downtown, and is closer to the city center than the area's primary international airport, Shanghai Pudong.
Hongqiao Airport is the corporate headquarters and a major hub for China Eastern Airlines, Shanghai Airlines, and Juneyao Air, as well as a major hub for Spring Airlines. In 2016, Hongqiao Airport handled 40,460,135 passengers, making it the 7th busiest airport in China and the 45th busiest in the world. By the end of 2011, Hongqiao Airport hosted 22 airlines serving 82 scheduled passenger destinations. Shanghai Hongqiao Airport was also certified with the Skytrax 5-Star Airport Rating for facilities, terminal comfort and cleanliness, shopping, food & beverages, and staff service in 2019.
The construction of Hongqiao airport started in 1921. In May 1923, the airport opened for mixed civilian use. The Chinese Air Force deployed fighter-attack planes to Hongqiao in an operational response to the Shanghai Incident of 1932, and engaging Japanese carrier-based planes for the first time that day. In 1937, Hongqiao was the site of the so-called 'Oyama Incident' in which a Japanese lieutenant was shot dead by Chinese Peace Preservation Corps soldiers in the lead-up to the Battle of Shanghai. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the airport was occupied by the Japanese and used as an air force base. Its military use continued after being handed over to the Republic of China government and, later, the People's Republic of China government. From late 1963, it was rebuilt for civilian use, and was re-opened in April 1964. A major expansion took place from March to September 1984, and another from December 1988 to December 1991.
In 1964, the original Terminal 1 and the control tower opened to public, then the first international flight to Hongqiao was Pakistan International Airlines Boeing 720 from Dhaka with a stopover from Guangzhou, making it the first non communist airline to fly into the already communist-country before its economic open up in the 1980s.
In the late 1970s through the 1990s, immediately after the reform and economic opening up, it evolved to once one of the largest and busiest international hubs of China, along with Beijing-Capital. Many iconic international/foreign airlines such as CAAC Airlines, Aeroflot, Cathay Pacific, Thai Airways International, Pakistan International Airlines, Northwest Airlines, United Airlines, Singapore Airlines, Virgin Atlantic, Air France, Swissair, Royal Nepal Airlines, Air India, Dragonair, KLM, Lufthansa, Malaysia Airlines, American Airlines, Garuda Indonesia, Pan Am, British Overseas Airways Corporation, British Airways, Alitalia, Trans World Airlines, Air Canada, Philippine Airlines, Finnair, Canadian Pacific Air Lines, Canadian Airlines International, Qantas, Baikal Airlines, Iran Air, Scandinavian Airlines, Ansett Australia, All Nippon Airways (still operating today), Japan Airlines (still operating today), and Turkish Airlines once operated there.
Hongqiao Airport served as Shanghai's primary airport until the completion of Pudong International Airport in 1999 when almost all international flights were moved to Pudong. The original box-shaped control tower was hence demolished and rebuilt after Pudong's opening. By 27 October 2002, all international flights had moved to Pudong. The airport presently offers mainly domestic flights, as well as five international routes to central Tokyo's Haneda Airport, central Seoul's Gimpo International Airport, central Taipei Songshan Airport, Hong Kong International Airport, and Macau's Macau International Airport.
Since 1 January 2013, holders of valid passports issued by 45 countries have not needed a visa if transiting through Hongqiao Airport.
In preparation for the Shanghai Expo, on 16 March 2010, Hongqiao Airport completed a five-year 15.3-billion-yuan expansion project, which included a 3,300-meter second runway and the new Terminal 2, boosting Hongqiao's capacity to 40 million passengers a year. Terminal 2 is four times the size of Terminal 1 and houses 90 percent of all airlines at the airport (Terminal 1 is now used only for international flights and Spring Airlines and XiamenAir). With the new runway, Shanghai became the first city in China to have five (now seven) runways for civilian use (Pudong and Hongqiao combined).
Starting from the end of 2014, Hongqiao Airport Terminal 1 underwent its biggest renovation since 1921. The entire project was scheduled for completion in 2017. On 26 March 2017, Building A of Terminal 1 was fully renovated and reopened to the public. The old Building B was closed for reconstruction, and it was expected to be revamped and open to the public in mid-2018.
|Air China||Beijing-Capital, Beijing-Daxing, Chengdu-Shuangliu, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Taipei-Songshan, Tianjin|
|All Nippon Airways||Tokyo-Haneda|
|Chengdu Airlines||Chengdu-Shuangliu, Yueyang|
|China Eastern Airlines||Anqing, Beijing-Capital, Changsha, Chengdu-Tianfu, Chongqing, Dali, Daqing, Diqing, Dunhuang, Enshi, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Harbin, Hohhot, Hong Kong, Jiayuguan, Jieyang, Jinan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Lincang, Linyi, Liuzhou, Luoyang, Macau, Mangshi, Mudanjiang, Nanchang, Nanning, Pu'er, Qingdao, Seoul-Gimpo, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taipei-Songshan, Taiyuan, Tengchong, Tianjin, Tokyo-Haneda, Ulanhot, Urumqi, Weihai, Wenshan, Wuhai, Wuhan, Wuyishan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Xinyang, Yan'an, Yancheng, Yanji, Yantai, Yinchuan, Yulin, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai|
|Beijing-Daxing, Chengdu-Shuangliu, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Nanning, Ordos, Shenzhen, Urumqi, Yining, Zhengzhou|
|China United Airlines||Beijing-Daxing, Shijiazhuang, Tianjin|
|Hainan Airlines||Beijing-Capital, Guangzhou, Urumqi|
|Hong Kong Airlines||Hong Kong|
|Juneyao Airlines||Beijing-Daxing, Bijie, Changsha, Chengdu-Tianfu, Chizhou, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Kunming, Lanzhou, Nanning, Sanya, Seoul-Gimpo, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Tokyo-Haneda, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xi'an, Zhuhai, Zunyi-Maotai|
|Lucky Air||Kunming, Yichun|
|Shandong Airlines||Chongqing, Jinan, Qingdao, Xiamen, Yantai|
|Shanghai Airlines||Beijing-Capital, Changsha, Chengdu-Shuangliu, Chongqing, Fuyang, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hailar, Hohhot, Hong Kong, Jiamusi, Jieyang, Jinggangshan, Jixi, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lianyungang, Macau, Nanchang, Nanning, Ordos, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Sanya, Seoul-Gimpo, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taipei-Songshan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo-Haneda, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xishuangbanna, Yantai, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai|
|Shenzhen Airlines||Guangzhou, Jingdezhen, Shenzhen|
|Spring Airlines||Changde, Changsha, Chengde, Chengdu-Tianfu, Chongqing, Dongying, Enshi, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Hohhot, Huaihua, Jieyang, Kunming, Lanzhou, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Qingyang, Quanzhou, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Urumqi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xishuangbanna, Yinchuan, Zhangjiakou, Zhanjiang, Zhuhai, Zunyi-Xinzhou|
|Tibet Airlines||Chengdu-Shuangliu, Lhasa|
|XiamenAir||Beijing-Daxing, Chongqing, Fuzhou, Quanzhou, Shenzhen, Xiamen|
Terminal 2 of the Hongqiao Airport (Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station ( ), a major train hub served by the Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway, the Shanghai-Hangzhou High-Speed Railway and the Shanghai-Nanjing Intercity High-Speed Railway. The airport's other terminal, Terminal 1 ( ), is across the airfield from Terminal 2.) is immediately adjacent to
The proposed extension of the Shanghai Maglev Train from Longyang Road through Shanghai South railway station to Hongqiao would connect the two airports. At top speed, the maglev would take only 15 minutes to travel the 55 km route. Original plans called for completing the extension by 2010, in time for the Expo 2010; however, the Hongqiao extension has been indefinitely postponed due to protests.
Media related to Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport at Wikimedia Commons