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Sir John Fryer, 1st Baronet
Sir John Fryer, 1st Baronet (14 September 1671 – 11 September 1726) was a prominent Presbyterian layman, London pewterer, merchant and Lord Mayor of London. The baronetcy became extinct on his death in 1726. He was created a baronet on 13 December 1714
Born in Buckinghamshire, the son of Francis Fryer, he believed his family came from Oxfordshire and his grandfather (known as Francis Freer) settled in Little Marlow settling in the dissolved nunnery there called The Abbey and renting a farm of 50 acres. John was the only surviving child of his father's third wife, Susannah, daughter of maltster John Boulter, twice mayor of Abingdon, county town of Berkshire. Susannah's marriage portion had been £100 but her mother's brother was rich London merchant and baronet Sir John Cutler and when Cutler's heirs died young his estates fell back to his sister's numerous Boulter children.
Haseley memorial St Nicholas Deptford
Haseley Court Little Haseley, Oxfordshire
These estates included Wimpole Hall in Cambridgeshire and Gawthorpe Hall and Harewood Castle near Leeds in Yorkshire, Little Haseley Oxfordshire, estates in Lincolnshire, the manor of Deptford near London, and estates in Hampshire Wherwell and Goodworth Clatford. Fryer was to receive Wherwell through his uncle Edmund Boulter, build a mansion there, Wherwell Priory, and make it his home. He was succeeded there by his Iremonger descendants.
He married three times. Katherine née Weedon died 12 November 1718 and Dorcas née Roberts 17 August 1723. He married thirdly Isabella Gerard on 11 March 1725 and she survived him.
In 1715 he began to enter in a small leather-bound ledger a note of the major events of his life making additions from time to time and he maintained this until near his end.
His only son who survived to adulthood, John Fryer by Katherine Weedon, died at Wherwell two years before him on 16 August 1724 aged 24. His daughter Delicia, by Dorcas Roberts, was adopted by Obadiah Hughes husband of her mother's sister, Delicia Roberts.
attended the Grammar School in the parish taught by Minister Mr Thomas Beesly. "a very solid preacher and a good liver".
10 June 1685, Whitsuntide -- sent to London to be improved in writing and accounts so might be fitted to be apprenticed to some trade.
1 March 1686 -- bound to Mr Harford a pewterer in Bishopsgate (next house to corner house of Cornhill) for seven years.
"naturally of a weak constitution & being the only surviving child my dear mother had not inured me to any hard labour &, which was worse, in my infancy I had been cured of a rupture & I found such carrying or burdens strained which part and did me much hurt . . . my master put me on doing the servile part of the trade . . . not commonly done by other apprentices."
19 July 1720 -- translated (from Pewterers) to the Fishmongers' Company in order to qualify for the lord mayoralty.
27 July 1720 -- second marriage at the Chapel in Lincoln's Inn to Dorcas Roberts ~1682-1723, daughter of Alderman Sir Gabriel Roberts 1629-1715 and Mary née Bulam, and granddaughter of Sir Lewis Roberts.
3 August 1720 -- took (20-year-old) son John to Calais as it appeared he might have a consumption (and toured the great churches, convents and nunneries. It seemed a misery of a kingdom except their wine which was very good.)
29 October 1720 -- travelled by the City Barge to Westminster attended by the Livery Companies, took the oaths at the Exchequer Bar and returned by water as the Guns were fired divers times to Black Fryers (sic) and proceeded to Goldsmith's Hall where attended by the Lords Justices and the Privy Councillors. As he passed along there were loud acclamations of long live King George and Sir John Fryer. There were a few Jacobite incendiaries who had the insolence to hiss as his lordship passed along.
4 June 1721 -- the Lady of Sir John Fryer, Lord Mayor of this city was delivered of a son and a daughter, Gabriel John and Dilitia.
28 October 1721 -- at Guildhall surrendered to Sir William Stewart, lord mayor elect, the Chair and other Ensigns of Mayoralty.
30 October 1721 -- at the installation of the new lord mayor there was a Tory mob who had the insolence to hiss the Rt. Honourable Sir John Fryer, the late Lord Mayor but they were well Drubbed.
1721-1722 -- Prime Warden of the Fishmongers' Company.
16 August 1723 -- second wife, Dorcas née Roberts dies, he narrowly recovers from the same illness.
16 August 1724 -- son John dies aged 24 at Wherwell.
11 March 1724/1725 -- third marriage to Isabella Gerard, daughter of Sir Francis Gerard 4th Baronet, at Lincoln's Inn Chapel by Mr Burroughs. She is a near relation to Sir Gerard Conyers, lord mayor of London.
11 September 1726 -- died at Wherwell in his 55th year. Without surviving male issue being predeceased by three sons and one daughter.
He was survived by:
daughters by Katherine Weedon:
Bithia Brassey 1698-1742, his eldest daughter, whose own daughter married Quaker Thomas Dimsdale MD, Baron of the Russian Empire
Susannah Fryer 1712-1731, who died unmarried
daughter by Dorcas Roberts:
Dilitia Iremonger 1721-1744, whose descendants remained at Wherwell Priory
^Debrett's Peerage pp. 662 col 1 and Kearsey's Peerage (1804) vol, 2 p. 546 both state that Isabella Gerard married Lord Palmerston in 1738 (not 1728), and this matches the death date of his first wife Anne nee Houblon (she died 1735). Arthur Collins's The English Baronetage: Containing a Genealogical and Historical ..., Volume 1 (1741), in the entry "Gerard of Bryn" p. 53, closest in date to the event, gives no date for Lady Fryer's remarriage. Cokayne's Complete Baronage is not always correct on dates, although generally more reliable than others.