Slovak Democratic and Christian Union - Democratic Party
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Slovak Democratic and Christian Union %E2%80%93 Democratic Party

Slovak Democratic and Christian Union - Democratic Party
Slovenská demokratická a kres?anská únia - Demokratická strana
LeaderMilan Roman
Founded18 February 2000
Merger ofDemocratic Union, Democratic Party
Split fromSlovak Democratic Coalition
Headquarters?ancová 4018/70, Bratislava
Membership (2019)Decrease 7[1]
Political positionCentre-right[11]
International affiliationCentrist Democrat International
European Parliament groupEuropean People's Party
Colours  Blue

The Slovak Democratic and Christian Union - Democratic Party (Slovak: Slovenská demokratická a kres?anská únia - Demokratická strana, SDKÚ-DS) was a liberal-conservative,[12] Christian-democratic[13] political party in Slovakia. The SDKÚ-DS was a member of the Centrist Democrat International and was a member of the European People's Party until 2018, when it was expelled.[14]

SDKÚ was a major right-wing conservative party in Slovakia for 12 years. During their governance, Slovakia became member of European Union and North Atlantic Treaty Organisation. SDKÚ-DS was marginalized after the 2012 parliamentary election, when it received only 6% of votes. In another four years it lost the most of its MPs and the party received only 0.26% of votes in 2016 leaving it without parliamentary representation.[15] The party then ceased all of its activities.[16]



In 1998, SDK was created as coalition of five small centre-right and centre-left parties intending to contest the Slovak parliamentary elections that year. The initial agreement was to form a party with 150 members and dissolve it after elections in 1998. After successful 1998 elections, SDK formed government with KDH, SD? and SMK-MKP. This initial agreement was not successful, and Prime Minister Mikulá? Dzurinda (KDH) announced formation of new party - Slovak Democratic and Christian Union (SDKÚ). Some SDK members joined the new party while others returned to their original parties. The new party was registered on 18 February 2000. On 17 November Constitution congress elected Mikulá? Dzurinda as chairman, vice chairmen being Edvard Kukan, Zuzana Martináková, Milan K?a?ko and ?ubomír Harach. Gabriel Palacka became responsible for finances.

First time in government: 1998-2006

After its creation, majority of ministers of Slovak government were members of SDKÚ. SDKÚ was considered to be most reform oriented party. Its coalition partners were Party of the Hungarian Coalition, Party of Civic Understanding and Party of the Democratic Left.

In the parliamentary election of 17 June 2006, the party won 18.4% of the popular vote and 31 out of 150 seats in the National Council. Despite losing a large number of votes, the party was still able to form coalition government with former partners such as the Christian Democratic Movement, Party of the Hungarian Coalition and new party Alliance of the New Citizen. However, the opposition centre-left populist Smer-SD could able to form coalition with Slovak National Party and

Second time in government: 2010-2012

For the 2010 parliamentary election, Dzurinda yielded the number-one slot on the party's list to Iveta Radi?ová, though he remained party chairman. In this election, the party won 15.42% of popular vote corresponding to 28 seats in the National Council.[17][18] Iveta Radi?ová become the first female prime minister in history of Slovakia, by forming a new centre-right coalition government consisted of SDKÚ-DS, SaS, MOST-HÍD and KDH. By custom, president Ivan Ga?parovi? first gave charge to form a new government to winning party SMER-SD and its leader Robert Fico, who was unable to do so due to Smer-SD and SNS only having 71 seats.[19] The centre-right coalition Government collapsed on 11 October 2011 after lost confidence in parliament. Radi?ová subsequently decided not take candidacy in next elections and served as prime minister until a social democratic government took office on 4 April 2012.

2012 election

Mikulá? Dzurinda led party to 2012 parliamentary election. The party was defeated badly, receiving just 6.09% of the votes and losing more than half of its seats. Dzurinda chose to resign from his position as the chairman of SKDU, and a party congress was held on 19 May 2012 so that a new leader could be chosen. Pavol Fre?o, Lucia ?it?anská and Viliam Novotný were the candidates, Fre?o finally won with 242 out of 404 votes. Lucia ?it?anská received 142 votes and announced she will not be a candidate for the position of vice-chairperson.

Candidate first round % in first round second round % in second round
Pavol Fre?o 178 46.48% 242 63.02%
Lucia ?it?anská 146 38.12% 142 36.98%
Viliam Novotný 59 15.40% - -
Total 383 100% 384 100%

In the 2014 European elections, SDKÚ-DS came third place nationally, receiving 7.75% of the vote and electing 2 MEPs.[20]

Out of 11 PMs elected in 2012 only 1 remained in the party as of 2015.[21]

2016 election

The party was led by Pavol Fre?o. However, during the previous term SDKÚ-DS practically fell apart from inside, when its own members of parliament chose to leave the party. As a result, Fre?o has a tough position and even if his campaign was led alongside with Slovak right-wing consensus against the SMER-SD party, it failed. While gaining only 0,27% of votes and losing 95% of its previous voters in the election of 5.3.2016, the party has received its worst result in history. SDKÚ-DS has won only in one village, Pavlovce in Rimavská Sobota District.[22] Fre?o has commented that SDKÚ-DS as the only party has defended openly pro-European ideas, opposing the building of fences against the immigrants in European migrant crisis. The chairman said that the situation was a big challenge for the presidium.[23]

Decline and dissolution

A party congress was held on 2 July 2016. Pavol Fre?o stepped down from leadership of the party. New Vice-Chairmans were elected. The leader was expected to be elected later in 2016.[24] It was reported in April 2018 that party de facto ceased to exist as it lacks membership and structure. The party was expelled from European People's Party as a result.[25] Igor Rattaj took over party's property and became owner of Party's trademark during September 2018. Rattaj stated that party is now only the Trademark and he will sell it if anyone expresses interest. Leader of the Party Milan Roman at the time ran for the position of Mayor in Skalice as an independent candidate.[16]


SDKÚ-DS were a centre-right liberal conservative party, presenting itself as an alternative to the social-democratic and populist ideology of the Direction - Social Democracy (Smer-SD) party. After the general elections in 2010, SDKÚ-DS reached an agreement with other centre-right parties and formed the government of Slovakia. The party criticised the policies of Robert Fico's Smer-SD party, calling them irresponsible, unsustainable and populist. SDKÚ-DS was the fifth largest party in the National Council during years 2012-2016. Its policy included continuing in reforms that took place before 2006, including tax reform, welfare benefits cuts, pensions reform, healthcare reform etc. SDKÚ-DS was then organised into four sections:

The main partners of SDKÚ-DS were politically similar parties: Christian Democratic Movement, Freedom and Solidarity, and Most-Híd. Until 2012, these parties were in a coalition government with SDKÚ-DS.

Election results

National Council

Election Leader Votes % Seats +/- Government
1998[26] Mikulá? Dzurinda 884,497 26.33 (#2)
2002 433,953 15.09 (#2)
Decrease 16 Coalition
2006 422,851 18.35 (#2)
Increase 3 Opposition
2010 Iveta Radi?ová 390,042 15.42 (#2)
Decrease 3 Coalition
2012 Mikulá? Dzurinda 155,744 6.09 (#5)
Decrease 17 Opposition
2016 Pavol Fre?o 6,938 0.27 (#15)
Decrease 11 Extra-parliamentary


Election Candidate First round Second round Result
Votes % Votes %
1999 Rudolf Schuster[27] 1,396,950 47.37 1,727,481 57.18 Won
2004 Eduard Kukan 438,920 22.10 Lost
2009 Iveta Radi?ová 713,735 38.05 988,808 44.47 Lost
2014 Pavol Hru?ovský 63,298 3.33 Lost

European Parliament

Election Votes % Seats +/-
2004 119,954 17.09 (#1)
2009 140,426 16.98 (#2)
Decrease 1
2014 43,467 7.75 (#3)


  1. ^
  2. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2016). "Slovakia". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 13 August 2019.
  3. ^
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  8. ^ Okladal, Martin (8 March 2016). "R.I.P. SDKÚ-DS". (in Slovak). Retrieved 2019.
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ Haughton, Tim; Rybá?, Marek (2006), "All Right Now? Explaining the Successes and Failures of the Slovak Centre-Right", Centre-Right Parties in Post-Communist East-Central Europe, Routledge, p. 115
  12. ^ Elisabeth Bakke (2010). Central and East European party systems since 1989. Central and Southeast European Politics since 1989. Cambridge University Press. pp. 78, 80. ISBN 978-1-139-48750-4.
  13. ^ Vít Hlou?ek; Lubomír Kope?ek (2010). Origin, Ideology and Transformation of Political Parties: East-Central and Western Europe Compared. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. pp. 125-. ISBN 978-0-7546-7840-3.
  14. ^ "Európski ?udovci zo svojich radov vylú?ili SDKÚ-DS, neplatila ?lenské príspevky a prakticky neexistuje". (in Slovak). 10 April 2018. Retrieved 2019.
  15. ^ "R.I.P. SDKÚ-DS". (in Slovak). Retrieved 2017.
  16. ^ a b "Majetok SDKÚ-DS dnes vlastní finan?ník Rattaj. Stranu chce preda?". (in Slovak). 30 September 2018. Retrieved 2020.
  17. ^ "Archived copy" (in Slovak). Archived from the original on 6 September 2010. Retrieved 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "Archived copy" (in Slovak). Archived from the original on 16 June 2010. Retrieved 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ (in Slovak)
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "Fre?o zostal sám. Kaník odi?iel z SDKÚ a zakladá novú stranu" [Fre?o left alone. Kaník has left SDKÚ and is founding a new party] (in Slovak). Sme. 6 December 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  22. ^
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  24. ^ "Strana SDKÚ-DS si zvolila nové vedenie: Fre?o kon?í!". Retrieved 2016.
  25. ^ "Európski ?udovci zo svojich radov vylú?ili SDKÚ-DS, neplatila ?lenské príspevky a prakticky neexistuje". (in Slovak). 10 April 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  26. ^ As Slovak Democratic Coalition
  27. ^ "Czech-Slovak Political Science Students' Union". Retrieved 2016.

External links

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